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menced by myself, my first dear Bagged Schools.

wife, and a young man,

who lived

sometime at my parents' house. BIRMINGHAM.

It originated from the circum

stance of our seeing so many (To the Editor of the Temperance Chronicle.)

ragged, bare-foot children, stolling

about the streets. We received MY DEAR SIR, -A few days ago, upwards of 100 children the first I found amongst my temperance sabbath, and in a short time, we papers, an autograph memoir of Edward Smith, who died about anxious to enjoy the blessings of a

had 500 or 600 boys and girls, eight years since. He was the first

sabbath school instruction. I unsecretary of the Nottingham total abstinence society, an office he derstand it is still in a very pros

perous state, and as the children filled for several years, with great improve in their appearance, they ability, zeal and diligence, he also

are recommended to and received became a consistent member of a

into other schools, to make room Christian church.

for the more destitute. At an early period of life, he had been a most useful character in 1821, we brought these poor, for:

'I remember about Christmas, instructing the young, and as a village preacher, but from his oft lorn, looking children to Bond repeated statement, he fell by the street, when the Rev. Mr. Gray, of hands of his kind friends, who Chipping Norton, preached a ser

mon for them, from these words, gave him ale, wine, and spirits,

"The Son of Man is come to seek with the mistaken idea of sup- and to save that which was lost,” porting his strength under his and I shall never forget the imarduous labour and fatigue. When made a drunkard, he in their rags and tatters rose, and

pression made, when the children was, of course, banished from the church, and became a lost and occasion, two verses of which I

sung a hymn, composed for the depraved being; he was so re

will transcribe. duced in circumstances, as to be compelled to apply for relief to “ Are we too wretched for relief, the parish, and was sent to break Beyond the reach of prayer,

Too worthless and too mean to be, stones on the high-way. He was

The objects of your care ? mercifully rescued from his lost

O no, your sympathy direets state, by the agency of the Not- Your hand to give relief, tingham total abstinence society. And bids you feel another's woe

And share another's grief." The following paragraph from his very interesting memoir, has led •We were in the habit of invitme to suppose that he and his wife ing the parents of these children to were the originators of the 'Rag- come to the room, in the evening ged School,' then designated, the of the day, and we used to address Good Samaritan School.'

them on things which accompany Yours, very sincerely, salvation. Sometimes we were

John HIGGINBOTTOM. obliged to take the forms into Nottingham.

the yard, and speak in the open *There is at Birmingham, a air, the room not being large school established for the recep- enough to contain the vast contion of poor children, whose de- course of people.' stitute appearance forbids their In fifteen ragged schools there admittance into other schools. It were lately found two hundred is called The Good Samaritan and forty-nine children, who had School.' This school was com- never slept in beds !

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The Teacher.

its head, and that if the atonement were accepted by God, it

became white,-if rejected, it reTHE SCAPE GOAT.

mained red. See Isa. i. 18. Be OUR engraving is illustrative of this as it may, we know that, if Lev. xvi. 20, 23. The ceremony we confess our sins before Christ, was full of interest, and afforded they are for ever borne away. a gracious intimation of him by They shall be found no more. whose death our sins have been

• My faith would lay her hand for ever borne away. The Jewish On that dear head of thine, teachers tell us that the lots were

While like a penitent I stand,

And there confess my sins.' cast in this way :-two goats were placed near the high priest, and two lots were placed in an urn. PRAYING ALWAYS. — Sabbath The urn was shaken, and the lots school teachers often need encoutaken out. The lots were marked, ragement. Twenty-two years' one for the Lord, and one for the occupation in the good work has scape-goat: the one taken by the taught me this truth, I give pub. right hand was assigned to the licity to one fact taken from my goat on the right of the priest, and own experience, for the encouby the left hand to the left goat. ragement of those who may have The lots are said to have been of laboured faithfully and long, and wood in the tabernacle, of silver in hitherto with small indications of the first temple, and of gold in success. the second. The Rabbins also Twelve months ago, I had been say, that when the sins were con- | engaged about four years in the fessed over the head of the goat, school where providence has plaa fillet of scarlet was fastened to ced me, and during that time no

instance of conversion had occur- / great things for us' whereof we red in my class. Instead of aban- are glad ; let others engaged in doning my post, I set myself to the same blessed work thank God ascertain what might be the cause and take courage.'--Spes. of the absence of any decided tokens of the divine approbation. THE MORAL DIGNITY OF SABIt appeared to me that as teachers

BATU SCHOOL TUITION. we had, in our collective capacity How varied and conflicting are at least, been sadly negligent in the views entertaimed by different the matter of prayer. I have much classes of the community, respectfaith in the efficacy of fervent and ing the position of that noble orunited supplication.

nament of Christian philanthropy Having little, indeed no hope and zeal--the sabbath school. of being enabled to stir up my Many regard it in no higher, light brethren to the exercise of this than as an institution calculated important duty, I determined to to hold in check the vices of our make a vigorous effort to establish rising youth, and, for a time, a prayer meeting in my own class, throw around them a restraint in to be maintained by the scholars; the indulgence of those wayward it was a bold step, for not one had passions, which, like a hidden fire, yet appeared prayerful, but it was smoulder in the human breast. taken in humble dependence on And this is the ground on which the divine blessing.

the 'moralist regards the sacred At first two young men only, school house as a necessary apand with much timidity, engaged. pendage to the existing instituI have learned not to despise the tions of our land. Others again, day of small things, a few drops view the sabbath school as an sometimes precede a refreshing institution eminently fitted, in and abundant shower. We met course of time, to elevate the fortnightly, God smiled upon us, intellectual perceptions of the amid occasional difficulties we human race, and mould the mind pressed onwards. I allowed no to those noble acquirements offered one to be present besides myself at the shrine of science, literature, and scholars. The class in a lit- and art. And in consonance with tle time assumed a promising ap- this view, the 'man of letters' pearance-instead of relaxing we regards the sabbath school enterbecame more earnest—from once prise, as adapted to usher in a a fortnight we now held our meet- loftier standard of national intelings weekly, at the close of the ligence. sabbath after the evening service; But how far beneath the real the result is this-we have now a bearing, and intrinsic value, of band of seven praying young men, this noble enterprise, do such two having given decided evi- estimates as these appear. The dences of being partakers of 'the individual whose mind is moulded grace of life,' now sit down with 'from above,' takes a more extheir teacher at the Lord's supper; pansive view of the moral dignity three others appear to have un- of sabbath school tuition. Viewing dergone a divine change, and will it in its near, as well as in its probably ere long be proposed as more distant bearings, be sees in candidates for church fellowship; it an inseparable relationship to two or three more have been evi- the highest, dearest, interests of dently impressed with the impor- the human race-a relationship tance of personal religion. And not merely to their moral and while we exclaim with heartfelt intellectual position, but more esgratitude, 'The Lord hath done pecially to the vast and unchanging

realities of their future lot. He Speak we of science, of literature, views man in the solemn relation of art! What are they? or what of a candidate for immortality-a their mightiest evolutions combeing, the fire of whose existence pared with the sublimer themes can never be extinguished; and unfolded in thepage of inspiration? the sabbath school as the source | Astronomy may conduct the wanfrom whence issues the bright, dering mind through the trackless unfading light of heaven, to direct regions of immeasurable space-it the wanderer on his journey may lead the human intellect bethrough the dark, intricate paths yond the bounds of this terrestial of life. He regards man as a sphere, to wander in amazement voyager on the sea of time, amid those countless hosts of glitfreighted with a soul, whose value tering orbs which crowd the azure arithmetic can never calculate, vault of heaven; but it cannot and bound to the far distant shores penetrate beyond those revolving of immortality; and the sabbath spheres, or conduct the immortal school as a beacon reared by the spirit to that region where the friendly hand of Christian philan- Eternal dwells. Navigation can thropy, to light up his passage guide the mariner in his voyage through the trackless waste, and over the dark and deep blue ocean, point him to the distant haven of and the faithful magnet point out repose. Quitting the bounds of his devious course, but it cannot time, the Christian plants the inform him how he may cross in solemn issues of the sabbath safety the narrow stream which school enterprise, in the region divides between the living and the where 'mortality is swallowed up dead--the Jordan of death. Geoof life.' Beyond the fading scenes graphy can teach the situation of of earth, he sees unfolding them the sphere on which we dwell, its selves in the changeless realities of population and extent; but it another world, the results asso- cannot dart one ray of light across ciated with the instructions of the the bounds of time, or impart one sabbath school. And in this view, single beam of knowledge respectbow affecting is the position of ing that celestial country, where the teacher of the young!

are those boundless rivers of deNor is this estimate of the rela- light, and those pleasures which tive importance of sabbath school endure for evermore. No! fellow instruction too finely drawn. Its teacher, it is yours to furnish what intimate connection with the im. all the combined resources of mortal destiny of the human race, earthly wisdom, (unaided from on becomes every day more and more high) must ever fail to discoverapparent; but the full tale of its to teach to the rising youth enbearing on that solemn state, trusted to your care, the sublime eternity alone must reveal. What science of our holy faith. This, a weighty and momentous position this alone can conduct the soul to then, do the teachers of our sab- immortality and endless life ; and bath schools sustain! How fear- yours it is to place it before the fully solemn is that work in youthful mind, and press it on the which they are engaged !

reception of the youthful heart. O, Fellow teachers ! let us endea- let us ever remember, that, upon vour to realize our position. The the manner in which those duties office we sustain both in relation are discharged, depend the immor. to the church and the world, is tal interests of those who consti. one of solemn moment, and well tute the objects of our charge ! should we ponder the fearful Who then can trifle with such responsibility which it entails. / fearful issues ?

S. S.

The Young Men's Class. of an innkeeper. La Fontaine

was the son of an overseer of SELP-MADE MEN. — Columbus woods and forests. Milton was was a weaver. Franklin was a a schoolmaster. Parkes was the journeyman printer. Massilon, son of a small grocer. Pizarro as well as Fletcher, arose amidst was never taught to read when the humblest avocations. Nie- young, but employed to keep buhr was a peasant. Sixtus V. hogs. Pollok was the son of a was employed in keeping swine. carpenter. Allan Ramsay was Rollin was the son of a cutler., the son of a miner. Raffaelle was Ferguson and Burns, Scottish the son of a peasant. Richardson poets, were shepherds. Æsop was the son of a joiner. Shakwas a slave. Homer was a beg. spere commenced his career poor, gar. Daniel Defoe was appren- and as a menial. Stone worked ticed to a hosier. Demosthenes as a gardener, and taught bimself was the son of a cutler. Hogarth to read. Kirke White was the son an engraver of pewter pots. Virgil of a butcher. The most eminent was the son of a baker. Gay was of God's servants in ancient and an apprentice to a silk mercer. in modern times, were taken from Ben Johnson was a bricklayer. the middle and lower ranks of Porson was the son of a parish | life. Here is hope indeed for the clerk. Prideaux was employed fine lads of Sunday schools ! to sweep Exeter College. Akenside was the son of a butcher; Bad HABITS.-Have you any $0 was Wolsey. Pope was the bad habits ? Conquer them. It son of a small merchant. Cer- | is hard, we know, but it will be vantes was a common soldier. harder still to grow permanently Gifford and Bloomfield (the poets) old-to suffer in body and mind, were shoemakers. Howard was and perhaps kill yourself by deapprenticed to a grocer. Halley grees. Thousands have within a was the son of a soap-boiler. few years past overcome the Richard Arkwright was a barber power of temptation to drink for a number of years. Belzoni ardent spirits. It was like cutting was the son of a barber. Black- off the right hand, but they perstone was the son of a linen- severed and conquered.

For draper. Blacklock was in a dis- worlds you could not induce tressful state of poverty. Bu- them to return to their old habits. chanan was a private soldier. Have you no bad habits to conButler was the son of a farmer. I quer ? Do'you smoke or chew Canova was the son of a stone.. tobacco ? Break the chain at cutter. Catherine of Russia was once. From this time resolve horn a peasant. Captain Cook never to puff a cigar or chew a began his career in the merchant cud of tobacco. It is a bad habit service as a cabin boy. Curran and is offensive to many-espewas the son of poor parents. Sir cially to women. Whatever your Humphrey Davy was the son of a habits are that are really bad, have carver. Dodsley was a stocking-strength and courage to conquer

Drake was the son of a them. Let your voice and your shepherd. Hunter was appren- example, wherever you are, speak ticed to a carpenter. Falconer for virtue and truth. Let your was the son of a barber. Haydn influence be ever exerted for the was the son of a poor wheelwright. best good of others. This cannot Herschel was the son of a musi- | be done unless you reform your cian. Johnson was the son of a habits and conquer every bad bookseller. Lawrence was the son propensity.

weaver.

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