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and afterwards acted for a while as adjutant-gen- and activity.” Another account says : -"The brigeral, and as secretary to Lord George Sackville, ade formed of grenadiers and Highlanders distinwho at that time commanded the English branch guished themselves remarkably on this occasion.”' of the allied forces. On the resignation of that conduct of the Highlanders (who had now acquired
In the battle of Fellinghausen, in July, 1761, the nobleman, he was again without employment, but the character of veteran soldiers) was again honored his own services and his father's interest had in- by a flattering mark of approbation by the comfluence enough with Mr. Pitt to secure his ap- mander-in-chief.: “His Serene Highness Prince pointment to the command of a new Highland Ferdinand of Brunswick has been graciously pleased force about to be raised and sent to the scene of to signify his entire approbation of their conduct on war in Germany. The corps was to consist of the 15th and 16th of July. The soldier-like persefive companies, and Keith's rank was that of verance of the Highland regiments in resisting and major-commandant. His commission was made of France, has deservedly gained them the highest
repulsing the repeated attacks of the chosen troops out in the most gratifying manner, his command honor. The intrepidity of the little band of Highbeing quite a separate one, and only under Prince landers merits the highest praise.” He adds~ The Ferdinand and Lord Granby. It was not long be- humanity and generosity with which the soldiers fore “Keith's Highlanders” became well known treated the great flock of prisoners they took, does to the public. General Stewart of Garth, in his them as much honor as their subduing the enemy." spirited account of the Highland regiments, after
After the battle of Fellinghausen, Keith wrote remarking that the body commanded by Keith to his father that Prince Ferdinand, to show his joined the allied army under Prince Ferdinand, in sense of the gallantry of the Highlanders,“ deigned 1759, observes—“The opinion early formed of
to embrace your son in the presence of all the genthis corps may be estimated from the fact of their eral officers, which favor he accompanied with the having been ordered to attack the enemy the third most flattering expressions of regard for the brave day after they arrived in the camp of the allies. little bodies." So high was their reputation that In what manner this duty was executed, may be Marshal Broglie, who commanded the troops to learned from the following statement” :
which they were opposed, said, in reference at once The Highlanders, under Major Keith, supported
to their stature and their courage, “ that he once by the hussars of Luehnec, who commanded the wished he were a man six feet high, but that now whole detachment, attacked the village of Eyback, he was reconciled to his size, since he has seen sword in hand, where Baron Fremont's regiment the wonders performed by the little mountaineers.” of dragoons were posted, and routed them with The testimony to their good conduct wherever great slaughter. The greater part of the regiment they were known did them equal honor. As they was killed, and many prisoners taken, together with 200 horses and all their baggage. The Highland- marched through Holland, on their route home, ers distinguished themselves greatly by their intre- they were received with acclamations, the women pidity, which was the more remarkable, as they presenting them with laurel leaves, and the chilwere no other than raw recruits just arrived from dren imitating their dress and swords. In Engtheir own country, and altogether unacquainted land they were hospitably entertained at the difwith regular discipline.
ferent towns through which they passed ; and at The good opinion which Prince Ferdinand Derby not only was no payment accepted from formed of this corps, led him to recommend its them for quarters, but subscriptions were raised to
This last exhibition being augmented. This was accordingly done, give gratuities to the men. and the men who had been inarched down from of feeling, we may be well assured, arose not the Highlands, and embodied at Perth and Stir- merely from an admiration of their heroism, but ling, joined the allies in Germany in 1760. They from the grateful recollection of the people of the were immediately paid the distinguished honor of town, that when the Highlanders were there under being placed in the grenadier brigade.
Charles Edward, they had respected persons and
property, and conducted themselves in all respects The campaign having opened (says Gen. Stew- with exemplary propriety. art) on the 20th July, 1760, the Hereditary Prince The Highland corps was disbanded in the sumof Brunswick marched for the camp at Kelle, with mer of 1763, and the following year was passed a body of troops, including the two battalions of by Keith chiefly in Paris, where he was received English grenadiers and two of Highlanders; and with a great deal of attention. In 1765 he reon the 30th, in a smart action, defeated the with considerable loss. The prince, in writing to turned to London, and for four years formed one George II. an account of the battle, after stating of a set of clever men, most of whom held high the loss of the enemy at fifteen hundred men, and appointments in the government, and who all more than an equal number of prisoners, adds, I lived much together. In the interval he was given “ Ours, which was moderate, fell chiefly on Mar- the regular rank of colonel in the British army, well's brave battalion of English grenadiers, and and in 1769 was appointed envoy to the court of two regiments of Scotch Highlanders, which did toonders."
Saxony. Mr. Pitt, who was disposed to be his On a subsequent occasion, that of a night attack friend, was aware of his acquirements, and bad on a fortress, he says : -" The Scots Highlanders mounted the breaches, sword in hand, supported by says Mr. Gillespie Smyth, more noticed in the army,
* "No trait in the character of the Highlander tras, ** the chasseurs. The service was complete, and the than the respect paid by them to their chaplain, Mr. Mactroops displayed equal courage, soldier-like conduct, aulay, and the influence he possessed with them."
the opportunity of knowing something of his busi- ing, and without having a bitter recollection of what ness habits, and no doubt thought that he was well I suffered. We ascertained, however, that he was suited for the line in which his father was already a Calvinist, and he said so himself; and Heaven is distinguished. His new position, however, seemed my witness that from that moment I did not hesi
tate. I refused the hand of milord maréchal, and only likely to develop his social qualities, as the two days afterwards he set out to return to his own following account of the routine of his existence country, from whence he wrote to say that grief indicates :
and despair would lead him to acts that might bring Now I'm about it, I'll give you a little sketch him to the scaffold. There, my child, is the hisof my way of living: Morning, eight o'clock-tory of the only predilection I ever had in my life Dish of coffee, half a basin of tea, billets dour, em- for any one except M. Créqui, to whom I was broiderers, toymen, and tailors. Ten-Business of honest enough to talk of it without reserve. Europe ; with a little music now and then, pour
The lovers never met again until the lady was en gayee les affaires. Twelve- Devoirs at one or other of the courts (for we have three or four.)
a grandmother, and the chevalier three score years
and ten. From thence to fine ladies, toilettes, trifles, and
The scene is described by Madame de tender things. Two-Dine in public—three courses Créqui, as before :and a dessert ; venture upon a half glass of pure
The visit of the Maréchal of Scotland took place wine, to exhilarate the spirits without hurting the in the presence of Madame de Nevers, and it moved complexion. Four-Rendezvous, sly visits, decla- her to the depths of her soul. You were then born, rations, éclairecissements, &c. &c. Sir Politics,
dear grandson, and the maréchal was seventy philosophy, and whist. Seven-Opera, appartement, years of age. “Listen,” said he,“ listen to the or private party A world of business, jealousies, only French verses I ever composed, and perhaps fears, poutings, &c. After settling all these jar- the only reproaches that ever were addressed to ring interests, play a single rubber at whist, en al
you :tendant le souper. Ten-Pick the wing of a par
Un trait, lancé par caprice, tridge, propos galans, scandal, and petites chansons.
M'atteignit dans mon printems: Crown the feast with a bumper of Burgundy from
J'en porte la cicatrice the fairest hand ; and at twelve steal away mys
Encore, sous mes cheveux blancs. teriously-home to bed! There's a pretty lute
Craignez les maux qu’l'amour cause, string kind of life for you!
Et plaignez un insensé
Qui n'a point cueilli la rose, In telling of a run which he made to Berlin,
Et qui l'epine a blessé." Keith describes the great Frederick as “ younger,
Vol. i., p. 137. handsomer, and livelier by far than he had figured The lord marischal was, on the intercession of to himself, his conversation as keen and interest- the King of Prussia, restored to his estates in ing, and his looks, when he was in good humor, Scotland, and Mr. Adolphus says that having then as agreeable.” While there, he made the ac- but lately returned from Spain, he, to show his quaintance of a remarkable man, who was a near gratitude, communicated to our government their relative of his own-George Keith, ninth Earl earliest information on the subject of the remarkaMarischal of Scotland, who, on account of the part ble treaty known as the “Family Compact." He he took in the rebellion of 1715, was obliged to was the brother of the gallant Marshal Keith, to leave his country, and was invited by Frederick to whom, we may observe, our Sir Robert Murray reside, as his friend, in Berlin. The lord maris- Keith erected a monument at Hochkirchen, where chal deserves some episodal notice. At the age he fell, and the inscription on which was written of four-and-twenty he arrived in Paris on a mission by Metastasio. The lord marischal retained, until from the English Jacobites, and while residing he was past eighty, the winning liveliness of his there with his uncles the Dukes of Perth and Mel-manner; and Madame de Créqui, surviving him fort, he became attached to a young lady of great many years, died at nearly a hundred. beauty, and of the noble family of De Breteuil. After a two years' residence in Dresden, Keith One day he said to her, apropos to nothing—" If was, much to his sorrow, sent as ambassador to I dared to fall in love with you would you ever for the court of Denmark. It pained him to give up give me?” “I should be enchanted,” was the fair the intimacies he had formed in Saxony; and he reply; and the handsome Scotchman was per- could not contemplate without repugnance the mitted to read Spanish with the object of his love. colder climate and more formal manners of DenAs to English, no one then thought of learning it mark. The appointment was, however, a proof or any other northern language. The marischal's of the confidence which the government reposed proposal of marriage was formally made and regu-l in him, and eventually proved to be the means of larly submitted to the heads of the family, amongst extending his influence and reputation. To show whom was unluckily an aunt, who shrieked at the how greatly he was regarded in Dresden we may idea, “because the Maréchal of Scotland must be mention that the electress dowager, of whose a Protestant.” The sequel of piety, constancy, talents and character he had always expressed and despair is told by the lady herself, when young a high opinion, was, during his stay in Denmark, no more, and after having been long married to his weekly correspondent, and, as he said himself, another :
on as easy a footing as my sister Anne.”
Keith's connection with this northern court I had never thought of that! The discovery burst upon me so suddenly and so grievously that I leads to the story of that young, fair, and injured cannot, even now, dwell upon it without shudder-princess, Carolina Matilda, Queen of Denmark,
which forms the most interesting portion of these were arrayed the ladies, and on the other the men; volumes, and was, as the editor assures us, at first and at the end were two rows of young women, their only object. There is not, we believe, an dressed in white, who strewed flowers before her historical romance connected with the annals of majesty as she approached.” any country which is at the same time more tragical and more affecting ; and its details are not, in these details of the contemporary chronicler in the
How irresistibly (says Mrs. Gillespie Smyth) do our day, so well remembered but that they may be quaint language of the times the“ bloom-colored" referred to with interest.
dress, white wreath, and flowers strewed before the Carolina Matilda was the posthumous child of virgin bride by the young maidens of her new Frederick Prince of Wales, and sister of King dominions—suggest to those acquainted with the George III. She was, from her earliest years, sad sequel, the idea of an unconscious victim proremarkable for the sweetness of her character, and ceeding to her doom! Yet, among those who wither mind was highly cultivated. To an acquaint- tured to predict that within five years the interpo
nessed this brilliant reception, who would have venance with the classics she added a knowledge of sition of her royal brother of England would have French and German, which she spoke with per- been called for, to rescue from popular fury and the fect fluency. Her charities, while a girl, made virulence of faction, the princess so enthusiastically her known to the indigent in the neighborhood of hailed; or imagine that the cannon which pealed Kew; and when Queen of Denmark she often the welcome from the forts of her new capital took with her own hands supplies of money to the would, within that period, with extorted courtesy, poor, with stockings for their children, knitted by dom of which she had been the delight and orna
give the signal of her perpetual exile from a kingherself and her ladies. She was above the mid- ment? It was not until after the event, that an dle height, well-formed, yet inclined to embon- honest eye-witness thus remarks : “ The tears of point. · Her face was a regular oval, and her her majesty on parting from the dear country in eyebrows, arched with symmetry, added sweetness which she drew her first breath, might have inspired and expression to her beautiful eyes.
in those who beheld them gloomy forebodings as to and teeth exhibited the lively colors of coral and
the issue of the voyage she was about to under
take.”'_Vol. i., p. 63. the whiteness of alabaster. She had a good complexion, although not so fair as some of the royal In January, 1768, the young queen gave birth family, and her hair was of a light chestnut. Her to a son ; but notwithstanding the event, the voice was sweet and melodious, and her aspect queen dowager continued to practise her amrather gracious than majestic ; but she had in her bitious arts, and to avail herself of the ascendency tout ensemble a most prepossessing physiognomy.” which she had early acquired over the king, as Such was she at sixteen, when her hand was well as with his leading counsellors. Her object sought in marriage by Christian VII., the young now was to separate him from his wife, and afford monarch of Denmark. The proposal, it is said, herself the chances of making out causes for their was received by her in sadness, although there is domestic unhappiness. With this view she sugno reason to think that she regarded the young gested his travelling for improvement and observaking—then but seventeen-with anything like tion, and it was accordingly determined that he repugnance. He is described as rather under the should visit, first London, and then the other great middle height, yet finely proportioned, light, com-courts of Europe. Except one faithful statespact, and possessing a considerable degree of agil-man, Count Bernstorff, it was remarked that every ity and strength. “ His complexion remarkably nobleman in his train was well calculated to perfair; his features, if not handsome, were regular ; vert his principles, and aid him in all that was his eyes blue, lively, and expressive ; his hair wrong. On their reaching England, Horace Walvery light: he had a good forehead and aquiline pole, the great authority in little things, thus nose, a handsome mouth, and a fine set of teeth.” describes the royal Dane : He was, it was added, elegant in his dress, cour
I came to town to see the Danish king. He is teous, and generous to profusion. The darkest as diminutive as if he came out of a kernel in the share of their tragic fates is that which relates to fairy tales. He is not ill-made, or weakly made, him. He was left by his father, when very young, though so small; and though his face is pale and in the charge of an ambitious stepmother, who delicate, it is not at all ugly. Still, he has more sought, even in his father's lifetime, to repress, of royalty than folly in his air, and considering that rather than cultivate, his mental powers ; disre
he is not twenty, is as well as any one expects a garding, at the same time, both his principles and king in a puppet-show to be. his health, in the hope that he might be early And again : removed, and that her own son, who was but four Well, then, this great king is a very little one. years younger, should be made king in his stead. He has the sublime strut of his grandfather (or a Thus much is necessary to make our reference to cock-sparrow) and the divine white eyes of all his the narrative intelligible.
family on the mother's side. His curiosity seems The youthful pair were married at the Chapel to have consisted in the original plan of travelling, Royal of St. James', on the 1st October, 1966– for I cannot say he takes notice of anything in par
ticular. The mob adore and huzza him, and so and on the 18th, the bridal queen first landed in they did at the first instant. They now begin to her new dominions. The bridge at Altona was know why, for he flings money to them out of the covered with scarlet cloth, " on one side whereof | window, and by the end of the week I do not doubt
they will want to choose him for Middlesex. His and leaving that, practised with some reputation court is extremely well ordered, for they bow as low as a physician at Altona. His evil fortune led to him at every word, as if his name were Sultan him to Copenhagen, where very considerable talAmurath. You would take his first minister for only the first of his slaves. I hope this example, ents, a fine person and graceful manner, comwhich they have been good enough to exhibit at the mended him to the king. On the return of the opera, will civilize us. There is, indeed, a pert royal party to Denmark, Christian presented young gentleman who a little discomposes this Struensee to the queen with his own hand, recomaugust ceremonial ; his name is Count Holke, his mended him to her confidence as a physician, and age three and twenty, and his post answers to one very soon afterwards promoted him to the station that we had formerly in England, ages ago, called of privy councillor. His influence was now in the in our tongue, a high favorite. Minerva, in the shape of Count Bernstorff (or out of all shape in ascendant, and an occasion offered which at once, the person of the Duchess of -) is to conduct and very naturally, established it. The follies Telemachus to York races; for can a monarch be and excesses of the king, which, bad as they were, perfectly accomplished in the mysteries of king- were all, through the artifices of his stepmother, craft, unless initiated in the art of jockeyship? — exaggerated to the queen, led to their being alienVol. i., pp. 173–4.
ated from each other, and to their living apart. Count Holke, the Narcissus of the group-ever Struensee succeeded in reconciling them. From his own admirer-was, as well as Molke, his rival that day he received every hour new marks of in the royal confidence, a shallow follower of pleas- their regard, was soon known as the confidential ure, and the scenes into which they led their adviser of the king, and in a little time appointed thoughtless master were of the most discreditable his first minister, with almost unlimited powers. kind. Monarchs, however, who go about incog. He was, moreover, given the highest title of nobilnito, sometimes meet with warnings which they ity, that of a Count of Denmark. would not be likely to receive under other circum This rapid elevation was most unfortunate for stances, and so it proved with our young Christian him. It exposed him to the envy of a jealous VII. One evening he and his friends went in aristocracy, and rendered him unpopular, the Danes disguise to some place of resort frequented by not liking that a foreigner-and such they counted Danish and Swedish shipmasters, and Count Holke the natives of Holstein-should have so much asked an old skipper what he thought of his king ; power in the state. Struensee, while simply a and if he were not proud of the honors paid to doctor, was generally beloved, and in his new him by the English? “I think,” said the sea-sphere he exhibited great industry, and consideraman, dryly, " that with such counsellors as Count ble administrative talents ; but he was prone to Holke, if he escapes destruction it will be by mira- rash innovation, and some of his measures were cle.” “Do you know Count Holke, friend,” both ill-judged and unpassable. He offended the said he, “that you thus speak of him so familiar- military by disbanding the regiments of guards, on ly?" “Only by report," said the Dane ; “but the ground of economy; he incurred the hostility everybody in Copenhagen pities the queen, attrib- of the nobility, by suppressing the privy council, uting the coolness which the king showed to her, and excited the dignation of the people at lar as he was setting out on this voyage, to the mal- by repealing one of their ancient laws, which punice of Count Holke." “ The confusion of the min- ished adultery with death. This last proceeding ion,” says Gillespie Smyth, “ may be conceived ; was accepted as a proof of his sympathy with while the king, giving the skipper a handful of vice, and his leaning to licentiousness. It was not ducats, bade him 'speak the truth and shame the enough attended to that he was the first minister devil.'” The moment the king spoke in Danish, of an absolute monarch who abolished torture, the old man knew him, and looking at him with that he did much toward the emancipation of the love and reverence, said in a low and subdued serfs ; that he encouraged agriculture, commerce, tone, “ Forgive me, sire, but I cannot conceal my and manufactures ; exempted from censure all litgrief to see you exposed to the temptations of this erary productions, and granted to all religious devast metropolis, under the pilotage of the most nominations the free exercise of their worship. dissolute nobleman in Denmark.” This incident, The good that he did " was buried with him,” we are told, led to the decline of the influence of while his errors were too bitterly remembered. Holke, and to the rise of that of a more celebrated He was deficient in the vigilance and sagacity person, the Count Struensee, who had also accom- needful for one who had to contend with numerous panied the king to England, as his physician, and enemies, and he did not possess that purity of of whom, as he is a leading character in our tragic personal conduct which might have eventually set tale, it is needful for us now to speak. John Fred-him right with the people. He had the reputation erick Struensee was the son of a poor and humble of being a profligate, and this was the main cause clergyman, who was afterwards, but long before of his ruin, as well as of the fall of the innocent his son came into power, advanced to a bishopric queen. Caroline Matilda was but nineteen, and it in Holstein, and who, it was known, never ceased will not raise the wonder of any one that she to lament the elevation of his child. Struensee should with youthful warmth exhibit her gratitude was born in Holstein, in 1737, received his early to one who had restored her to influence, and education in the Orphan House of D'Franke at served her so materially. She undoubtedly conHalle, passed on at fourteen to the University, ducted herself in regard to him with extreme im
prudence, dancing with him in public, having him overlooked. It was as though he meant to say, as her attendant in her daily rides, and permitting
" This woman would be a queen without a throne!" him, as our editor observes, to assume towards her
A higher title was conferred on his long-dead an air of ostentatious intimacy which gave great on the picture, said “ that was an angel!”
mistress by an old court chamberlain, who, looking offence. In these, as well as in some particulars of less importance, she was too indifferent to ap
Who this faithful Polonius was we are not told, pearances. The very circumstance of her ordi but we glean from another source* a still more ennary equestrian costume is said to have aided quite gaging portrait of the queen, which the reader as much as anything else in disposing the people will agree with us in thinking goes quite as far to believe the scandalous rumors which were cir- towards justifying his praise. It refers to a period culated against her.
when the weak monarch and his worthless friend When Queen Matilda rode out a hunting, her teries of Paris, or the low orgies of London :
were wasting health and character amidst the mysattire too much resembled a man's. Her hair was pinned up closer than usual ; she wore a dove-col During the absence of her giddy lord, Matilda ored beaver hat, with a gold band and tassels, a resided, principally, at the palace of Frederickslong scarlet coat, a frilled shirt, and a man's cra- burg, in the neighborhood of Copenhagen, and her vat, while from beneath the coat was seen to peep conduct was free from reproach. Though courted a more unfeminine appendage still, too much in and menaced by conflicting parties, she joined with keeping with the terminating spurs. That she none, nor showed the least ambition for political made a noble figure, mounted on a majestic steed, power. She appeared to feel a truly maternal afand dashing through the woods after the chase, her fection for her child, and, in spite of remonstrances, cheeks flushed with health and violent exercise, had the infant and nurse to sleep in her own apartmay readily be conceded.
ment. She sometimes visited, and was visited by Her love for hunting arose, it is said, from a
the queen dowager, but lived very retired. She
was grown in stature and appearance much more desire to counteract, by following the chase, a ten- womanly than when she arrived in Denmark. The dency to embonpoint, and the fatal influence of her glow of robust health was on her cheek ; she often costume is another evidence that a failure in deco- nursed her child, and a more interesting object rum is often more severely censured than a want could scarcely be conceived than this lovely and of morals. Keith, writing home, says in refer- lively queen playing with her babe. ence to this ungraceful fashion :
During this period of retirement she visited the
houses of the farmers and peasants who resided An abominable riding-habit, with a black slouched near the palace ; and though she could not converse hat, has been almost universally introduced here, fluently with these poor, grateful people, she gained which gives every woman the appearance of an their warm hearts by her condescension in visiting awkward postilion. In all the time I have been in their cottages, smiling, graciously on their wives Denmark, I never saw the queen out in any other and daughters, and distributing useful presents. garb.
Thus innocently Queen Matilda passed her time,
during the travels of her wild and dissipated husMrs. Gillespie Smyth cites from a Danish band. writer the following description of a celebrated picture of the queen at Copenhagen :
When the ambitious queen dowager conceived
that her artifices were successful, that she was supOver a marble table hung a portrait in a broad ported by the military, the dissatisfied nobility, and gilt frame. It represented a lady in a dress of blu- might probably rely on the peoplef at large, she ish satin, embroidered with gold and edged with formed a conspiracy, in which the chief agents lace ; the sleeves and puffs over the full bosom being of brownish brocade. Round her neck was a were, her son, Prince Frederick, a courtier named closely-strung necklace of pearls, and similar rings Koller Banner, and Count Rantzau, a general of were in the ears. The hair was turned up and great influence, who had been much in the French powdered: it occupied a height and breadth which, and Russian interests, but of whom Keith says, agreeably to the fashion of the time, exceeded that that “had he lived within reach of Justice Fieldof the whole face, and was decorated with a golding, I he would have furnished matter for an Old chain, enameis, and jewels, entwined with a border Bailey trial, any one year of the last twenty of of blonde, which hung down over one ear. face was oval, the forehead high and arched; the his life.” Their object, no doubt, was to make nose delicately curved, the mouth pretty large, the * Danish MS. quoted in “ Brown's Northern Courts." lips red and swelling; the eyes large, and of a pe- letter of Keith's, written before the queen's attempt :
+ This was indicated by a circumstance mentioned in a culiarly light blue, mild, and, at the same time, "A few hundreds of Norwegian sailors, who had some serious, deep, and confiding. I would describe the demands of pay, and were unable to feed themselves in entire dress, piece by piece, and the features, trait this dear capital, went three weeks ago, in a tumultuary, by trait, but in vain should I endeavor to convey an though deliberate manner, to demand justice at Hincholm idea of the peculiar expression, the amiable lofti-1-the king's palace near Copenhagen. Upon the first ness or lofty amiableness, which beamed from that promise of redress, they returned quietly to town, but it youthful face, the freshness of whose color I have handful of men, if they had been led to the palace by a
was easy to see what might have been effected by this never seen surpassed. It needed not to cast your less pardonable impulse than hunger. The possibility of eye upon the purple mantle, bordered with ermine, such an application is now manifest, as well as its impu: which hung carelessly on the shoulder, to discover nity; and what is very important to the fortune of in her a queen! She could be nothing of inferior Struensee, it is generally believed that his boasted intre. rank. This the painter, too, had felt, for the bor- pidity forsook him upon the appearance of the sailors.”
# The well-known novelist, at that time Divisional der of the mantle was so narrow as almost to be Magistrate of Police in London.