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filled up with details which could only be true of Tried the relative density of the water of this New York, or of some other great cities invested sea and of the Atlantic; the latter from 25 deg. N. with all the circumstances of modern art and civ- latitude and 52 deg. W. longitude; distilled water
being as 1. The water of the Atlantic was 1.02, ilization.
and of this sea 1.13. The last dissolved it; the Among the other traditions of the lake are those
water of the Atlantic d ; and distilled water of which speak of the peculiar density and saline its weight of salt; the salt used was a little damp. qualities of the waters; that, from the buoyancy On leaving the Jordan, we carefully noted the imparted to them by this density, bodies could not draught of the boats. With the same loads they sink in them ; that, from the ingredients they hold drew one inch less water when afloat upon this sea in solution, no animal life could exist in these than in the river.-P. 377. waters; and that, from the pestiferous effluvia, no
Of the experiments in bathing, little is added birds are found near the lake, and that such as
to those erewhile so graphically recorded by Mr. attempt to fly across fall dead upon the surface.
Stephens in his Incidents of Travels.
We susAs to the density of the waters, it is said by pect, indeed, that Mr. Montague has drawn someJosephus that Vespasian tried the experiment of what upon the pages of that lively traveller. tying the hands of some criminals behind their
“ It was ludicrous to see one of backs, and throwing them into the lake, when they the horses.
As soon as his body touched the floated like corks upon the surface. This was, it
water he was afloat, and turned over on his side ; must be admitted, not a very sagacious experi- he struggled with all his force to preserve his ment, the position of the hands behind the back, equilibrium, but the moment he stopped moving whereby the dangerous weight of the arms is sup- he turned over on his side, and almost on his back, ported by the water, being the most favorable for kicking his feet out of water, and snorting with floating safely in any waters. This, therefore,
This is closely imitated by Montague, could not prove that bodies would not sink; yet who writes, “An experiment with an ass and a being thought to prove that, or to have been in- horse was also made. They were separately led tended to prove it, Dr. Pococke’s assurance that into the sea, and when the water came in contact he not only swam but dived in the water, was with the body of the animals, it was found heavier thought to show either that the experiment had than the body itself, and consequently supported not been correctly stated, or that the water had, in
The legs of the animals bethe course of ages, become more diluted than at
ing rendered useless, were brought upon the surthe time the experiment was made. This, indeed, face, and they were thrown upon their side, is one of the points in which tradition has not plunging and snorting, puzzled by their novel poerred. From the impregnation of saline and bitu
sition.”—P. 219. Now, Lieut. Lynch, in reminous matters, this water is greatly heavier than
porting the same experiment, expressly says, that that of the ocean. This has been shown by many the animals were not turned on their sides ; and travellers for a hundred and fifty years past, and he is at a loss to account for Stephens' statement, scarcely needs the confirmation which our explor- but by supposing that the animal was in that case ers afford. Their long stay on the lake enabled
unusually weak. He admits, indeed, “ that the them, however, to put together a greater number animals turned a little on one side,” but adds, that of practical illustrations of the fact. We will put they did not lose their balance.”
A similar a few of them together from both books. Some
experiment was made at another time with a horse, of the particulars almost suggest the idea of a sea which could with difficulty keep itself upright." of molien metal, still fluid, though cold.
“ With sailor, who took his share in rowing, is most sen
great difficulty I kept my feet down ; and when I sible of one of the effects which his commander less laid [lay) upon my back, and drawing up my notices—the unusual resistance of the waves to the knees placed my hands upon them, I rolled immeprogress of the boat, and the force of their concus
diately over." We fancy that we should have sion against it. There was a storm of wind when rolled over” in any water, or even on land, in the lake was first entered ; and, says this writer, making that experiment. But, however, the " the waves, dashing with fury against the boat, buoyancy of this water is unquestionable ; and it reminded its bold navigators of the sound and force is clear that both man and beast may not only of some immense sledge-hammers, when wielded roll over, but roll over with impunity "pon it. So by a Herculean power.” Again, he dwells on in Mantague's book we read" the extraordinary buoyancy of the waters, from the fact of our boats floating considerably higher
Most of the men have bathed in its waters, and than on the Jordan, with the same weight in them; found them remarkably buoyant, so that they float and the greater weightiness of the water, from the with perfect ease upon it, and could pick a chicken, terrible blows which the opposing waves dealt or read a newspaper at pleasure while so fluating ;
in fact, it was difficult to get below the surface. upon the advancing prows of the boat.” There was another circumstance resulting from this den- These, certainly, are rather luxurious ideas for sity, noticed by the commander, that when the sea the Dead Sea-floating at ease, without fear of rolled, the boats took in much water from the crests drowning, upon a soft water-bed, picking a chicken of the wave circling over the sides. Before quit- and reading a newspaper. Nevertheless, this like ting the lake, Lieutenant Lynch
other luxuries has its penalties—for afterwards we read, “ After being in it some few hours it iterranean and Atlantic Oceans, but of a darkish takes off all the skin, and gives one the 'miser- brown color, and have the same taste as the seaables ;' on washing in it, it spreads over the body water, although it seldom distributes its waves over
them.—Montague, p. 186. a disagreeable oily substance, with a prickly
We noticed, after landing at Usdum, that, in the smarting sensation.” Again—"Another peculi- space of an hour, our very foot-prints upon the arity was, that when the men's hands became wet beach were coated with crystallization.—Montague, with it in rowing, it produced a continual lather, p. 207. and even the skin is oily and stiff, having a prickly A book of a large octavo size, being dipped in the sensation all over it.” Hence they washed with water, either by accident or otherwise, resisted delight, when opportunities offered, in the fresh- every attempt made to dry it. I have subsequently water streams that came down to the sea.-P. 181. seen it in the oven of the ship’s galley on several
occasions, but without any permanent effect.We had quite a task to wash from our skin all Mantague, p. 224. the uncomfortable substances which had clung to us from the Dead Sea, for our clothes and skin had
Now, as to the non-existence of living things in
the water. become positively saturated with the salt water.
This tradition, and that respecting P. 189.
the buoyancy of the water, seem to be those alone
that are fully true. That creatures from the But although thus unpleasant, acrid, and greasy, fresh-water streams we are assured by Captain Lynch that the water is die in water so essentially different—so salt, so
nat pour into the lake should perfectly inodorous. And he ascribes the noxious
dense, so bitter—was to be expected ; but that smells which pervade the shores, not, as Molyneux this condition of the water should be fatal to all supposed, to the lake itself, but to the fætid springs animal existence—that it harbored no peculiar and marshes along the shore, increased, perhaps, forms of life-seemed to require strong proof; by exhalations from the stagnant pools upon the and this has, we think, been now sufficiently flat plain, which bounds the lake to the north.
afforded. This had been stated by other travelElsewhere, he contends, that the saline and in- lers; and being now confirmed by those who were odorous exhalations from the lake itself must be three weeks upon the lake, may be treated as an rather wholesome than otherwise ; and as there is
established fact. No trace of piscatory or lower but little verdure upon the shores, there can be no forms of aquatic life was in all that time seen in vegetable exhalations to render the air impure. these waters. Some of the streams that run into The evil is in the dangerous and depressing influ
the lake are salt. ence from the intense heat, and from the acrid and clammy quality of the waters producing a most
In the salt-water streams there are plenty of fish, irritated state of the skin, and eventually febrile which, when they are unfortunately carried into the symptoms and great prostration of strength. Un
Dead Sea by the stream, or caught in their own der these influences, in a fortnight, although the element by the experimentalist, and thrown into it,
at once expire and float. The same experiment health of the men seemed substantially sound, was made and repeated at the mouth of the Jordan, The figure of each had assumed a dropsical ap- cast into the sea ; and nature, alike in both in
with ourselves, of fish which we caught there, and pearance.
The had become stout, and the stout almost corpulent; the pale faces had become stances, immediately refused her life-supporting inflorid, and those that were florid, ruddy ; moreover,
fluence.- Montague, p. 223. the slightest scratch festered, and the bodies of The commander himself cites a still more exmany of us were covered with small pustules. The traordinary fact. In a note at p. 377, he saysmen complained bitterly of the irritation of their sores, whenever the acrid water of the sea touched
Since our return, some of the water of the Dead them. Still, all had good appetites, and I hoped Sea has been subjected to a powerful microscope, for the best.—Lynch, p. 336.
and no animalculæ or vestige of animal matter could
be detected. Remarkable effects are afforded by the saline
This experiment, and proper care to secure deposits upon the shores. On the peninsula, towards the south end,
some of the water of the lake, reminds us of a
curious passage in our favorite old French travelThere are few bushes, their stems partly buried ler, Nau, who seems to regard this interest in the in the water, and their leafless branches incrusted lake as a characteristic of Protestantism :with salt, which sparkled as trees do at home when the sun shines upon them after a heavy sleet.- Before I finish this chapter, I must not omit to Lynch, p. 298.
mention one thing that surprised me much in my Overhauled the copper boat, which wore away two journeys.
In both there were in the comrapidly in this living sea. Such was the action of pany some heretic merchants, who all manifested a the fluid upon the metal, that the latter, so long as marked devotion for this Sea of Sodom, testifying it was exposed to its immediate friction, was as an extraordinary gladness in beholding it, and fillbright as burnished gold, but when it came in con- ing a large number of bottles with its water, tact with the air, it corroded immediately.—Lynch, to carry home with them, as if it had been some
precious relic. I am not well able to understand The shores of the beach before me, as I write, the reasons of their devotion, or why they burdened are encrusted with salt, and locked exactly as if themselves with so much of this water, which is of white-washed.-Lynch, p. 344.
wrath and vengeance, rather than with that of the The sands are not so bright as those of the Med- Jordan, which is a water of mercy and salvation.
From the Boston Courier.
In fact, these men declared that there was nothing Contend with me! My heart shall never drop in all the Holy Land which they had seen with so From its resolves, nor rest, for thee, inert, much gratification.-- Voyage Nouveau, p. 384. Though in thy strength e'en treble strong thou wert; The scarcity of vegetation upon the bushes
I'll use thy opposition as a prop would account for the comparative absence of land is golden fame. Arouse thee then! Alert!
To help me onward to that field whose crop birds from the lake; and the absence of fishes and My breast is bent against thee. Come! the charge! other aquatic creatures from the waters would
Oh the fine tourney, when the soul of man sufficiently explain the absence of aquatic fowl. Doch tilt 'gainst human weakness! When at large There is no doubt, for these causes, some scarcity
The spirits fly and soar past mortal scan! of birds here as compared with other lakes. But
What can discomfort him upon whose targe the notion that the effluvia of the waters were fatal
This war-word 's written, What I will I can!
Examiner. to birds that attempted to pass, has been disproved during the present century by a great accumulation of evidence, which our explorers have been enabled largely to confirm. In fact, though we have
NO MORE. long ceased to have any doubts on this point, we
No more—it is a harp's low tone feel somewhat surprised at the number and variety Whispering of light and pleasure gone ;of birds that are mentioned as found upon the bor- No more—it is a broken lute; ders of the lake, as flying over it, or as skimming A fading flower, with blighted root. its surface. It is scarcely worth while to multi
No more—it is a murmuring rill, ply instances of what almost every recent traveller
Whose waves will soon be hushed—be stillhas noticed. One instance is sufficient and con
But while they run, keep chanting low clusive, which is, that wild bucks were more then The hymn of all things here below. once seen floating at their sase on the surface of
No more-it is a severed chord ; the lake. The tradition, now to be treated as ob
The breaking of a plighted word ; solete, probably originated in the bodies of dead
An echo of the pulse's beat, birds being found on the shore or upon the water. Ere quiet are its hastening feet. Such were, indeed, three times picked up by our travellers; but Lieut. Lynch feels assured that
No more it is a shadow fled ; they had perished from exhaustion, and not from
A haunting thought of loved and dead;
A cloud that hovers over earth ; any malaria of the sea. Montague thinks they
A discord in each song of mirth. had rather been shot in their flight, and adds the interesting fact, that they were in a good state of No more—it is a passing bell, preservation, though they appeared to have been Of youth, and love, and life, the knell ; for some time in the water. The water, he adds,
A cypress wreath ;-a pall ;-a bier ; seems to have the quality of preserving whatever
The end of human hope and fear. is cast into it. Specimens of wood found there were in an excellent state of preservation.
[MAJOR GORDON'S PRUSSIAD.) We now quit with reluctance a subject in which
Major Alexander Gordon, a volunteer in the we feel very much interest. Lieut. Lynch's book Prussian service, wrote an heroic poem called the must be pronounced of great value, not only for Prussiad, which he presented to the King of Prusthe additions which it makes to our knowledge, but sia, at the camp of Madlitz, near Furstenwalde, as the authentic record of an enterprise in the Sept. 7, 1759, and then published at London, with highest degree honorable to all the parties con- the letter from that king prefixed, thus translated by cerned. Our only regret is, that the author's the poet himself. avowed anxiety to occupy the book-market has prevented him from digesting his materials so
To Major Alexander Gordon.
Sir-I have read your poem with satisfaction : carefully as the importance of the subject demand
and thank you for the many genteel compliments ed, and has left inexcusable marks of haste, which you have paid me in it. Towards the expense of should in any future edition be removed. Mr. having it printed, I have ordered my secretary to Bentley is not, in this matter, altogether free from pay you two hundred crowns, which I desire you blame; for there are numerous persons in this will accept of, not as a reward of your merit, but as country whose services would have removed most a mark of my benevolence.
FREDERICK. of the grosser errors by which the work is disfigured. As for the other book, what we have
It is a neat poem, as the following passage may already said, we say once more :—It is a bushel show. of chaff, from which those who think it worth their Upon the precipice of danger, see while, and who have sufficient patience and skill, The king in person, while his blazing sword may contrive to extract a few grains of wheat. Hangs o'er the verge of death, and rules the fight.
Beneath him, in the dark abyss, appear
Carnage, besmeared with gore, and red-faced Rout; SONNET.
Pursuit upon the back of panting Flight Come, difficulty—hindrance to desert,
Hacks terrible, and gashes him with wounds. Bugbear to fear, to dulness final stop
A VERY WOMAN.
others, if her most active bodily exertion is to
dance the polka? But this must be all real. It BY 8. M., THE AUTHOR OF THE MAIDEN AUNT.
must be done, not thought about ; and the disa“Fertile in expedients !” said Clara Capel to greeables and the failures, which one must needs herself, as she stood alone at the breakfast-table encounter, must be laughed at and overcome. Then with a spoon filled with tea-leaves carefully poised how charming it will be when I see my work, in her hand on its way from the caddy to the tea- and feel that I hold the family together, and that pot. The life of Sully lay open on the table be- they all look to me and have recourse to me; and side her, and was the immediate cause of her that by sacrificing my own particular wishes and soliloquy. “Fertile in expedients !" thought she, tastes I am able to sustain them all, and to make “it is always the same. All great men are so, them all happy!" whether statesmen, or generals, or authors. They Clara clasped her hands together in the enthudon't make a handsome, tidy, comfortable theory siasm awakened by this idea, and the contents of in their own minds, and then throw away every- the teaspoon went fluttering over the white tablething they meet with because it does not exactly cloth, not omitting to sprinkle the open butter-dish suit the place they have got ready for it; but they which stood near. take the world as they find it, and having got their " Is n't
my mistress' breakfast ready yet, Miss materials they improve here and correct there, Clara ?" asked a somewhat untidy looking maid, as they invent this and beautify that and combine she entered the room, carrying an empty tray, and all, till at last they have built up a great edifice to followed by the master of the house and sundry the glory of God; and the irregularity and variety, other members of the family ; "she has been waitthe dreamy lights and doubtful shadows, are, in ing for it this quarter of an hour.' fact, the beauty of it.” (Clara was pleased with Clara looked bewildered at this sudden sumher illustration, and so paused to polish it a little mons from her castle in the air. ere she proceeded.) “To give up laboring be- “Why, the tea is n't even made !" cried Mr. cause the persons, or the systems, by whom and Capel, indignantly “ Really, Clara, it is very under which you have to labor, are not ideally tiresome. Books," with a wrathful glance at the perfect, is very much as if an artist were to give volume of Sully, are exceedingly well in their up painting because his oil-colors did n't smell of way; but it is one of the worst characteristics of a otto of roses, and were apt to soil his fingers. regular blue-stocking to be dreaming over a book • Make the best of it !'—that is the motto of all when she ought to be making herself useful. Halfpractical greatness—and what a best it is some- past nine o'clock, too, and the children's breakfast times! How infinitely and wonderfully the result not ready yet. If this goes on I shall have Julia transcends the means ! Well, and the same sort installed as housekeeper in future ; she may, perof mind which, when the proportions are large, haps be better, and it's quite certain she could n't is fit to rule the world must be necessary, though be worse !" with small proportions, for the guidance of a fam- “I am very sorry, papa,” said Clara, meekly, ily, or a course of every-day duties. Of that I am the ready tears gathering in her eyes. quite sure. And this is a woman's business, not “O! it's easy to be very sorry," returned her to sit down as do and grieve inwardly because father, as he sat down and began cutting bread she cannot do what she would, but to do what she and butter with great vehemence; " but the fact is, can, and that cheerfully. Goëthe says, “It is well you don't care for such things—you never think for a woman when no work seems too hard for her about them your head is full of other matters ; and or too small, when she is able to forget herself and as long as you have your German and your music to live entirely in others.' Why am I not thus ? it's nothing to you that your mother has to wait I can be, and by God's help I will be. Unselfish- for her breakfast. If you gave one twentieth part stess and energy, these are the great secrets, and of the thought which you bestow on a sonata by these are within everybody's reach. I may be, if Beethoven to the comfort of your family, it would I choose, the life and centre of this home of mine— be better for all of us !" the one who helps all, the one to whom all appeal. How unjust we are to each other! and yet I may bring order and even elegance out of all scarcely to be condemned, for the action is all we this confusion, by descending to details and going can see ; and when the action belies the thought to work heartily. Why should I be ashamed to how can we form a right judgment? And who is do so ? The heroine of a Swedish novel goes into there so perfectly disciplined that his habitual aa the kitchen to dress beef-steaks for her husband's tions do indeed represent his inward aspirations ? dinner, and yet is capable of discussing æsthetics in Clara was naturally timid ; she attempted no. a manner that few Englishwomen could equal One self-defence, but hurriedly and nervously proceeded would not be less liked and admired-(here it must , with the business of breakfast. She made tea, be confessed that a particular person was in Clara's conscious that the water had ceased to boil, but thoughts, though she gave mental utterance to afraid to expose the fact by ringing the bell for a no name)—for such exertions, but rather more. fresh supply. Quietly and silently she provided Men, especially, never think so highly of a woman the children with their bread and milk, distributed as when she contributes to the comfort of others; the steaming cups to her elder brother and sister, and how can she contribute, to the comfort of | and finally placed the strongest beside her father,