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By RICHARD WATSON, D.D. -F.R.S.
Printed for T. Evans in the Strand, and in the Great Market, Bury St. Edmund's; J. and J. Merrill, Cambridge ; J. FLETCHER, and Prince and
COOKE, Oxford; P. Hill, Edinburgh; and W.M-Kenzie, Dublin.
The Reasonableness of Christianity, as delivered in the
Scripture. By John Locke, Esq. Lond. 1727. p. 1.
This Treatise was first published in 1695, without Mr. Locke's name; he concealed his being the author of it from his most intimate friends, and in one of his letters to Mr. Molyneux, at Dublin, he desired to know what people thought of it there ; for here, says be, “at its first coming out, it was received with no indifferency, “ some speaking of it with great commendation, and most censur“ ing it as a very bad book.” His friend, in reply, informed him, that a very learned and ingenious Prelate faid he liked it very well, and that, if Mr. Locke writ it, it was the best book he ever laboured at ; " but,” says he, “ if I should be known to. think so, I “ hould have my lawns torn from my shoulders,” Abroad it was greatly esteemed by two of the best divines which were then living Le Clerc, and Limborch. Le Clerc, in his Bibliotheque Choisee, said, that it was “ un des plus excellens ouvrages qui ait été fait de“ puis long-tems sur cette matiere et dans cette vue :" and Limborch preferred it to all the Systems of Divinity that he had ever read. Dr. Edwards wrote against it; and his objections produced from Mr. Locke two vindications of it ; these merit the reader's attention as much as the work itself, which has long been very ge. Derally approved.
A Discourse concerning the unchangeable Obligations of
Whatever opinion the reader may entertain of the principles advanced in this book relative to the foundation of Morality, he will admire the strength and perspicuity with which the whole of it is VOL. IV. A 2
written; and derive fingular benefit from that part of it which treats of the Evidences of revealed Religion. In composing this part, Dr. Clarke is said to have availed himself of the second part of Mr. Baxter's Reasons of the Christian Religion, published in 1667; and it would certainly be of use to the reader to peruse that excellent discourse, and to compare it with this of Dr. Clarke.
A Discourse on Prophecy.
This discourse is taken from a Volume of Discourses by John Smith, formerly fellow of Queen's College, Cambridge. The discoorses were published after his death in 1656, and are all of them very valuable, but this is particularly so: it was translated into Latin by Le Clerc, and prefixed to his Commentary on Isaiah, &c. The reader will find something on this fubject in Vitringa's Observatiónes Sacrae ; in different parts of the Thesaurus Theologico-philologicus ; in Du Pin's Prolegomenes sur la Bible; in Jenkin's Reasonableness of Christianity; in Prideaux's Old and New Testament connected; in Bishop Williames's Sermons at Boyle's Ledure; and efpecially in the firtt Chapter of Carpzovius Introductio ad libros propheticos; the Xxviiith Section of which contains a catalogue of fuch of the Fathers, Rabbins, Lutheran, Catholic, and Reformed writers, as have treated de Prophetiæ et Prophetarum natura, causis, differentia, et affectionibus.
An Essay on the Teaching and Witness of the Holy Spirit.
The fate Lord Barrington rendered great service to Chriftianity by his Miscellanea Sacra. In the Essay which is here printed from the first volume of that work, he has explained the Gifts of the Holy Spirit which prevailed in the primitive Church with more precision, and set the Argument in favour of Christianity, which is derived from the Witness of the Spirit, in a stronger light, than any other Author has done. The Subject has been handled by Whitby in his book intitled The Certainty of the Christian Faith, and in his General Preface concerning the divine Authority of the Epistles ; by Benfon, in his Reasonableness of Christianity, and in other parts of his Works; by Warburton, in his Doctrine of Grace ; by Secker, Tillotson, Chandler, and other Divines, in their Sermons: and indeed it is a subject which deserves all attention, for whatever contrariety of opinion may take place concerning the Agency of the Holy Spirit on the Minds of the faithful in the present state of the