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of the foot, any foundation that is accounted for as the effects of man's sure, it lies in the word of God. terrible dereliction of right, than Paul was never greater, never in. traced to any other imaginable deed more philosophical, than when source whatever. It is more phi. he uttered that comprehensive and losophical, as well as scriptural, to startling apothegm, “Let God be consider certain knotty facts as extrue, but every man a liar.” And isting for man's sake, than to conmany such a character is made by jecture for them any other possible the divine declaration, “Cursed is origin. But it suffices us, that it is the ground for thy sake ; in sorrow scriptural. We have it from the shalt thou eat of it all the days of highest of all known authority, that thy life ; thorns also and thistles the prowling beasts of the forest, shall it bring forth to thee.” With as well as the tamer ones of the such we design no present contro- field, man could once call harm. versy. It is far pleasanter to re. lessly around him, as a shepherd nearse truth and survey it, not as his sheep; though now they go armed and earnest combatants, but about seeking whom they may de. simply as quiet and unobtrusive ad. Also, an inheritance of rude mirers of it, discoursing in the love winds, and fierce tempests, and of it, and minutely observing it only wide wastes, has fallen to the sons that so much the more it may be of him who, ere the era of sin, loved.
stood uncovered in the balmy air, It is even the best, as well as the and beneath the serene sky, of a easiest philosophy, to acquiesce in bright and ever happy Eden. That the saying, concerning the world, “It Eden is no more-or, it has gone hath a devil.” Oft times it casts it into bondage ; an unwilling bondinto the fire, oft times into the water; age, says the same high authority ; and it makes it to wander among the as though nature held a personality, tombs. But in the counsels of the and now rested in hope of an apHighest, adds revelation, the time proaching release. draws nigh when there will arise an Though much of creation is inaniomnipotent exorcist who will cast mate and insensible, it is often spoout the demon ; when the corpse of ken of in the Scriptures as holding the world, bound hand and foot, is some near or even conscious relation to be loosed, and let go; when the to its Maker. Yea, even philosophy “ creature” itself is to rise from its can honor God, by calling him nalong prostration of “vanity,” and ture's very impulse, as well as ruler walk forth in all the liberty of the and defense. And so the proph. emancipated" sons of God.” And, ets and songsters of Scripture, deif all this be mere fancy, it is never- scribe even inanimate nature as dis. theless a plausible fancy; and as a posed to worship God; the sea to theory, loses none of its value from roar in his praise; the mountains and its apparent issue from the lively hills to break forth into songs
and oracles of eternal truth.
dances. “ Praise him from the earth, Were it not the wiser part 10 ye dragons, and all deeps ; fire and have a constant preparation against hail, snow and vapor, stormy wind a surprisal from any thing errone. fulfilling his word.” Thus, in anous in man, we might well feel sur. ticipation of the day when the sons prise at the backwardness of any of God shall enjoy their manifestato see and confess that man's sin, in tion, “ the Scriptures,” says Presiits curse, has fallen, like a dark pall, dent Edwards, “ do very often repupon all nature around him : since resent, that when this shall be acthere are things of such character, complished, the whole inanimate and in number so great a multitude, creation shall greatly rejoice;" the which are more easily and properly heavens shall sing, the earth be glad,
the mountains break forth, and the a leprous soul, the body is itself hills be joyful together; the trees leprous; both conveying sin, and clap their hands; the lower parts of sharing in its penalty. So that while the earth shout; the sea roar, and it was one of Plato's thanksgivings, the fullness thereof, and the floods that God had made him clap their hands. This, like the fine was one of the thanksgivings of Plopassage of Milton, from which Pres. tinus, as Archbishop Leighton obH. has made an extract, is indeed serves, “ that his soul was not tied poetry; but this is to say nothing to an immortal body.” Its groans more, than that the truth is not ne- are literal
groans ; the pain in which cessarily injured or destroyed, by the body travails, (as Dr. H. somethe robes of " fine linen" and " what pleasantly says of the gout,) dlework,” with which taste may does not depend for its existence on decorate it.
the license of poetry, but is real. If we would turn from theory to And the organs of its sight glisten, example, let us follow the preacher as it were, with the hope that it shall as he leads us to the events of the ere long share in the promised libgreat day of the crucifixion, when the erty of the sons of God. Son of the Highest expired, with signs We may profitably, also, as well and wonders attending. There fell as humanely, spare a brief look at the upon the face of the earth,“ as sort. irrational creation around us; to ed best with present things,” (to use which indeed Calvin mainly applies an expression of Milton, and the the xrlois in this place. Though sentiment of Dr. H.,) darkness. The without sin, yet brutes are not withveil of the temple rent; the earth out suffering. They feel the bonds shook; and dead ones arose. It and iron thongs of the self-same were as if inanimate nature knew and curse which rests upon us. They acknowledged her suffering Lord, are inflamed by ill nature, afflicted
gave forth the pledges of her with pains, destroyed by death. allegiance, even though man knew Impelled by mutual animosity, they and acknowledged him not.
meet in fierce, merciless, and often If we would look for a specific ex- deadly assault. Not infrequently, ample of the inthralled “creature" their strength is over taxed, and their near us, we have only to turn to the life exhausted, by torturing inhuhuman body; that part of the creation manity. So also, in all the larger with which we are nearest of all and more wide-spread afflictions of connected. Undeniably the most cu. the family of man, brute nature riously wrought, and most wonder- must needs take a share. The ox ful of all earthly specimens of divine wilts under the same heat, is pinchskill, the body of man is yet the ed by the same cold, or parched by suffering servant of some fell pow. the same drought, that afflicts man. er of destruction. Its members are The beasts of the forest and field, made, not more the instruments than are fellow-partakers with us in the the victims of all unrighteousness. rain and snow, and dewy vaporThe curious frame abjectly serves the in the fruits of the earth, and in all debased soul. It is made the vent the states and conditions of the leand medium of so much that is sin. ments, no less than though they ful, that even equitable philosophy were “ bone of our bone, and flesh has at times done it the indignity to of our flesh.” They eat the same call it the very origin of sin; though natural fruits of “vanity.” In a it be only the usurped seat of sin. large sense, they utter the same It is the unfortunate subject of pains, groans, and travail in the same sicknesses, and miseries, without pain. number or name; of final death and Now let open-eyed reason can. repulsive decay. As the vehicle of didly observe such grave facts, and it must surely assent to the thought and the burden of earth's bondage of Paul, that the present state of shall roll back into dark oblivion. nature is indeed a state of bondage. Such a golden epoch of earthly It conceives that the existing state purity and completion, the eye of of things might be different. And ancient, gray-haired prophecy deif it take to itself somewhat of the scried afar off, and descrying reChristian element, it conceives that joiced. Ancient psalmody too, saw things are elsewhere different, with it. Apostlehood, moreover, believbeings different in moral character. ed the same, and spake concerning At the same time, it also discerns il, foretelling for things on the that what now is, is now best ; that earth,” as well as things in heavthe spreading curse upon all the en,” such a consummation of their earth, like the thick-strewn hoar hope, as men have not heard, nor frost of the cold night, is not only perceived by the ear, neither hath proper, but circumstantially neces- the eye seen.” The leopard, it is sary; that every known force or written, is to change his natyre. element, whether of cold or heat, The wolf shall dwell in peace with joy or sorrow, life or death, is now the lamb. The calf and the young in its place; that the abstraction of lion, and the fatling shall be togetheven any norious element would, er, and a young child shall lead in the general whole, be missed; them. A holy mountain shall the that the world for a fallen one, is a earth be, in which there shall be perfect one. So long as the human nothing to hurt or destroy. We race writhes under the foot of sin, thus look for a time when God shall no residence for it could be more take off the mantling curse of sin, admirably designed, or more com- not only from the souls of his repletely arranged, or more properly deemed sons, but also from very furnished, or more fitly controled, nature; when Eden itself shall be than the present. Man has as ma- found again, whence Justice once ny physical circumstances contribu- drove the fallen—the self-same Par. ting to his happiness, as divine and adise which even in the sight of the universal consistency could possibly great malign one lay pleasant ;' allow. Nevertheless, were man in and where, as Milton further dishimself different from what he now courseth, “the pure air to the heart is, there is supposable a condition of inspired vernal delight and joy, able things, natural things, physical ar- to drive all sadness." rangements or laws of the human We may well then excuse the frame, and of the whole terrestrial raptures in which prophets, psalmanimate and inanimate system-a ists, and apostles, speak of the apcondition of things from which every proach of such a day of great woncause adverse to perfection and en- ders, in which the gross defection joyment should be entirely shut out, of the race shall have been remeas a necessary or incidental part. died, sin itself extirpated, and its Nay, there is something more here stains blanched out of the very texfor man, and for the world, than ture of nature. And before we set mere supposition. Promissory and down their expressions as mere oriprophetic language could scarcely entalisms, and strip them of all force be more distinct and positive than and meaning, let us first cautiously it is on this point. If Dr. H.'s in. observe which way science, philosterpretation is true, the great hope ophy, i. e. grave fact, leans; and of creation shall ere long be accom- thus judge, whether the bondage of plished; and the powerful interdict nature around man be not, like the of liberty," i. e. of the highest per- “invisible things of God," "clearly fection in terrestrial nature, shall seen," "being understood by the be at once and forever taken off; things that are made."
RELIGIOUS INSTRUCTION OF THE SLAVES.*
We heartily rejoice in all move. lications is the tenth annual report ments which promise either the re- of the same Association. The au. moval or the amelioration of slavery thor of these reports is Rev. C. C. in our country. And as the ultimate Jones, missionary of that Associapower to effect this desirable end is tion, who deserves great praise for with the citizens of the slave states, his cordial interest in, and his self-de. and, as discussion or action by north. nying labors to promote, the moral ern citizens is useful only as it in- and religious instruction of the slaves, fluences southern citizens to use that particularly in his native state and power, we especially rejoice to hear county. Possessed of talents and of such movements in the slave. learning which would command poholding communities.
sitions of distinction in the southern It is therefore with joy and grati- church, he has, from the time of tude, that we have read the pam- completing his theological educaphlets concerning the religious in. tion, with the exception of a short struction of the slaves, which we interval, during which he occupied a place at the head of this article. professorship of ecclesiastical history We feel bound to speak plainly (as in a southern theological seminary, we did in our last number) of the devoted himself to the work of a sinfulness and atrocities of the sys missionary among his fellow men, tem of slavery. But it is not a oppressed and degraded by the pleasant work. We greatly prefer slavery of his native state. By his to improve any opportunity which private influence ; by his publicafacts afford us to record any effort, tions, revealing the deplorable morhowever slight, among slaveholders, al condition of that portion of the to mitigate the horrible evils of that southern population, and appealing odious system.
to the humanity and piety of his The first of these publications is fellow citizens and Christian breththe report for the year 1843—the ren; and by his personal and gra. ninth annual report-of an Associa- tuitous missionary labors,- he has tion for the Religious Instruction of done more than any other man withthe Negroes in Liberty County, in our knowledge, to awaken interGeorgia. The second of these pub- est and effort for the evangelization
of those heathen in a Christian land. * 1. Ninth Annual Report of the Asso. To the first of these reports is apciation for the Religious Instruction of pended the address of the President the Negroes in Liberty County, Georgia, of the Association, Rev. Robert together with the Address to the Associa: tion, by the President, Rev. Robert Quar: Quarterman.
Published by order of the As. The third pamphlet is an account sociation. Printed by Thomas Purse. of “the proceedings" of a ConvenSavannah, 1844. pp. 44.
2. Tenth Annual Report of the Asso- tion in Charleston, S. C., May 13-15, ciation for the Religious Instruction of 1845, respecting the religious in. the Negroes in Liberty County, Georgia. Struction of the slaves, “ together Published by request of the Association. with the report of the Committee, Office of P. G. Thomas, 1845. Pp: 47.
3. Proceedings of the Meeting in and the address to the public.” This Charleston, S. C., May 13–15, 1845, on Convention was called by a circular the Religious Instruction of the Negroes, issued at a preliminary conference, together with the Report of the Commit- by a few persons interested in the tee, and the Address to the public. Published by order of the Meeting. Charles. subject, and addressed to “a contoa, S. Č., B. Jenkins, 1845. pp. 72.
siderable number of gentlemen in.
terested in planting in the state of We quote the following summary South Carolina.” It was attended of what has been done by the colla by a respectable number of those ferent Christian denominations. invited, among whom were some
"1. The Episcopal Church.— The commen of distinction in the South. We mittee have no information from the dioparticularly noticed, that the Hon. cese of Maryland, and know not what atDaniel E. Huger, at present a Sen- tention is paid to the religious instruction ator of the United States, was
of the negroes by the clergy and laity of
that diocese. President of the Convention. The “ It is well known that the venerable members of the Convention were Bishop Meade, of the diocese of Virginia, from five religious denominations- bas for very many years, been a zealous, the Baptist, Methodist, Presbyterian, good work, as well as a laborer himself in
and able, and untiring advocate of this Episcopal, and Lutheran ; and act- the field. He has several times brought ed harmoniously for their common the great duty of evangelizing the negroes
before his diocese; and in his efforts he is object. They were in session three
now ably supported by the assistant Bishdays, and committed the matter op, Dr. Johns. The attention of the clerbrought before them by written and sy, is from year to year, more and more verbal statements, to five gentlemen, directed to ihe systematic and constant inwith instructions to condense it into struction of the colored portion of their
Of the memorial of the presbya report. This report is published tery of Georgia to the southern presbyiein the pamphlet before us, together ries, on the religious instruction of the with an address from a standing negroes, Bishop Meade remarks, 'I am
rejoiced to see the different denominations committee of ten, who were “ap- of Christians in our southern country takpointed to carry out the resolutions ing up this subject in a more decisive manof the meeting.” The report con
ner than ever before; and hope that they tains, say the standing commit- may stimulate each other, by such ad
dresses, to immediate and zealous action.' tee,
Bishop lves, of the diocese of North “1st, extracts from forty four letters re- Carolina, has prepared a catechism and ceived in reply to the circular, from twenty put it in circulation, intended for the benedifferent districts and parishes of this state, fit of the colored charges of his clergy, and all from persons of high respectability; to for the domestic instruction of the laity at which are added communications from home. Several clergymen of this diocese two gentlemen of Georgia, who, on ac- are much engaged in discharging their couni of their known interest in the sub- duty to the negroes connected with their ject, and their long continued personal ex- congregations. ertions in this department of benevolence, “ There is no diocese more engaged, were invited to take part in our delibera- and doing more for the negroes, than that of tions and to furnish their views. 2dly, South Carolina. There are several clerextracts from seventeen letters received
gymen acting as missionaries, who are by a member of the committee from per- wholly given to the work, and some catesons resident in eight of the other slave. chists : while almost the entire body of holding states; and 3dly, notices of the the clergy are, in their respective parishes, action of ecclesiastical bodies. The let- to a greater or less extent, engaged in it. ters under the first head are, for the most The Daily also of this diocese, embracing part, details of the personal experience and many of the most distinguished and observation of the writers, given with all wealthy citizens, are supporters of the the freedom and candor appropriate to the work; contributing not only of their suboccasion. Those under the second head stance, but giving their own personal atafford less of detail, but manifest a com- tention to it. mon feeling on the subject gratifying and “ Bishop Elliott, of the diocese of Georencouraging. The staiements under the gia, continues to give importance and enthird head present a general view of plans couragement to the religious instruction of and operations, destined, we trust, to be the negroes. His effort is to incorporate more effective, with some results that will the negroes with ibe whiles, as one charge, arrest and reward attention. Notwith in the parish churches, and to bring the standing a want of statistics, to be regret- children and youth into efficient Sabbath ted, they still show the system of which schools. In ihree parishes the ministers the enterprise is susceptible, and will sugi are almost exclusively devoted to the negest facilities to those who may find it groes. necessary or useful to afford their people " Of efforts made in the diocese of Ken. the aids of missionary labor.”
tucky, Tennessee, Mississippi and Arkan