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T.-In the first place, the keen sensibility of the whale, even through all its blubber, has been tested. In the second, the communication could have been effected in no other way that we know of in so short a time. And, thirdly, because we have seen many instances among other animals and insects in which intelligence has been carried in the same manner, although with the latter through a different element.

E.-Do tell me, Sir, please, some of them.

T.-I will, Edwin, in their place; but let us now go on to talk about the scarf skin.

E.— Yes, Sir: Why is it called scarf skin ?

T.-It is a layer of a semi-transparent membrane, as fine as the network of a scarf; and this skin covers the whole exterior surface of the true skin. I told you just now that the sensibility of the true skin was very great, and it would be too keen if this skin did not protect the nerves with which it is furnished from impressions of too strong a nature. The thickness of the scarf skin is therefore adapted to the sense of the part it covers: it is of thin substance upon any part where the sense of feeling is acute, to allow of the transmission of delicate impressions, and the contrary. Now can you tell me where it is thin?

E.-Oh, yes, Sir, on the lips : and I have heard that the tips of the fingers are very sensitive, particularly those of the blind, who read by means of their fingers, which they move rapidly over raised letters.

T.-And the hard portions are found-
E.- In the palms of the hands, and at the soles of the feet.

T.-Yes, it would be painful to grasp any thing if the nerves in our hands were as much exposed as they are at many other parts; and we should walk with great difficulty if the soles of our feet were very sensitive; but as the parts of those limbs that have to sustain the weight of the body are well protected, we can work and walk with ease. In man, Edwin, the outer layers of this scarf skin are continually being worn off and reproduced.

E.--What! like the shells of the crabs we have often picked up at the sea-side, between the stones.

T.-Yes, for these hard plates, as well as the scales, and coverings of hair found on other animals, are similar to our scarf skin, and answer the same purpose of protection.

E.-These shells are more like our nails, Sir.

T.--Yes, only we do not shed our nails every year like the snake does a portion of the skin of his head, the crab his thick pent-house, or the bird his beak.

E.—I wonder they know one another again!

T.—If you become a naturalist you will find much to wonder at, and much to discover ; but it is time for you to go now, and be ready to tell me, the next time we meet, what are our special organs of feeling.

THERE are two excellent though obvious means of happiness; to make duty a pleasure, and to cultivate the habit of contemplating our advantages rather than our misfortunes.

THE SUNDAY-SCHOOL MAGAZINE.

ALTERNATE TEACHING.

many of these 32 would have been hinWe must confess that we are glad to see dered coming? Suppose a third, you this subject brought under discussion. It would still have more than your school is one upon which we have long held a required, and with how much more of decided opinion, and it is high time that interest, energy, method and success the teachers of our schools should be led would these dear friends work! The exto consider the reasons and arguments ception has become a system. It is an upon which the system, for such it has indulgence, an excuse too often, and its become, is grounded and defended. As extended operation does not tell well for Sunday-schools were, institutions for the our cause. There may be cases where instruction of a few poor children who sisters can unite, and where friends can were taught to read, to spell, to write, or co-work; but the plan now, as in practice, to learn, as a mere act of memory, it is does not command this, and must in our just possible that a class would derive judgment prove extensively injurious. as much benefit under two teachers as When we hear of half-day, fortuightly, under one; but as Sunday-schools now monthly, and even quarterly teachers, we are, institutio for training in reli- feel that the question becomes one of gious truth, an instrumentality for the serious difficulty. We must cease to ask conversion of the soul, a pastorate for the a young man to come and join in a class. teacher, as well as a Sabbath-day obli- We must ask for that which in most cases gation,ếwe can first of all see no reason will be cheerfully given, the whole time, why the small demand should not be sup- for the unshared and uninterrupted duties plied; and next we cannot understand in of the Sunday-school. what way this plan can be considered It is said, that the persons who are beneficial to teacher, school, or class. chiefly engaged, in this divided labour

The morning teacher may be pious, are those who are most occupied, and lively, engaging, intellectual, persevering, most important to the school. We admit and his class will be devoted to him; the that this is so in some cases, but our own afternoon teacher may be undecided, experience leads us to say, that the large without tact, unpunctual, uninterested, majority of half-day teachers are those and unpopular. The class will be early whose hearts thoroughly enlisted in the in the morning, late or absent in the work, would at once abandon the system, afternoon; will derive profit in the morn- and feel that they had no class, unless ing, and will feel the afternoon irk- their class was entirely their own. some and ill employed. Is it fair to the SUNDAY-SCHOOL CONFERENCES. good teacher, thus to undermine his in

We present in this Number, an outline fluence, or to the class thus to hazard of proceedings at the LONDON CONFERtheir progress ?

ENCE. The Leeds UNION COMMITTEL, Then the school is ill supplied with with most praiseworthy spirit, has pabteachers; there are 20 classes, and only 16 lished a complete report of the Conference are provided for; but these 16 classes have held in that town recently.

We urge 32 teachers, 12 more than the whole school our friends, most emphatically, to obtain needs. If the rule or practice of this

a copy of this valuable document, which school had been to have no teachers who may be bad, post-free, on enclosing sircould not make their class their own, how pence, to Mr. Heaton, 7, Briggate, Leeds.

THE MONTH.

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AUGUST.

means of converting the South = "The sixth was August, being rich array'd

Saxons from paganism. In garments all of gold down to the 4. Noah releases the dove a second ground;

time, who returns in the evening with Yet rode he not, but led a lovely maid

an olive leaf in her mouth. Forth by the lily hand, the which was crown'd

7. The seventh day of Elul is a feast With ears of corn and full her hand

with the Jews, in memory of the was found.”

SPENSER.

dedication of the wall of Jerusalem
by Nehemiah, B.C. 445.

The French Chamber of Deputies
This month, Augustus, corresponds call to the throne Louis Philippe and

with the twelfth historical month his male descendents for ever, 1830.
Elul, of the Jews: it was called 8. George Canning died, 1827.
weod month by the Anglo-Saxons, This day, A. D. 70, Titus captured
meaning the bonny earth is clothed the Holy City
or covered. It is called Augustus, 9. John Dryden born at Aldwinke,1631.
after the Emperor, because the senate Louis Philippe accepts the crown
considered the month Sextilis to have of France, 1830.
been a most happy month to the em- The island of Madagascar is dis-
pire. The Emperor added a day to covered, 1506.
it, depriving February of one for this 11. Dr. R. Mead born at Stepney, 1673.
purpose. September and November Noah sends forth the dove again,
were at the same time deprived, and on Saturday, who returns no more.
the odd day given to October and Rev. Rowland Hill born, 1744.
December.

13. Jeremy Taylor died, 1667.
1. This day was the ancient Lammas- 15. Napoleon Buonaparte born, 1769.

day, the commencement of harvest Sir Walter Scott born, 1771.
in England. In 1351, Edward III., 17. This day is a Hebrew fast for the
it was enacted, that no carter, plough- destruction of those spies who slan-
man, dairy, (dairy-maid,) or other dered the land of promise; Numb. xiy.
servant, shall take in the time of In the year 1348, the European
hay-making but a nny the day, Continent was visited by a threefold
and reapers of corn, in the first week scourge - earthquakes, deluges of
of August two-pence; the second rain, and a vast ephemeral pestilence.
three-pence; and so to the end of The first appeared in England, at
August.

Dorchester, on this day. The Islands
On this day, Columbus first sets were decimated.
his foot on the New World, 1498. 21. The great solar eclipse which

The victory, or as Nelson called it, first turned the attention of Tycho
conquest in the Nile, 1798.

Brahe, at the age of fourteen, to the
The Emancipation of the Slaves, science of astronomy, 1560.

24. The massacre of St. Bartholomew, 2. The victory of Blenheim, 1704. Upon 1572. The total number of victims

this day, annually, a banner of France was 70,000.
must be presented by the holder of Two thousand ministers deprived
Woodstock to the Queen or King of by the Act of Uniformity, 1662.
England.

James Watt, the inventor of the 3. Sir Richard Arkwright died, 1792. steam-engine, died, 1819.

In 678, a morning comet, shaped Sir Wm. Herschell died, 1822.
like a fiery pillar, was seen in Eng- 26. Julius Cæsar lands eight miles north
land for three months, and was the of Dover, on British ground, B.C. 55.

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1834.

The Children's Separate Service.

SERMON VI.

THE MISSIONARY SERMON.

JER. vii. 18.

you live in a land of Bibles and

Sunday-schools! But I have been "The children gather the wood.”

thinking you ought to gather some

wood to keep alive the flame on the MORE than one thousand two hun- missionary altar: some young peo dred years since some English boys ple, and Sunday-school children and girls were carried for sale into have collected a great deal for the slave-market at Rome. A ge- Missionary Society; but every nerous man, who gazed upon their may do something. That beautifu beautiful countenances, lamented river which carries the ships from their condition, and remarked, London to all parts of the world, " They have angelic faces, it is a made up of many little streams pity they are not co-beirs with an- and so the missionary of the cros gels.” This good man, afterwards may be supported by the unite called Gregory the Great, thought offerings of Sabbath-scholars. Bu much of England, and soon after- I will speak to you more particu wards sent Augustine and forty larly by noticing from our text, missionaries to this country to teach

I. THE LABOURERS.

• CHI the people the way of salvation. DREN.”

Since that time the Scriptures 1. Youthful—Some people thin have been translated and printed children have nothing to do will Many million copies have been cir- missions. This is a great mistake culated, Sunday-schools have been In idolatrous countries, they prac opened, and many thousands of tise many cruelties upon their poor children have been gathered into helpless babes : some of the mother the Saviour's heavenly fold. cast their lovely children into the

Now some of these Sabbath- river Ganges, as an offering to their scholars, like the poor monks who god, and others make their offspring came to visit our country, have to pass through the fire of Moloche gone as missionaries to heathen na- When Mr. Moffat was in this coun. tions. But they must be supported, try, he had a little girl called Sarah and since some of you sent them in Roby, that he had rescued alive a beautiful new ship, called the from a deep pit, into which she had John Williams, I have been think- been cast by her cruel mother. ing, you might do something to This is often the case when food is maintain them while preaching the scarce; the mother will dig a pil unsearchable riches of Christ. and bury her child alive. Now

Now look at the text. It is a who would not like to put a stop to representation of idolatrous wor- these cruelties practised upon poor ship. The people are presenting helpless, innocent children? Meofferings to false deities; the fathers thinks some of you would like to are kindling the fire, and the mo- make their parents 'better and thers are making cakes for the kinder to them. Well the gospel queen of heaven. Yes, and the makes people love the bodies and children are very busy in gathering souls of their children. You may the wood. How sad is the picture. help to send Bibles and MissionHow thankful you might be that | aries, by gathering wood or pro

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iring funds for the Missionary for the present fire, and if it be inciety.

creased, the children must gather Oh! how you should pity and more wood. The work is great, lp these poor heathens. Many but every boy and girl may help it e now in heaven, through the on: ibbath-scholars of our land ; and

“ The sands make the mountain ; the poor helpless children of ido

Moments make the year.” try could speak, they would say, Come over and help us.” So the smallest sums may help to Active. Some of you, perhaps, fill the treasury, and increase the gin to feel it would be a good number of missionaries. Then you ing to send out a missionary, to may all work — only work now, it an end to these abominations, while it is called day: “ Be steadid teach the people the way to fast, immoveable, always abounding verlasting happiness. Most, if not in the work of the Lord.” I of you pray,

Thy kingdom 2. Good.-Many, like idolaters, ime;" but there must be some are fond of bad works. This is the ing more than good wishes or work of God, and therefore it must irnest prayers,

The children are be a good work. You are happy presented in the text as gathering with the gospel!-Would you not ood; and so if we are to destroy wish to make others happy? You olatry in the world, you must try love the Saviour!— Would you not id collect more funds for the Mis- wish others to love him? Oh! then, onary Society. It is calculated come and engage in this good work.

are 2,000,000 of Sunday. Like the busy bee, work while you cholars in our schools; and if all can-help to kindle the fire by gaiese were active and busy in get- thering the wood-lay it upon the ng only one penny per week, we altar-ask the Saviour to accept it, right have the income of all our and make it a blessing, that his societies more than doubled for "saving health may be known ending out the gospel !—Will you among all nations.” ry and do this? Why not?

One word, in conclusion. - My Nations now from God estranged,

dear children, do you love the gosThen shall see a glorious light;

pel yourselves? You have many Night to day shall then be changed, sins, as well as these poor heathen

Heaven shall triumphin the sight.” children. Every boy and girl has II. THE WORK. “ GATHER

a hard heart, that must be broken Wood."

for sin, and purified by the Spirit 2.1. Great.— If you look at a mis- of God! sionary map, you will see what a

Oh! let me urge you, my young small portion of the earth has any friends, to seek the Saviour's parknowledge of Jesus Christ. Look doning mercy: try to be one of the at China, India, South Sea Islands, lambs of his flock, since it is said, and Caffreland, where ignorance,

" He shall feed his flock like a vice

, superstition, and cruelty pre- shepherd, he shall gather the lambs vail . Some good men have gone bis bosom, and shall gently lead

with his arm, and carry them in to these places, but they want more labourers, and the Societies want

those that are with young.” more funds. Much fuel is wanted Farringdon.

J. M. S.

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