Landmarks in Linguistic Thought 1: The Western Tradition from Socrates to Saussure

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Psychology Press, 1997 - 234 pages
By introducing the reader to the main issues and themes that have determined the development of the Western linguistic tradition, an evolution of linguistic thought quickly becomes apparent. Each chapter in this accessible book contains a short extract from a `landmark' text followed by a commentary which places the text in its social and intellectual context.The authors, who consider writers from Aristotle to Caxton to Saussure, have fully revised the original edition ofthis text. Complete with two new chapters on Bishop John Wilkins and Frege, a revised preface and updated bibliography, this book will be invaluable to anyone with an interest in the History of Linguistics, or the History of Western Thought.

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Contents

Socrates on names
1
Aristotle on metaphor
20
The Bible on the origin and diversification of language
36
Varro on linguistic regularity
47
Quintilian on linguistic education
60
Thomas of Erfurt on the modes of signifying
76
Caxton on dialects
87
Arnauld and Lancelot on the rational foundations of grammar
95
Condillac on the origin of language and thought
139
Horne Tooke on etymological metaphysics
155
Humboldt on linguistic and mental diversity
171
Müller on linguistic evolution
185
Frege on sense and reference
196
Saussure on language and thought
209
Bibliography and suggestions for further reading
225
Index
231

Wilkins on a real character
110
Locke on the imperfection of words
126

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