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SCIENCE OF LANGUAGE

FOUNDED ON

LECTURES DELIVERED AT THE ROYAL INSTITUTION

IN 1861 AND 1868

BY

F. MAX MÜLLER, M.A.

PROFESSOR OF COMPARATIVE PHILOLOGY AT OXFORD

FOREIGN MEMBER OF THE FRENCH INSTITUTE

IN TWO VOLUMES.- VOL. I

NEW YORK
CHARLES SCRIBNER’S SONS
743 and 745 BROADWAY

121

M84 1891 Xol

DEDICATED

TO

THE MEMBERS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF OXFORD,

BOTH RESIDENT AND NON-RESIDENT

TO WHOM I AM INDEBTED

FOR NUMEROUS PROOFS OF SYMPATHY AND KINDNESS

DURING THE LAST TWELVE YEARS,

IN GRATEFUL ACKNOWLEDGMENT OF THEIR GENEROUS SUPPORT

ON THE

7TH OF DECEMBER 1860.

PRE FACE.

Changes in the New Edition.

M Y Lectures on the Science of Language were

1 delivered at the Royal Institution in London in the years 1861 and 1863. They have since passed through many editions, and in every successive edition I have tried to remove whatever seemed to me either doubtful or wrong. But, after the two volumes had been stereotyped, I found it very troublesome to do this, except on a very limited scale, so that it became almost impossible to keep my lectures abreast with the advance of philological science which, particularly of late years, has been very rapid.

It is difficult indeed for an author who lives beyond the number of years generally allotted to scholars, to know what to do with his old books. After his death, they take their place on the peaceful shelves of a library, and he himself is no longer held responsible for defects which at the time when they were written were inevitable. But so long as he is alive, the author is expected to keep his books up to

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