« PreviousContinue »
wise are they endangered by it, even to the risk ! hands. They have got an Assembly of their own of destruction. If Russia and Austria, England choosing. For the popular element which was at and France conniving, are conspiring to reïnvade first sufficiently strong in it, was got rid of by a Europe with a gigantic political Manicheism, we most foolish conspiracy, which decreased and disdo not fear it. Good is inextinguishable ; the na- credited the liberal ranks and cause. Louis Napotions will rise again, to do their work once more leon has no power to dissolve this assembly. He --and to do it better.
has no power to govern, save through its majority.
And although this majority was obtained from the From the Daily News.
country under the idea that society and property
were in danger, and that the men to be returned FRANCE.
should be men who would vote for them at all It is difficult to imagine a country so totally de- price, there is no appeal from the extravagant void as is France of public feeling or of public reäetion of this majority. pride. Any firm-handed despot might humble her We see what it has done in Rome—something before Europe, might use her resources to support that neither Louis Philippe nor Charles X. could any criminal, or superannuated, or imbecile cause ; have dared. And what they have done in Rome might convert her army into mere police, and take they will strive to do in France—that is, restore the money of the industrious to pay them. Through the ancient state of things, the monarchy of the out a land of thirty millions there seems no motive elder Bourbons, the court, the priesthood, the catfor public conduct acknowledged save fear, or ava- egories of proscription, the censorship of the press, rice, or the merest selfishness. There is no prin- the colleges in possession of the Jesuits. The ciple in public men; no force in public opinion. reaction at Paris arrives at a point quite as extreme There reigns in the political atmosphere that dead, as the reäction at Berlin or Vienna. All that is dark and solemn calm that accompanies or preludes wanting is the scaffold, and that may come. great convulsions, when there is not a light to guide But although this is the aim of M. Falloux and one, nor a breath of wind to move a sail, were one M. Montalembert, and of the united majority of to spread it.
legitimists and Orleanists, we cannot believe that Upon such a world has poor Louis Napoleon M. Thiers has put himself at the head of any such been thrown—we say poor, for we profoundly pity crusade. M. Thiers is too much and too indelibly him. He has been a twelvemonth at the head of a son of the revolution to commit himself to any a noble country, and he has not found one principle such doctrines, or any such party. M. Thiers is of government, one public aim, one true support, essentially a foreign politician ; his whole soul is one genuine friend. The interests of each party in the interests and advancement of his country that he advanced to power were hostile to him, yet abroad. And in order that it may have a commandhe has shrunk from those which could best have ing position abroad, M. Thiers would perhaps coalesced with him. He was made to consider desire to raise to power that party which is strongeverything popular and everything liberal as a bug- est in domestic politics. What Lord Aberdeen hear, and he consequently flung himself into the recommends in England, M. Thiers recommends arms of parties whose chief hopes consisted in his in France. Lord Aberdeen says, Let us make betrayal.
friends with Austria and absolutism, and by that It certainly was a perplexing thing, for a prince means appear to support and share in a reäction or a president, placed at the head of a French gov- that we cannot resist. M. Thiers says, The tide ernment, to find out support for that government. of reaction and absoluism
strong ; let us join it, The popular party was profoundly ulcerated, the and make the most of it. middle class terribly frightened, the moneyed class M. Thiers is, like Lord Aberdeen, biased in no outrageous with losses, of which they flung the small degree by motives of personal rivalry. The entire blame on liberalism and republicanism, in- old feud between Thiers and Dufaure, Thiers and stead of attributing them to their own improvi- Passy, survives. And M. Thiers, who fought the dence, selfishness and folly. Loyalty was a senti- battle of the right of ministers, and not kings, to ment unknown. Even legitimists disown it ; what govern, under Louis Philippe, is most unwilling to they want is a prince, to stand capital of that col- give up such a principle to a Louis Napoleon. For umn of which they, the aristocracy, form the shaft. the president of a republic to write a letter, dis
The moneyed class, who were ruined by the owning all complicity with the unpopular but republic, and the legitimists, who had been in ruin necessary policy in which his cabinet has emand disgrace during the last half century, coalesced; barked, is a trick in M. Thiers' estimation which and they offered power to whoever would put down no public man ought to allow. republicanism and do their work. They offered it Such we believe to be the explanation of M. to Lamartine, they offered it to Cavaignac. The Thiers' conduct, and we are far from thinking it one was too foolish, the other too honest, to accept satisfactory. But it, at least, removes or contrasuch terms. Louis Napoleon grasped at them. He dicts the very deplorable supposition that such men was elected by them—at least appeared to be so— as M. Thiers have given their assent, their talents, and he became their tool. They hold him in their and their efforts, to a legitimist restoration.
From the New York Tribune.
LIFE IN RIO.
humor, its life-like naturalness, its brilliant glimpses Los Gringos; or, an Inside View of Mexico and of character and manners, and its power of expres
California, with Wanderings in Peru, Chili, sive word-painting, we have not seen the equal of and Polynesia. By Lieut. Wise, U. S. N. for a long time, in our critical hunt for readable New York: Baker and Scribner.
books. No one who runs his eye over the lively The tone of gayety and good-humored per- table of contents, can satiate his curiosity without siflage, which has given such brilliant success to a perusal of the entire volume. e will dip into several English writers of travels, is almost a new it at random for one or two sketches, for which feature in modern literature. With the exception our readers will be sure to thank us. They are of Beckford's spicy description of his droll ex- by no means above the general average of the periences in Spain and Portugal, we have had lit-book. tle worth noticing in this kind, until within a comparatively recent period. The instant popularity
The saloons are always spacious and lofty, with which has followed the attempts alluded to, has prettily papered walls, and floors of the beautiful. waked up a host of travellers, who feel themselves dark polished wood of the country. Nearly all called to clothe the history of their common-place these residences are surrounded by extensive garadventures in the sparkling, gossamer, or, per- dens, blooming in bright and brilliant foliage, only haps, gaseous, veil of sprightly romantic embel- matured beneath the burning rays of a vertical sun. lishment. The apparent ease with which those
There are no springs in Rio, and the grounds are piquant descriptions are thrown off, has tempted tains in the rear; sufficiently large, however, to
irrigated by miniature aqueducts, led from mounmany a conceited itinerant into more perils than float in their narrow channels, serpents and many those he boasts to have encountered in foreign other cursed reptiles, enough to make one's hair climes. The book which is so delicious in the stand erect. It is by no means an uncommon occurreading, has been concocted from the sweat and rence to find the giracca, a venomous snake, insinagony of the author's brain ; but the unwary adven- uating themselves within the sunny marble paveturer, who has been enticed into the magic circle,
ments of steps and porticos; and I was assured by
a resident, that one monster, after having some four is soon found crushed under the weight of his own feet cut off from his tail, ran away with head and stupidity. In this species of composition, more remaining half with a most cricket-like and surpristhan in almost any other, there is no hope of suc- ing degree of celerity. Indeed, I was myself a cess except to the writer who combines a genial witness to the intrusion of an individual of the scorvivacity, a sensitive, mercurial temperament, a pion breed, who walked uninvited into the saloon, shrewd spirit of observation, with a kaleidoscopic and was on the point of stepping up a young lady's variety and quaintness of expression that always ankle, when, detecting his intention, with the assistensures a brilliant triumph in conversation, but he might sting himself or the glass at pleasure.
ance of a servant, he was enticed into a bottle, that which can rarely be woven into the substantial Being somewhat unaccustomed to these little predtexture of a book.
And anything short of tri- atory incursions, I was particularly cautious, during umphant success is dead failure.
the remainder of my stay, to examine every article, The author of this agreeable volume is one of from a tooth-pick to the couch, before touching the the fortunate persons who can venture on the style, same.
Another approximation to the same genus in which he seems so entirely at home, without is the white ant, possessing rather a literary turn,
and I was told that it is not unusual for a million or the shadow of risk. He has only to uncork the
two to devour a gentleman's library-covers and radiant champagne of his genius, of which he has all, in a single night. I have never yet been able specimens of every choice and delicate vintage, to conquer disgust for even docile. harmless, speckand you are regaled with an inexhaustible flow of led-back lizards; and, indeed, all the hosts of slimy, the exhilarating juice.
crawling reptiles, I heartily fear and abhor. The voyage, of which we here have the log
We found the town in a furor of enthusiasm in book, worked up into a fascinating tissue of
admiration of the song and the beauty of a French exquisite badinage, genuine humor, and pithy for the dollars, in sweet music of Auber and Don
operatique corps. I went thrice, and was well repaid description, led the author into a great variety of izetti. There were two primas—for serious and scenes, to which his graphic pen has imparted the comique—both, too, primas in prettiness. The most felicitous effect. He left Boston at the close Academy of Paris Music had nerer, perhaps, seen of the summer of 1816, in a United States vessel, or heard of Mesdames and her partner, but La Sala proceeds to Rio Janeiro, doubles Cape Horn, Januairo had been captivated with both, and beauty touches at Valparaiso, cruises along the coasts of for what care we, if the notes touch the soul,
covers multitudes of faults, particularly with men : Mexico and California, visits the interior, goes to whether a crystal shade higher or lower than Grisi, the Sandwich Islands, stops at Nukaleva, explores or Persiani, so long as they flow from rosy lips, Polynesia, and returns to this country, after being that might defy those last-named donnas to rival, borne by his noble ship over a space of fifty-five even with the brightest carmine of their toilets. thousand miles. Such a voyage could not fail to
The theatre itself is a very respectable little open a rich vein of materials to the skilful hand place, having three tiers and parquette. The royal that should be able to work them up with the charms interior of the building was quite Italian ; every
box faces the stage, hung with damask. The whole of sparkling, picturesque description. Lieut. Wise box railed off with gilded fret-work, and lighted has certainly made the best use of his opportunities, with candles swinging in glass shades. The Braand given us a volume which, for its fresh, joyous zilians are fond of music, and all the world attended
each representation, including the emperor, em- | became a trifle elevated with their potations, they press, and court. As I had, in times past, seen a were wont to indulge in a variety of capricious good deal of Don Pedro, when he was a studious, feats on horseback-leaping and wheeling-throwmeditative boy, at the palace of Boto Fogo, I was ing the lasso over each other; or if by chance a somewhat curious to observe the effect of old Time's bullock appeared, they took delight, while at full cutting scythe on the Lord's anointed, as well as on speed in the carrara, in catching the beasts by a the rest of us clay-built mortals. His face and shape dexterous twist in the tail ; and the performance of the head had changed very little, but he had was never satisfactorily concluded until the bullock grown immensely—tall, awkward, and verging on was thrown a complete somerset over his horns. corpulency even now, though I believe he is only These paisanos of California, like the guachos of 28 years of age. His Italian wife appeared much Buenos Ayres, and guaso of Chili, pass most of older. Both were well and plainly dressed, at their existence on horseback ; there the natural tended by some half dozen dames and dons of the vigor of manhood seems all at once called into play, court.
and horse and backer appear of the same piece. The curtain rose as the imperial party took their The lasso is their plaything either for service or seats, and there were neither vivas, nor groaning pastime; with it, the unruly wild horse or bullock manifestations, to express pleasure or disgust, from is brought within reach of the knife. Ferocious the audience. All passed quietly and orderly, like Bruin himself gets his throat twisted and choked, sensible persons, who came to hear sweet sounds, and, with heavy paws spread wide apart, is dragged and not to be overawed by great people. I made for miles, perhaps to the bear-bait, notwithstanding the tour of the donnas through a capital lorgnette ; his glittering jaws, and giant efforts to escape. and, although like Mickey Free, fond of tobacco and Without the horse and lasso these gentry are helpladies, I must pledge my solemn assurances, that less as infants : their horses are admirably trained with the exception of something pretty attached to and sometimes perform under a skilful hand pranks the French company, there was not a lovable woman that always cause surprise to strangers. I once to be seen. I doubt not but there are rare jewels to saw a band of horses at General Rosa's quinta, be found in out-of-the-way spots, secluded from pub- near Buenos Ayres, trained to run like hares, with lic gaze, but it was terra incognita to me, and we fore and hind legs lashed together by thongs of saw none other than the light molasses-hued dam- hide ; it was undertaken to preserve the animals sels, who are fully matured at thirteen, and decidedly from being thrown by the Indian bolas, and the passée at three-and-twenty. In the present age, it riders as a consequence lanced to death. But 1 is a questionable inference if saponaceous compounds was far more amused one afternoon while passing might not be judiciously used in removing some few a fandango near Monterey, to see a drunken vaquero stains that nature is entirely innocent of painting ; -cattle driver-mounted on a restive, plunging albeit, a lovely Anglo-Saxon of my acquaintance beast, hold at arms' length a tray of glasses brimwas vastly horrified at thoughts of a friend espous- ming with aguadiente, which he politely offered to ing one of these cream-colored beauties, valued at a everybody within reach of his curvetings, without conto of rais, and shipload of coffee ; and assured ever once spilling a drop. I thought this better the deluded swain, with tears in her eyes, that it than Camille Leroux in the Polka, or a guacho would require more than half his fortune to keep picking up a cigarritto with his teeth, at a hand his wife in soap-supposing she should acquire the gallop! It is remarkable, too, how very long a weakness or ambition to become enamored of fresh Californian can urge a horse, and how lightly he
rides, even when the beast appears thoroughly exhausted, tottering at every pace under a strange
rider, yet the native will lift him to renewed strugOur anchorage was near the liule village of gles, and hold him up for leagues further. Nor is Yerbabuena, five miles from the ocean, and within it by the aid of his enormous spurs, for the punisha short distance from the Franciscan Mission and ment is by no means so severe as the sharp rowels Presidio of the old royalists. The site seems badly with us; but accustomed to the horse from infancy chosen, for although it reposes in partial shelter, he appears to divine his powers, and thus a mutual beneath the high bluffs of the coast, yet a great and instinctive bond is established between them. portion of the year it is enveloped in chilling fogs; The saddles here as well as those along the southand invariably, during the afternoon, strong sea ern coasts partake in build of the old Spanish high breezes are drawn through the straits like a funnel, peak and croupe, and are really intended for ease and playing with fitful violence around the hills, and comfort to the rider. In Chili the pillion is the sand is swept in blinding clouds over the town used, a soft material of rugs, smooth and thick, and the adjacent shores of the bay. Yet with all thrown over the saddle frame; but it distends the these drawbacks the place was rapidly thriving thighs too greatly. The Californian is both hard under the indomitable energy of our countrymen. and heavy, and murderous to the horse. The MexTenements, large and small, were running up like ican is best, less cumbersoine, more elegant in concard-built houses in all directions. The population struction, and a great support to the rider. The was composed of Mormons, backwoodsmen, and a stirrups of all are similar, weighty wooden strucfew very respectable traders from the eastern cities tures, and the feet rest naturally in them. of the United States. Very rare it was to see a There is nothing either pleasing or inviting in the native; our brethren had played the porcupine so landscape in the vicinity of Yerbabuena. All looks sharply as to oblige them to seek their homes bare and sterile from a distance, and on closer inamong more congenial kindred. On Sunday, how- spection the deep sandy soil is covered with imperever, it was not uncominon to encounter gay caval- vious thickets of low, thorny undergrowth, with cades of young paisanos, jingling in silver chains none of the rich green herbage, forests, or timber, and finery, dashing into town, half-a-dozen abreast; as in Monterey. The roads were so heavy that having left their sweethearts at the Mission, or the horses could hardly strain nearly knee deep some neighboring rancho, for the evening fandango. through the sand, and consequently our rides were Toward afternoon, when these frolicsome caballeros restricted to a league's pasear to the mission, or
SAN FRANCISCO TWO YEARS AGO.
MANNERS OF NUKEHEVA.
across the narrow strip of the peninsula to the old After bathing, we reclined on the thwarts of an
variety of serviceable and useless trumpery, scat-
shortly, or be killed on the return of his sovereign
The French allow the king sixty dollars a month, The women were tall and well-shaped, with very and I should say, from the careless appearance of much brighter complexions than the Hawaiians, his household, that he made a bad use of it; besides, and, with exceptions of young girls, were all more he was addicted to arra, which my friend assured or less disfigured by the indigo hues of tattoo; the me was a shade worse for the stomach than Prussie faces escaping with a few delicate blue lines or dots acid. I returned to the frigate in the evening, with on lips or cheeks. They all seemed complimented, a party planned to visit the Happar Valley, whose and gave us every assistance in deciphering differ- beauties we had heard much extolled, on the folent signs engraved upon their persons, and one lowing day. buxom dame, who had a large painting similar to the tail of a peacock spread upon her shoulders, cabalistic at first sight, but we see its appropriate
The title of the book-Los Gringos-is rather insisted upon doffing her drapery and preceding us, that we might study its beauties with every facility ness when we are informed that it is the epithet possible!
—and rather a reproachful one-used in California Many were decorated with bracelets and neck- and Mexico to designate the descendants of the laces of leaves or flowers, and some with anklets Anglo-Saxon race with signification somewhat of human hair, toe-nails, and other valuable relics. similar to Greenhorns in modern parlance, or All were perfumed with cocoanut oil, and smeared Mohawks in the days of the Spectator. with another equally odoriferous ointment, which dyed arms and faces a deep saffron. Neither cosmetic was I able to acquire a taste for, after repeated
From the Foreign Quarterly Review. trials; and, indeed, I may admit that I have never Sommer Reise-Eine Wallfahrt (Summer Journey, conquered a disgust, perhaps engendered by too nice a Pilgrimage), by FREDERIKE BREMER. Brocka sense of perfume.
haus : Leipzig. Williams and Norgate, London, From a number of unmistakeable signs and ex
Most people will admit that a very disagreeable pressions, I presumed the Frances were not entirely cold-watery kind of sensation is produced, when, beloved, even by the women, although the men deigned ludicrous attempts in mode of beard, mous
on entering a room which you thought to see filled tache, shrug of shoulders, and other little grimace, with “old familiar faces,” you unexpectedly find to copy French dress and manner,
yourself in the midst of a circle of strangers.
Ought it not, therefore, to be very pleasant, when rive their support.
The Swede cares we had reason to expect a group of new acquaint- not to adorn the outside of his house : his garden, ances, to meet with none but old friends whom we
if he has one, is not filled with blooming flowers, have known for years? This agreeable surprise
as in the lands of the south. He has, perhaps, for Miss Bremer has prepared for us in perfection. good reasons, no great confidence in the sun, and
in the friendliness of the powers of nature. le The good, clever, stout-hearted matron- -the ra- objects, too, decidedly to all unnecessary trouble ; tional, cheerful, nay, jolly old maid—the fair and and he has a contempt, which only goes a little too somewhat moonshiny young one- —the gloomy, far, for many of the conveniences and luxuries of mysterious stranger who turns out to be a long life. The inside of the house is truly his homeabsent son of the house, who has been lost, or at and this is more evident in the small towns than least mislaid, for many years, but whom we know anywhere else. The streets are empty, and on the the moment he steps across the threshold, though passengers but four-footed ones, and the grass is
market-place, before the town-house, there are few his nearest relations don't—the large circle of growing on the uneven pavement ; but out of the brothers and sisters whose narnes (not having little windows of the little houses, from between studied the noble science of phreno-typics) we can white curtains, and from behind blooming geraniby no possibility remember-here they are all ums and balsams, handsome inquisitive faces-men, again assembled for a family festival, as we have women, children, cats, and dogs, look eagerly at so often met them before in Miss Bremer's pro- the candles are lit, through the windows veiled by
the passing traveller. In the evening, too, when ductions; we need not be at the trouble of intro- no envious rolling blinds, there may be seen a comducing one of them.
plete gallery of pretty little domestic pictures. Life But, if in the so-called novel part of the “Som- is very quiet in these small towns. Coffee-drinking mer Reise” we find little novelty, we have, at all parties and clubs make little disturbance, and only events, in the introduction, something surprising. when there is a ball in the town, may one or two What shall we say to this fantastic rhapsodical carriages be seen driving about to pick up the prelude to an entertainment so simple—not to say towns have over both London and Paris—they
ladies. One decided advantage these insignificant insipid? Is it that
have no beggars. The Swedish towns are poor, She on honey-dew hath sed,
but they know no mendicancy. And drank of the inilk of Paradise ?
Smaland is a land with a rich variety of hills,
and valleys, and small lakes ; rather gloomy toOr if not, under what influence has it been com- wards the north, but southward, towards Blekinger, posed ? It commences in this fashion.
more pleasant, and inhabited by a lively, witty. What I love—what since my youth up I have it is said="Set a Smalander upon the roof of your
contented population, so active and ingenious, tha: loved more than all created things—has a beautiful house, and he will manage to get his living.” This countenance. Not beautiful after the Greek model. character is most strongly marked in the distant No! His features are nothing less than regular. wooded districts; the forest is the workshop, and, Not smilingly beautiful. No! Although the most at the same time, the storehouse of the countryman. beautiful smile beams across them, yet their expres- The juniper-tree and the bilberry yield him their sion is serious. It casts dark glances, and has un- fruit; he brews drink from them, and makes jam ; lovely scars and wrinkles. But I love even these. he mixes their juice with his salt dry food, and Why? I know not. Love is of a sunny nature ; remains healthy and cheerful over the work that it kisses unlovely scars, and adorns detects with seems a mere pleasure to him. He sings to wile the blossoms of tenderness. Tall is the form of my away the time, while his lonely charcoal-kiln glows beloved-great are the contrasts that exhibit them- and burns in the recesses of the wood, and when he selves in him ; from his feet which the waves of the iars the valley, as it is called, it is a grand festival. Baltic bathe, and flowery meads caress—to his brow crowned by jagged icy rocks over which flame the The process of tarring the valley consists, we Northern Lights.
are told, in dragging into it a number of roots and At his feet will I sit and listen to his words, like stumps of trees to be kindled in order to obtain a child at the feet of its mother.
This is a grand occasion of rejoicing And sublime are thy lessons, Svea-my mother land, my father land! The sea is not so deep burning valley to eat and drink and keep up the
among the country people, who assemble in the the sunbeams are not so warm-the roses are not
fire. so sweet, &c. &c.
The people of Smaland are said to have a
tinge of romance and enthusiasm in their characDear reader, can you guess what all this means ? ter corresponding with the wildness of their sceOr do you “ give it up?"
nery; and this district has been tolerably fertile The introduction commencing thus auspiciously in distinguished men, amongst whom we may is no less than thirty-seven pages long ; but, for
mention Linnæus, the King of Flowers, who, tunately, in the intervals of such flights as these, when the sceptre fell from the hands of Charles the authoress does occasionally set foot on the the Twelfth, arose to give new splendor to the ground, and then she favors us with agreeable
name of Sweden, and to extend his flowery sceplightly-touched sketches of Swedish scenes, dashed tre over the earth ;" and one or two others less off, we may suppose, as the steamer passes up the known beyond the limits of their country than gulf of Bothnia. From these we select a few
they deserve to be. passages.
Here the peasant Horberg, in the intervals of Along the coast of Sweden lies a series of little tilling his fields and driving home his hay, painted towns-daughters of the sea from which they de-altar-pieces which are still highly valued ; and here