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A. By the will of God which we are to pray that it might be done, is meant : 1. The will of God's precept, or that which he is pleased to require of us, Mat. vii. 21. Not every one that saith unto me, Lord, Lord, shall enter into the kingdom of heaven: but he that doth the will of my Father which is in heaven. 2. The will of God's providence or that which he is pleased to do with us, or unto us. Rom. i. 10. If I might have a prosperous journey by the will of God to come unto you. 1 Pet. iii. 17. It is better if the will of God be so, that ye suffer for well-doing, than for evil-doing.
Q. 2. What do we request when we pray that the will of God's precept be done?
A. When we pray that the will of God's precept be done, we request; 1. That ourselves and others who naturally are dark and ignorant of his will, may by his word and spirit be enabled to know and understand、 it, Eph. v. 8, 17. Ye were sometimes darkness but now are ye light in the Lord. Be ye not unwise but understanding what the will of the Lord is. Col. i. We cease not to pray for you, and desire that ye might be filled with the knowledge of his will, in all wisdom and spiritual understanding. 2. That ourselves and others, who naturally have in our hearts an enmity against God's law, might be inclined and enabled to obey, and do whatever it is the will of God to command, Rom. viii. 7. The carnal mind is enmity against God; for it is not subject unto the law of God, neither indeed can be. Psalm cxix. 36. Incline my heart unto thy testimonies, Psal. cxliii. 10. Teach me to do thy will, for thou art my God: thy spirit is good. Ezek. xxxiv. 27. I will put my Spirit within you, and cause you to walk in my statutes, and ye shall keep my judgments, and do them.
Q. 3. What do we request when we pray that the will of God's providence be done?
A. When we pray that the will of God's providence be done, we request that ourselves and others might have compliance of will with the will of God, so as thankfully to accept merciful providences, and
patiently submit us unto afflictive providences, Luke i. 38. And Mary said, behold the hand-maid of the Lord be it unto me according to thy word, Acts xxi. 14. And when he would not be persuaded, We ceased saying, The will of the Lord be done,
Q. 4. How are we to pray that God's will be done by ourselves and others?
A. We are to pray that God's will be done by ourselves and others on earth universally, readily, unweariedly, constantly, even as it is done in heaven, Psalm ciii. 20, 22. Bless the Lord, ye his angels, that excel in strength, that do his commandinents, hearkening unto the voice of his word. Bless the Lord, all his words in all places of his dominion: bless the Lord, O my soul.
104. Q. What do we pray for in the fourth petition?
A. In the fourth petition, which is, give us this day our daily bread, we pray that of God's free gift, may we receive a competent portion of the good things of this life, and enjoy his blessing with them.
Q. 1. What is meant by our daily bread?
A. By our daily bread is meant all outward provision for our daily sustenance, Psal. cxxxii. 15. I will abundantly bless her provision: I will satisfy her poor with bread.
Q. 2. What do we ask in praying for our daily bread?
A. In praying for our daily bread, we do not ask plenty but a competent portion of the good things of this life, such as God seeth to be necessary and most convenient for us. Prov. xxx. 8. Give me neither poverty, nor riches, feed me with food convenient for
Q. 3. May we not have convenient outward provision without our asking.
A. We may have convenient ontward provisions without our asking, but we cannot have them without God's giving, Psal cxiv. 15. Thou givest them their
meat in due season.
Q. 4. What need we ask of God daily outward provisions, if we have them without asking?
A. We ought to ask for our daily outward provisions; 1. Because God requireth that we should ask for these things, and he hath promised only unto such, that they should not want them. Psalm xxxiv. 10. The young lions do lack, and suffer hunger: but they that seek the Lord, shall not want any good thing. 2. Because in asking aright our daily outward provision we ask and obtain the blessing of God with them; and without asking, if we have these things, we have them with God's curse, Exod. xxiii. 25. And ye shall serve the Lord your God, and he shall bless thy bread, and thy water.
105. Q. What do we pray for in the fifth petition?
A. In the fifth petition, which is forgive us our debts, as we forgive our debtors, we pray that God for Christ's sake would freely pardon all our sins, which we are the rather encouraged to ask, because by his grace we are enabled from the heart, to forgive others.
Q. 1. What is meant by our debts?
A. By our debts, is meant, our sins against God whereby we are indebted unto his justice which we can no otherwise satisfy, than by undergoing eternal punishment.
Q. 2. Have all need of forgiveness, and may any debts be forgiven?
A. All being sinners, have need of forgiveness, and any sins excepting the sins against the holy Ghost may be forgiven, Psalm cxxx. 3, 5. If thou Lord shouldst mark iniquities; O Lord who shall stand? But there is forgiveness with thee, that thou mayest be feared.
Q. 3. May we pray unto God for the forgiveness of our sin, upon the account of our own merits?
A. We have no merit in the sight of God of our own; and therefore we must pray that God would freely pardon all our sins of his own mercy and loving kindness, Psal. li. 1. Have mercy upon me, O God, according to thy loving kindness; according unto the
multitude of thy tender mercies blot out my transgressions.
Q. 4. May we hope by prayer to obtain forgiveness of God's mercy, without any merit?
A. God being infinetly just, as well as merciful we must bring merit before him, that we may obtain forgiveness of him; but because we have it not of our own, and he hath provided it for us in his Son we must pray for pardon for the merit sake of Christ, who hath purchased forgiveness for us with his blood, Eph. i. 7. In whom we have redemption through his blood the forgiveness of sins.
Q. 5. What may encourage us to ask forgiveness from God?
A. We may be encouraged to ask forgiveness from God, when by his grace we are enabled with our hearts to forgive others, Mat. vi. 14. For if ye forgive men their trespasses, your heavenly father will also forgive you.
106. Q. What do we pray for in the sixth petition?
A. In the sixth petition which is, And lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil, we pray that either God would keep us from being tempted unto sin, or support and deliver us when we are tempted.
Q. 1. What do we request in praying, lead us not into temptation?
A. In praying, lead us not into temptation, we request that God would keep us from being tempted unto sin.
Q. 2. How doth God keep us from being tempted unto sin?
A. God keepeth us from being tempted unto sin, either when he restraineth the devil the great tempter of mankind from assaulting us with his prevailing temptations; or else restraining us from coming unto those ways where temptations are waiting for us, and where we should be tempters unto ourselves, Matth. xxvi. 49. Watch and pray that ye enter not into
temptation. Psalm xix. 13. Keep back thy servant. from presumptuous sins, let them not have dominion
Q. 3. What do we request in praying, deliver us from evil?
A. In praying, deliver us from evil, we request that when we are tempted by the devil, or the flesh, or the world unto sin, that we may be supported and strengthened to resist and overcome the temptations, so as to be delivered by the power of God's sufficient grace, from falling into the evil of sin, James iv. 7. Resist the devil and he will flee from you. 1 Cor. x. 13. God is faithful, who will not suffer you to be tempted above that you are able. 2 Cor xii. 7, 8, 9. There was given to me a thorn in the flesh, the messenger of Satan to buffet me. For this thing I besought the Lord thrice, that it might depart from me. And he said unto me, My grace is sufficient for thee.
107. Q. What doth the conclusion of the Lord's prayer teach us?
A. The conclusion of the Lord's prayer, which is, For thine is the kingdom, the power and the glory for ever, Amen. Teacheth us, to take our encouragement in prayer from God only, and in our prayers to praise him, ascribing kingdom, power, and glory to him, and in testimony of our desire, and assurance to be heard we say, Amen.
Q. 1. What is the conclusion of the Lord's prayer, itself?
A. The conclusion of the Lord's Prayer, itself, is in these words, for thine is the kingdom, and the power and the glory for ever. Amen.
Q 2. What is the first thing which the conclusion of the Lord's prayer doth teach us?
A. The first thing which the conclusion of the Lord's prayer doth teach us, is to take our encouragement in prayer, not from ourselves, or any worthiness of our own, but from God only, who having the kingdom, and eternal sovereignty, the power, and eternal all sufficiency, the glory for ever, and there