Nationalism, Globalization, and Orthodoxy: The Social Origins of Ethnic Conflict in the Balkans

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Greenwood Publishing Group, 2001 - 304 Seiten

Roudometof provides an in-depth sociological analysis of the birth and historical evolution of nationalism in the Balkans. The rise of nationalism in the region is viewed as part of a world-historical process of globalization over the last five centuries. With the growing contacts between the Ottoman Empire and the Western European system, the Eastern Orthodox of the Balkans abandoned the enthoconfessional system of social organization in favor of secular national identities.

Prior to 1820, local nationalism was influenced by the Enlightenment, though later it came to be developed on an ethnonational basis. In the post-1830 Balkans, citizenship rights were subordinated to ethnic nationalism, according to which membership to a nation is accorded on the basis of church affiliation and ethnicity. In the 19th and 20th centuries, the discourse of nationhood was institutionalized by the native intelligentsia of the Balkan states. In the first half of the 20th century, the efforts of Balkan states to achieve national homogenization produced interstate rivalry, forced population exchanges, and discrimination against minority groups. While the Cold War helped contain some of these problems, the post-1989 period has seen a return of these issues to the forefront of the Balkan political agenda.

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Inhalt

A Multidimensional Analysis of the Balkan National Revolutions Part I
19
A Multidimensional Analysis of the Balkan National Revolutions Part II
47
The Pursuit of Citizenship
75
Invented Traditions Symbolic Boundaries and National Identity in Greece and Serbia 18301880
101
The Latecomers Nationalism in Bulgaria Macedonia and Albania
131
The Articulation of Irredentism in Balkan Politics 18801920
157
The Consequences of Modernity National Homogenization and the Minority Question
179
The Balkans in a Global Age
203
Conclusions
229
Bibliographical Note
241
References
245
Index
287
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Beliebte Passagen

Seite 4 - A social process in which the constraints of geography on social and cultural arrangements recede and in which people become increasingly aware that they are receding.
Seite 179 - Nothing, I venture to say, is more likely to disturb the peace of the world than the treatment which might in certain circumstances be meted out to minorities.
Seite 76 - Ottoman, and all such efforts must inevitably fail, as long as the small independent States in the Balkan Peninsula remain in a position to propagate ideas of separatism among the inhabitants of Macedonia. There can therefore be no question of equality, until we have succeeded in our task of Ottomanizing the Empire...
Seite 227 - The fighting Piedmont of Macedonia has fiercely proclaimed that it will not stint on support or sacrifice for the liberation of the other two segments of our nation and for the general unification of the entire Macedonian people. When we know that the fighting Piedmont of Macedonia is a part of Tito's Yugoslavia, then it is obvious how great our support could be and how firm is our desire for the unification of our entire nation4.
Seite 203 - ... conceived as nation-states, whose dominant elites promote (to varying degrees) the language, culture, demographic position, economic flourishing, and political hegemony of the nominally state-bearing nation...
Seite 7 - Definitionsvorschlag aufgenommen: „globalization can be thought of as a process (or set of processes) which embodies a transformation in the spatial organization of social relations and transactions - assessed in terms of their extensity, intensity, velocity and impact - generating transcontinental or interregional flows and networks of activity, interaction, and the exercise of power
Seite 58 - ... by the native intelligence and industry of the pupils. A unique product of these local conditions was the peripatetic professor, strikingly exemplified in the person of John Delamater. The influence of English as distinguished from Scottish Medicine upon America was most marked in the latter part of the eighteenth and the first three decades of the nineteenth centuries. This came largely from the great London surgeons, Percival Pott and John Hunter and their successors, especially Abernethy and...
Seite 116 - Whoever is a Serb, of Serbian blood, Whoever shares with me this heritage, And he comes not to fight at Kosovo, May he never have the progeny His heart desires, neither son nor daughter; Beneath his hand let nothing decent grow — Neither purple grapes nor wholesome wheat; Let him rust away like dripping iron Until his name shall be extinguished!
Seite 264 - Matica" - prototype of Austro-Slav literary foundations: the first fifty years, 1826-76.

Über den Autor (2001)

VICTOR ROUDOMETOF is Visiting Assistant Professor of Sociology at Washington and Lee University in Virginia./e He has published widely on globalization, nationalism, and national minorities in the Balkans. He is the editor of The Macedonian Question: Culture, Historiography, Politics (2000), American Culture in Europe: Interdisciplinary Perspectives (Praeger, 1998), and co-editor of The New Balkans.

Bibliografische Informationen