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everTT-indows broken, and The Kagged Schocks.

- seoded with paper and

cid123; pees in one corner of a A VISIT TO WESTMINSTER- Seart, and a donkey eating cabBUT NOT THE ABSET.

caze dies in the other ; queerABOUT ten o'clock in the not- ociez sea and women lounging ing as you walk down towards a: coors; viragos scolding chilWestminster, it need not escite ireo, chose amusement for the your surprise to meet a pretty last boor bas been throwing about considerable current of individuais a dead rat; dondescripts in halfsetting out on their daily proces. Dale and ball-female attire selling sion of begging-real or sbam decayei strawberries out of wheelpoverty-stricken wretches, bind, barrows-soch would be the malame, or deformed; wonen in terials of the picture. The yells rags, hung down with infants; and smells to complete the piece organists, fidlers, and hautboy could not unfortunately be put on players. All are going out on an the painter's canvass. And all excursion in search of daily bread, this is going on within a stone's and respectively take themselves throwof one of England's proudest off towards the streets of the temples. How grateful to the opulent and compassionate. Each: wearied soul the sweet tones of has his beat. Mingled with this the organ swelling through the stream of mendicants may be ob- aisles of the abbey! How beau. served numbers of individuals tiful and appropriate to man's ingoing forth, not to beg, but to firmity the prayers and litanies seek for some species of honest chanted by priests and choristers ! employment – workmen out of How utterly valueless the fabric work, and pale-faced sempstresses and all its contents, living and who gladly toil the livelong day dead, as far as the Christianising for a groat. Towards evening a and humanising of the neighbourdifferent set of persons-shabby, hood is concerned ! but clever, ingenious, and up to Deserted pretty much by chureh anything-issue from the same and state, or left only to the perlocality. Bedouins of the streets, ambulations of the policeman, the their line of business is plunder- quarter to which I allude bas ing the rest of the community. latterly been discovered to be not The spot whence these various exactly what it should be ; aad classes proceed is one of many so far has improvement gone, such in the metropolis. Situated that at present a strath of houses immediately to the north of is in the course of clearance, in Westminster Abbey, from which order to permit the opening of it is separated only by a thin new thoroughfare. But as nothing border of decent-looking man- is correspondingly done to lodge sions, it consists of a cluster of the dispossessed inmates, it may narrow streets, lanes, and courts, be doubted whether the new and the whole of which seem very fine street will substantially lighten much left to themselves in the the bills of mortality. Another way of scavengering.

move towards improvement same principle that an Irishman been the introduction of schools in rags is more picturesque than for the loose surface children of an Englishman in a whole doublet, the district. This move, as usual the scenery of these streets would in such circumstances, bas form a favourable study for artists. come from the state ; it has George Moreland would have ginated entirely in private benevofound subjects for his pencil in lence. Yet the utmost which has

On the

not

been done is a mere trifle in com- get dinner and a little bread for parison with what ought to be supper. The utmost pains has accomplished. Thousands of been taken to render the place children roam about altogether unattractive as respects subsistunschooled, and thus in complete ence; nevertheless, I was told preparation for ruin body and that the temptation of dinner soul. The case is a bad one; and supper, poor as it was, had but the world cannot expect that an evident tendency to empty a handful of benevolent people the no-food-giving schools-a cir. are to give half-crowns and guineas cumstance viewed with justifiable to educate all the children who alarm by the managers, and which come into existence. It is the will require to be closely watched public's business, and the public and guarded against. My own should see to it.*

conviction from the first has been, A few weeks ago, in company that unless conducted on a system with Mr. Walker, a city mission of rigorous investigation, this class ary, and Lord Kinnaird, I visited of institutions may, to a certain this densely-peopled part of the extent, prove demoralising, and metropolis. Our first call was at seriously injure schools of a usea school where about a hundred | ful kind at which no meals are and twenty children received gra- given. tuitous instruction; and from There were nearly a hundred this we proceeded to the Juvenile boys present at the time of our Refuge or Ragged School, which visit. The whole had just bathed, has recently been set up in the and were going through some neighbourhood, in Old Pye-street. bodily exercises to warm themFormerly a tavern of a disreputa- selves. Of almost every one of ble kind, with a skittle alley be- them some anecdote could be bind, the house has been repaired told: a history of crime, sufferand adapted for the purposes of ing, and less or more of reclamaan establishment for feeding, edu- tion. One was the son of a cating, and teaching boys of the coiner, lately transported, and most abandoned and destitute his early years had been spent in class. The Ragged School Union, signalling the approaches of the a body of benevolent subscribers, police to his father's abode ; which has other similar establish- another who was pointed out ments in operation, is at the was the son of a cab-driver, expense of the undertaking. The from whom he had habitually manner in which the school is stolen all the money he could lay conducted resembles what I had his hands on : this boy was now seen in Aberdeen and Dundee, reclaimed, vastly to the satisfacwith this difference, that a few tion of his parent. Some rather boys, who have no proper home, curious facts were mentioned :are allowed to sleep in the house; A well-known thief in the neighwith this exception, the pupils bourhood had brought his son to

school, in order that he might * By a statement lately published not acquire his own bad habits. concerning Westminster, it is shown 'I lead a dog life,' said he, 'from that out of a population of 57,000 persons, there are 16,000 children under which I would willingly preserve twelve years of age, of whom 12,000 do my boy; as for myself, I am too not attend school. In Spitalfields and

far gone to mend. Had there Bethnal Green, out of 112,000 persons, it has been found lately by examination been such schools when I was from house to house, that 16,000 child- young, I should not have been ren of an age for school do not go to what I am. any, not even a Sunday school. Third

I propose giving a Annual Report of Ragged School Union. 1 pound yearly to help the institu.

The Ragged Schools.

every alley-windows broken, and partly mended with paper and

old hats ; pigs in one corner of a A VISIT TO WESTMINSTER- court, and a donkey eating cabBUT NOT THE ABBEY.

bage-blades in the other; queerAbout ten o'clock in the morn- looking men and women lounging ing as you walk down towards at doors ; viragos scolding chilWestminster, it need not excite dren, whose amusement for the your surprise to meet

pretty last hour has been throwing about considerable current of individuals a dead rat; nondescripts in halfsetting out on their daily profes- male and half-female attire selling sion of begging-real or sham decayed strawberries out of wheel. poverty-stricken wretches, blind, barrows-such would be the malame, or deformed; women in terials of the picture. The yells rags, hung down with infants ; ) and smells to complete the piece organists, fidlers, and hautboy could not unfortunately be put on players. All are going out on an the painter's canvass. And all excursion in search of daily bread, this is going on within a stone's and respectively take themselves throw of one of England's proudest off towards the streets of the temples. How grateful to the opulent and compassionate. Each wearied soul the sweet tones of has his beat. Mingled with this the organ swelling through the stream of mendicants may be ob- aisles of the abbey ! How beauserved numbers of individuals tiful and appropriate to man's ingoing forth, not to beg, but to firmity the prayers and litanies seek for some species of honest chanted by priests and choristers ! employment — workmen out of How utterly valueless the fabric work, and pale-faced sempstresses and all its contents, living and who gladly toil the livelong day dead, as far as the Christianising for a groat. Towards evening aand humanising of the neighbourdifferent set of persons--shabby, hood is concerned ! but clever, ingenious, and up to Deserted pretty much by church anything-issue from the same and state, or left only to the perlocality. Bedouins of the streets, ambulations of the policeman, the their line of business is plunder-quarter to which I allude has ing the rest of the community. latterly been discovered to be not The spot whence these various exactly what it should be ; and classes proceed is one of many so far has improvement gone, such in the metropolis. Situated that at present a strath of houses immediately to the north of is in the course of clearance, in Westminster Abbey, from which order to permit the opening of a it is separated only by a thin new thoroughfare. But as nothing border of decent-looking man- is correspondingly done to lodge sions, it consists of a cluster of the dispossessed inmates, it may narrow streets, lanes, and courts, be doubted whether the new and the whole of which seem very fine street will substantially lighten much left to themselves in the the bills of mortality. Another way of scavengering. On the move towards improvement has same principle that an Irishman been the introduction of schools in rags is more picturesque than for the loose surface children of an Englishman in a whole doublet, the district. This move, as usual the scenery of these streets would in such circumstances, bas not form a favourable study for artists. come from the state ; it has oriGeorge Moreland would have ginated entirely in private benevo. found subjects for his pencil in lence. Yet the utmost which has

been done is a mere trifle in com- get dinner and a little bread for parison with what ought to be supper. The utmost pains has accomplished. Thousands of been taken to render the place children roam about altogether unattractive as respects subsistunschooled, and thus in complete ence; nevertheless, I was told preparation for ruin body and that the temptation of dinner soul. The case is a bad one; and supper, poor as it was, had but the world cannot expect that an evident tendency to empty a handful of benevolent people the no-food-giving schools--a cirare to give half-crowns and guineas cumstance viewed with justifiable to educate all the children who alarm by the managers, and which come into existence. It is the will require to be closely watched public's business, and the public and guarded against. My own should see to it.*

conviction from the first has been, A few weeks ago, in company that unless conducted on a system with Mr. Walker, a city mission of rigorous investigation, this class ary, and Lord Kinnaird, I visited of institutions may, to a certain this densely-peopled part of the extent, prove demoralising, and metropolis. Our first call was at seriously injure schools of a use. a school where about a hundred ful kind at which no meals are and twenty children received gra- given. tuitous instruction ; and from There were nearly a hundred this we proceeded to the Juvenile boys present at the time of our Refuge or Ragged School, which visit. The whole had just bathed, has recently been set up in the and were going through some neighbourhood, in Old Pye-street.bodily exercises to warm themFormerly a tavern of a disreputa- selves. Of almost every one of ble kind, with a skittle alley be- them some anecdote could be hind, the house has been repaired told : a history of crime, sufferand adapted for the purposes of ing, and less or more of reclamaan establishment for feeding, edu- tion. One was the son of a cating, and teaching boys of the coiner, lately transported, and most abandoned and destitute his early years had been spent in class. The Ragged School Union, signalling the approaches of the a body of benevolent subscribers, police to his father's abode ; which has other similar establish- another who was pointed out ments in operation, is at the was the son of a cab-driver, expense of the undertaking. The from whom he had habitually manner in which the school is stolen all the money he could lay conducted resembles what I had his hands on : this boy was now seen in Aberdeen and Dundee, reclaimed, vastly to the satisfacwith this difference, that a few tion of his parent. Some rather boys, who have no proper home, curious facts were mentioned :are allowed to sleep in the house; A well-known thief in the neighwith this exception, the pupils bourhood had brought his son to

school, in order that he might * By a statement lately published not acquire his own bad habits. concerning Westminster, it is shown | 'I lead a dog life,' said he, 'from sons, there are 16,000 children under which I would willingly preserve twelve years of age, of whom 12,000 do my boy; as for myself, I am too not attend school. In Spitalfields and Bethnal Green, out of 112,000 persons,

far gone to mend, Had there it has been found lately by examination

been such schools when I was from house to house, that 16,000 child- young, I should not have been ren of an age for school do not go to what I am. any, not even a Sunday school.-- Third

I propose giving a Annual Report of Ragged School Union. / pound yearly to help the institution.' What a revelation ! A peared clean and neat, considerman acknowledging himself to be ing their character; and all else a public depredator, offers to sup- was in the best order.-Charge port a school which is to prevent for a single bed 3d. for a double crime! Can society do nothing one 6d. For these charges, how. to bring this generous and re- ever, the inmates have the use pentant thief back to virtue ? of a kitchen, wash-house, and

Our next visit was to a model sitting-room, with every suitable lodging-house, 25, Great Peter- accommodation for twenty-four street. Various houses of this hours. Conducted down stairs useful class have lately been to the kitchens, I found several established in London, with a persons engaged in cooking. In generally good effect. Ordinarily, the wash-house adjoining, several the establishments in which a rows of small lockfast cupboards poor person gets a night's lodg- were pointed out, and each ining are of a very horrible cha- mate can have the use of one on racter-dens of filth and disorder, depositing 2d. for the loan of a the fertile sources of crime and key. If deposits were not taken, disease. Not unusually from many keys would disappear and thirty to forty persons—men, be lost. Up stairs, on the street women, and children, married floor, is the general sitting-room, and unmarried - are crammed with the rules of the house ininto one apartment, without any scribed over the fireplace, and a regard to comfort or decency; table in the centre, at which and the scenes of confusion, books and papers may be perused. fighting, and noisy disturbance The keeper produced a small they for the most part present stock of books and periodicals bafie description. To supersede (chiefly our own publications), houses of this kind, it is not which he described as being read necessary for societies of benevo- with avidity, and, it may be hoped, lent individuals to do anything with advantage. Three things, more than show, from a few ex- we were informed, contribute to amples, that a humble class of maintain perfect order in the lodging-houses may be conducted establishment—firmness in enon a proper footing by private forcing the rules, reading, and parties, and yet be made to pay. devotional exercises. Morning This has been the view taken of and evening a chapter of the the subject by Lord Kinnaird and Bible is read, and a few comments his friends. They do not desire or words of exhortation follow; to arrest private enterprise, but an appropriate prayer is also only to give it a proper direction. offered up. The officiating miTwo houses of three storeys each, nister is a town missionary; but with a communication between, sometimes the inmates engage in have been fitted up and rented; reading verses of the Scriptures no expense for building has been alternately, for mutual improveincurred, the houses having been ment and edification. It is in. taken as they stand. One of the teresting to know that these pious houses contains beds for single exercises are well attended, and men, and the other has beds for eagerly indulged in; nor can we families. Several beds are in each entertain a doubt of their effi. room; but those for families are cacy. I remember being told of secluded by intervening curtains. a dissolute individual-a victim Nearly seventy individuals, ex- -who in a distant country had clusive of children, can be accom- brought himself to the depths of modated nightly. The beds ap- misery by his misconduct, burst.

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