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A SPLENDID steel engraving of the Hon. We are also obliged to postpone the fol. Roger Minott Sherman, it was intended lowing articles : should accompany his memoir. But after True Philosophy," on the basis of waiting a week beyond our stated day of Prof. Tappan's Logic. publication, we find that the misfortune “ The German Catholic Church," on of the artist in first selecting a defective the basis of Laing's-Notes on the Pilgrimplate, will prevent his executing the work age to Treves. in season for this number. It will be in “ Congregational Tracts.” serted in the April number, from which, Review of “ The Apostolical and Prim. whenever the volume shall be bound, it itive Church, popular in its government, can be transferred to its proper place at and simple in its worship; by Lyman the head of the biographical sketch.

Coleman.” Notes from over the Sea.-We have on The concluding article upon the Massahand a review of the Rev. John Mitch chusetts and South Carolina controversy, ell's new work of travels, bearing this ti was partly in type, when at a late hour tle, and it is with reluctance we are obli. the author discovered an error of fact ged to withhold it from our readers for the which he had adopted from leading wri. present. We happen to know the author ters on the opposite side of the question, to be a finished scholar, and a careful ob- making it necessary to reconstruct a por: server of men and things; and though tion of his argument. Being unable to do we can not recommend his book on the this as he wished without delaying the strength of a personal examination, we press, he preferred to withdraw the artihave no doubt it must be both instructive cle from the present number. and entertaining


Elements of Moral Philosophy, on the hotels, conveyances, passports, coins, &c. basis of the Ten Commandments; con New York; Wiley & Puinam. taining a complete system of moral duties. American Facts.-Notes and statistics By Leicester A. Sawyer, A. M., Presi relative to the government, resources, endent of Central College, Ohio. New gagements, manufactures, commerce, reYork; Mark H. Newman.

ligion, education, literature, fine arts, manThe Pilgrim's Progress from Earth to ners and customs of the United States of Heaven, in two parts. An epic poem. America. By George Palmer Putnam, The first part by the Rev. George Bur member of the New York Historical Soder, author of Village Sermons; the sec ciety, honorary member of the Connectiond part by the author of " Scripture cut Historical Society, honorary secretary Truths in Verse.'

of the American Art Union, author of an The Art of Elocution, exemplified in a Introduction to History, &c. London systematic course of exercises.' By Hen. and New York; Wiley & Putnam. 1845. ry N. Day, Professor of Sacred Rhetoric Letter to Sir James Graham in relation in the Western Reserve College. New to Italian Affairs. By Mazzini. London; Haven; A. H. Maitby.

Wiley & Putnam. The Preacher and Pastor, by Fenelon, The Extent of the Atonement in its reHerbert, Baxter, Campbell. Edited and lation to God and the universe. By accompanied with an introductory essay Thomas W. Jenkyn, D. D., President of by Edward A. Park, Bartlett Professor in Coward College, London. From the third Andover Theological Seminary. Ando London edition. Boston; Gould, Ken. ver; Allen, Morrill & Wardwell. New dall & Lincoln. 1846. York; M. H. Newman.

The Attractions of Heaven. Edited The Tourist in Europe ; or a concise by H. A. Graves. Boston; Gould, Kensummary of the various routes, objects of dall & Lincoln. interest, &c. in Great Britain, France, Memoir of the Rev. James H. Linsley, Switzerland, Italy, Germany, Belgium and A. M. Hartford ; Robins & Smith. 1845. Holland; with hints on time, expenses,

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Art. I.—The Holy SCRIPTURES.

ART. III.--God's ETERNAL PURPOSES. The Scriptures of the Old and God, from all'eternity, did from New Testaments are given by in. the most wise and holy counsel of spiration of God, and reveal his his own will, purpose the existence whole counsel concerning all things of all actual beings and all actual necessary to his own glory, and the events, and thus ordain whatsoever faith, practice, and salvation of man. comes to pass; yet so as thereby Nevertheless we acknowledge that neither is God the author of sin, nor some things concerning the worship is violence offered to the will of the of God, and the government of the creature, nor are the free agency church, are to be determined by the and accountability of man impaired. principles of reason and expediency, according to the general rules of

ART. IV.-CREATION. the written word, which are always

It pleased God, for the manifestato be observed.

tion of his glory, to create the world

and all things therein, whether visART. II.-GOD AND THE HOLY TRINITY.

ible or invisible, in the space of six There is but one only living and days, and all very good. true God; who is a Spirit infinite,

After God had made all other eternal, and unchangeable in his be creatures, he created man, male and ing, power, knowledge, presence, female, with rational and immortal wisdom, holiness, justice, goodness, souls, endued with

with knowledge, and truth; to whom all his intellirighteousness, and true holiness, gent and moral creatures are bound after his own image; gave them a to render worship, service, and perfect law, with power to obey it, obedience, according to his com

and yet under a possibility of transmandments.

gressing ; being left to the liberty of In the Godhead there are three their own will, which was subject to persons, the Father, the Son, and the change. Holy Spirit, possessing distinct and

ART. V.-PROVIDENCE. equal attributes, and in some unrevealed manner so united as to con. God, the Creator of all things, stitute one God.

doth by his providence so uphold, VOL. IV.




direct and govern all creatures, ac. Although such are the power and tions and things, from the greatest influence of man's physical propeneven to the least, as to accomplish sities, that they war against reason all his purposes which respect the and conscience, and by an invariable actual existence of events. This and certain tendency lead him freeprovidential government of God, ly and voluntarily to set up his own being thus coextensive with his private interest and gratification in providential purposes, lays a found opposition to the will and glory of ation for resignation, gratitude, trust God, yet the sin or guilt with which and joy in relation to all the events we are charged lies not in these proof life.

pensities, but in that choice or dispo

sition of the heart, which prefers ART. VI.--God's MORAL GOVERNMENT.

this low and inferior good to the God the Holy Sovereign of angels will and glory of God. and med, has given to all his ass Thouglamah,

being endowed with countable creatures a law, thereby the powers and faculties of a free expressing his will and preference moral agent, is qualified and able to respecting their moral" conduct, perform his whole duty, yet he so claiming their obedience on the perversely and obstinately sets his ground of his own absolute supre. heart in its supreme affections on macy and rightful authority, and the world, as to be utterly indisposed enforcing obedience by the solemn and opposite to all good, and wholly sanctions of eternal life and eternal inclined to evil; and by motives death.

merely, is never persuaded to repent

and believe the Gospel. ART. VII.—THE FALL OF Man; SIN, AND

All sin, being a transgression of

the law of God, doth in its own naThe law of God, given to our ture bring guilt upon the sioner, first parents as a law of universal whereby he is bound over to the obedience, was written in their wrath of God, and the curse of his hearts, and also promulgated in the law, and so made subject to death, form of a particular positive pre- with all miseries, temporal, spiritcept, forbidding them to eat of the ual, and eternal. tree of the knowledge of good and

ART. VIII.-Curist THE MEDIATOR. evil, promising life to obedience, and threatening death to disobe. It pleased God in his eternal purdience.

poses to choose and ordain the Lord Our first parents being seduced Jesus Christ, his only begotten Son, by the subtilty and temptation of to be the Mediator between God and Satan, did freely and wilfully trans man ; to be a Prophet, Priest, and gress this law, and fell under its just King; to be Head over all things to condemnation.

his church, and the Redeemer, Sa. As the consequence of Adam's vior, and Judge of the world. transgression, his descendants are not The Son of God, the second peronly doomed to temporal death, but son of the Trinity, when the fullness are also born into this world in such a of time was come, took upon him state, that as soon as they are moral the nature of man with all its es. agents, they freely sin by transgress. sential properties and common ining the divine law, and are by nature firmities, yet was without sin ; and and without the interposition of di. such is this union of the divine and vine grace, in respect to moral human natures, that he is truly one character, wholly sinful, and there. person as Mediator, and is also trufore justly exposed to the wrath of ly God and truly man. God.

The work of man's redemption,


the Lord Jesus Christ did most wil. tend upon them with diligence 'and lingly undertake, and being made earnestness, since to neglect them is under the law, did fully and perfect- eminently presumptuous, if not ably obey it, submitting to manifold solutely fatal. sufferings and to the death of the

ART. X.-ELECTION. cross; was buried; on the third day arose from the dead; ascended into God from eternity has determined heaven, and there sitteth at the right to renew, and sanctify, and save a hand of the Father, making inter- part only of mankind. cession, and shall return to judge This purpose of God, being formangels and men.

ed in view of the voluntary perBy his sufferings and death, the verseness of the human heart, which Lord Jesus Christ has made renders the interposition of divine atonement for the sins of the world; grace necessary to turn men from whereby the authority of God's law sin to holiness, does not imply that is as fully sustained, and his justice

the atonement of Christ is not suffi. as fully displayed, as they would be cient for the salvation of all men, by the execution of the penalty of nor that they, in the requisite powhis law on transgressors. On the

ers of moral agency are not quali. ground of this atonement, the sins fied and bound to comply with the of men may be freely forgiven, and terms of life, nor that God does not all men to whom the Gospel is sent sincerely will their compliance and are invited and required to return justly hold all those guilty who re. to God by faith in the Lord Jesus ject his great salvation ; but it is Christ, with the assurance of par

that eternal purpose of love and don and eternal life if they comply, grace, which furnishes the only and with the threatening of endless hope that any of mankind will be punishment if they do not.

delivered from the power of sin

and become heirs of salvation. ART. IX.-EFFECTUAL CALLING.

ART. XI.- JUSTIFICATION. God by his Spirit through the word doth renew the hearts of all

Those whom God effectually who shall be finally saved, persuading calls he also freely justifies, thereby them to love and serve him in holy pardoning their sins, and receiving obedience, and thus calling them out

them into his favor, not for their of that state of sin and death in

own righteousness or by the deeds which they are by nature, to a state

of the law, but through the rightof grace and salvation by Jesus eousness which is of God by faith in

Jesus Christ. Christ; yet so that they turn to God and embrace the Savior most free.

ART. XII.-ADOPTION. ly and willingly, through the gra. All those who are justified are cious influence of the Holy Spirit taken into the number, and enapplying divine truth and rendering joy the privileges of the sons of it effectual.

God; are called his children, reThis divine influence in regene. ceive the spirit of adoption, have ration, without which there is no

access to the throne of grace with holiness in man, is not given to the boldness, are enabled to cry Abba sinner either on the ground of prom- Father, are sealed to the day of reise made to him, or of his own mer. demption, and so made heirs of its, but according to the sovereign eternal life. will and good pleasure of God; and yet is ordinarily so associated with ART. XIII.-SANCTIFICATION. the use of means by the sioner, as They who are regenerated by to furnish sufficient reasons to at the Holy Spirit, and adopted into the

family of God, are also sanctified soever is revealed in the Scriptures, by the same Divine Agent through and in view of each particular truth the word; and although this sancti. to act according to its nature-yieldfication is imperfect in this life, and ing obedience to the commands, rethe warfare between the flesh and lyiug on the declarations, trembling the spirit continues to the end, yet at the threatenings, and embracing the dominion of sin being destroyed, the promises of the Gospel. A printhe regenerate through the continued cipal act of saving faith respects supplies of the Spirit, become more the Lord Jesus Christ as the Savior and more holy, growing in grace of sinners, and implies an affection. more or less uniformly, and perfect- ate reliance on him for acceptance ing holiness in the fear of God. with God. ART. XIV.-PERSEVERANCE OF THE SAINTS.


Evangelical repentance is a sinSaints, considered as free moral

cere purpose of reformation and agents, may fall from their stead.

new obedience, proceeding from fastness and perish, for the same

just views of the evil and odious nareason that they may and do actual. ly sin ; and therefore there is a per- of God; wherein the true penitent,

ture of sin as opposite to the will fect propriety in warnings and ex

with self-abhorrence, with godly hortations against apostasy ; and an absolute necessity on their part of hatred of all sin, doth with true

sorrow for past transgressions and the diligent use of all appointed intention of heart, and in the strength means of grace and salvation; but considered in relation to the pur. fore God unto all well pleasing.

of divine grace, resolve to walk beposes and promises of God, the intercession of Christ, their union the sinner can not become the sub

This is that grace, without which with him, and the abiding of his ject of the least degree of holiness; Spirit within them, it is certain that and without which, the saint deparithey will never be permitted so to ing from duty can not regain peace fall away as finally to perish.

of mind nor the approbation of God. Although this doctrine like other salutary doctrines of the Gospel

Art. XVII.-Good Works. may be perverted to licentiousness No works of men possess moral of life through the love of sin, yet excellence, except such as being as the assurance of perpetual obedi. commanded by God, are performed ence given to the redeemed in from holy motives and in the spirit Heaven impairs not their fidelity of love and obedience to him. Good and devotedness in the service of works done in obedience to the diGod, so neither does the promise of vine commandments, are the fruits persevering holiness to saints on and evidences of a true faith, and earth tend to lessen their circum- by them believers evince their piety spection; but while it destroys all and adorn their Christian profession. hope of salvation in allowed sin, it

Works done by unregenerate furnishes an animating and power. men, although in the external form ful influence to all holy obedience, of them they may be what internal and a diligent preparation for the piety would dictate, yet because kingdom of glory.

they proceed not from a heart puri.

fied by faith and are not done to a ART. XV.-Faith.

right end—the glory of God-are Evangelical faith is a cordial, therefore properly sinful, and can influential belief in the whole testi. not please God.

not please God. The neglect of mony of God; which leads the them however is ordinarily more Christian to regard as true what. sinful and displeasing to him.

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