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labour of love. By such persons,

II. A second advantage has the formation of a Sunday school been secured for the members of institute will be hailed with de- the institute, by the formation of light. It is just what they want. a bible class. This class will be It brings within their reach the conducted by ministers of the means of intellectual progress, gospel, of various denominations. and founded for their benefit, it Each minister, who may preside has a direct and special adaptation over the class, will be invited to to the work in which they are take charge of it during its winter engaged.

session, either for three or six I. The first advantage, then, months, as may be found most offered by the Liverpool Sunday convenient. At present the class school institute to its members, is ably conducted by the Rev. is daily access to a good reference John Kelly, and is numerously library. This reference library attended. Such a class has some has already cost about £100, and advantages over a Bible class conto estimate its value, to a Sunday nected with any one congregation. school teacher, its special cha- It will be a larger class, and the racter should be distinctly stated. presiding minister will prepare It is not a miscellaneous assem- more carefully for a class of thirty blage of books. It is not a general or fifty than for a class of ten or collection of theological works. fifteen, Hence the instruction It is a choice selection of standard given will be of a higher character works on the study of the sacred than is perhaps usual in most scriptures. For instance, it con- congregational Bible classes. It tains the best Commentaries on also provides for those teachers the Bible, the best Biblical Ency- who would not otherwise enjoy clopædias, Dictionaries, Maps, and the advantage of any ministerial Concordances; and the best works Bible class. To the junior teachers, on the evidences of religion, on especially, such a class is of the the canon and interpretation of highest value, as affording an scripture ; and on Jewish and enlarged acquaintance with the Christian Antiquities. In short, word of God, accurate knowledge it is mainly and almost exclu- of the principles of interpretation, sively a library of biblical litera- and the habit of applying these ture. Perhaps no science has of principles to the exposition of the late received more attention than oracles of truth. The institute is the science of biblical criticism. in fact a normal school for Sunday The diligence of scholars, and the school teachers. The teachers thus researches of travellers are con- trained will often avail themselves tinually pouring new light on the of the advantages of the reference inspired volume. Obscure pas- library, and these advantages will sages are thus explained, seeming prepare them for a profitable contradictions are reconciled, and attendance on the Bible class. many difficulties are removed. The united influence of the class Their labours are invaluable to the and the library, will, ere long, be Sunday school teacher. Yet so felt in our Sunday schools. costly are many critical works as III. Besides these advantages, to be quite inaccessible to the lectures are delivered to the memmajority of Sunday school teach-bers and friends of the institute,

Here then is the first ad. on those subjects which are most vantage of a Sunday school insti- | interesting and useful to Sunday tute. It throws open to Sabbath school teachers. The ministers school teachers, the rich store- of the gospel who have been asked house of biblical criticism. to lecture, have most promptly

ers.

and kindly complied with the hoped, induce many of the female request of the committee. The teachers in Liverpool, to enrol first course of lectures is now themselves among its members. almost closed. It may, I think It remains only to state the be fairly stated, that no Sunday reception which the institute has school lectures previously deli- experienced. This has been most vered in Liverpool, have been gratifying, and has far exceeded more interesting or instructive, the most sanguine hopes of its certainly none more popular, than founders. Notwithstanding many the lectures delivered to the mem- disadvantages necessarily attendbers of the Sunday school institute. ing the commencement of such

All these advantages are speci- an institution, its progress has ally adapted for the use of Sunday been most encouraging. Nearly school teachers. They are benefits £300 have already been received not to be obtained in mechanics' from life members and donors, to institutes or literary clubs. Such be applied to the establishment societies are formed for general of the institute, and the purchase purposes, and do not admit of of books and furniture; £200 special adaptation. To the Sunday more would enable the committee school teacher, therefore, the in- thoroughly to carry out their stitute presents peculiar advan- plans. The rooms of the institute tages, which no other institution have only been opened about four bas to offer.

months, yet there are already IV. These special advantages nearly 500 members. About 400 however are not the only privileges of these are connected with sabof the members of the institute. bath schools. I rejoice to add, It comprises a reading room, well that we have members from every supplied with Reviews, Magazines, evangelical denomination in the and Newspapers. Most of the town. The average daily attendMagazines selected are of a ance at the institute rooms, is religious character, and the list upwards of 100. The reference of Newspapers taken, includes library is much used, especially not merely the leading political on Saturday evenings. This projournals, but almost all the reli-gress has been made without any gious newspapers published in the large public meetings or extraorcountry. The opportunity is thus dinary effort. Our institute is but afforded to the members to become in its infancy. Additions to its acquainted with the many impor- plans, and alterations in its details, tant questions connected with will, no doubt, be made as expecivil and religious liberty, which rience may suggest. The result I so frequently agitate the public trust will be a blessing to the town mind.

for many, many years. 'Oh, Lord, V. The last advantage I shall establish thou the work of our mention is, the establishment of hands; yea, the work of our hands, a circulating library. This is not establish thou it.' yet opened, but the committee have commenced the purchase The Library. of books, and hope shortly to announce the opening. The The illness of the Librarian rencirculating library is intended to ders him unable to give us any be of a general character, and assistance before next month. He will embrace theology, natural fully hopes by that time to be philosophy, history, biography, strong to labour. Authors and travels, and belles letters. This publishers will then have ample additional attraction will, it is attention.

ments.

Ragged School Union. districts, to which the Church has

been unable to extend its opera

tions. The Church of England We are happy to be able to furnish inadequate to the work—and the our readers with a brief account Dissenting body as equally soof the proceedings at the anniver- no one body alone could cope with sary of this excellent institution, the necessities of the case ; and, held on Tuesday evening, May therefore, it was necessary that we 21st, at Hanover Square Rooms, should suppress our minor differLondon. The room, long before ences, and join heart and soul for the appointed hour, was thronged the purpose of producing the great with a most respectable assembly. result, of bringing these poor outThe Rev. T. MORTIMER engaged casts within the sound of the in prayer.

gospel. Now, the ordinary meLORD Ashley then rose, and thods of discipline and government said, Ladies and gentlemen,-The were wholly inefficient for this Ragged School Union, after la- purpose. You could not offer to bouring for many years in obscu- these children the advantages of rity, has now waxed bold, and your National schools, your British ventured to hold their annual and Foreign schools, or any of meeting at this end of the town, your other educational establishin the hopes of influencing some

It was a peculiar class of those whom God has blessed with which you had to deal, and with station and affluence to lend it was necessary to resort to pecutheir support to its objects. I liar measures. In a school where would first invite your attention the system, upon which Ragged to the immediate business we have Schools are conducted, has prein hand, and to the operations of vailed for some time, I find, from your committee. We direct our the returns, that since July last, efforts to a great and increasing 507 children have been admitted : mischief, and endeavour to meet the average attendance has been the case by adequate means. What 138; the different attendances, is the mischief? The discovery 223 ; leaving not accounted for is of the last few years, that there 274 children who have come at does exist a class of whom few or various times, but who, following none had before any knowledge; the necessities of their condition they are a large and distinct class, have wandered to other districts found in our police-courts, gaols, or migrated to other places. Our streets-in every corner, in our schools are of three classes:courts, and alleys. If we examine Sunday schools, evening schools, into their moral habits—they are for five evenings in the week, and birds of prey, without discipline, one day school, open all day. The without moral culture, without Sunday schools are those with domestic training. It was the which we originally begun; and we contemplation of such moral and cannot express too warmly our spiritual misery that first gave rise thanks to those, who with such to Ragged Schools, and these were labour and self-denial, were the necessarily founded on a large and first who instituted them. It is liberal principle; and you will see also necessary that on every suitawhy it was necessary that they ble opportunity you should estab. should be so founded or not lish evening schools, where the founded at all. The fact is, that children may be taught habits of thousands of these wretched chilattention and discipline. But if dren reside (or live, for residence you go beyond these, and institute many of them have not) in vast such schools as that at Westmin

ster, if you take the children for name of human, now, through a whole day, and train them in your efforts, have obtained places secular and religious knowledge, in service; and from St. Giles's and give them a trade, you will sixty-two of such have been sent have done as much as, perhaps, out to various situations, and in is possible towards rolling away no one instance have we heard of this frightful reproach from a any complaint alleged against civilized nation. I know the dif- them. Last January, at one of ficulties which will be thrown in our schools, it was determined your way. The expense is one of that prizes should be given to the these; because if you keep the deserving. They were so badly children all day at school, you off that it was conceived best that must give them food; they are a the prizes should consist of fifteen destitute class; many of them, pairs of bools. I was in the chair when they rise in the morning, at the distribution. The schoolhave no knowledge how they shall master told me that these boots get their day's subsistence, and who would not all be given to the most look forward to the usual avoca- deserving, because it so happened tions of the day-begging, borrow- that some of these were not the ing, or stealing for their support. most destitute; and some of these Our object is to train them in boys, of their own free-will, went habits of industry, and to induce and requested that the boots might in them a taste for earning their not be given to them, but to livelihood by honourable labour, others who were in greater want. which when you have done, you Now here was an instance of selfhave given them that which will denial that it would be difficult to enable them to pursue their future match in any other class of socourse as honourable and Chris. ciety; these boys, accustomed tian citizens. I have been often only to live for themselves, now asked, “Will you show me a good entering into the length and specimen of a Ragged school?' I breadth of the precept, 'Look not answer, 'It is a very difficult every man to the things of himself matter; for what you want is a-but every man to the things of great and editying scene of con- his neighbour.' fusion and disorder. These are The SECRETARY then read the things, indeed, that we can record. Report. I could tell you of such things as It detailed the history of the a master without a hat, or the institution since its formation in tail of his coat, or of one having 1844, showing a growing increase his hat filled with oil; or of in its efforts and funds from that teachers being compelled to bar period. Schools had lately been the doors, and escape for their established in Bristol, Bath, Manlives out of the window and over chester, and Liverpool, and societhe roofs of houses. But these ties had also been formedin various are scenes only to be witnessed large towns for the encouragement for a short period after the foun- of such efforts. At the present dation of the schools. Then, time there were forty-four schools cleanliness, order, and discipline in all, with an average attendance are fairly established. But though of 4776 children, and 450 teachers; we cannot show instances of wild sixteen of these schools were open and primitive life, yet, blessed be daily, morning and afternoon; Godl we can point to the benefits thirty-one were open three to five of religion over them. Many of evenings a week'; while about these degraded beings, who were thirty-three were open only on $0 bad as scarcely to deserve the Sunday, with voluntary teachers; making in all eighty schools, but anxious to leave local schools conducted in only forty-four quite free and unfettered, and buildings. The amount received desire to preserve the original for the general purposes of the constitution of the union-freesociety had this year increased to dom from party distinctions as £637. Os. 5d. which had enabled well as sectarian denominations.' the committee to assist twenty. The committee bad, at present, no two schools with grants, while the intention or desire to encourage total expense of conducting the applications on the part of their society was still under £105. The schools for Government aid. The committee had expended a portion report concluded by expressing of the funds in buying Bibles to an earnest hope and prayer that be sold to the children at a cheap more hearty efforts would yet be rate, which had been subscribed made to bless and cheer suffering for in the schools to an extent humanity of every grade. that was as remarkable as pleas- From the financial statement it ing. A new feature was nuticed appeared that the receipts for the as having been introduced into the past year had been, including society since the last Report, viz. donations, annual subscriptions, the establishment of a Juvenile and cash received for Bibles, £824; Refuge and school of industry in and the expenditure, £601; while Old Pie-street, Westminster; it a special fund had been raised for had been in operation four months the Industrial school at Westminwith very gratifying results. Fifty ster, consisting of £845. 15s. in boys were there taught and fed donations, and £ll. 83. in subevery day, and received the rudi- scriptions. ments of a trade. The committee The Bishop of NORWICH said, had received funds to keep this we are here introducing, as it school going for one year; after were, a novelty in education ; and which they trusted, by the good it is not necessary for me to say, effected, to enlist the sympathies that most novelties are looked on of many more friends.* Two as innovations, and therefore susdelegates were summoned every picious. What is new meets with quarter from each school to meet opposition from various causes. the committee and report progress. First, from the ignorance of many At the last quarterly meeting, to whom such novelties are preforty delegates attended, and many sented. How many are there who pleasing accounts were given of are ignorant of the dreadful scenes good effected. On the whole the of crime and vice, which are hatchschools were improving in order, ing and being nourished in this efficiency, and usefulness; many vast city. Then we have to conof the children showing signs of tend with objections. 'You have improved habits and feelings; brougbt forward 5,000 children,' many advancing in reading and they say, 'Do you suppose that writing, many. subscribing for they will all be benefitted ?' My Bibles, and a goodly number reply would be, ‘By no means, placed out in situations, earning we do not expect it; we cannot an honest livelihood. In respect hope for it;' but because we canto the Government plan of Educa- not do all, are we to do nothing? tion, the committee say, 'On this are we to sit idle with our hands as on other points where differ- before us; and because we cannot ence of opinion exists, they are reclaim all, are we not to stretch

forth our hands to a decimal por[* We are happy to hear that an

tion of them? If we only gain anonymous lady has given £500 to this school.-EDR.)

10 per cent. we shall be encou.

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