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C.-But did the people call God gracious promises relating to our Lord. Baali?

The first that we meet with is in the P.-Baali means Lord, and they had second chapter, from the first to the called him Lord.

fifth verses.

Read them over, and we C.-What, then, does Ishi mean ? will consider how they refer to our P.-It means “husband,” which was Saviour.

more endearing name than lord. C.-What are the last times ? Vhat does St. Peter say that Sarah P.-The expression means the times alled Abraham?

of the Gospel, or of that more perfect C.-That she called him lord.

dispensation which God was to send P.-And so wives were accustomed after that of Moses, and of which the o do, in acknowledgment of their sub- Mosaic was only preparatory. Paul ection ; but the name of husband was says, “God, who at sundry times and nore affectionate. God therefore con- in divers manners spake in times past lescends to promise that he will not be unto the fathers by the prophets, hath Baali, Lord, to Israel, but Ishi, husband in these latter times spoken unto us by o them. Are there any places in the his Son,” Heb. i. 1, 2. New Testament in which Christ is re- C.-What is the mountain of the presented as a Husband ?

Lord's house ? C. I do not remember any.

P.--It means the mountain on which P.-John the Baptist calls him the the temple at Jerusalem was, What Bridegroom, saying, “He that hath the mountain was that ? pride is the bridegroom,”

iii. 29;

C.-Mount Sion. and he represents himself as “the son P.-Then it means that Mount Sion of a certain king, for whom his father was to be exalted above all mountains nade a marriage,'' Matt. xxii. 2.

and hills. Saint Paul also says to his converts, C.-And how could this happen? * I have espoused you to one Husband, P.-Not exactly according to the that I may present you as a chaste vir- letter ; for what is here spoken is only gin to Christ,” 2 Cor. xi. 2. Again; he a figure or image representing what says, “The husband is the head of the was to be done. The meaning is this : wife, even as Christ is the head of the idolaters chose “every high hill, and church: and he is the saviour of the all the tops of the mountains, to offer body.

For this cause shall a man sweet savour to their idols on,” Ezek. leave his father and mother, and shall vi. 13; no doubt vainly fancying that be joined unto his wife, and they two because they were high on the earth shall be one flesh. This is a great mys- they must be nearer to heaven, where tery: but I speak concerning Christ they thought that their gods dwelt ; and the church,” Ephes. v. 23–32. but the mountain of the Lord's house The church is also called “the Bride, was to be set above them all; that is, the Lamb's wife,” Rev. xxi. 9; and the true religion of Jesus Christ was in they are said to be a blessed which are the end to overcome all other religions, called unto the marriage supper of the and to reign supreme in the earth, for Lamb,” Rev. xix. 9.

all nations were to flow unto it. Now
of whom is it here said that this shall
be done?

C.-Of the God of Jacob.
B. C. 760.

P.- And how is it said that he should
THE EIGHTEENTH PROMISE OF do it ?
A SAVIOUR AS A LAWGIVER.

C.-He will teach us of his ways, and

we will walk in his paths : for out of ISAIAH II. 1-5.

Zion shall go forth the law, and the P:- We this evening open the pro- word of the Lord from Jerusalem. phet Isaiah, who has been appropriately P.-And by whom was this fulcalled the evangelical prophet, because filled ? his writings are so rich in the most C.-By Jesus Christ.

P.-Yes, and in Luke xxiv. 27, and tions, and shall rebuke many people: 45-47, you will find two beautiful and they shall beat their swords into illustrations of his doing so very ex- ploughshares, and their spears into actly. In the first to the two disciples pruning-hooks: nation shall not lit at Emmaus, “ beginning at Moses and up sword against nation, neither shall all the prophets, he expounded unto they learn war any more." them in all the Scriptures the things P.-The characteristic then of his concerning himself;" and in the second, law was, “ Peace upon earth, and good. “He opened the understanding of his will toward men,” Luke ii. 14. Accorddisciples, that they might understand ingly the new commandment he gave the Scriptures; and said unto them, them was to “ love one another,” John thus it is written, and thus it behoved xii. 34. But there was even a better Christ to suffer, and to rise from the “peace upon earth” than that between dead : and that repentance and remis- men and men which he came to estasion of sins should be preached in his blish, and that is peace between God name among all nations, beginning at and men, “the peace of God which Jerusalem." Thus did the law, and passeth all understanding.” Thus a the word of the Lord go forth from Isaiah says elsewhere, “the Lord is Jerusalem, Jesus himself being the our judge, the Lord is our lawgiver," LAWGIVER. What does the prophet xxxiii. 22; and James assures us that tell us was to be the character of his “there is one Lawgiver, who is able to laws ?

save and to destroy," James iv. 12. C.-“He shall judge among the na

THE PASTOR AND TEACHERS.

(Continued from page 216.) A.-Really these facts are very origin. A universal custom mast striking; but allow me to ask, Is have a common origin. A custom there, sir, no other origin to which of the greatest antiquity as well as they may plausibly be ascribed, but of the greatest universality, mast the primeval institution of the Sab- have one common origin of the bath?

greatest antiquity. Now, while no Minister.— The inquiry is a very custom is more universal, none is important one, and well worthy of so ancient as the hebdomadal diviconsideration, for if the facts in sion of time. Of this origin there questions can be assigned to no is no event in profane history which other origin than that we have ad- even pretends to furnish any alverted to, then the primeval insti. count. There is not, that I am tution of the Sabbath is placed be- aware, any attempt to account for yond dispute, and this point once it by referring it to any event within established, its perpetual obligation the history of any nation. The will follow as a matter of course. I Bible alone furnishes the record in answer, then, there is no other ori- question, and that record is stamped gin for the universal prevalence of with incontrovertible truth. Hor the hebdomadal* division of time, remarkable that the custom should nor for the sanctity ascribed by prevail in almost all nations, both heathen nations to the seventh day, ancient and modern! Though king but the scriptural origin.

doms have risen and fallen; though All customs must have some empires which once flourished hare * Weekly.

become obliterated, the traces of

the primitive Sabbath are still legi. member that when infidel France ble and imperishable. God has not wished to obliterate Christianity, left himself without witness. she adopted a decade week instead

Philosophy is as silent as profane of a septenary period. This is cerhistory in reference to the hebdo- tainly more simple and convenient nadal division of time. That divi- for purposes of calculation ; and ion cannot arise from astronomy, there can be no reason why all men or there are no revolutions in the should have determined a mode of leavenly bodies, and no periodical numbering days different from their ppearances in nature, which cor- mode of numbering all other obespond to such a division. The jects, except this one reason, they jeriodical revolution of the earth in were led to it by the command of er orbit, affords a natural reason God himself from the very dawn of or the division of time into years. man's existence. This universal The revolntion of the moon in her and ancient custom, then, of dividsrbit, affords a natural reason for ing time into periods of seven days, he division of the year into months; joined with the fact that the seventh and the diurnal rotation of the earth day was held more sacred than all in her axis, is a natural reason for the rest, irresistibly carries us to lividing time into days; but for the the original Sabbatic institution on division of time into periods of the bright morn when creation's seven days, there is no natural rea- work was completed, and the sons son in any visible motions or ap- of God shouted for joy at the sight pearances which we could conceive of a new and glorious universe. likely to suggest it to man. At

Superintendent.— I thank you sinthe same time it is certain that such cerely for this explanation, which a division is not convenient for to my mind is perfectly conclusive arithmetical purposes, nor does it and satisfactory. conform to the custom which all With one voice all concurred in nations have adopted in their cal- expressions of thanks to their reculations. In all countries men spected pastor, and acknowledged have adopted a decade*—the number that they had listened with the ten—as the revolving number; and greatest interest and delight to his it is probable that all nations would instructive observations, and hoped have adopted the same method of in future they should read the Holy reckoning days by tens instead of Scriptures with deeper interest and by sevens, had they not been guided pleasure, assured that every part by a Divine precept. You will re thereof was fraught with instruction

and profit, and that the evidence for * The universal custom of reckoning by ten as the revolving number, as 10, 20, the primeval institution of the Sab30, 40, &c., probably had its origin in the bath was clear as the noon-day sun. number of our fingers. Most children, Minister.-I am glad you are so when learning to count, make use of their well satisfied; but I feel it due to fingers. The same custom still obtains among some savage tribes; when count- state, that what has been said, is

a definite number, they use their only a tittle of what he adduced in fingers, and when they wish to express a confirmation of this doctrine. very large number for which they have no definite term, they refer to the hairs of

Superintendent.—Have the kindness, sir, to proceed.

ing

their head.

Correspondence.

am

PROMOTIONS.

struction which his little flock SIR, — The evil which “ A Young needs, and which they can compres Teacher” complains of, must,

I

hend, and thus produce a similar afraid, be classed among necessary

benefit, which is accomplished by evils ; for a well-conducted Sunday- division of labour in a mechanical school, any more than a day-school, point of view? could not be carried on without a Now, no teacher, however much system of promotion. Indeed, I am he loved his charge, would consent almost inclined to think whether to his remaining in an elementary systems of promotion are not pro

class; and I think it argues little ductive of more benefit than harm. for the humility of “À Young I conceive that in the lowest or

Teacher," or for respect to his coyoungest class, it is the duty of the adjutors, when he expresses himteacher, as he learns them the a,b,c, self thus : "a diligent and faithful which is the key that shall finally teacher, giving up his affectionate unlock to them the treasures of li- pupils into the hands of one who terature; so he instils into them will, perhaps, destroy all that he has the first principles of religion, which been labouring to build up." being hereafter expanded, by the

Still an alleviation might be found blessing of God, upon the waterer

without affecting the system, and I in the higher classes, shall bring

would suggest, that instead of proforth fruit an hundred-fold. Thus, motions being made once a quarter, while in the elementary class the or oftener, (which I believe is the scholar learns the simple truths, general practice,) once in the half"God is a Spirit,” “God is every- year, or year, might be sufficient

. where,” and so on; a step or two This would go far, I think, to meet higher it would be explained to him the difficulty A Young Teacher" that all men are sinners, and of the complains of. inestimable love of God in sending

I am, very respectfully, his Son into the world to save a lost

“ ORDER." and ruined world : still higher, and the New Testament reading would SIR,- In a late Number of The Sunmore fully explain and impress this day-school Magazine, all-important truth upon his mind. Teacher" alludes to the system of Next, would the connection be- promotions as being an evil in the tween Old and New Testament Sabbath-schools, and in his opinion writings be expounded and im- going very far to destroy their good proved ; and, lastly, in the senior effect. I think so too;' and I would class, while the temptations and suggest, as an improvement, the dangers of his future career would system followed in the Wesleyan be faithfully pointed out, he would | Sunday-school, at Lausanne, Switbe affectionately directed to that zerland, when I was superintendent Saviour, from whence alone salva- there. tion cometh. And is there not a We found, a few years ago, that it great advantage in this mode of was impossible to transfer scholars tuition ? Does not each teacher from one class to another. Some prepare that particular kind of in- children were so much attached to

A Young

heir teachers that they left the SIR, -Your correspondent, W.S. S., hool altogether, when it was at- asks for a fuller explanation of the mpted to remove them even to a plan suggested by me in your May gher class. On the other hand, Number, for changing classes. e teachers did not like losing When a boy is brought to the eir best scholars, and have to be- school for the first time, of course I a afresh with others; so that we ascertain which class he is best quaere obliged to have no promotions lified to enter, and for illustration's all

, except out of the infant-class, sake say that he is put amongst the alphabet-class, and in the senior children reading in the third-class ass. It was taken for granted, book; in the course of a few months at a teacher in earnest would the whole of that class, (if teacher ake as much progress as his and scholars have been alike diliholars; and experience has proved gent,) ought to be able to read well is supposition to be correct. The in the Testament ; and if on exaildren have not improved less mination it proves so, the class is

being with the same teachers, made a Testament class, the teacher cause these have improved in the remaining with it, and in course of me proportion. Our classes were time it becomes in like manner a t numbered; therefore, from the Bible-class. Thus there is a grawest to the highest, but distin- dual and steady rise of the entire lished from each other by the classes with their teachers attached acher's name. The last class was throughout the school; and instead

fact the class which had been of the teachers from time to time ost lately formed with new losing their best boys, it is the dull holars: at the end of a few months boy of the class who is occasionally lese scholars had so much im- left behind to go through another Coved, that it was necessary to

course in the class which succeeds rm another class for new comers, to the books of the one promoted. nder the direction of a new teacher, This plan furnishes an induce

perhaps of the head teacher, ment to the teacher to exert himhose scholars had passed into the self with his boys that they may all nior-class, or left to go to service. rise together, and keep their standhus it might be said in one nse, ing in the progressive movement at we had promotions, but the which is steadily taking place achers were promoted with the throughout the school. holars, and each instructor might I would take this opportunity of are in his turn, after a rotation of calling the attention of teachers to few years, the most advanced the propriety of substituting Bibles

for use in many of the classes As to dull pupils, or so careless where Testaments are now used — at they did not keep pace with Bibles are now so cheap that the eir companions, they either wished mere cost can hardly be any object; be removed lower, to understand a boy who is able to read in the etter the instructions given in the one, can read in the other; and hool; or, if they loved their why should the teachers and chilachers, they studied harder, and dren be deprived of the pleasure of ehaved' better, to be allowed to taking their lessons from those emain with them.

beautiful narratives which abound I remain, Sir, yours, in the Old Testament? Nothing is Jersey, 1848.

J. P. c. more calculated to make deep im

ass.

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