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Mr. Russell was a member of the Elks, Knights of Pythias, and of the New York, Manhattan and Hardware Clubs.

In 1880 he married Miss Mary Gushert. His wife and five daughters and one son survive him.


Edward M. Shepard, who had been a member of this Association since 1903, and was at the time of his death a vice-president of the Association, died at his summer home at Lake George on July 28, 1911.

His funeral, which was held on August second, in Brooklyn, brought together not only a large gathering of members of the Bench and Bar, but a great concourse of the people of Brooklyn who recognized in him their most distinguished fellow citizen.

Mr. Shepard was born in the City of New York on July 23, 1850. He was the son of Lorenzo B. Shepard and Lucy Morse Shepard. His father was a distinguished lawyer of his time, serving as United States District Attorney, and as District Attorney for the City of New York, and Corporation Counsel, and being prominent in Democratic politics. He died, a comparatively young man, when Mr. Shepard was six years old. Mrs. Shepard and her son soon afterward removed to Brooklyn, where he lived until the time of his death. After his father's death, he became the ward of Mr. Abram S. Hewitt, afterward Mayor of the City of New York, who had been one of his father's most intimate friends.

In early youth Mr. Shepard was a pupil in the Degraw Street public school, and on leaving that school he attended Oberlin College in Ohio for a year. Returning then to his home, he entered the College of the City of New York, from which he was graduated in 1869.

Studying law in the law office of Mr. John E. Parsons, he was admitted to the Bar in 1875, and in the following year formed a partnership with the late Albert Stickney, and in 1890 became a member of the firm of Parsons, Shepard & Ogden. This relation was continued for nearly twenty years, Mr. Shepard then retiring to form the firm of Shepard, Smith & Harkness.

From the first his success in his profession was marked, and he became entrusted as counsel with many important business enterprises, at the same time conducting many cases of moment in the courts. He was counsel to the former Rapid Transit Board, and came to be looked upon as a leading expert in all matters relating to municipal transit. His experience in directing the legal policy of prominent railroad, insurance and other corporations brought him into the front rank of his profession as an authority on corporation law.

As a Special Deputy Attorney General, he was successful in prosecuting John Y. McKane, the political boss of Coney Island, and his henchmen, who were charged with election frauds; Mr. McKane and a score of his followers being sent to prison.

In 1906, Mr. Shepard defended the Rev. A. G. Crapsey, an Episcopal clergyman who was tried on heresy charges, and in this case Mr. Shepard developed a knowledge of church law comparable with his knowledge in other branches of legal learning.

In early life Mr. Shepard took an active interest in politics, and while always classed as a Democrat was distinguished for his independence in speech and action, and would leave his party when its policies or leaders were at variance with his personal convictions.

Early in his political career, he became a member of the Young Men's Democratic Club of Brooklyn, at one

time a very powerful organization. Withdrawing, however, in 1890, he then formed the Brooklyn Democratic Club, of which he was vice-president at the time of his death, and which helped bring about the nomination and election of Grover Cleveland in 1892.

In 1894, he opposed the late David B. Hill, who was then defeated for re-election to the office of Governor.

In 1895, Mr. Shepard was a candidate for Mayor of Brooklyn, under the auspices of the Independent Democracy, his opponent being Edward M. Grout, the regular democratic nominee, and Frederick W. Wurster, the Republican candidate, who was elected by a large majority.

In 1896, Mr. Shepard was among the first of conspicuous democrats to ally himself with the opponents of free silver, and throughout the presidential campaign of that year was outspoken in his opposition to William Jennings Bryan; enrolling himself however as an active worker for Palmer and Buckner.

In the following year, Mr. Shepard declared for Seth Low as the fusion candidate for Mayor of the City of New York, but, in 1898, supported the candidacy of Augustus Van Wyck, and, in 1900, resumed his allegiance to the regular democratic organization in national affairs, through favoring the election of Mr. Bryan to the presidency.

In 1901, Mr. Shepard became the candidate for office of Mayor of the City of New York, accepting the nomination from Tammany Hall. He was defeated in this campaign by Mr. Low, who headed the fusion ticket.

In 1904, Mr. Shepard advocated the election of Alton B. Parker to the presidency, taking an active and public part in the campaign.

With Thomas Mott Osborn and democrats similarly minded, Mr. Shepard opposed William Randolph Hearst for Governor.

While not in particular sympathy with the dominating influences in his party within the State, he helped to work out plans on which the Democratic League was built, and taking a conspicuous part in its deliberations was looked upon as its active leader. He was also active in the movement for the harmonizing of the Democratic party in Brooklyn and was a speaker before the Democratic Provisional Committee, outlining a plan to bring the elements of the party more closely together.

When the Democratic party came again into power in the Legislature in 1910, Mr. Shepard became prominently a candidate for the United States Senate; his chief opponent being Mr. William F. Sheehan. A prolonged contest resulted, however, in the withdrawal of both these candidates and the election of Judge James A. O'Gorman.

In the course of this contest objection was made in certain quarters to the election of Mr. Shepard, on the ground that he was a corporation lawyer, and specifically because of the relations of himself, or his firm, with certain powerful corporate organizations.

His views of the lawyer's relations to corporations and the public were thus expressed in a notable address delivered before the State Bar Association of New Hampshire:

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Every lawyer, by virtue of his very profession holds a relation to public affairs over and above his relations as a mere citizen. The men of our calling are, as men of many other trades and professions are not, bound to promote a sound framework of laws and jurisprudence for our civilization.

The enormous share which corporate organization now has in modern industry, its enormous influence on every phase of modern life, inexorably impose upon lawyers who advise and guide corporations, a special and weighty and most honorable duty. If the men of our profession make it clear to the American people that in their public relations they are concerned to enforce truth and publicity upon corporations and upon all who derive from our laws any sort of franchise or right we may, I think, count it certain that the unjustifiable criticism and much of the ignorant hostility and suspicion from which lawyers suffer will disappear."

From the time of his graduation from the College of the City of New York, Mr. Shepard was a faithful and influential supporter of that institution and for some time before his death was the chairman of its board of trustees. On October 29, 1911, a memorial service in his memory was held in the great hall of the college in the presence of a large audience, including the College Faculty and Board of Trustees, delegations from every class of undergraduates, and of members of the State Board of Regents, distinguished teachers, lawyers and judges and members from all professional walks of life. Eloquent tributes were paid to Mr. Shepard as a lawyer and citizen and scholar by Judge Willard Bartlett of the Court of Appeals, Mr. Francis Lynde Stetson and Mr. James Byrne of the New York Bar, the Honorable Oscar S. Strauss, Professor Adolph Werner of the college, and President Edward A. Alderman of the University of Virginia.

In the course of a busy professional career, Mr. Shepard found the time for much literary study and work and was the author of many magazine articles and monographs and addresses on social, economic, historical and political

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