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Much less then, it is said, can the tition to the Queen against the perimperial parliament be bound by the manent and increased endowment of Act of Union to pay those charitable the Roman Catholic college of May, grants, which were before discre. nooth. At this meeting addresses tionary with the Irish parliament. were made by clergymen of various In point of fact, however, an annual evangelical denominations, some of parliamentary grant has been made which have been published as tracts to Maynooth College ever since its by the Anti-Maynooth Committee. establishment. The amount of this The speech of Rev. Dr. Cumming, grant has varied often from year to of the church of Scotland, is worthy year. * At the last session of Par- of being republished in this country. liament, Sir Robert Peel proposed Though the personal influence of a “liberal increase in the grant to the premier secured the passage of this college, unaccompanied by any the bill* by a large majority, yet we restrictions or regulations as to re do not consider the question as at ligious doctrines, which would di- rest. The agitation has already prominish its grace and favor ;” and duced immense good. also that this grant should be made 1. The bare discussion affords a permanent by a bill of Parliament, fine illustration of the freedom of and not subjected to inquiry and dis- speech and of the press in Great cretion every year. In other words, Britain. Our half Hedged orators he proposed that Maynooth College often declaim about this liberty as should be hereafter an adopted child the peculiar glory of the United of the British government.
States. There is as much personal This measure met with strong op. liberty in England as in our own position from various quarters. The country. The British government friends of a church establishment is becoming virtually a popular govopposed it as tending to undermine ernment. It dares not disregard the that religion which the government popular will. is solemnly pledged to support. Dis. 2. This discussion has elicited senters opposed it, because it will much valuable information respectbe in principle another establish. ing Romanism, its nature and its de. ment. They also “merge their dis- signs. A very able document, ensent in their Protestantism ;” and titled " A statement of facts respectjoin with churchmen in resisting an ing the instruction given to the stuattempt to give the sanction of a dents for the Romish priesthood, in Protestant government to a system the Royal College of St. Patrick, at war with it, both as Protestant and Maynooth,” has been published by as a government. A great Protes. the Rev. A. S. Thelwall, M. A., of tant meeting was held at Exeter Trinity College, Cambridge, and adHall, on Wednesday morning, June dressed to the House of Lords. It 4th, 1845, for the adoption of a pe. is shown that the text-books used in
the college are such as Delahogue, * The following is an "account of the Bailly and Cabassutius, and that annual parliamentary grants to the Roinan their standard authorities are Collet, Catholic college of Maynooth:”—17996, £7759, 28. 11d.; 1797, £6790 ; 1998, Antoine, Keiffensteul, Maldenatus, £9700; 1799, £9993; 1800, £4093, 10s.; Bellarmine, and the Secunda Secun. 1801, £5520 ; 1802, £7760. The latter da of Thomas Aquinas. These sum was annually voted till 1808, when books inculcate the doctrine that no £12,610, being £4850 extra, were given, to enable the trustees to erect buildings faith is to be kept with heretics, (i. e. capable of containing fifiy additional stu. Protestants,) but that they may law. dents. In 1809 it was reduced to £8973, which sum was continued till 1813, when Brougham and Macaulay both advoit was increased to £9673, which grant cated the measure in their respective hou. has been annually repeated since that time.
fully be put to death. And this is tendencies to the civil constitution. the doctrine in which Protestant But it can be fully met only by disEngland would educate her Roman claiming the alliance between church Catholic subjects !
and state. The Maynooth question 3. This proposal of Sir Robert is somewhat analogous to the school Peel discloses the secret relations of question in this country; though in the British government to the papa the one case public funds are called cy. It is a sop thrown to Cerberus. for to teach Romanism, while in the It is designed to stop the braying of other it is only demanded that RoO'Connell, though it has called forth, man Catholics, having a like interest as Lord Brougham says, “ the bray in the school fund with Protestants, of Exeter Hall.” That tide of pop shall not be obliged to read the text ular commotion in Ireland, which re book of Protestants. Both questions cently threatened to overwhelm the naturally suggest a third, viz. Wheththrone, has subsided as if by magic.er the state must not eventually be The Pope has stretched out his wand divorced from all systems of educa. and stilled the waves. In return the tion, as well as from all systems of tiara must be guarded by the British religion. The measure of Sir Roblion, and the Roman Catholics of ert Peel must hasten the downfall of Ireland, though they have no great- church establishments in Great Briter political privileges, must have ain. some valuable concessions to their 5. The Protestant spirit of Great faith.
Britain has been aroused by this 4. This measure illustrates the measure. From the days of Elizfolly of depending upon civil gov- abeth, England has always been ernment for the support of religion. prosperous at home and abroad, unThe Roman Catholics demand that der a Protestant administration, and the religion of the majority shall be the reverse, under the reign of a the established religion of Ireland. Catholic sovereign. Protestantism There is reason in this demand. is her“ polar star.” May it never The Maynooth grant, in one view, grow dim. This measure has uniwas an act of justice to Ireland, so ted Protestants throughout the realm. heavily taxed to support another re. It has led proximately, to the formaligion. The friends of an establish- tion of an evangelical alliance, the ment meet this argument, indeed, counterpart of the Christian Alli. by showing that the Roman Catholic ance in this country, and like it des. religion is not only a system of er. tined to do great things for religious ror, but is inimical in its spirit and freedom and evangelical faith.
Since the commencement of this tives, and with various degrees of volume, events of great national im- intensity. The honest opponents of portance have transpired. That slavery as an unjust and unchristian which has justly excited the pro- institution, contemplated the measfoundest interest, is the annexation ure with unmixed abhorrence, as of Texas to this country, and its ad. likely to give a new impulse to the mission into the Union and sisterhood domestic slave trade, and to perpetof states. This measure was stren. uate the existence of slavery and uously opposed by several portions slave breeding in the old states. of the people, from different mo. And they could not but regard it
with still stronger aversion on ac commerce of the country, which in count of the provision in the consti- the opinion of Daniel Webster and tution of Texas, which establishes our best constitutional lawyers, it is slavery as a perpetual institution. within the power of Congress to proOthers united with them in opposi- hibit. This very power has already tion to the measure from considera- been exercised by the prohibition of tions of mere policy-from the force the foreign slave 'trade. The moof sectional feeling and interest- ment this commerce is broken up, from the apprehension of giving over slavery will cease to be profitable to to the slave states the political pow. every class of citizens in Virginia, er of the country, and thereby sac- Kentucky, and several other states; rificing the American system. Men and then its end will come. of this stamp, who act from the sole We can not dismiss this subject impulse of expediency, could not be without remarking on the annexa. trusted, as the result proves, but were tion of Texas as an index of the fu. drawn in, in several instances, to ture policy of the United States. support the measure, contrary to The idea of limiting the jurisdiction their previous professions and to the of the nation to a smaller territory evident interests of the free states than the whole of North America, is which they represented in Congress. now abandoned, perhaps forever. The die is cast. The deed is done. In the course of difficulties which Texas is now a constituent part of will be likely to arise between us our republic, and entitled as such to and our neighbors, one accession of our sympathies and fraternal regard, territory after another will be sought, equally with every other state of the or voluntary unions be formed, until confederacy. What we can best do probably the United States will emto avert the evils of the union, ought brace all that lies north of the isthnow to be done. What is this? mus of Darien. What will be the Give to Texas the religious and edeffect of this enlargement of our ucational institutions of New Eng. boundaries, it is impossible to preland. Establish in all her principal dict with certainty. Weakness is towns, and send through all her set- the natural effect. But such is the tlements, the American home mis- rapidity with which steamboats and sionary. Plant churches uncontam- railroads are bringing the most reinated by slavery. Establish at some mote points into proximity, that this central point a college, with a well immense country may be easily subqualified faculty, and under Puritan jected to the control of a central influence. These measures may be government. A confederation of unpopular with the mass of the peo- states, independent of each other ple-unpopular at first-but they for all the purposes of internal gov. will finally triumph, and renovate ernment, and united for the promothe land. We would most earnest tion of their common interests, seems ly urge this system of operations to us the best method of compacting upon the attention of theological stu- and binding together the whole peodents, of the churches, and of that ple in one harmonious body. And large class of intelligent and influ we are free to confess that if such a ential men, on whose combined in consummation could be brought to fluence the execution of the project pass, without national dishonor, withdepends.
out public crime, we should regard The annexation of Texas should it with the highest satisfaction. It also be met with more vigorous ef. would at once extend religious free. forts to shape public sentiment in dom to every part of North Ameriopposition to the inter-state slave ca, and give a predominant influtrade. This traffick is a part of the ence to the Protestant cause.
But we do not undertake to indi. after the patronage which such a cate even the probable results of our struggle would place at their disponational policy. The enlargement sal-men of desperate fortunes who of our territory may lead to Indian have no hope of retrieving their conand servile wars—to heavy burdens dition except in the hazards of war. -to discontent-to a dissolution of A false standard of honor comes in the Union. We certainly anticipate to further the views of these unprinthese as possible evils—yet what cipled men. It is held to be dishon. ever may be the particular results, orable for a nation to yield her rights the doctrine of Providence teaches rather than contend for them at the us to anticipate a good sufficient to cannon's mouth, with the certain justify infinite wisdom and benevo- prospect of sacrificing millions of lence in permitting an event which property and thousands of lives! we considered it our duty to resist. This false sense of honor has drawn
The Oregon question still contin many a nation into a doubtful conues to excite anxiety. The recom flict on the field of carnage, rather mendation of President Polk to give than surrender a worthless acre. It notice to the British government of may precipitate us into the same the termination at the end of one madness. But such is the wisdom year of the joint occupancy of Ore. of England, such her sense of true gon, together with certain warlike national honor, and such the peacespeeches in the halls of Congress, ful views of the mass of our own has created some alarm, lest we countrymen, that we entertain no should become involved in a war serious apprehensions of a disturbwith Great Britain. Few calamities ance of our present relations of could be greater, and few crimes peace and unity. What astonishing more atrocious. The event would infatuation it would disclose in this convulse the civilized world with as. nation, if we should voluntarily ex. tonishment and indignation. Yet pose all our maritime cities to bom. there are men who would not scru. bardment, our commerce to destruc. ple for mercenary considerations to tion and our southern states to a gen. plunge the two nations into this hor. eral slave insurrection-for what? rid conflict-men in office who pant for hunting grounds-for Oregon!
THE SAILOR'S HOME IN NEW YORK.
The article referred to in the fol should be published to their prejudice lowing communication came from a without evidence ; nothing should responsible source-a minister of be set down in malice-nothing in the Gospel-a devoted friend of the levity. Nor should any indefinite seaman's cause--and supposed by charges or insinuations be thrown us to be familiar with the whole
out-or any allegations made which matter about which he wrote. The can not be distinctly met, and if er. statements made by him, if true, roneous, be refuted by an appeal to were such as should be made pub- facts. By reference to our article, lic; for it can never be conceded it will be seen to be as a whole an that the management of our benevo. able vindication of the rights of sealent institutions should in any re men; and the two or three pages in spect be concealed, lest the publica. which the New York Home is no. tion of the facts should embarrass ticed, contain only definite state. their operations. No representations ments, which, if incorrect, can easily
be exposed. And in this case, as in the act, and the great object of the Sailor's every similar case, a correction of Home be lost!
The gentlemen composing the Board of misapprehensions, serves to place Trustees, several of whom are practical the society which has suffered them merchants and shipmasters, and other on the best possible terms with the gentlemen who have most liberally aided public.
the Home, (including six Marine Insur
ance companies, which gave last year CORRECTION.
$2250)--the gentlemen who have most
carefully studied this matter, are confirmAn article appeared in the last number ed in the opinion that a narrower policy of the New Englander, containing stric would be suicide. In the mean time the tures on the management of the Sailor's Board are fully aware of their responsibiliHome in New York. Had the writer ty as the almoners of the bounty of the consulted either the officers or the books Christian public, and feel the necessity of of the American Seamen's Friend Society a rigid economy of the means committed
- both of which were very accessible to their trust; so to use them as to ache would not have made the injurious complish the greatest possible amount of statements which I beg leave to correct. good both at home and abroad.
Had he gone to the proper sources of in But has not an individual offered to take formation he would have learned that of the Home on bis own responsibility, exthe $9547 82, alleged to be the expenses tend charity to all the worthy destitute, of the Home for the year ending May, and pay the Society a rent of $1000 ? 1844, the sum of $1752 was in payment True, but the Board has not forgotten of debts which accrued the previous year; that the same individual had charge of the the sum of $1582 92 was for interest on Home the first six months after it was debts created in erecting the Home, and opened, and that during that time, as apfor printing, joiner's work, and permanent pears from the books and his own written fixtures, and that the sum of $7894 was statements, the house run in debt $4999 due the Home that year from sailors who 30; to meet which there was cash in went to sea unable to pay their bills. He hand $171 64, some $40-50 worth of would have seen that nearly one half of stores, and bills against seamen for board the last named sum was as true a charity amounting to $5240. Of these bills there to the destitute as any good Samaritan remained unpaid on the 1st of May, 1845, ever administered; and that could the $3642 55; leaving a deficit of $3180 21! whole of this have been collected, the It is proper to add that in the same ratio Home would not only have met its ex with the social and moral improvement of penses, but made a clear gain of $1681 10. seamen, the Sailor's Home is fast approxi
Had the writer made similar deductions mating a self-supporting institution. We from the $7422 28, set forth as expenses might speak of the superior qualifications of the Home for the year ending May, of its present superintendent; of the pe1845, and placed opposite the dues of cuniary sacrifices he made in relinquish. sailors for the same period, he would have ing a lucrative business to assume responreached a similar result. For let it not sibilities and cares, and perform duties, be forgotten, that notwithstanding the low which will not be fully rewarded till a charges at the Home, the outstanding future day. We might speak of the numdebts would cover all its expenses and ber of temperance reforms; of the money, yield a handsome profit.
and character, and comfort saved ; and of But may not these outstanding debts be the conversions to God under the influ. avoided? Yes, in two ways. When the ence of the Sailor's Home. Perhaps we poor shipwrecked or landwrecked sailor might be tempted to adopt the language knocks at the Home for admittance on of the writer of the article which has the cold stormy night, as kindly as possi called for this correction, and say, “the ble tell him, or send a servant to shew Home has done as much as all other inhim, that he will find a very good home stitutions together to raise the sailor in some where else. Or adopt a system of his own estimation and that of the pubexaction so rigid as to repel from the lic.” Ample reward for all the time and Home the very men whose social and money expended. moral improvement it was mainly design But the duty for which the pen was taken ed to promote. It is not difficult to shut accomplished, the cause of the sailor is down the gate so close that not a single commended to the sympathy, prayers and drop will leak out; and let both the priest aid of the good, and the blessing of God. and the Levite pass the channel below
J. SPAULDING, dry-shod; but humanity would weep over Sec. Am. Sea. Friend Society.