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you had better see the young women, who are man, and accompanied us sorrowfully to the gate all this while shivering in the snow, and they of the chateau, lighted by two lanterns, which, I will explain all about Mr. Duff.'

ought to have observed before, the girls carried in ""Well, bring them up,' said I, rather amused their hands. As the gate of the chateau closed and interested ; and, meanwhile, I got out of bed, behind us,

, I own I felt rather uncomfortable. The gave the fire an additional poke, just to produce a snow, already above our knees, was still falling fine blaze, put my night-lamp on the table, and, thick; and the lanterns, as the girls scrambled on wrapping myself in a warm dressing-gown, with before me, looked like two huge glowworms a thick nightcap on my head, stood prepared to traversing the vapory tail of a steam-engine. receive my strange visitors.

Noiseless were our footsteps, and slow our prog. Presentiy the door opened, and in came two ress. The trees on either hand looked chill and timid girls, pushing two greyhounds before them, ghostlike, as they swung to and fro, and struggled as if by way of protection ; and, simultaneously, with the snow-storm, groaning sadly, through all as they entered, both exclaimed

their boughs, as though lamenting my coming fate. Monsieur Duff est mort.'

Of course there was no trace of road, or path, or “ They were, both of them, thickly powdered mark of any kind by which to steer our course. with snow, which they might as well have shaken “Young women,' cried I, at length, do you off outside, had they thought of it ; but in they know your way at all; and are you quite sure we came, bringing a large portion of the cold night air are going towards Morges ?' with them. The chill went to my bones. Nothing “ • Perfectly,' replied both of them; and then but the points of their features were visible; and, they muttered in chorus, · Monsieur Duff est nort.' as they held the greyhounds by their leashes, they " Scarcely had they advanced ten paces further, looked like so many female Frankensteins, or ani- when both made a strange somersault, the lanterns mated icicles--exclaiming, again and again, ‘ Mon- disappeared, and, throwing up their heels, the girls sieur Duff est mort.'

sprang into the air, and plunged forward into an “ Somewhat amused at this sort of grim comedy, abyss of snow. I exclaimed, 'Well, supposing he is, what is that "I hope the practice is peculiar to me of swearto me?'

ing on such occasions. Other people, most likely, They replied, “ You must go with us, for the utter pious ejaculations. For myself, the habits love of Heaven ; for Monsieur Duff est mort.' of the camp come over me, and prove too strong

• But explain, my dears,' said I, in what for every better feeling. After indulging myself way am I concerned with Mr. Duff's death? He with the luxury of a few oaths, which did not, so is no relation of mine.'

far as I could perceive, tend in the slightest degree • But there is a lady,' said they, ‘reduced to mend the matter, I thought it would not be to despair by his death, and she wants to consult amiss to grope in the snow for my lost guides. you; and it is for her that we have come.' And To my extreme surprise, I found, on making the then they murmured to themselves, Monsieur experiment with my stick, that the soft snow in Duff est mort.'

front of me was of enormous depth, or at least "I was very much inclined to cry ‘Hang Mon- appeared so. In a second or two I heard a struga sieur Duff, and you too ;' but remembering that gling, and a murmuring; and the words issued there was a lady in the case, I told them that if from the snow-Help me, oh help!' It was as they would retire to the next room, where Francois dark as pitch, and the cold was intense. usually kept a good fire, I would dress, and be with "Where are you, old girl?' cried I, addressthem immediately

As Francois assisted me to ing the speaker. huddle on my clothes, he said he had strong doubts Here, monsieur, here,' answered she ; and about the propriety of my going out on such a night then a lump of snow seemed to get into her mouth with these young women.

and stop her utterance. “Who knows,' said he, that they are not “Just at that moment I had the pleasure to the accomplices of robbers, sent here to entice you perceive one of the lanterns emerge from the snow forth, that they may rob and murder you, and throw about two yards in front, and the bearer after it. your body into some hollow, where it may lie caked What had become of the other girl and the greyin snow till next spring, by which time they will hounds, seemed a mystery. However, in due have escaped, and baffled all suspicion ??

time the second lantern made its appearance ; and ** Well, Francois,' said I, that is a serious then, turning a little to the right, I saw the two consideration. The idea of being disposed of that dogs standing on what was evidently a narrow way all the winter is unpleasant, especially as bridge, which the young women had just contrived nobody will be hanged for it; no, nor even sent to to miss. By following the track of the greythe maison de force, which is much the same thing. hounds, I easily found my way across ; and on we However, I am not much afraid of these wenches went. Of course, I had long ago dismissed from and their greyhounds, and so shall go along with my mind all idea of robbers and foul play of any them to see all about Monsieur Duff's death, and kind, for the two girls were obviously as innocent the lady he has left behind.'

as lambs, and had no fault but that of extreme "Francois shrugged his shoulders, and said no silliness. Presently we got into a road, as we more, but evidently looked upon me as a doomed (discovered from the hedges and trees on both sides ;

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but had not walked on it long before we were “Ah, mon Dieu !' she exclaimed, Monsieur startled by an infernal noise behind. I had been Duff est mort.' in the East, and fancied it could be nothing else 66 Je le vois bien,' said I ; 'who is Monsieur than a troop of jackals sweeping over the desert Duff, and why do you lament his death?' after a gazelle. Every moment the frantic yells “ She was one of the tallest and most handsome came closer and closer. It was clearly a chase French women I have ever seen ; of most elegant of some kind--of dogs or devils. We stood aside figure, and polished manners. Raising her large, to let it pass; and, by lantern-light, caught a dark eyes, and casting on me a deprecating look, glimpse of some large animal darting through the she replied, snow, and several others in pursuit of it.

I loved Monsieur Duff.' 6. Ils sont los loups, monsieur !' cried the girls. * And

“ The greyhounds hid themselves, trembling, sv.Was not his wife! I met him in Paris. behind the ample petticoats of their mistresses ; He persuaded me to fly with him. We came to and we all three, I fancy, felt extremely uncom- Switzerland ; and here, in this house, he took to fortable. At all events, I can answer for myself. | drinking brandy, and never paused till he died. The wolves had driven Monsieur Duff out of the Nothing I could say had any influence over him. heads of the girls, who repeated, again and again, Every day he plunged deeper and deeper into in• They are wolves, sir.' We listened atten- toxication. Yesterday morning the post brought tively. The yelling swept on, grew fainter and him an English letter, which I have here in my fainter, and at length ceased to be heard. We bosom, though I cannot read it. He glanced over then pushed on, and, in a short time, had the satis- its contents, and, drunk as he was, turned pale faction to see a few lights twinkling in the windows and trembling. He then drew a little miniature of Morges. I had swallowed a great deal of from his bosum, which he kissed several times, snow, which, every time I opened my mouth, blew after which he called for a bottle of brandy, and, into it; and was now longing for a sip of eau de drinking off a large tumbler of it, fell back in his vie, to melt my inner man, and set my blood in chair, stiff dead.' motion. This I promised myself as soon as we

6. This short, sad recital was interrupted every should enter the town, whatever might become of moment by sobs and tears; and at the conclusion Monsieur Dufl; but, to my extreme disgust, I she took the letter from her bosom, and gave it me found, what I ought in all reason to have expected, to read. The mystery was solved in a moment. that every door was close shut, and every soul in It was from Monsieur Duff's wife, who, in the the town asleep, save some few lone watchers, most gentle and loving manner, reproached him who sat by the bed of sickness or death. Presently for having deserted her and her children. There we arrived at the house in which lay the remains was not a single word of bitterness from beginning of the unfortunate Monsieur Duff; and a very to end—nothing but expressions of the most tender strange appearance it presented. A narrow stair- love and unshaken fidelity. It pierced the hardcase, sheltered by vast projecting eaves, led up to ened and corrupt heart of her husband, who had the entrance of the first floor ; and on every step not, however, the courage to face the woman he was a candle burning in a horn lantern. The had wronged. He preferred taking refuge in girls mounted, and I followed them. By this death. And there he now lay before me, a fine, time, we were thickly crusted with snow, which tall, handsome figure ; he had evidently not passed had frozen to our dress, and given us the appear- the prime of life. ance of three bears just rolled out of their den in ". And why,' I inquired, 'is Monsieur Duff's the mountains. When I reached the door of Mon- body laid out in this preposterous manner?' sieur Dutt's apartment, I saw a lady sitting by a “. Is it not the way,' she inquired, in which bed at the further extremity, and on either side a all Englishmen are laid out after death? There row of women, each with a candle in her hand ; is an old Swiss officer here, in Morges, who has and as we entered they all rose simultaneously, been in the English service, and says it is always and muttered, in a sepulchral voice, “Monsieur customary; and so I would not deprive poor MonDuff est mort !' For the moment, I almost fancied sieur Duff's body of the honor due to an Englishmyself present at some melodrama in a theatre, so man.' wild and fantastic did the whole scene appear.

". That old officer is an ass,' I exclaimed, However, I marched forward towards the bed, a fool-a dolt ! No Englishman's body is ever where I hoped to obtain an explanation of the thus travestied after death.' mystery. There, as I said, sat a lady, crying bil “What,' cried she, is it not in England terly, with her right hand supporting her head, the practice to put a pipe in the mouth of the and her left arm grasped by the hand of a corpse, corpse ?' dressed in military uniform, and with a long pipe “6 • Far from it,' I replied. We treat death in its mouth. At first I was rather puzzled to seriously in England ; and this is making a farce determine whether I ought to laugh, which I felt of it.' strongly inclined to do, or to be sympathetic and “ I then ordered the pipe to be removed ; the sentimental. I decided in favor of the latter, and, lady disengaged her arm from the grasp of the addressing the lady in French, inquired whether I lead man, and I had Monsieur Duff decently laid could do anything tur her.

On the rest of the story I need not insist.

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I furnished the lady with the necessary money to towards the plain below; on the other with a mat-
return to Paris, where, as I found, she had respect- ted wood, where the interspaces were carpeted
able friends. I buried Monsieur Duff ; and, the with fallen leaves—red, brown, yellow, of every
day after the funeral, met in the street an old variety of shade and tint. Above and below us,
officer with whom I was acquainted. He came on all sides, were chateaux, villages, farm-houses,
up to me in a stiff and stately manner, and com- convents, and churches, bathed in that delicious
plained of my having called him a fool and an ass, light which the dawn diffuses over the earth. The
for which he ought, he said, to demand satisfaction. breeze was busy among the trees over our heads,

““My dear sir,' I exclaimed, “it is a mistake; and birds without number chirped and carolled as
I never spoke disrespectfully of you in my life.' the growing light awakened them. In the east,

""What,' inquired he, did you not tell Mon- streaks of clouds, extending in long bands one over fe' Iz: sieur Diff's lady that the man who had given her the other, were already beginning to be flushed advice-

below with crimson, while their dark upper rims Ah, monsieur ! cried I, interrupting him, appeared to support so many layers of clear blue ' say no more of that.

Had I known it was you, sky. Then a flood of rich saffron seemed to surge vad aree I would not have objected had they put fifty pipes up into the firmament, mingling with the crimson depan in his mouth. But come, who told you that such below and the bright amethyst above. Dort 21 was the practice in England ?'

“Oh!” exclaimed Carlotta,“ what would this (I, bet "• An officer of the Indian army.'

earth be without clouds? They are the very craGet real 3 bir Ah! he was a wag.

He meant no harm ; dle and birth-place of poetry. See how they but it was a mere joke.'

deck her countenance with the ornaments of a tien (12 ""Ah, le coquin!' exclaimed my friend. bride. How she blushes as they stretch and nesich he went

Come,' said I, dine with me to-day at tle over her like a nuptial veil. What infinite d fur a decent the chateau ; there are several questions I wish to beauty ! What sublimity! Ah! my friend, witbier al ni ask you about the deceased Monsieur Duff. I am would it not be the extreme of happiness to live

desirous of writing to his unhappy wife, and should forever in these mountains, apart from the world, reciu! TIE be glad to be able to say anything calculated to and cradled in delicious dreams born of the imagtears ; and on mitigate her sorrow.'

It was the first time he ination ?''

“ Last night, Carlotta," said I, “ you thought un bere

heard that the Frenchwoman was not his wife.

My inquiries proved unavailing. Monsieur Duff | differently." or Do'a Tai had done nothing during his residence at Morges " True," answered she; “our feelings are the

but drink, swear, and smoke; so I made the best offspring of circumstances. I am happy now-I

I could of the matter. her and I 1

I erected a tomb over his was unhappy then.”
ců of binterest remains, on which you may read these words, “ What," exclaimed I, “ when you was dis-
· Ici git Monsieur Duffi'

playing the wonders of your voice, and surrounded
by admirers !"

“ To be admired," she replied, “is not to be
Spenser, in his “ Faery Queen,” presents us happy. But look; the sun is kindling the whole
with numerous pictures of sunrise, which are all east, and the Apennines are literally flaming with
beautiful, fresh, and cool, like the lovely hour they the reflection of heaven. Tell me, tell me! is
describe ; and I should like to borrow his pen, in earth not a paradise ?"
order to convey some idea of the dawn I beheld “ You would make it so, Carlotta," I replied,
amidst the scenery of the Apennines. One of " if it had nothing but one barren moor stretching
the greatest delights of travelling is the early rising interminably roand its whole circumference."
it necessitates, and the rapturous sensations inspired We had stood still in an open space between
by the fresh face of nature. We left Nove before the trees to admire the view, and were now joined
it was quite light, and quitted the level of the plain by Madame B—-, with the English officer and
for the ascent of the mountains. Here, as soon his family. The landscape had rendered them all
as the presence of the day began to make itself poetical. They remembered and recited scraps of
felt, we got out to walk ; and Carlotta, as usual, poetry, English, and Italian ; and we went on thus
joining me and taking my arm, we preceded the together in perfect good humor with the world and
rest of the party, as we both habitually walked ourselves. Here and there, small clear streams,

We usually talked very fast, also ; gushing from the rocks, were sparkling and flash-
but on the present occasion there was something ing across the road; and anon we came to a cot-
so delicious in the air, su serene and beautiful in tage, whose inmates were still sleeping, and gath-
earth and sky, that we were almost silent. Perhaps ering strength to encounter the toils of the day.
-I wish to put the matter sceptically-perhaps Madame B - was a widow; our new mili-
Carlotta's loveliness extended itself to the scene tary friend had acknowledged himself to be a wid-
around, and imparted to it a charm it might not ower. Why could they not join their fortunes,
otherwise have possessed-I mean, for me. Yet, and face the bles of the world together? I
in itself, it was sufficiently fascinating. Immense saw that this idea had taken possession of Madame
old chestnut trees, covered with ripe fruit, stretched B _'s mind, for she always, when speaking to
here and there in arches over the road, which was him, threw an additional sweetness into her voice,
bordered on one side with soft grass, sloping away and smiled and sighed alternately, jusi as she fan-

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CHAPTER XVIII.-THE APENNINES.

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cied him to be sentimental or otherwise. And everything else, with different eyes before and after who has not noticed the infinite mysteries that breakfast. When you are hungry, you are sarlurk in the female voice? Who has not felt its age, and nothing pleases you—you outrage earth witcheries? Who has not' trembled as it has and sky, and are angry with the breeze for blowing poured around him, operating like a spell for good in your face. But when the hot rolls, coffee, butor evil? Who has not marked some voice, harsh, ter, and honey are before you ; when you have perhaps, and untunable to others, grow soft at its eaten a certain quantity ; when you have sipped approach, and swell into liquid sweetness, inde- your coffee, your good humor returns, you are scribably fascinating? Generally, throughout Italy, reconciled with the world, and you recline at the women have not pleasant voices in conversa- your ease, and think of happiness and cigars. On tion, especially those who sing most exquisitely. the present occasion, everything around was calIt is in England that the female voice appears to culated to please. Before and below us, the Apacquire perfection for the intercourse of life. No-ennines stretched out their arms into a vast amphiwhere else is this daily household music so de- theatre of mountains, covered with waving woods, licious. In Italy, especially, the women talk loud, studded thickly with towns and villages, and overand thus perhaps spoil their voices; originally, I canopied by a sky of the most brilliant blue. Close suspect, none of the sweetest. It is the same in at hand were agreeable faces, and nice, dry, clean France, and every other country I have visited, save turf to recline upon. So as many of us as smoked Turkey. Among the Turkish women you hear stretched ourselves on the grass, lighted our voices like those you have heard in England - cigars, and puffed up clouds of fragrance, which soft, gentle, flexible—full of melody and sweet- the ladies did not dislike in the open air. Tne

Madame B had not, in this respect, reader will, of course, know what I mean by that been favored by nature ; but, such as her powers drowsy, dreamy state of existence which is induced were, she determined to exercise them to the ut- by smoking after breakfast or dinner. Your whole most upon the heart of our gallant friend the cap- nervous system is brought into complete harmony. tain. But from his round jolly face I could dis- Not a single fibre is too tightly braced, or too recover no symptoms that any execution had been laxed ; and, like the opium-eater of Lebanon, you done upon his heart. In fact, he was too much fancy yourself in Paradise, or the Indies. Bnt in love with himself to have much affection to the happiness of one of our party, at least, was spare for any one else—except his own family, suddenly disturbed by the entrance of a man in miltowards whom he was kindness itself.

itary costume, who took a chair, and sat down by There is one quality in mountain air which most himself to breakfast. He wore the Austrian unipersons, I dare say, have noticed—it makes one form, and appeared to eye us with so much attendesperately hungry. This confession will, I dare tion that my Milanese friend became alarmed, and say, lower me many degrees in the estimation of turned very pale. He did not doubt that he should

But the truth must be told. In be arrested in a few minutes, and marched back spite of Carlotta's voice, in spite of the landscape, towards Milan. His lips, therefore, while they in spite of everything, I found myself in possession held the cigar, trembled visibly, though he puffed of so ravenous an appetite that I scarcely knew away fiercely in order to hide his agitation. To how to pacify it till we should arrive at the place help him out as far as possible, I talked to him of where we were to breakfast. Imagine me, then, things indifferent ; and, with the aid of my friend oh, reader! going up to Carlotta, in one of the the English captain, betrayed him occasionally into a most romantic scenes in the world, and saying to her, laugh, which, however, was only one of those laughs Are you not hungry, Carlotta ?”

that pass over the surface of the mind when it is Yes, very," was her reply ; “ but, luckily, I filled with bitterness to the core. The Austrian have got some biscuits here in my bag.”

ate on, occasionally playing with the pommel of She took some out, and gave me two or three ; his sword, but seldom withdrawing his eyes from so we went on chatting and eating, to enable me us, not even while stirring his coffee. When to keep my temper till we reached the little road breakfast was over, he also lighted a cigar, and, side inn, where we all fully determined to make up taking up his chair, he drew near us, politely refor lost time. In the garden of the inn a round questing to be allowed to join our circle. This table had been placed beneath a spreading chestnut was the unkindest cut of all; for my friend the tree, which formed a green roof overhead ; not the Carbonaro now felt sure it was all over with him, less pleasant because it was studded with ripe fruit and looked incessantly round, with the utmost which, while waiting, we picked and ate. Here anxiety, to see in what direction he could best the Milanese, the Dalmatian, and Semler, once make a bolt of it. The Austrian, meanwhile, more joined our party, and thus assisted us in took no notice of his perturbation, but smoked and keeping off the German Swiss, whose company I talked in the phlegmatic manner characteristic of literally detested. They, therefore, breakfasted at his countrymen. Presently he rose to take his another table by themselves. It is a sad thing to leave, and went away without having diminished acknowledge that one looks at a landscape, and I the number of our circle.

young ladies.

T**

From the Spectator. same nature as that usually held to portend death

or disorder in an individual by too copious a flow GROWTH OF THE METROPOLIS.

of blood to the head. That the living streams The Parliamentary Paper No. 614 forcibly calls which daily flood into the city have become too for reflection on the good and evil likely to ensue numerous and swollen for it to receive—that the rom the rapid increase of the capital of the em-heart is really not large enough for its great body bire. According to this return, which appea

and outlying members—are facts patent to all obunder the authority of Mr. Mayne, the Police

servers. For proof of this oppression on the Commissioner, the following augmentations in

metropolitan brain, it is sufficient to witness the aouses, streets, and inhabitants, have taken place intensity of action in the central confluence of žuring the last ten years, within the limits of the business and traffic at mid-day ; or traverse the Metropolitan Police District ; that is, within the

adjacent approaches to the whirlpool of the Bank, limits of a district extending to any place not ex- the Exchange, Insurance-offices, Auction Mart, Peeding in a direct line fifteen miles from Charing Capel Court, and the other foci of sale, transfer, Cross

and negotiation, and see the utter confusion, and - Population in 1839, 2,011,056 ; in 1849, 2,336,960: all but impassable throng of men, horses, and ve

increase of inhabitants in ten years, 325,904. hicles, that choke up the thoroughfares. For all Number of new houses built since 1839, 64,058 ; this pressure and jumble, from Temple Bar to

number of new streets formed, 1,612 ; length of Aldgate Pump, and from Holborn Bars to the Innew streets, 200 miles. Number of houses build

dia House, relief is immediately required ; and on ing, July 1849, 3,485.

a much wider scale ought provision to be made It may be thought that London cannot grow too for future increase. Neither the population nor big ; that it may continue spreading round inter- trade of London is likely to diminish, but largely minably, like the famed banyan tree of the East, to augment for years, probably ages, to come. every expansion of whose widening circuit yields The world is only just entering with unanimity grateful shade and shelter ; or that, as the empire of impulse on the first stages of peaceful developitself has acquired greatness by adding colony to ment. From the natural growth of the inland colony and dependency to dependency, so may its trade of the country, from the increase of foreign capital progress, eating up hamlet after hamlet, trade by the progress of industry and capital in vill after vill, and parish after parish, unstintedly. the north and east of Europe, in the New World, But this would be a delusive forecast of the des- and in the limitless regions of Australia and the tiny of the modern Babylon. Like all great con- Polynesian Islands, vast accessions must accrue to solidations of power, the British capital contains the crowd and traffic of the capital, for which acwithin itself the germs of disintegration. Already commodation must be provided Neither subways it has ceased to be a unity ; it is no longer one below the streets nor atmospheric ways above them and indivisible-a compact burgh, of which his would be adequate to meet the contingeney ; for it worship the mayor can at night close the gates, is not only that the streets would be too few or raise up the portcullis, and carry home in his 100 narrow for transit, but the central area of the pocket the keys of the citizens till next morning. city itself would be too confined a space for its It is more of a constellation or cluster of cities, business transactions; and this difficulty could

each having its separate district and conditions of hardly be more easily met in the city nidus than If existence-physical, moral, and political. The the insular bounds of Great Britain could be **East-end is wholly different from and partly antag- extended.

onistic to the West-end ; on the opposite flanks, Therefore this urgency, growing out of the separated by the bed of the Thames, are vast further increase of the trade and population of the

masses of population alien to each other in speech, metropolis, is likely, by diffusion, to operate a o social culture, and occupation ; next, at two oppo- further diversion of its central energies. The

site corners of the vast parallelogram, at the ex- precise course the relief needed will take, it may

tremities of one diagonal line, are the remote and not be easy to foresee. Possibly a new London yenidensely-peopled regions of Bethnal Green and adjacent to the old may spring up for the aid of

:: Tothill Fields, while the crossing diagonal has its parent ; possibly Smithfield or Islington may ps Paddington and St. John's Wood at one end, bal- become the site of a new Bank of England, new

anced, and perhaps also partly fed and sustained, Royal Exchange, new India House, or new Jones by Bermondsey and Rotherhithe at the other end ; Loyd and Co., Smith, Payne and Co., or new all these separate locales of inhabitants being Colvin and Co., connected with and chiefly mannearly as diversely marked and caste as so many aging the trade of the northern and eastern coundistinct nationalities. So that for any oneness of ties; or the foreign commerce of London and navpurpose, any concerted action or expression of igation of the river may be relieved, as that of sent ent or interest, the metropolis has become Liverpool and the Mersey are likely to be through weaker and less consentaneous in force and out- Birkenhead, by the establishment of an outport pouring than some of the second-rate or third-rate nearer to the mouth of the Thames, at Southend, lowns of the kingdom.

the Naze, or Margate, for which railway commuA second noticeable element of debility ornications offer inviting facilities. Whatever direcbreak-up in the status of the capital, is of the tion further progress may necessitate, enough has

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CCXCI.

LIVING AGE.

VOL. XXIII.

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