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-At the meeting of the Teachers' Association of the counties of Erie and Huron, held in Monroeville February 3, L. C. Laylin read a paper on the “Influence of the Teacher” which was discussed by C. W. Oakes; Miss Butler of Wakeman, gave an outline of arithmetic teaching, which started a discussion as to the merits of mental and written arithmetic, and whether combination books or separate books are best; Sup. Scroggie, of Fitch ville presented “Puzzles of Parsing"; Supt. Chittenden, of Oberlin described the Mammoth Cave; Miss H. Smith, of Monroeville read an essay on the “General Culture of the Teacher"; and Prof. Collins, of Sandusky gave his methods of teaching music. The next meeting will be held in Milan, the last Saturday of April.

-The Public Schools of Findlay, Ohio, are taught by 16 teachers in three buildings, the average attendance being 630, which is 95 per cent of the number belonging. German is taught by a special teacher in a room set apart for the purpose to which pupils go at stated times. In the three years' High-School Course German may by election take the place of Latin. The Superintendent C. F. Palmer, gives instruction in pedagogics once a week to a Teachers' Class. Besides the literary societies conducted by the pupils and teachers of the High School and Grammar School, there are regular school exercises in declamation and composition.

-The meeting of the Butler-County Teachers' Association in Hamilton, February 17, was unusually interesting. The following are the subjects presented either in papers or lectures by Lissa Daugherty, J. W. Berkstresser, Ferdinand Soehner, the Hon. D. W. McClung, J. E. Williams, Olivia T. Alderman, and C. L. Loos, respectively, Class Exercise in Map Drawing, The Old and the New in Education, Botanical Study, Obedience, The True Objects of School Work, A Plain Talk with Teachers, and The Social Status of the Teacher. Mrs. Weiler gave select readings, and a copious supply of music was furnished by the Teachers' Orchestra, Louis Miller, Chas. Pugh, Theo. Meyder, Walter W. Aiken, A. W. Schmidt, Jas. W. Overpeck, Lilly Reutti, Lida Buckingham, and Anna Stempel. About 250 were present representing Dayton, Eaton, Middletown, Oxford, Seven Mile, New London, etc. The next meeting will be held March 24.

-The Northeastern - Ohio Teachers' Association met in Cleveland Febrụary 10. The subject of the Inaugural Address of the new President E. F. Moulton, was “Superintendents.” Mrs. Rebecca D. Rickoff read a very suggestive and instructive paper on Reading.” Capt. William Mitchell spoke on the “Reflex Influence of Teaching.” The discussion of the Paper on “Our Common School Education,” read at the previous meeting was postponed, and the Executive Committee instructed to appoint some one to prepare a paper on Mr. Hinsdale's paper. This remarkable paper has been published in a neat covered pamphlet of over thirty pages by the Association, for free distribution to members. It will be sent by Alex. Forbes of Cleveland, to persons wishing to procure it, on receipt of twenty cents. A committee was appointed to draft resolutions in reference to the late Hon. John A. Norris, Ex-State Commissioner of Common Schools. The attendance at this meeting was unusually large. Among those present were the following Superintendents:-Lehman of Canton, Jones of Ashland, Comings of Medina, Ross of Fremont, Stevenson of Columbus, Michael of Monroeville, Parker of Elyria, Chittenden of Oberlin, Phillips of Collamer, Smith of Bedford, Moulton of Warren, Hitchcock of Niles, Campbell of Mineral Ridge, Guthrie of Conneaut, Wean of Wellington, Sprague of Berea, Gladding of Hudson, Patton of Kent, and possibly others that we did not see or whose names we do not now recall. The following named persons not residents of Cleveland who are not superintendents were also present:—Pres. Hinsdale of Hiram, Dr. Cutler of Hudson, S. S. Wheeler of the Salem High School, the Hon. C. S. Smart, the Hon. T. W. Harvey, W. D. Henkle, Thompson and Collins of Sandusky, Mr. Patrick of Solon, Irvin of Dayton, and Mrs. Woodford of the Warren High School, and several ladies from Elyria and other places. Dr. Cutler at the close of the session was requested to make some remarks. He contrasted the state of things in the Western Reserve now with those of former days, when there were within the Doctor's knowledge, if we remember rightly, thirty-eight academies. He believed the rural schools are not so good now as formerly, all the good teachers being taken from the country to supply the graded schools. He suggested a return to academies as a partial remedy. There is more in this thought than one would at first be ready to admit. Notwithstanding the excellent public schools of New England, well-endowed academies still exert a powerful influence. The next meeting of the Association will be held the second Saturday in April.

PERSONAL. --Miss Ella M. EARHART is teaching in the High School at Findlay, Ohio.

-The Rev. William B. Bodine has been elected President of Kenyon College, Ohio.

-C. W. Roby has been elected Superintendent of the Public Schools of La Crosse, Wis.

-Miss L. C. Scott (not Mrs. as given last month), is a teacher in the Wilmington Public Schools.

--H. S. Doggett has had charge of the Public Schools of Hillsboro, Ohio, for eleven years.

-Ed. G. Smith has also been connected with these schools for the same length of time. For the last two years he has been teaching in the High School.

--C. L. C. Minor is President of the Virginia Agricultural and Mechanical College at Blacksburg, Va.

--C. W. BARDIEN, publisher of the School Bulletin at Syracuse, New York, now rejoices in a State Certificate.

A REICHENBACH is now serving his fourth year as Principal of the Valley Normal School at Bridgewater, Va.

-Wm. E. Eaton has succeeded the Hon. J. J. McIntire as Superin. tendent of Public Instruction in Dakota Territory.

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-Mrs M. JOSEPHINE WARREN, the elocutionist, is the wife of the late D. M. Warren, author of Warren's Geographies.

-Miss KENRICH has succeeded the late George Dawson as a member of the Birmingham School Board, England.

-MARY SHELDON, daughter of E. A. Sheldon of Oswego, is Professor of Literature in Wellesley College, Mass.

-The Rev. C. A. Downs has succeeded the Hon. J. W. Simonds as State Superintendent of Public Instruction in New Hampshire.

JAMES H. Peay is now acting as Superintendent of the Public Schools of Richmond, Va., as successor of the late J. H. Binford.

-MRS A. E. WESTON and L. C. Dunham are now assistants of Prof. McNeill in the Antioch Normal School at Yellow Springs, Ohio.

-Miss. P. W. SUDLOW, Superintendent of the Public Schools of Davenport, Iowa, is now President of the State Teachers' Association.

-The Rev. Dr. Geo. B. Jocelyn, President of Albion College, Michigan, died recently. We became acquainted with him in 1854, when he was connected with Whitewater College at Centerville, Indiana.

--The Rev. Dr. S. C. Bartlett recently elected President of Dartmouth College, at Hanover, N. H., was formerly Professor of Intellectual and Moral Philosophy in Western-Reserve College, at Hudson, Ohio.

-Dr. S. STANHOPE Orris, Professor of the Greek Language and Literature in Marietta College, left last month for Greece where he expects to spend some time in study.

-Prof. E. BISHOP, Alston Ellis's predecessor as Superintendent of the Public Schools of Hamilton, Ohio, died a short time ago in Paris, Illinois, at the residence of his son.

-ALEXANDER Bain whose death was announced as taking place in Glasgow, January 2, proves not to be the Professor of Logic in Aberdeen University, but Alex. Bain the electrician.

-G. W. SNYDER, Superintendent of the Caledonian (O.) Public Schools, furnishes educational matter for the Caledonia Argus. The Argus of February 1, contains the report of the schools for the month of January.

-GEO. W. MacCRACKEN, of Xenia is the successor of H. G. Rogers as Principal of the High School in Springfield, Ohio. He is a lawyer by profession.

-C. H. Evans, Principal of the Eighth-District School in Cincinnati, Ohio, received at the annual exhibition of the School in January last an elegant silver pitcher and belongings as a gift from teachers and pupils.

-THE Hon. Joseph White, after serving sixteen years as Secretary of the Massachusetts Board of Education is to be succeeded next month by John W. Dickinson who has long been Principal of the Westfield Normal School.

-Isaac Sams who has done so much for the promotion of sound instruction in Highland County, Ohio, is still living in good health at Hillsboro. He is now in the 89th year of his age. The last time we saw him his form was as erect as that of a West-Point Cadet.

--S. S. Hamill has been giving lessons in Elocution at Denison University, Granville, Ohio. At one of his entertainments he recited or read Poe's “Bells." It is no recommendation to an elocutionist to attempt to read what cannot be read without mere tricks of voice. Murdoch has never been guilty of attempting to read such a selection in public.

-ProF. WM. G. WILLIAMS of Delaware, Ohio, and Miss Delia A. Lathrop, Principal of the Cincinnati Normal School, were married January 22, near Syracuse, at the residence of Philemon Lathrop. In the marriage service Bishop J. T. Peck was assisted by E. O. Haven, Chancellor of the Syracuse University. We learned of this interesting event two or three days too late to announce it in our last issue. It is not too late to tender our best wishes for the unalloyed happiness of Prof. Witliams and wife. Knowing their valuable and extensive services in Oh o Institutes we cannot help but think that they alone would furnish an excellent corps.

INSTITUTE. RICHLAND Co:-Place, Shelby ; time of beginning December 26, 1876 ; duration, four days; enrolment 151; instructors, Alex. Forbes (pedagogics, grammar, geography, and arithmetic), and Samuel Findley (object teaching, primary reading, and arithmetic); evening lecturers, Samuel Findley (“Childhood”), Alex. Forbes (“Relation of the Teacher to Society and Government”), and the Hon. C. S. Smart (“Who is responsible?”). County Superintendency was endorsed in one of the resolutions. Music was a characteristic feature of the institute, that at the evening sessions being furnished by the Shelby Glee Club. The Mansfield Herald of January 4, refers in the strongest terms to the instructors, Messrs. Forbes and Findley, as well as the good work done by Superintendents Simpson and Pritchard. Mr. John Simpson, Superintendent of the Public Schools of Mansfield, was reëlected president.


New York, Chicago, and New Orleans. 1877. Pages 308.

This is the most profusely illustrated school work on zoology yet published. The author begins with mammalia and ends with protozoa. If the development theory is true, this is as great a departure from historical sequence as to begin a history of the world by starting with the Centen. nial Exhibition and going back to Adam. This plan of treating animal life begins with the complex and goes to the simple, and is analytic rather than synthetic. The many interesting notes and beautiful illustrations of this book will not fail to make it popular. MURRAY's Songs for Sunday Schools and Gospel Meetings. By James R.

Murray, author of “Pure Diamonds,” etc. Boston: White, Smith & Co., 576 Washington Street. Pages 160.

This book, printed on tinted paper, is in size that of an ordinary duodecimo volume. It is elaimed for it that it embraces all the valuable features of the Moody and Sankey hymns. It contains contributions from George F. Root, P. P. Bliss (one of the victims in the Ashtabula disaster), Ira D. Sankey, and many others. Single copies 35 cents, or $30 a hundred. COMMON-SCHOOL LITERATURE, English and American, with seven hundred

extracts for Literary Culture. By J. Willis Westlake, A. M. Philadelphia: Sower, Potts & Co. 1876. Pages 156.

The author says that “ one of the demands of the present day is 'thin text-books and that the demand is a reasonable one, and that This is a thin text-book-very thin, considering the scope. About three hundred and fifty authors are mentioned, about eighty of whom are called representative authors. We are unable to see why Geo. H. Boker, T. B. Aldrich, E. H. Chapin, Joaquin Miller, C. E. Stedman, J. G. Holland, etc., are classed as representative authors, while John Adams, Dean Alford, T. S. Arthur, Roger Ascham, Dr. Isaac Barrow, Anna Letitia Barbauld, Sir David Brewster, Sir Thomas Browne, Henry Thomas Buckle, Samuel Butler, Thomas Chalmers, Charles Darwin, Sir Philip Francis (Junius), Rt. Hon. W. C. Gladstone, etc., are not so classed. Part third, containing about forty pages, is devoted to miscellaneous extracts under the heading A Casket of Thought-Gems.' THE CENTENNIAL SERIES of Spelling Blanks. No.1, Words. Sheldon &

Co., New York.

These blanks will be supplied for introduction at 9 cents each. The series consists of three numbers, only one of which has been received.

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SCHOOL DISCIPLINE. The term discipline, in its most comprehensive sense, implies little less than the whole duty of the teacher in giving instruction, governing, and moulding the characters of his pupils. The object of discipline is to fit the child for future usefulness, to make him a good member of society, and a law-abiding citizen. The results will be seen and felt in the infinite


of the future.

We shall, however, at the present treat of the subject mainly in the sense of government and drill. The success or failure of a teacher will depend more upon his ability to discipline his school than upon his capability of imparting instruction ; because scholars well governed, well disciplined, both in conduct, and in method and manner of study, will improve by their own efforts; whereas the very best instructions, the most lucid demonstrations, given in the midst of disorder and confusion, are like chaff driven before the wind.

Obedience we deem one of the first requisites of good discipline, and must be secured; cheerful if may be forced if need be. It is true that a forced compliance with the demands of the teacher is not a healthy condition, but by such a compliance pupils may often be held at work, and kept in their places in the school-room until, by judicious management, an interest is awakened, and a feeling of respect for the intelligence and

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