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Dover, 1213, and swears allegiance THE festivals of May are well-nigh
to the Pope. coeval with the seasons.
16. Dr. Hoadly died, 1776. The fifth month, Maius, of the 18. An extraordinary meteor, called Julian Calendar, agrees with the vulgarly, a flaming sword, was first third moon, Pachon, in the old, and
observed at Leeds, 1710. It had the the ninth of the new Egyptian year; appearance of a trumpet, and moved and with the ninth civic, and third
from north to south with its mouth sacred moon of the Jews, Sivan.
19. In 1671, Sir Matthew Hale was 1. The decrees of the synod of Dort, appointed Chief Justice of the Court dissolved 1619, are publicly read. of King's Bench. He was justly This famous Calvinistic convocation called a pillar of integrity. was composed of six members from Charles Bonnet died at Geneva, each of the provinces; twelve from 1793.-An earthquake at Antioch, north and south Holland, two from A.D. 526, by which 250,000 persons Drent, with deputies from London, are said to have perished. and ten other foreign cities or re- Amerigo, an experienced sailor, publics.
set out, in 1499, upon a western voyThe herdsmen in the Highlands of age of discovery, with Alonzo de Scotland perform a kind of rustic Ojeda, but with orders not to touch charm or sacrifice, by which it is sup- any part which Columbus had disposed their sheep and cattle are pro
covered before 1495. He returned tected from destruction through the to Cadiz the following October, and year.
made it appear that he was the disThe union of England and Scot- coverer of the continent in the New land is first consummated, 1707. World. In consequence of this, Ame
The rainy season begins now in rigo supplanted the name of ColumAbyssinia, when the sun becomes bus, and America is called after a vertical. This is the period of har- man who was a gross impostor. vest in Palestine, and fruits are ripe A Florist at Harlaem refuses ten at Algiers.
thousand florins for a hyacinth in Arthur Wellesley, Duke of Well- 1771. ington, born 1769.
21. It is said that if a storm happen John Dryden died, 1700.
from an easterly point on this or the 2. Columbus discovers Jamaica.
two preceding days, the ensuing sum4. In 1818, a treaty entered into be- mer will four times out of five be dry.
tween England and the Netherlands 22. Alexander Pope born in Lombardfor abolishing the slave-trade.
street, London, 1688.-Constantine 5. Napoleon Buonaparte died, 1821. the Great died, A. D. 337.- John
Pentecost, the feast of weeks. It Entick died at Stepney, 1773. was during this Sunday that the Bishop Jewel, in a private letter to DIVINE SPIRIT was shed on the his friend Bullinger, 1559, observes, apostles ; and it is believed by the that “Queen Elizabeth refuses to be Jews that on this day, B.C. 1491, called head of the church, as it was
the law was given from Mount Sinai. a title that could not justly be given 6. The festival of Job is observed by to any mortal.” the Greek Church.
23. The capture of Jerusalem by Pom14. Dr. Edward Jenner first applies pey.-Queen Victoria born, 1819. vaccination, 1796.
25. Dr. Paley died at Sunderland, 1805. 15. King John signs the Charter at 27. John Calvin died, 1564.
THE WORK; AND HOW TO DO IT.
A NARRATIVE.-CHAPTER IV. SPRING was now considerably advanced, and the country presented a pleasant and lively aspect, after the comparative dreariness of winter ; but though our young friends, Charles and Henry, had more to engage them in their worldly callings, they often talked about the future, and devoted what time they could to prepare for it. The result of their deliberations ended in this resolve ;-that Charles should give a brief course of instruction on the works of creation, and that Henry should exhibit proofs of human ingenuity and contrivance. The former devoted an hour every morning to the diligent cultivation of his own mind, and directed his enquiries chiefly to natural science, making from time to time such a collection of interesting and useful particulars as might be easily turned to account with children; and before the autumn arrived he had pretty well completed twelve short lectures, accompanied with the best illustrations he could procure.
His range of books was limited, but he borrowed occasionally from friends. The “Penny Cyclopædia" afforded him much help. He had also bought a copy of “ Yead's Book of Nature;" and a small publication of much interest, “ Observations of Nature,” by Mudie. Henry lent him “Dr. Dick's Christian Philosopher;" and these, with a few books belonging to the Religious Tract Society, were sufficient for his purpose.
Henry took up the useful arts, and showed how man had gone on improving in civilization. He described the various kinds of dwellings from the period when men dwelt in tents to the erection of houses similar to ours, embracing pyramids, mausoleums, &c. He showed the methods employed for raising water, and conveying it, with pictures of wells, pumps, cisterns, &c. ; different methods of grinding corn, and the whole process which it undergoes. Then he was to give a lesson on the mechanical powers, exhibiting the wheel, the axle, the pulley, the lever, the wedge. Then he was to show the different implements used in husbandry at different periods, the method of preparing hemp and flax, and manufacturing them into cloth. One lecture was to be on vessels, from the canoe of the Indian to the modern steam-ship, with a short account of navigation, and the use of the compass and the rudder. Another was arranged on optical instruments, when Henry meant to show them a prism, a microscope, and telescope, with a promise that, if it were possible, they should some day hare a meeting of the whole school, and see a magic-lantern,
While these lectures were preparing, Charles and Henry were often together, and, as one might have anticipated, the effect was exceedingly good. A new field was opened to Charles, and his spiritual mind sympathized with the Psalmist in his admiration of the great Creator. As he sought out His wonder. ful works he felt fresh love springing up in his heart, and approached him with deeper reverence and confidence. Henry was gradually led to prefer Charles'
society to that of his former trifling associates, and under his influence he began a course of Scripture reading, which was most profitable to his personal piety. Once he had been rather disposed to smile at C., as too grave and retiring ; now
he felt the advantage of his sobriety, and saw the superiority of his principles. " It was his desire to be more like him; and insensibly he was drawn into a full and candid acknowledgment of his own unsound condition. He had been religiously educated, and grew up with the reputation of a serious character; but he was more and more convinced that a deeper and a complete change must be wrought in his soul, before he could be a happy and useful Christian. Charles did not build him up with false hopes, and whisper smooth things to quiet his conscience; but, admitting the reality of all he said, and allowing him to think the very worst of himself, he directed him simply to the Saviour. The i substance of all his instruction might be comprehended in these lines :
“He is able, he is willing
Doubt no more."
It was several weeks before Henry could entertain hope, and when he did his hope was feeble, and often overcast by guilty fears. He found it difficult to
avoid temptation. His besetting sins pursued him, and he was ready to say, * "I shall one day perish by the hand of my enemy;" but Charles was unwearied
in pressing upon him the provisions of the gospel. His chief talent seemed to lie in setting forth the gentleness and sufficiency of Christ. This was the only balm he ever applied to the wounded heart, but it was attended with sovereign power.
One of Henry's first feelings was, that he was not fit to instruct others, but rather that he needed to be taught himself, and must give up his Sunday-class. "No, dear Henry,” said Charles, “this would be wrong. Just try to teach your children what the Spirit of God has been teaching you, and look to Him to make your efforts effectual.” Henry was persuaded to persevere, though it cost him much. His choice of subjects became different, his tone and manner with the children were changed, and they were not slow to perceive it, and to listen with gratifying attention.
“I do think teacher loves us now," said one of the youngest scholars, as they were walking homeward a month or two after this change. “Yes,” answered the other, “and I love him better and better every Sunday. Did not you like what he told us about the heart of stone and the heart of flesh ? I never understood it before. And that history of Blind Bartimeus crying out so earnestly: I fancied I could see and hear him. Teacher was not always like what he is now."
"No, he did not use to care for us ; and he was so cross, and pushed us about, and called us all manner of names; I did not like school then, but now I would not stay away for anything."
“Do you know there is going to be an evening school at our village, but only for boys above twelve, and none are to go but such as have a good character ?
My father heard it from Mr. Charles, and he and teacher are to conduct it. There's to be no pay, unless it be for slates and pencils.”
"Is it to be a Sunday-school ?” said Willy Davis, who had been listening to this wonderful information.
“ No; how couid it be?” answered the others; “ a Sunday-school on a week day! what a joke! but I dare say it will be religious though, for Mr. Charles says nothing should be done without prayer.”
“Do you think that's right ? ” said Willy; “I should not like so much of its
“Nor I neither,” said John Parrett; “but yet no one can beat Mr. Charles for goodness ; he's always so kind like. Mother says he has a good word for everybody.”
At length October came, and I prepared to fulfil my promise of going down to the opening of the classes. We held one or two preliminary meetings, to draw up a few rules and arrange our proceedings. I had obtained some useful pictures of the educational series from Darton and Harvey's, and others that I had picked up at print-shops and book-stalls; the whole amounting to a mere trifle. I had also an admirable little book, with one just out“Rhind's Book of Creation.” This alone might have supplied materials for a course of instruction such as Charles proposed, and, as it was, he availed himself of it to render his own lessons more simple and religious ; for, after all, it was often difficult to bring down his thoughts and language to the capacity of his scholars.
It was a fine moonlight evening when the youthful party were first assembled in the large old kitchen at End. There was a bright log fire, two strong benches, and a small round table for books. Against the wall was a copy of the rules in large-hand, and a picture of the world and the heavenly bodies revolving round the sun. The lads had come in neat and clean; they were desired to wipe their shoes on the mat, to make a bow, and go quietly to their seats. This they did very cheerfully with Henry's assistance, and it then belonged to me to explain the object of their coming, what would be expected from them, and what benefits they might derive from spending two evenings in the week in this pleasant way. I found they could all read, and most of them were able to write, and knew a little of figures, though not much of the twelve boys, five of them were from other villages, but each lad bore a tolerable character, and attended regularly at some place of worship. I then offered a short prayer, that the blessing of God might accompany this humble effort, and commended the teachers and children to his Divine guidance.
After rising from our knees Charles came forward. He had a little cane in his hand, not, however, as he told them, to inflict punishment, but as a pointer. His manner was at first rather nervous, and it seemed as if he were at a logo; but, by degrees, he gained confidence, and became perfectly natural and easy. He called upon one or two boys to read out these following passages of Scripture from the board, which the rest repeated after them :-Gen. i. 1-3; Job xxxyii. 4; John i. 1, 2; Heb. i. 10; Col. i. 16; Psa. xxxii. 6.
The object of the first lecture was to furnish a genuine idea of the globe.
its form, its position in space, the law of gravitation, and the revolutions it performs. He took up the three expressions respecting the earth: that it was without form; that it was void; and that darkness was upon the face of it. He related the opinions of some of the ancients respecting the shape of the world, &c.; told them the anecdote of Sir Isaac Newton and the apple; and gave them Paley's beautiful illustration of the stone and the watch, to prove that where there is evidence of design there must have been an intelligent mind in operation.
He told them the rate at which the earth moved on its axis-a thousand miles an hour, and that it had done this for nearly 6,000 years without deviation. Then he dwelt on the advantages of night and day, and the kindness of God in allowing us a season of repose, to recruit our powers of body and mind. His observations on light and heat were very interesting. He showed the difference of velocity between sound and light, as perceived in a thunder-storm-the light moving at the rate of 190,000 miles in a second; while sound travels at only 13 miles a minute. His closing observations were in the way of appeal to their admiration and gratitude, and the whole was wound up by his opening the Bible at the 104th Psalm, and reading slowly and emphatically the few first verses, with the four last verses of the 102nd Psalm. After this he sat down, and his kind mother distributed some apples and harvest cakes, which she had provided for the occasion. The children were told to come again on the Thurs day, and that they would then be questioned on the lessons they had just received. They departed in excellent spirits, and went home to diffuse useful information in their respective circles, Hacloney.
THE PASTOR AND TEACHERS.
(Continued from page 116.) Superintendent.— I thank you, sir, heard it asserted, and that with an for these important observations. I air of confidence, that mystery and plainly see that unbelief is as much revelation are terms incompatible; rebellion against the wisdom and for it is stated that if a thing be reveracity of God, as injustice and vealed it is no longer a mystery, impurity are rebellion against his and if a mystery, it is not a revelaholiness and authority; and that tion; and though reluctant to admit the rejection of a single doctrine, the truth of this reasoning, I conhowever profound and incompre- fess I was not able to frame a satishensible, is inconsistent with the factory answer, and have been a good reception of the plainest narrative, deal perplexed and embarrassed in -since God is the author of both. my mind on that subject.
B.-I concur in the sentiments Minister.-Confident assertion is so clearly stated; but allow me, sir, no unusual accompaniment of ignoto inquire whether there is any in- rance and infidelity. The objector consistency involved in speaking of seeks to entangle you in a sophism revealed mysteries ? I bave lately by the abuse of terms. Any object