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guess the purport of her visit. Admit her in-| her bust, were each in their turn the theme of the stantly."

court poets. That the extraordinary and almost “ The lady is anxious to be permitted to see your fabulous duration of her beauty was in a great demajesty alone,” said the usher respectfully. gree due to the precautions which she adopted,

The monarch glanced rapidly about him with a there can be little doubt, for she spared no effort to slight inclination of the head, and in a moment the secure it; she was jealously careful of her health, apartment was cleared ; while, as the retreating and in the most severe weather bathed in cold steps of the courtiers were heard in the gallery, a water; she suffered no cosmetic to approach her. lateral door fell back, and, closely veiled, and en-denouncing every compound of the kind as worthy veloped in a heavy mantle, Diana rushed into the only of those to whom nature had been so niggardly saloon and threw herself at the feet of the king, as to compel them to complete her imperfect work; screaming breathlessly, “ Mercy! mercy !” she rose every morning at six o'clock, and had no

“ I pity you, madame, from my very heart," said sooner left her chamber than she sprang into the Francis, as he lifted her from the ground, and saddle ; and after having galloped a league or two, placed her upon a seat.

returned to her bed, where she remained until mid“ Do more, sire,” exclaimed Diana, rising and day engaged in reading. The system appears a standing erect, her beautiful figure relieved by the singular one, but in her case it undoubtedly proved sombre drapery which she had flung aside in the successful, as, after having enslaved the Duke effort. “ You are a great and powerful sovereign. d'Orleans in her thirty-first year, she still reigned Do more. Forget that Jane de Poitiers was the in absolute sovereignty over the heart of the King friend of Charles de Bourbon, and remember only of France when she had nearly reached the age of that he was the zealous and loyal subject of Fran- sixty! It is certain, however, that the magnificent cis I. The most noble, the most holy of all royal Diana owed no small portion of this extraordinary prerogatives, is mercy.

and unprecedented constancy to the charms of her “ Madame"

mind and the brilliancy of her intellect. “Ah, you relent! My father is saved !” exclaimed the grande seneschale ; “I knew itI felt

At a recent meeting of the Ethnological Society it-you could not see those venerable gray hairs an interesting paper was read from E. G. Squier, soiled by the hands of the executioner.”

our charge des affaires at Guatemala. Mr. Squier What more passed during this memorable inter- has already commenced his antiquarian researches, view is not even matter of history. The writers and forwarded several curious relics to Washingof the time put different interpretations upon the He gives an account of the recent discovery clemency of the king. Suffice it that the Count de of an ancient city, buried beneath the forest, about St. Vallier was reprieved upon the very scaffold ; a hundred and fifty miles from Leon, which far and that Madame de Brézé remained at court, surpasses the architectural wonders of Palenque. where she became the inspiring spirit of the muse A curious letter was also read, addressed to the of Clemont Marot, who has succeeded, by the President of the United States, from the last of the various poems which he wrote in her honor, and Peruvian incas. Samuel G. Arnold, of Providence, of which the sense is far from equivocal, in cre- who has recently returned from South America, ating a suspicion that it was not long ere she met with the venerable inca, who is ninety years became reconciled not only to the manners but also of age. He found him sitting in the shadow of the to the vices of the licentious court, in which there- Temple of the Sun, reading Tasso.—N. Y. Mirror. after she made herself so unfortunately conspicuous. Some historians acquit her of having paid by the forfeiture of her innocence for the life of her father, from the fact that in the patent by which his sen

IT CANNOT LAST. tence was remitted, no mention is made of her per- It cannot last—this pulseless life, sonal intercession, and that his pardon was attrib- This nightmare sleep that yields no rest ; uted to that of the grand seneschal himself, and The speeding time renews the strife others of his relatives and friends; but it appears To tear with terror Europe's breast. scarcely probable that Francis would, under any circumstances, have been guilty of the indelicacy

Repose is not for dungeon chains ; of involving her name in public disgrace, aware, as

Peace cannot dwell ’mid armies vast; he necessarily must have been, of the suspicion

Content comes not with hunger-pains ; which was attached to every young and beautiful

The seeming 's false—it cannot last. woman to whom he accorded any marked favor or

Though north and west and east and south protection.

No crimson flag provokes the blast-
DIANA'S CARE OF HER CHARMS.

Though sealed is Freedom's trumpet mouth

And quenched her fires—it cannot last.
At this period, 1535, the widow of Louis de
Brézé had already attained her thirty-first year,

Though frightened men in frenzy turn while the Prince Henry was only in his seven

To seek for safety in the pastteenth ; and at the first glance it would appear as From moss-grown tomb and mouldering urn though so formidable a disparity of age must have Demanding life—it cannot last. rendered any attempt on her part, to engage the

Though Despotism bids the sun affections of so mere a youth, alike abortive and ridiculous; but so perfectly had she preserved even

To stand at midnight's zenith fast,

Nor rise till vengeance dire be done the youthful bloom which had added so much to her

On all his foes-it cannot last. attractions on her first appearance at court, that she appeared ten years younger than she actually Returning life, returning light,

Her features were regular and classical ; her Bring courage for that conflict vast, complexion faultless ; her hair of a rich purple With energy for years of strife black, which took a golden tint in the sunshine ; Unwasted yet, IT CANNOT LAST ! while her teeth, her ankles, her hands and arms, and New York, Nov. 6, 1819.

From the N. Y. Tribune.

was.

RED FLAG

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From the Edinburgh Review,

icy of recent fiscal regulations, yet agreed in feel1. Die Chemische Forschungen auf dem Gebiete ing that new difficulties only demand new exer

der Agricultur und Pflanzenphysiologie. Von tions—and that to resolute men, the conquest of Emil Theodor WOLFF. 8vo. pp. 549. Leip- the stubborn land is as sure as the dominion of

zig: 1847. 2. Précis Elémentaire de Chimie Agricole. Par le

the sea. Docteur F. Sacc, Professeur à la Faculté des On quitting the British shores, after such a Sciences de Neufchatel (Suisse.) 8vo. pp. tour, our imaginary foreigner would carry with 420. Paris : 1818.

him a true impression of the flower of English 3. Mémoire sur les Terrains Ardennais et Rhénan and Scottish agriculturists ; and his original esti

de l'Ardenne, du Rhin, du Brabant et du Con- mate of the skill of these island farmers, of their dros. Par André Dumont, Professeur de manliness and firmness, would only be strengthened Géologie à l'Université de Liège-Extrait du tome xx, et du tome xxll. des Mémoires de by his actual survey. l'Académie Royale de Belgique.

But if, instead of being carried along, by his 613.

friends or his letters, where the best men and the 4. Geological and Agricultural Survey of the State most skilful culture were to be seen, he should fall

of Rhode Island, made under a resolve of the into a less known and beaten way, and turning Legislature in the year 1839. By Charles T. into the by-paths of our rural districts, were to Jackson, M. D. 8vo. pp. 312. Providence :

quarter himself on the less instructed class of 1840. 5. The present State of Agriculture in its Relations farmers—among whom are many who hold large

to Chemistry and Geology. A lecture deliv- breadths of land—how ill would the depression ered before the Royal Agricultural Society, at and despondency and ignorance of many he now the meeting in York. By Professor Johns- met with agree with his pre-conceived opinions

From the Journal of the Royal Agri- and glowing anticipations ! What he had admired cultural Society of England, vol. ix., part 1. as a resolute, far-seeing determination, he would

London : 1848. 6. Contributions to Scientific Agriculture, By

here be taught to regard only as the most culpable JANES F. W.Johnston, M.A., F.R.S.L. L. & rashness; and what he had ascribed to large E., F.G.S., &c. 8vo. pp. 231. London and knowledge and confidence in approved skill, he Edinburgh : 1849.

would now be told to attribute to the temperament 7. On the Use of Lime in Agriculture. By JAMES of over sanguine men, ignorant of what practical

F. W. Johnston, F.R.SS. L. & E., &c., agriculture can effect at present, and of what it &c. Fcap. 8vo. pp. 282. London and Ed

ever reasonably hope hereafter to perform. inburgh : 1849.

How different the estimate of the character, the SUPPOSE an intellectual foreigner, previously skill, and the social state of the country, which unacquainted with Great Britain, with the charac- this second tour would leave with him, from that ter of its people, or with its social condition, to which we suppose him to have carried away from be informed that they occupied a small and remote the other ! corner of Europe, shrouded for many months of It may be that our former class of cultivators the year in fogs and mists, and seldom and briefly are, in some things, too credulous and venturesome; visited by the fervid sun, and that they raised from but most certainly the latter class are too despondit with cost and difficulty the means of subsistence ing; and underrate, generally from want of knowlfor their rapidly increasing numbers :—but that edge, the command which existing skill might nevertheless, their legislature, though one in which win for them over the difficulties in which they the landowners were predominant, had recently feel or fancy themselves to be placed. thrown open their harbors to all comers, and trust- To many, indeed, it may seem strange that in a ing to their superior energy, perseverance, and country like ours, which, as a whole, certainly skill, had invited the most fertile and favored stands at the head of European agriculture, so regions of the globe to a free competition in their much ignorance should prevail in regard to the own grain markets—how would such a man admire principles of the rural arts—even in the best culthe open boldness—how respect the determination tivated districts, and among farmers of the first of such a people, and long to study not only their or leading rank. But the truth is that a few indicharacter and habits, but the modes of culture viduals in each county set the example to the rest ; practised with such success in a country so little make the first trials, run the first risks, and estabfavored by nature!

lish the successive improvements. The major part And were he actually to come among us, it live upon the wits of these men ; advance by the would be easy for him, having started from the help of their knowledge, and adopt the experiments Land's End, to proceed from one warm-hearted which they have tested. And thus the entire disand hospitable farmer to another, till the Pentland trict no doubt advances, while the whole body of Firth arrested his course ;--and all his journey farmers obtain the credit of understanding what long he might converse with cultivators of ardent each of them comes at last to practise. minds, full of general as well as practical knowl- It must, indeed, always be so, in every art. All edge, who refused to despond, while they saw so may learn how to do a given piece of work; but much everywhere around them awaiting the hand only a few will understand the principles on which of the improver—who, differing widely from each the several steps in the process depend, or will be other in political opinion, or on the absolute pol- able to explain how the process must be altered

27

CCLXXXIX.

LIVING AGE.

VOL. XXIII.

when circumstances alter, or when a change in the stances, which long experience had introduced among market renders necessary a corresponding change the native farmers. in the article to be produced. The true intellec- In fact, an inspection of the heavy soils of tual character, therefore, of British agriculture— Huntingdon and the adjoining counties, which rest the soul and spirit of it—is only to be seen in that upon and are mainly derived from the Oxford clay, upper class of men, among whom we supposed our will at once explain to a person who has examined foreigner to have gone in the first instance. They the surface of the northern half of the island, why form the locomotive, by which the heavy rural Scottish farmers, introducing unmodified Scottish train is slowly dragged ahead—and which so practices, should fail, in these quarters, to cultivate stoutly snorts against, and battles with, the steep- with a profit. To say nothing of differences of est gradients !

climate, it is enough that in all Scotland there are It is not wonderful that practical men, who have no clay soils which at all resemble the clays of never learned to take this humbling view of their these counties-none so difficult and expensive to own apparent skill, should undervalue the aids of work, so stubborn under the plough, so susceptithe very science which, unknown to themselves, has ble to rain and drought; in which the tidthe really made them what they are. It has so often time between too wet and too dry-is so short, happened in ordinary experience that failure has and which in their present state require such attended the farming of mere men of books and special methods and so large a force to work. science, from the want of business habits, and of Under circumstances so new to them, it is not a prudent conduct of their affairs ; while such wonderful, therefore, that men, locally skilful, and prudent conduct, with ordinary observation and yet unprovided with principles to guide them, some skill in bargaining, has so often made a far- should have miscarried in adapting their home mer thrive—that book knowledge has often been methods to these new conditions.

How much driven to the wall, and the value of practice above more generally useful would that measure of pruscience immeasurably extolled, where rent had to dence and practical skill, which is almost necessabe paid. In the mean time, the real state of the rily acquired by every settled member of the agriquestion is overlooked :-Assume the same pru- cultural community, become, were such principles dence, energy, and business skill in both cases ; universally diffused among them ! and then the man who knows the principles of his But while apprehension and despondency, art the best, will, under the same circumstances, whether arising from defective knowledge or unquestionably make the most money. While we from other causes, are disturbing the minds of ask, therefore, for more instruction, we stipulate so many, not only of the occupiers, but of the for no less prudence than before.

owners of land, it is of consequence to inquireAs often as farmers of merely local skill, (and from what sources relief and hope are to be looked most of our best practical men are, as we have for? and, apart from fiscal regulations, what our shown, entitled to no higher character,) shift to own hands and heads can do, to uphold, as in new counties, where other soils and other customs times past, the prosperity of the agricultural interprevail, their local knowledge, to their frequent est, and the comfort of our rural population ? loss and mortification, is found to fail them. They A pamphlet recently published by Mr. Caird, a presume, in their shallow self-sufficiency, that Wigtonshire farmer,* discusses this question in a what they did elsewhere must succeed everywhere ; practical, though too limited sense. His position, and that the local practice of the districts they have that high-farming is the best substitute for protecleft will yield as large or even larger profits in tion, is well illustrated by the results of the actual these to which they have come.

management of a farm of two hundred and sixty We had the opportunity, a few months ago, of acres on the estate of Colonel M'Douall, of Logan, attending an agricultural meeting on the borders in Wigtonshire. The improvements consisted of of the fen land of Huntingdon, where the Direct drainage, judicious grain-cropping, more extended Northern Railway runs across the bog which stock-feeding, and high manuring; and, within a quakes around Whittlesea Mere. At this meeting time not specified, they have increased the produce one of the most noted farmers of the district, in fourfold ;—"amply sufficient,” it is stated,“ to pay commenting upon the alleged superior skill of his the increased annual expenditure, and leave a rich Scottish brethren, so often, he said, cast in their return for the tenant's capital and enterprise beteeth, stated, that in his recollection no less than sides." six and twenty Scottish farmers had come to settle Supposing two thirds of the whole improvable in that country; and all had failed except one, land of Great Britain, and nine tenths of that of who was still under trial. The same result, in so Ireland, to be neither drained, according to our many instances, can scarcely be accounted for by more perfect methods, nor subjected to the greater any cause less general than this ;-skilful cultiva- pressure of high-farming, over this proportion of tors as they might have been at home, they had the two islands the rents of land and the profits of been unable to discriminate between the character the cultivator might be kept up to at least their of the soil and climate which they had left, and present state, by the universal adoption of the more that of the soil and climate to which they had re- skilful and improved culture described by Mr. moved ; and consequently they had undervalned the

* High-farming, under liberal Covenants, the best many local adaptations to those peculiar circum- Substitute for Protection. Blackwood : 1849.

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