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122. Bronze statuette of slave cleaning boot
123. Foot of the Hermes of Olympia |
124. Ivory combs . . .
125. Bronze razor.
126. Bronze razor from Athens .
127. Bronze razor from Sardinia
128. Bronze nail-file ..
129. Silver ear-pick . . .
130. Greek bronze earrings
131. Roman ivory hair-pins
132. Bronze and silver pins

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133. Woman in the Dorian chiton (showing pin).
134. Etruscan bronze mirror
135. Mycenaean fibula . .

. . 136. Early Greek fibula . 137. Greek fihula with geometric decoration 138. Early Greek fibula . 139. Fibula from Cyprus. 140. Italian fibula of leech shape 141. Italian fibula . . 142. Italian fibula . . . . 143. Fibula of Hallstatt type . . 144. Fibula of La Tène type . 145. Roman fibula of cross-bow shape 146. Roman fibula .

. . 147. Late Roman enamelled fibula . 148. Late Roman enamelled fibula . 149. Lead and bronze weights 150. Bronze weights of artistic form . 151. Lamp with weighing-scene 152. Roman bronze steelyard . 153. Roman bronze balances . . 154. Roman bronze foot-rule : 155. Bronze proportional compasses . 156. Roman set-square and plummet. 157. Roman stamped tile. . . 158. Bronze dowel and door-pivot . 159. Woman spinning . 160. Spindles and whorls. 161. Woman with epinetron on knee † 162. Epinetron 163. Penelope at the loom ť 164. Loom-weight. 165. Bronze thimble . 166. Iron scissors . . 167. Needles, etc. . .

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FIGURE
168. Netting-needles . . .
169. Bronze needle-case. .
170. Homeric lock (restored) † .
171. Roman lock ,
172. Roman keys .
173. Roman padlock .
174. Roman padlocks .
175. Bronze strong-box. .

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176. Cover of strong-box.
177. Seals and seal-locks . .
178. Roman cutler's forget
179. Roman cutler's shop f.
180. Roman knives and knife-handles
181. Greek potter .
182. Potter's wheel.
183. Greek potter attaching vase handle
184. Potter's kiln t.
185. Clay lamps spoiled in baking
186. Model for lower part of clay lamp
187. Limestone half-mould .
188. Greek surgeon at work t .
189. Bronze surgical instruments
190. Marble Relief. Physician treating patient.
191. Oculist's stamp. . .
192. Terracotta groups. Reading and writing lessons .
193. Ivory stilus . .
194. Roman pens and stili
195. Lady holding stilus and tablets t.
196. Roman inkpots . .
197. Greek terracotta dolls ,
198. Donkey carrying sea-perch.
199. Old woman on mule.
lan on mule . .

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. . . . . 200. Seated doll with marriage-bowl, etc.. 201. Greek toy jug . . . 202. Terracotta model tops.f (That on the right in the British

Museum] . . 203. Two women playing at knucklebones † 204. Knucklebones and dice 205. Bronze dice-box . . . 206. Ivory pieces from games .. 207. Itinerant with performing animals . . 208. Roman racing.chariot 209. Luna in a bull-car . . 210. Roman car for carrying images to the circus 211. Greek bit . . . . 212. Bronze horse-muzzle . .

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FIGURE
213. Iron hobble . ..
214. Plough turning .
215. Bronze votive plough †
216. Ploughing scene
217. Wine being decocted.
218. Slaves carrying wine-casks.
219. Men gathering olives.
220. Satyr at oil-press . . .
221. Goatherd with flock.
222. Early Greek warship .
223. Early Greek merchant-ship
224. Terracotta model of merchant-ship
225. Vase in the form of a prow of a trireme
226. Roman ship entering a harbour .
227. Roman fishermen in a harbour.
228. Apollo playing on a kithara
229. Lyre . . .
230. Bronze flutes and cymbals .
231. Greek women dancing
232. Preparation for burial t .
233 and 234. Funeral lekythos.
235. Tombstone of Hegeso t .
236. Inscribed tombstone of Idagygos
237. Italian hut-urn
238. Canopic urn . .
239. Italian funeral masks
240. Etruscan funeral urn
241. Roman funeral urn .
242. Tombstone of Aurelius Hermia and his wife

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GREEK AND ROMAN LIFE.

The exhibition is arranged in the central rectangle of what was formerly the Etruscan Saloon; it includes Wall-Cases 25-64, 94-119, and Table-Cases E-K. The subject naturally divides itself into the two chief headings of public and domestic institutions, and each of these occupies one half of the room. On the West side are grouped the sections relating mainly to Public Life, on the East those of Private Life: of the former, the section illustrating the monetary system of the ancients and its development naturally leads up to the larger exhibition of Greek and Roman coins, and to the Department of coins and medals.

The list of sections comprised in the exhibition is as follows:

PUBLIC LIFE.
I. Politics and Slavery.
II. Coins.
III. Marriage.
IV. Religion and Superstition.

V. Drama.
VI. Athletics.
VII. Chariot-racing and the Circus.
VIII. Gladiators and the Arena.

IX. Arms and Armour.

PRIVATE LIFE.
X. House and Furniture.
XI. Dress and Toilet.
XII. Weights and Measures.
XIII. Tools and Building.
XIV. Domestic Arts.

XV. Industrial Arts.
XVI. Medicine and Surgery.

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Note.The references at the end of each section correspond to the numbers of the objects. These numbers, attached to the objects in the Cases, are distinguished by being in red upon a white ground.

1.–POLITICS AND SLAVERY.

(Table-Case K.)

A SECTION of Table-Case K contains a series of inscriptions which illustrate various sides of Greek and Roman political life. Taking the Greek inscriptions first, we find two (Nos. 1, 2) which are records of

Treaties.-It must be borne in mind that the Greek state was generally of very small dimensions. As a rule all life was centred within a city, which had but a moderate extent of outlying country. Aristotle describes the perfect city or state (the words are interchangeable) as the union of several villages, supplying all that is necessary for independent life.1 Greece was thus divided up into a large number of small states, whose interests were constantly clashing one against the other. The results of this division were, speaking broadly, two-fold. On the one hand there was an intense patriotism of a narrow kind, making each separate state exceedingly tenacious of its independence and jealous of any fancied interference on the part of its neighbour. On the other hand there arose a very high ideal of the duties of citizenship, as the result of the perpetual contact of citizen with citizen, and the countless opportunities afforded of discussing the most absorbing political questions of the day. The first aspect of Greek public life is illustrated by the two treaties now to be mentioned; the second will be brought into prominence when the jurymen's tickets and the judicial system of Athens are dealt with (p. 6). The bronze tablet No. 1 dates probably from the second half

? Pol. i. 1, 8.

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