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resentations or pictures of the Apoca- ord.” Mr. Stuart labors to show that lypse: just as if the mind of John it means “ proclaimed," but we think must be taken up with the care of unsuco

uccessfully. The idea of “bearthese artistic rules. Thus when the ing witness," is also embraced. AnLamb is represented as advancing to other instance occurs in his exegesis take the sealed book from the hand of ch. xx: 4, where he grounds an arof Him who sat on the throne, Mr. gument for the actual resurrection of Stuart supposes there is something the martyrs on the word ibnoav, claimincongruous, and asks, "how could ing that it signifies "revived," and a lamb take the book ?"

not “lived" as in the common versuppose that he took the book in his sion. Other examples might be menmouth or with his feet? This would tioned. be to degrade the whole representa

The Professor's old fault of emtion." This subject he discusses at ploying outlandish words, as brachysome length, and concludes that what ology for brevity, is very prominent at first seemed a lamb afterwards in these volumes. But all these took a human form. This uniting of blemishes are quite pardonable, on the poet and the mathematician is the principle of a balance of goodaltogether unworthy a mind whose of the very many excellences of the ideas are in the main so just and cor work. rect. We wish there were no greater We regret that its size should be difficulty in the book than these in- such as to interpose an obstacle to a congruities.

general circulation among gentlemen A more prominent fault is a dispo- of the sacred profession. When it is sition to attach too much importance considered how many pages are deto the meaning of particular words, voted to the trichotomy, the use of and to tie them down to some particu- the number three--and to the numerlar sense gathered from the lexicon osity, as the Professor calls it, the or concordance. When he speaks general use of symbolical numbersof the folly of explaining symbols so all of which might have been disposed as to make every part mean some of in the space of a few pages-we thing, we cordially agree with him. can only guess at the extent to which But we would apply a similar princi- it might have been profitably conple to words. The writers of the densed and abridged. One volume Bible wrote in popular language for instead of two, would in our opinion the people, and their words should not have embraced all that is properly be tortured to make them speak sci- relevant and important in the work : entifically. An instance of what we a point of some moment in these days mean is found in the explanation of of book-making, when money to buy &uaptúpnoe (1, 2) which in the com- and time to read, are things to be mon version is translated "bare rec- considered.



No sooner had Professor Stuart Commentary on the Apocalypse, returned the last proof-sheet of his than he commenced the preparation

of this work on the canon of the Old * Critical History and Defense of the Testament, a most timely producOld Testament Canon ; by M. Stuart, tion, in which the authority of the Professor of Sacred Literature in the The ancient Scriptures is maintained ological Seminary, Andover, Mass. An. dover: Allen, Morrill & Wardwell. with great learning and ability. New York; Mark H. Newman.

The vivacity and vigor of his style,

the force of his arguments, the co- ceived from God for the use of man? piousness of historical facts, the pith That God has in some supernatural and pertinency of his observations, way communicated his will to chomake the work one of deep interest sen men, and that they have transto the reader, notwithstanding the mitted it to others in the Bible, is triteness of the general subject. We virtually admitted in the passage just regard it as the most valuable of the cited, and by the great body of Uni. author's works, and as likely to be tarians. But how has this revelation the most useful, if we except his been made? Have we any infallible Letters to Unitarians.

record of it? The Orthodox Chris. To give a synopsis of the book at tian answers, yes; the Unitarian, no. this time, is beyond our power; and The one believes the Bible to be a our sole object in the present notice, revelation—the other, that it merely after commending it to our readers, contains a revelation. Observe the is to vindicate the author, in respect

difference. One regards the Bible to certain admissions which he is as an inspired book ; the other, as a said to have made, and which are bare depository of some inspired alleged to be incompatible with the things : one, as an authoritative rule authority of the Bible as itself a rev in all duty; the other, as having no elation from God.

authority whatever. The contrast is We take the following extracts perfect. The Orthodox Christian from an able Unitarian journal, the has but'one step to take to ascertain “Christian World,” published at the truth, namely, the exegesis of Boston by Geo. G. Channing, No. the text; the Unitarian has another 43, Vol. III.

more difficult task, namely, to de. " What is the inspiration of the Scrip- termine whether the particular text tures ? He, (Prof. S.) indeed, intimates, is inspired, or whether the sentiment and justly too, that the answer to this which it embodies is true. The asquestion would more properly come from sertion of the sacred writer, the Unithe theologian, than from the biblical critic. But is not this, in some sort, dodging tarian thinks, is not enough to settle the question ? His work, it is true, does this point. He may have been mis. answer this question negatively. It proves, taken. Whether the text contains beyond all doubt, that the inspiration of the truth or a part of divine revelathe Old Testament is not verbal, -not plenary; but he does not inform us what it tion, is, therefore, to be tested by an is, nor what he thinks it is."

appeal to other sources of informa" Is not this the most that can be dedu- tion. Since inspiration does not exced from Prof. Stuart's reasoning, -that tend to every sentence of the Bible, the Old Testament not is, but contains a revelation from God?

this may be only an expression of " But the great question, which returns the writer's private opinion-a preand presses upon us, is, What, according judice of the Jews-an error of the 19 Prof. Stuart, is the inspiration of the times. But what are these other Old Testament? What is the inspiration, which he claims for the Chronicles, the

sources of information? Whatever Song of Solomon, the book of Job,' of they may be, they are not found in Esther,' for Ecclesiastes,' and some the Bible. They must be indepenparts of the Levitical law? He admits, ibat these and other parts of the Old Tes: dent of revelation, for every part of tament contain palpable mistakes in his- revelation is to be tried by the same tory and gross misapprehensions of moral tests. The Orthodox interpreter and religious truths,-and no well informed mind can deny this.”

compares scripture with scripture;

and if he finds an obscure passage, The main point of difference be. which conflicts with plain declaratween Unitarians and the Orthodox, tions, he may look further for a conon this subject, relates to the ques- sistent sense, or even regard it as an tion, in what manner have the sacred interpolation. But to the Unitarian, writers recorded religious truth re. the plain passages are as far from

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being authoritative as the obscure. the Bible to be a revelation from No matter how obvious the sense is God! You are inconsistent with -it does not follow that the word yourselves. You admit

my posiwas inspired, nor that it is true. He tion that the Bible contains false must test every thing from his other statements and direct contradicsources of information. He is not tions; whence it follows that it may allowed to compare text with text; be full of such errors. You fur. for he knows not that any text con ther maintain, that you can discrimtains a part of divine revelation, un inate these errors from the truths til he has subjected it to his indepen- of revelation. This is all I do. dent tests. And what, we may ask, The argument which would reduce is a book containing a revelation, but my views of inspiration to an abnot one itself, worth to man? What surdity, carries your own along knowledge does it convey? What with it to the same refutation ? new ideas? We can confide in none This is a plausible, imposing retort; of its declarations, unless we can but it has no real force. There are verify them from independent sour three theories of inspiration which ces of information. And whoever have been advocated by orthodox has such other means of ascertain writers, all of which avoid this re. ing the truth, needs no revelation. tort, and either of which is preferWe have what is called the light of able to the pernicious hypothesis nature as a source of religious know that the Bible is a mere depository ledge. If the Bible simply contains of a revelation, a deep dark abyss, a revelation, mingled with many er. where nothing can be distinguished. rors, we can discriminate between One theory maintains a verbal inthe true and the false only by com- spiration, extending to every word paring them with the doctrines of of the Bible. Another asserts only natural religion. It comes then to such a supervision and guidance of this, that the Bible contains an infal. the writers as effectually protected lible revelation from God of those them against every mistake. These truths only which the light of nature two hypotheses require their advodiscloses. Other doctrines of Chris. cates to reconcile all the apparent tianity can not be tested and estab. discrepancies and erroneous statelished from natural sources of infor- ments of the Scriptures; in other mation. It amounts to nothing that words, to prove that no such imperthey are contained in the Bible- fections are contained in the Bible. they may be the errors of the wri. Professor Stuart does not attempt ters. In short, the Unitarian hypo. this. He admits that the writers thesis is reduced to this absurdity, were sometimes mistaken as to facts that the Bible does not even contain of certain classes. a revelation-for that part

of its con

But do these admissions bring tents only which the light of nature him upon Unitarian ground, and imfirst reveals, can be known to be true. plicate him with them in holding an

But here we are met, in this crit- hypothesis which runs to the conclu. icism of Stuart on the canon, with sion, that the law of nature is our an argumentum ad hominem-a re- only authoritative guide in religion? tort of his views of inspiration Far from it. There is another theupon himself and those who agree ory of inspiration, which without with him. “You, says the critic, ad- denying errors of a certain descriprnit the Bible contains scientific and tion to be in the Bible, saves the historical errors - which of course Book to us as an authoritative rule are not inspired truth—and which of faith and practice in all matters you distinguish from the inspired of religion and morality. The Biparts of the Bible, while you claim ble is designed to teach man his

moral obligations—not history, not the Bible a record of promiscuous
geography, not astronomy, not any error and truth which can only be
branch of secular knowledge, but distinguished by the light of nature.
simply the duties of his several re. It binds our consciences by every
lations to God, to man, to himself; word which has any thing to do
to convey to his mind that kind and with conscience, teaching us to ven.
amount of information which he erate it as the word of God.
needs as an accountable and im. Many good men attach a great
mortal being. In preparing such value to the doctrine of a verbal
a book, what is requisite ? Must the inspiration of the whole Bible, or
writer be inspired to perceive and of such a supervision as infallibly
reveal the secrets of nature ; to excludes every error. Yet it is
detect every error in chronology; worthy of consideration, whether it
to state accurately every historical is best to contend for a plenary in.
fact; to be a man of universal spiration, in the face of apparent
knowledge in respect to all that en- discrepancies, when an easy expla-
ters into his narration ? Certainly nation of them is found in the fact
not. A Bible written in conformi- that they belong not to the proper
ty with the discoveries of modern matter of revealed religion, but to
science would have been incredible things of a secular nature. This
in the days of inspiration. And if ground, which perhaps Mr. Stu-
it would have been unwise to make art occupies, though he does not
the sacred penmen philosophers and expressly say it, seems to us to be
men of science, in advance of their impregnable. Here we can defend
age, it were equally unnecessary to the inspiration of the Bible-here
make them infallible historians and we can defend the Bible itself as
geographers. So long as they were an authoritative record of religious
fully furnished with religious and truth. But if we stand with Gaus-
moral truth, and protected against sen on the assertion of a verbal in-
the possibility of any admixture of spiration, and act as if an unex.
error with these moral and religious plained historical or scientific state-
teachings, would not the book they ment were fatal to the claims of the
wrote be an authoritative guide ? Bible, are we not in danger of rive
Would it not itself be a revelation eting the chains of unbelief on all
from God, and not a mere deposi- whose minds we fail to satisfy ?
tory of a revelation? The errors But is this all that Professor S.
in the book, if any, would not be a admits? Does he not concede that
part of its religious instruction. the Bible contains “gross misappre-
Every passage which relates to the hensions of moral and religious
great object of the record, is thence truth ?” Not on the part of the sa-
known to be inspired-every de. cred penmen. They record histor.
claration relating to man as a moral ically the crude and false notions of
being, or to God, his moral gover- many uninspired persons, as they
nor, is a part of revelation; and do the declaration of the serpent,
bears the highest possible creden. “thou shalt not surely die,” but
tials to its truth. This hypothesis is in all that they teach in the name of
surely far enough from leaving man God, or as his messengers, they are
without a written revelation-far above mistake. The passage where
enough from denying the existence any of them has taught falsely is
of such a revelation by pronouncing yet to be pointed out.

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The endowment of the Royal Col c. 2," it was not only penal to edu. lege of St. Patrick, Maynooth, by a cate in the Romish faith at home, parliamentary grant, has awakened but residents at a foreign seminary so much interest in Great Britain, for six months, were, on their return, that we presume our readers would liable to the charge of high treason, be glad to be informed of the lead. and those who gave or sent money ing facts in the case. We have be. to the alumni of Romish colleges fore us no less than eight pamphlets, beyond the seas, were subject to presenting as many different aspects premunire." of the question, all published in Lon The foreign seminaries here redon within a few months past, and ferred to, were such as were found. yet constituting but a small part of ed by Philip II. in Spain and the the publications which the discussion Netherlands, at the instance of Dr. has elicited. From these we have (afterwards Cardinal) Allen, Regius culled the following facts.

professor of divinity in the Univer. Maynooth is a market town in the sity of Douay, founded by the same province of Leinster, county Kildare, monarch. These laws were no less about twelve miles northwest of Dub- injudicious than intolerant. Their lin. It is the seat of a Roman Cath. sole effect was to keep both priests olic college, which is its chief at- and people in a state of ignorance traction. The college buildings are and insubordination. separated from the town by a large The wars consequent upon the open area. They form three sides French revolution, made it perilous of a quadrangle, and contain a chap- for candidates for the priesthood in el, a refectory, a library, lecture- Great Britain and Ireland to visit the rooms, and the apartments of the Roman Catholic countries of the professors and students. Though continent, to complete their scanty they present in the distance rather education. Accordingly an act was an imposing front, yet when ap- passed by the Irish parliament, May proached, they are a mean, rough- 8th, 1795, making it“ lawful to es. cast and whitewashed range, stand- tablish, endow and maintain one ing without one architectural recom- academy for the education only of mendation, on a dull and gloomy persons professing the Roman Cathflat.* The design of the institution olic religion.” By this act, the comis the education of candidates for the missioners of his majesty's treasury priesthood, of whom there are now were authorized to issue any sum or about five hundred within its walls. sums not exceeding £8,000, “ to

This institution is of comparative. wards establishing the said acadely recent origin. The intrigues of my.” the Romish priests against“ that vas It is claimed, however, and we sal of iniquity, the pretended Queen think with propriety, that this act in. Elizabeth of England,” (as she was volved no pledge to maintain the termed by Pius V. in his bull of ex- proposed seminary at the public excommunication,) led to prohibitory pense. Its chief benefit was that it enactments against Roman Catholic conferred upon Roman Catholics the seminaries. By the statute 27 Eliz. privilege of establishing a college of

their own. The college buildings * Hon.and Rev. Baptist W. Noel's “Ire

were erected mainly by private muland in 1836."


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