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cull from time to time from these well-filled pages. The following is what is said in the Ohio portion of the work under the head “School Journal.” “The Ohio Educational Monthly and National Teacher, first under the editorial, management of Hon. E. E. White, at Columbus, and subsequently under that of Hon. W. D. Henkle, at Salem, has aided materially in the improvement of the teachers of the State during 1875, as previously. Its original and selected articles on important educational subjects have been often very valuable, its columns of intelligence reliable, and its spirit, as might be inferred from its management, eminently good.”

--HADLEY Bros. & Kane of Chicago, have secured the right to use and manufacture the perforated seats made of three layers of wood, such as were used in the Centennial Rolling Chairs, in furniture for seating school-rooms, chambers, halls, and opera houses. They will doubtless have a large demand, for perforated chairs are becoming very popular.

-The School Bulletin Office in Syracuse, N. Y., was visited by fire and flood [the firemen's] Jan. 1. The loss was about $600; but Mr. Bardeen comes up smiling and goes to work again in good earnest saying that if the sympathy of those owing the Bulletin will lead them to pay arrearages he will be the gainer by the loss.

-"The Carolina Teacher” said in its November issue, “Ohio has lots of colleges, some eighteen or twenty in all, and not one first-class institution among them all. Nashville has four and-we have not heard from there since breakfast—may be more. Time our Legislatures said NO to applicants for charters ; quite time.” It would be interesting to know what is necessary to constitute a first-class college.

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We have received the following reports and brochures:--The Public Schools of Perrysburg, Ohio, 1876; A. G. Smith, Supt. Culture and Facts, by Louis Soldan, of St. Louis; Friedrich Edward Beneke's Educational Psychology by the same; The First Annual Report of the Board of Education, of the City of Yankton, Dakota Territory, for the year ending August 31, 1876, Wm. M. Bristoll, Secretary of Board, pages 70; Annual Catalogue of the Teachers and Students of Plymouth Union School, Plymouth, Ohio, for the school year 1875–6, with announcement for 1876–7, pages 26. C. W. Butler, Superintendent.

-From a letter by E. H. Fairchild, of Kentucky, to the Akron Beacon, we gather the following items:—That provision for the education of colored children was first made by the Legislature in 1874, by giving to the colored children the taxes collected from colored people. Last year each colored child between 6 and 16 received 30 cts., and each white child between 6 and 20, $1.90, or more than six times as much. Note also the anomalous fact that the school age of colored children is restricted to the years between 6 and 16. Colored voters pay a capitation tax of $1 more a head than white men. A school-house for colored children must not be erected in the country within a mile of a school-house for white children, nor in a city within 600 feet. White citizens elect their own school officers, but officers for colored schools are appointed by the County School Commissioner, who is always a white man. No colored man can be a juror in Kentucky.

A TEACHER wants to know whether a pupil should pronounce a word before he spells it, and if it is corrcet to spell in the following way: “Capital s-e-p-sep t-e-m-tem 6-e-r-ber, September.” If a pupil pronounces a word before spelling it, the teacher is sure he understands it. This is the only advantage this practice has that we know of. We heartily approve of naming the fact in spelling that a word should begin with a capital letter. It is a mere matter of taste whether a pupil should spell C-o-n con t-r-a tra contra d-i-c dic contradic t-i-o-n tion contradiction, or C-o-n con t-r-a tra d-i-c dic t-i-o-n tion contradiction, or c-o-n-t-ra-d-i-c-t-i-o-n contradiction.

The following catalogues and pamphlets have been received recently :--Second Annual Catalogue of Allen Academy, Chicago, Ill., pp. 16, 1876; Fifty-first Annual Catalogue of Western Reserve College, for 1876–77, pages 34, 1876; Circular of Ohio Wesleyan University ; Spelling Reform, by E. Jones, Liverpool, England, pages 12.

-ABOUT the middle of December the proceedings of the National Educational Association were sent to the binder with the pledge that they would be ready in two weeks. They were, however, not ready for shipment to Washington until the middle of January. The Treasurer at Washington will forward copies by mail immediately to members. The volume is the largest yet published by the Association, containing 308 pages, 50 per cent more than that of 1875. The price for ten copies or more sent at expense of purchaser is $1.25 each, and for a single copy sent postpaid $2.00. Those wanting copies will by remitting to us receive them without delay. We shall refer more particularly to this excellent volume in our March issue.

-We have just learned (January 22) that the Compulsory Education Bill has passed the Ohio House of Representatives and is now before the Senate. This is unexpected. Mr. Cessna first presented a bill of this kind in 1870, but it met with no favor. The opposition to such measures

grows less and less the more they are discussed. We fully believe in the right of General Assemblies to pass Compulsory Education Acts, and hence consider any bill presented merely in the light of expediency.

A RESOLUTION has been offered in the Ohio General Assembly to print 2000 copies of “Education in Ohio” to be sold at the actual cost to the State. This is the best way out of the trouble because the demand for the few volumes printed will be largely in excess of the supply. Such a volume ought to be widely circulated in the State. We hope the resolution will pass.

-The inevitable school-book-printing bill is again before the General Assembly. We forbear comments as we suppose the bill will not meet with any more favor than has hitherto been shown to it.

EDUCATIONAL INTELLIGENCE

-When notified that a subscriber has failed to receive any number of this journal due him, we always remail it. All changes of address should reach us by the twentieth of the month preceding the one in which the ehange is to take effect. If a subscriber should delay the order for change of address until after a number shall have been sent to his former ad. dress, he should forward a two-cent stamp to the postmaster to pay for forwarding the number. Subscriptions should begin with January, April, July, or October.

-KANSAS has 5,243 teachers.
-The school census of Trenton, N. J., last year was 8,912.
-The enrolment in the Public Schools of Medina, Ohio, is 244.

-MEDICAL inspection of schools is now beginning to be a subject of discussion.

-It is said the school expenses of Boston are as great as those of New-York City.

-The salary of the Principal of the Normal School at Winona, Minn., is $2,000 a year.

-EXAMINATIONS of teachers in Guernsey County, Ohio, are held with closed doors.

-The last number of the Giornale del Museo, published at Rome, announced its discontinuance.

-With this month the Carolina Teacher is merged in the Eclectic Teacher and Southwestern School Journal.

-The next meeting of the American Institute of Instruction will be held in Montpelier, Vt., July 10, 11, and 12.

-The Collegiate Journal is a periodical printed on pink paper published at Sedalia, Mo.

-The Jefferson-School Building recently destroyed by fire in Minneapolis, Minn., was valued at $18,000.

-The Schools of Collamer have an enrolment of 140. There are four teachers one being a teacher of drawing.

It is said there are many teachers in Lowell, Mass., who have taught in that city from twenty to forty years.

-THE Statistical Tables in the Appendix to the Educational History of Ohio were prepared by Alston Ellis of Hamilton.

-The metric system of weights and measures was endorsed by the Massachusetts Teachers' Association at its last meeting.

-A TEACHERS' Association has been organized in Medina County. A meeting was held in Leroy Dec. 16, and one in Lodi, Jan. 13.

-This Association also adopted a resolution in favor of the co-education of the sexes in High Schools. Massachusetts does move.

-A young lady died January 10, in New Hampshire from the effect of inhaling gas produced in making a red light for a tableau.

-The February National Repository contains an illustrated article on “Mary Lyon and her Seminary,” by the Rev. Dr. B. K. Peirce.

-A PORTION of Mr. Dowd's article on "Æsthetics in the School-room" appeared in “the Educator” of Jan. 17, published at Muscoda, Wis.

-In an editorial in the New-England Journal of Education, vol. iv., p. 294, "régime” is printed "regime.” Is it the fault of printer or editor ?

- There is a school district in California thirty-two miles long and sixteen miles wide. A year ago the school census of this district was fifteen.

-The Kindergarten Messenger merged into the New-England Journal of Education has been withdrawn and Miss Peabody resumes its separate publication.

A NORMAL College is advertised to be opened in Cambridge, Ohio, April 10, 1877, under the principalship of B. F. Stewart, S. B., and J. U. Barnhill, S. B.

-LAWRENCE University, at Appleton, Wis., has received a bequest of $1000, left by the will of the Hon. W. P. St. John, of Portage City, who died November 22, 1876.

-The London School Board consists now of fifty members. At the late election of the whole number there was a signal triumph of the friends of unsectarian schools.

-There are forty-three teachers now employed in the Public Schools of Canton, Ohio. Twenty-nine of these are subscribers to the Ohio Educational Monthly and more expect to be.

-There are 200 pupils enrolled in the six departments of the Public Schools of Woodsfield, Ohio. The average per cent of attendance in Decembet was 92. W. P. Cope, Superintendent.

-The Galaxy for February contains articles by Gideon Welles, Richard Grant White, Justin McCarthy, and others, with a good Scientific Miscellany.

-The actual cost of the new High-School building in Springfield, Ohio, including ground and furniture, was $70,893.51. The site cost $12,583.27.

-THE Archivio Di Pedagogia of Palermo, Italy, in its November issue refers to the articles in our November issue by Mrs. Rickoff, and Messrs. Ogden and Hunt.

- The University of Virginia has received $50,000 from W. W. Corcoran of Washington for the endowment of chairs of English History and Literature and Mental and Moral Philosophy.

--In the February number of Lippincott's Magazine the series of illustrated articles on “Our Floor of Fire" (volcanoes) is concluded. Such articles are valuable in teaching geography.

-The Gentleman's Magazine is one hundred and forty-six years old. It began in 1731. Chatto and Windus are now proprietors but we presume the same old editor “Sylvanus Urbanwill continue at his post.

It is said that very accurate measurements reveal the fact that the circumference of the great pyramid of Egypt bears the same ratio to its vertical height as the circumference of a circle does to its diameter.

-Jonathan Hunt of Swanton, Ohio, writes:- Æsthetics in the School-room' is the best paper I've seen in a long time for country schools." He wants teachers to secure its publication in county papers.

-The Popular Science Monthly for February is one of the most valuable of the fifty-eight numbers issued. Among the contributors are Prof. C. A. Young, the late Dr. Alex. Bain, Procter, and Dr. George M. Beard.

-WOMEN now have the right to attend the universities (seventeen) of Italy, Holland, Switzerland, Sweden, and Norway; Women can also attend the Sorbonne in France, and the chief medical and surgical schools of Russia.

-The primary and grammar-school education of Boston has been pronounced a failure by Wendell Phillips. Does that make it so? In his public lectures he pronounced the German soldiers when in France, "brutes."

-The Northern Columbiana-County Teachers' Association was organized in Leetonia, Jan. 6. It is to meet monthly for ten months in the year, the fourth Saturday of each month. The second meeting was held in Salem, Jan. 27th.

-The New-Jersey Public School Journal is the title of a new periodical published at Bloomfield, N. J. Price $1.00 a year. It is in newspaper form. The first number appeared last month with C. J. Majory announced as both editor and publisher.

-An annual course of lectures on Dante's Divine Comedy is to be delivered at University College, London, England, $5,000 having been

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