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acterized by good schools and good teachers and others by poor schools and

poor teachers. W. W. Ross, Superintendent of the Public Schools of Fremont, Ohio, calls attention to the following statement made by A. D. White, President of Cornell University, as an excuse for the action of the awarding judges :

“The mass of material was so vast that the exhibits of the smaller towns had necessarily to be grouped together, and the awards generally made to the State systems of which they formed a part. Had we gone into the school systems of smaller towns in Massachusetts, Ohio, Michigan, Pennsylvania, New York, and some more of the New-England States, we could have awarded hundreds of medals which were justly earned.”

The complimentary remarks of our contemporaries are always gratifying. The following are especially encouraging :

“The Ohio Educational Monthly comes regularly to our table and is always read with avidity. Since the accession of Prof. Henkle to the chair editorial, the Monthly has gained in spiciness, and it has a brusque flavor which adapts it to our taste. It is always vigorous, ever fresh, and never dull.”-Otterbein Dial, of Dec. 1876.

“We have on our exchange list, the Ohio Educational Monthly and National Teacher, edited and published by W. D. Henkle, Salem, Ohio. This is one of the oldest, if not the oldest [it is the oldest. Ed.] educational periodical in the United States. Its editor has had a large and varied experience in matters pertaining to education, and from a personal knowledge of the wants of a teacher, he is able to present subjects of special interest.”—The Common School Teacher, of Dec. 1876.

“The last number of the Ohio Educational Monthly is more than usually interesting in its contributed articles, and is replete with school news and other matters that go to make up a lively journal. No teacher in Hancock county who cares more for his profession than to draw his pay should be without it.”—Findlay Jeffersonian, Nov. 10th, 1876.

The Ohio Educational Monthly is among our best exchanges. We bail with joy its visits to THE JEWELL. In both the September and October issues articles of great interest appear.”The Jewell, Nov., 1876.

IF we cannot be first we are willing to be second. The following is from the leading article in the December Wisconsin Journal of Education signed W. H. C. [W. H. Chandler ?] Precedence was accorded to Pennsylvania.

“Ohio EXHIBIT. To me it seems the State of Ohio is entitled to the second place for the excellence of its exhibit; two features of it only, I will mention. The first is a series of maps. No. 1 is a plain white cloth upon which is painted a globe, as large as the area will admit; this is red, and represents the entire school population of the State, the figures of which are printed in bold type across the bottom. We will suppose it is 100,000; map No. 2 represents the same globe with say 85 per cent of it slightly colored. This the pure

colored portion represents the number enrolled in the public school, and

red the unenrolled, or number not attending school; the figures and per cent are given at the bottom; map No. 3, gives a still smaller proportion of the globe colored, representing the average attendance, in its proportion to the entire enumeration, figures and percentage being given also. Successive maps in the same manner show the number and proportion of pupils pursuing the different branches required to be taught, as reading, spelling, penmanship, history, etc. It is a very unique, impressive, and instructive exhibit.

Another feature is a series of maps of the State, showing by a system of shading, the amount, between oertain named sums, which each county appropriates for educational purposes; its population and valuation; and monthly wages paid teachers, as indicative of the character of teachers employed; and also school population and attendance. These also are creditably ingenious, and interesting, and are an apocalypse to many a Buckeye, as well as others. It is amusing to sit with the courteous gentleman who has charge of the exhibit, and listen to the conversation of the irate Ohio citizens who have heard at the boarding-house or upon the grounds, that educationally, the counties of their residence are badly discolored, and who come up into the gallery to see about it. When informed that the average standing is much reduced by the niggardly policy of certain small sections of their counties, the anathemas bestowed upon them for disgrace engendered upon this day and occasion of supreme opportunity, are often more forcible than elegant, and the vows taken for revenge in the way of reminding the remiss of their shame augurs much for vigorous agitation" of school matters, at least in some localities. The other features of the Ohio exhibit do not vary much from those of other States, but are very full in every department.

-We have received the following reports, etc. :—The Seventeenth Annual Report of the Minnesota Superintendent of Public Instruction for the year ending September 30, 1876. Pages 263. Hon D. Burt, Supt. This is an interesting report. Report of the Board of Education and the Superintendent of the Fremont Public Schools for the years 1873-4-5-6 and Manual of Course of Study and Rules and Regulations. Pages, 123. W. W. Ross, Supt. Mr. Ross discusses the subject of Semi-Annual Promotions which was discussed in this journal several years ago. If Mr. Ross will put his views into the shape of an article we shall be glad to publish them as a contribution to the discussion of this interesting topic. Catalogue of the Valley Normal School, Bridgewater, Va., for 1874-5. Pp. 17. Alcide Reichenbach, Principal. Catalogue of the Valley Normal Institute with Announcement of the Bridgewater School, 1874-5. Pp. 12. Rev. J.. S. Loose, Supt. Catalogue of the Valley Normal School and Summer Institute, for 1875-6. Pp. 26. At the Summer Institute of six weeks 71 students were enrolled, the average attendance being 56. Addresses delivered at the Inauguration of the Iowa State Normal School at Cedar Falls, Sept. 14, 1876. The Inaugural Address was delivered by J. C Gilchrist, formerly Superintendent of the Schools of Washington, Pa. Virginia School Report, for the year ending July 31, 1876. Pp. 57. Hon. W. H. Ruffner, Supt. School Document.-Circular No. 16. From the Superintendent of Public Instruction. Concord. 1876. Pages 44. J. W. Simonds, Superintendent.

-The report of Andrew J. Rickoff presented to the Cleveland Board of Education on the evening of Nov. 13, is an interesting document, in which industrial education forms an important part. If our space permitted we should reproduce it entire for our readers. Mr. Rickoff rides no hobby or rather he rides so many that no one is sure which is his fa

vorite nag.

-The following card will explain itself :

LOGAN, Ohio, November 14, 1876. W. D. HENKLE, Dear Sir:-In your issue of August is the following :On Thursday, June 22d, 28 students, 17 gentlemen, 10 ladies, and Frank V. Owen, graduated from the Ohio Central Normal School.” Please explain for ourvwn individual benefit why said Frank V. Owen deserves this special mention of his name. Does it imply that Mr. Owen is so mnch superior in mental endowments to the remaining 27 members ?

Please publish the above, with reply to the same in the next number of your valuable monthly, to which I am a subscriber, and oblige

A STUDENT. In answer to this question we have to say that from the programme we had before us we were unable to class Frank V. Owen, as the noun Frank is epicene equally applicable to a lady or gentleman. Does “Student” now see the point ?

WONDERFUL results in the way of diminishing the cases of corporal punishment without a rule against it, have been accomplished in Cleveland. A short time ago when in that city we requested Mr. L. W. Day, one of the Supervising Principals, to furnish us one of the printed punishment blanks that had actually been filled out by a teacher. The following is the blank as furnished us, Mr. Day judiciously ornitting

names.

.........

[No. 3.]

[To be Written in ink.] REPORT OF THE PUNISHMENT OF (name) .(age) .........

(residence) Date of punishment.......

187 The teacher will please to write answers to the following questions:

1. For what offence was the pupil above named punished ? For repeated acts of misconduct; for refusal to obey, and violence to smaller children.

2. What is his (or her) general character? He is quarrelsome, ill-natured,

and very

wilful.

3. What do you know of the home influence surrounding him ? His parents are anxious for him to do well, but are unable to control him.

4. What other means have you employed for his reform ? I have called upon his parents, have talked with the boy, have referred him to the Principal, deprived him of school privileges, etc.

5. Were his parents duly notified of his conduct before you resorted to corporal punishment? They were. What was the nature of the response? They were desirous that he should do well, and suggested that he be punished severely.

6. Has he ever been referred to the Principal of the District or to the Superintendent? He has. How many times ? Once to the Principal of the District. 7. What was the result of the punishment ? For a while he did well.

............ Teacher.

...... School.

-The Medical Society of the County of New York has recommended its members to use the metric system in writing prescriptions. The discussion of the subject has revealed a state of things that we little suspected. Physicians use as measures of weight, grains, scruples, drachms, and ounces; as measure of capacity, fluiddrachms, Auidounces, and pints. Although English physicians use these same terms, it is found that the capacity measures do not agree with those used by New-York physicians. The fluidounce in England is a capacity equal to. 437.5 grains of water, and the pint is twenty times as large; but in this country the fluidounce weighs 455.6 grains and 16 fiuidounces make a pint. These differences must be noted in the reading of medical works, the place of publication being necessary to be considered. The reduction from one system to the other is not easy. Another trouble arises from the fact that imported English graduates (measuring cups) are used by American pharmacists thus making it uncertain whether a prescription will be filled according to English or American measure. Other difficulties attend the practice of physicians and pharmacists and call loudly for a uniform and accurate system.

-A WRITER in the November issue of the Educational Voice enters a strong protest against the new-fangled method in subtraction of decreasing the numbers represented by the figures of the minuend instead of increasing those of the subtrahend.

He says th

nethod of proceeding retards “the progress of the pupils and causes them to become miserable blunderers in all their subsequent calculations." We dislike the new method and if the above statement is true we shall have still stronger arguments against its use. We shall be glad to have the opinions of teachers who have tried both methods of teaching subtraction.

-A NUMBER of interesting facts have been published by W. W. Ross of Fremont in reference to the meeting of superintendents at Fort Wayne. Ohio was represented by Reuben McMillan, T. W. Harvey, A. A. McDonald, B. B. Hall, W. W. Ross, J. B. Irvin, and C. S. Brägg. The subject of examinations received especial attention. In answer to the question “Who should examine and mark the examination papers ?” it was found that “eighty per cent would have each teacher mark the papers of her own pupils subject to the revision of the superintendent; twenty per cent would have them marked by a teacher in some other grade.” We have little admiration for the judgment of the twenty per cent. We have not space now to refer to other interesting questions.

We call attention of teachers to the following periodicals as deserving their especial attention. Scribner's Monthly is getting to be almost a household necessity. One of the striking features of the beautiful January number is a beautifully-illustrated article by Geo. B. McClellan entitled “A Winter on the Nile.” St. Nicholas for January like its predecessors is a mine of delight. It reproduces the rude cuts of the famous New-England Primer. The Ballad of Mary Jane is illustrated by a dozen striking silhouettes. Lippincott for January has two finely-illustrated articles, Pictures from Spain and Our Floor of Fire, besides a full share of other entertaining articles and of monthly gossip. This magazine is not nearly so well know as it deserves to be. The Announcement for 1877 shows that the subscribers for 1877 will be treated to "popular reading in the best and most emphatic sense.” The Atlantic for January contains a variety of high-toned articles. The contributors to this number are Henry James, Jr., Henry W. Longfellow, T. B. Aldrich, J. B. Greenough, G. P. Lathrop, James Russell Lowell, Bayard Taylor, Edmund C. Stedman, Frances Anne Kemble, and W. D. Howells. See our advertising pages. The Galaxy for January is an excellent number. Besides the Drift-Wood, Scientific Miscellany (a special feature), Current Literature, and Nebulæ, it has 18 contributed articles. R. G. White continues his “On Reading Shakespeare." Any of these periodicals, except St. Nicholas, together with Harper's Magazine (see announcement in one of our advertising pages) will be sent by us with the Ohio Educational Monthly for $4.50 a year; St. Nicholas with Monthly $3.50. The National Repository for January is the Phoenix that has arisen out of the ashes of the Ladies' Repository. It is devoted to general and religious literature, biographies, and travels, criticisms and art. It is published in Cincinnati and edited in New York. We wish the new departure abundant success.

The first number augurs well for the future. This magazine is an illustrated one. As Public-School Teachers as a class do not trouble themselves much about metaphysics it may be news to them to know that one of their number, the distinguished Superintendent of the St. Louis Public Schools is the editor of a quarterly (formerly bi-monthly) periodical entitled Journal of Speculative Philosophy which has completed its tenth volume. Notwithstanding the fact that to the ordinary mind it contains incomprehensible articles, there is enough that is exceedingly valuable and comprehensible in it to warrant

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