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LIFE AND PEOPLE AT THE BERMUDAS.
ters of religion, and that does not obtain in the mat- | the virtue of his atoning sacrifice, and the utter ters of ordinary prudence : yet a helplessness which helplessness of man without the Spirit of God, not forms no excuse, lying, as it does, in the resolute to reform merely but to renew, not to amend but to and by man himself unconquerable aversion of his regenerate, not to fan into vitality the latent sparks will to God and godliness. There is nothing in of virtue and goodness which may be supposed origthis to break the analogies on which to found the inally to reside in the human constitution, but to negative vindication that forms the great and un-quicken him from his state of death in trespasses doubted achievement of this volume, and with which, and sins, so that from a child of the world he may perhaps, it were well if both its author and its read- be transformed into one of the children of light, ers would agree to be satisfied. The analogy lies who, aforetime alive only to the things of sense, here—that if a man wills to obtain prosperity in becomes now alive to the things of faith-alive to this life, he may, if observant of the rules which God. There is nothing I feel less disposed to exexperience and wisdom prescribe, in general make ercise than the oflice of a jealous or illiberal inquisit good; and if he will to attain to blessedness in the itor upon one who has wielded so high the polemic next life, he shall, if observant of what religion arm in the battle of the faith. But I would caution prescribes, and in conformity with the declaration you, when I meet with such an expression as that ihat he who seeketh findeth, he shall most certainly of the Holy Ghost given to good men, against the make it good. It is true that in the latter and larger delusion of this preternatural aid being only given case the condition is universally awanting ; for man, for the purpose of helping further onward those in his natural state, has no relish and no will for who have previously, and by dint of their own inthat holiness without which we cannot see God. dependent exertions, so far helped themselves. I But to meet this peculiar helplessness, there has would have you to understand that the intervention been provided a peculiar remedy; for God makes a of this heavenly agent is the outset of conversion, people willing in the day of his power, and gives and accompanies all the stages of it. He is not his Holy Spirit to them who ask it.
only given in large measure to good men, but He
makes men good. Dr. Chalmers oftener than once recurs to the topic : the Anti-Calvinism of Butler finds no favor in his eyes; and at last he seems to intimate, that, however eminent as a defender of the faith, The Bermudas, named from Juan Bermudas, are the bishop personally was in a dubious way. thus described in a letter from Mr. Foote to the
Buffalo Commercial Advertiser : It were great and unwarrantable presumption to decide on the personal Christianity of Butler; Great Britain has neglected nothing to increase but I may at least remark on the possibility, nay, I their natural strength, and make the islands perwould even go so far as to say, the frequency of fectly secure as a naval station. Every height or men able and accomplished, and zealous for the projecting headland is fortified and bristles with general defence of Christianity, being at the same cannon ; but the reef that encircles the whole time meagre and vague in their views of its subject- group at the distance of from one to ten or more
I might state it as my impression of our miles, constitutes their real substantial defence. great author, that when he does offer his own rep- There is but one entrance within this reef, practiresentations on the form and economy of that dis- cable for sea-going vessels, and even when within, pensation under which we sit, he seems to me as if the buoys marking the channel were removed, a if not prepared to state the doctrines of our faith vessel, unless enjoying the advantages of the very in all that depth and peculiarity wherewith they best pilotage, would almost inevitably strike on are rendered in the New Testament. That man some sharp coral bank. As it is, no one ever achieves a great service who, by strengthening the thinks of taking in a vessel in the night. outworks of our Zion, places her in greater security
Ireland's Island is a mass of soft white limefrom the assaults of the enemy without; but that stone, with an area of perhaps fifty or seventy-five man, I would say, achieves a higher service who acres, the whole of which is nearly covered with can unfold to the friends and disciples who are barracks for the troops, governmental offices and within, the glories of the inner temple. Now I storehouses, and a few shops and dwelling houses. will say of Butler, that he appears more fitted for A mole, beautifully made of the limestone, about the foriner than for the latter of these achievements. one thousand feet in length and a hundred yards or I would trust him more on the question who the so from the shore, makes a small harbor, within letter comes from, than I would on the question which lies the hulk for the convicts. The precise what the letter says; and I do exceedingly fear, number of the convicts now here, I could not learn; that living, as he did, at a period when a blight but there are probably over a thousand. They do had descended on the church of England—at a time not look like very desperate characters, and appear when rationality was vigorous but piety was lan- to have a pretty easy time. Their chief employguid and cold-at a time when there had been a ment is getting out and dressing stone, at which strong revulsion from the zeal and the devotedness, they work in squads, under the eye of an overseer, and withal the occasional excesses, of Puritanism-1 about eight hours a day. They are lively and do fear, I say, that this illustrious defender of the re- chatty, and many of them, I dare say, are better pository which held the truth would have but inad- off than they ever were before in their lives. In equately expounded in all its richness and personal their leisure hours they occupy themselves in readapplication the truth itself. I think it but fair to ing such books as are furnished them, or in makwarn you, that up and down throughout the volume ing toys and ornaments of various kinds, out of there do occur the symptoms of a heart not thor-coral and a beautiful species of spar that is found oughly evangelized, of a shortness and a laxity in abundantly in the hollows and cavities of the rock, his doctrinal religion, of a disposition perhaps to and bears a very high polish. These they sell nauseate as fanatical those profound impressions of slily to visiters at a moderate price. hunian depravity and the need of a Saviour, and The troops stationed here are the 42d Highland
ers—a fine body of men, but not as stalwart nor so | est white villas everywhere gleaming through the martial in their bearing as the 93d, stationed in palmettoes, bananas, limes, or cedars, here skirtCanada a few years since—and two or three com- ing the beach on which the blue sea gently breaks, panies altogether of artillery and sappers and or rounding some easy swelling eminence, and you miners. Strict discipline is maintained, and the can have some idea of the drive to the Groopers' utmost vigilance is at all times observed. Some Pond. But no effort of the imagination can supply months ago, when Mitchell, the Irish patriot, was the soft, delicious atmosphere that it was luxury to here, and there was insane talk in the States about breathe, while the delicate purple that it gave to rescuing him—a job that would have proved about every distant headland and rounded hill lent addias possible as sculling a boat up Niagara Falls—tional charm to the beautiful landscape. the guns were all shotted and manned, with fires We drew up by the side of a low stone structure lighted, ready for instant service if needed, on the about fifteen yards square, and here our driver told approach of any vessel in the offing. Defended as us was the pond. On the other side of the road the Bermudas are by nature and high art, they may the tiny waves of a shallow cove were leaving a be considered almost impregnable. Fortunately, light line of foam almost against our carriage war between the U. States and England is an wheels. A man came out of a neighboring house, almost impossible event, but if, by any misfortune, unlocked a door in the wall, and we entered. it should occur, these islands would be a perfect Within the enclosure was a hole in the rock about hornet's nest to us. With the exception of St. thirty feet long by twenty wide, and twenty or Helena, they are more isolated, that is, further thirty feet deep. Înto this hole the sea found its removed from any other land, than any spot on the way by fissures in the rock, and this was the globe. The nearest land is Cape Haiteras, which famous pond. The water was clear as crystal, and is five hundred and eighty miles distant.
floating in it were eight hundred groopers, of from The precise number of islands and islets com- five to fifteen pounds' weight each. The average, posing the group has never been distinctly ascer- I should think, was not far from eight pounds. tained, but is popularly said to be three hundred They rose to the surface of the water as we stepped and sixty-five. Many of them, of course, are noth- upon the rim of their cup, and with prominent, ing but mere points of rock, a few yards square, codfish-like eyes and open mouths garnished with Bermuda, the principal island, is some six or eight ugly looking teeth, watched all our movements. miles long, with an average breadth of perhaps a If one of our party made a splash in the water with mile. The chief town or capital of the group, his hand, instead of retreating, the fish would Hamilton, is on this island. We ran up to it, make a dash to seize his fingers. One gentleman about six miles from our anchorage, the day after drew out a fish that would weigh ten pounds, that we arrived. The boats in use here are of a very had seized the crooked handle of his cane. A peculiar construction, built of cedar, exceedingly man's life, if in the pool with them, would be light and buoyant, excellent sea-boats and sail like worth less than if thrown into a den of ravening witches. The run up to Hamilton was delightful. panthers. The morning had been very warm, thermometer at The fish are caught off the shore, which they 80° in the shade, but about 9 o'clock a fresh breeze visit at irregular intervals, and thrown into the sprung up, bringing with it light fleecy clouds, pond, whence they are taken when required. When covering the whole group and the encircling reef, in the pond, there is no difficulty in catching any as if a vast pavilion had been specially raised, and one that may be pointed out. All that is necesradiant at times with the most gorgeous colors, as sary is to wait till he is a little separated from his the sun's rays were refracted by the masses of fellows, and then cast the hook before him. It vapor.
matters little whether the hook be baited or not. The island, as we sped merrily up the sound, It is sure to be caught at greedily. We saw sevwas dotted all over with neat houses, all built of eral so caught, and for flavor and texture we can the soft limestone, and all, with scarcely an excep- vouch that they are not surpassed by any fish that tion, of the most intense, brilliant white, even to swims. We returned by a different road, one that the roofs, which were composed of thin slabs of skirted the sea nearly the whole distance, passing stone. Some of these houses in the vicinity of by the governor's house, the Lunatic Asylum, and Hannilton, embowered in shade, would be consid- many other places of local note.
There was a gay ered charming villas in any country. The town party that evening at dinner at the Yacht Hotel in of Hamilton may have fifteen hundred inhabitants. Hamilton. The buildings make no architectural pretensions, but look comfortable, and altogether the town has
DEVOTION. a very inviting appearance. I saw here a very beautiful shrub that attains about the same height
I never could find a good reason our lilacs do, bearing a very large flower, of the
Why sorrow unbidden should stay,
And all the bright joys of life's season purest snow white in the morning. At noon the
Be driven unheeded away. Aower changes to a delicate pink, and at sunset it changes again to a crimson, shrivels up and falls.
Our cares would wake no more emotion, I did not hear its name. The oleander flourishes
Were we to our lot but resigned, magnificently—some of them, in fact, are alınost
Than pebbles flung into the ocean,
That leave scarce a ripple behind. trees.
The great lion of the islands is a small pond arti The world has a spirit of beauty, ficially stocked with fish, about six miles from Which looks upon all for the best ; Hamilton. The drive to it is the most delightful And while it discharges its duty, that can be conceived. Imagine a road perfectly To Providence leaves all the rest. whiie and as smooth as the most nicely tended walk That spirit 's the beam of devotion, in a gentleman's garden—the walks within the fort Which lights us through life to its close, at Michilimackinac are just like it-shaded by every
And sets like the sun in the ocean, variety of luxuriant semi-tropical vegetation, mod. More beautiful far than it rose.
From the Examiner.'
writer combines a craving for stronger and rougher Shirley. A Tale. By Currer Bell, author of stimulants. She goes once again to the dales and “Jane Eyre.” Three vols. Smith and Elder.* fells of the north for her scenery, erects her “con
The peculiar power which was so greatly fessionals" on a Yorkshire moor, and lingers with admired in Jane Eyre is not absent from this book. evident liking amid society as rough and stern as Indeed, it is repeated, if we may so speak of any- the forms of nature which surround them. She thing so admirable, with too close and vivid a has a manifest pleasure in dwelling even on the resemblance. The position of Shirley and her purely repulsive in human character. We do not tutor is that of Jane and her master reversed. Rob-remember the same taste to the same extent in any ert and Louis Moore are not quite such social sav- really admirable writer, or so little in the way of ages, externally, as Mr. Rochester ; but in trifling playful or tender humor to soften and relieve the with women's affections they are hardly less harsh habit of harsh delineation. Plainly she is deor selfish, and they are just as strong in will and ficient in humor. In the book before us, what is giant in limb. The heroines are of the family of stern and hard about Louis Moore is meant to be Jane, though with charming differences, having atoned by a dash of that genial quality. But wilful as well as gentle ways, and greatly desider- while the disagreeable ingredient is powerfully ating “ masters.” The expression of motive by portrayed in action, the fascinating play of fancy means of dialogue is again indulged to such minute is no more than talke about. and tedious extremes, that what ought to be devel Is there, indeed, in either of these books, or any opments of character in the speaker become mere of the writings which bear the name of “ Bell," exercitations of will and intellect in the author. one really natural, and no more than natural, charAnd, finally, the old theme of tutors and govern-acter-a character, we mean, in which the natural esses is pushed here and there to the tiresome is kept within its simple and right proportions ! point. The lesson intended is excellent; but We suspect it would be hardly an exaggeration to works of art should be something more than moral answer this question in the negative. The perparables, and should certainly embody more truths sonages to whom Currer Bell introduces us are than one.
created by intellect, and are creatures of intellect. While we thus freely indicate the defects of Habits, actions, conduct are attributed to them, Shirley, let us at the saine time express, what we such as we really witness in human beings ; but very strongly feel, that the freshness and lively the reflections and language which accompany these interest which the author has contrived to impart actions, are those of intelligence fully developed, to a repetition of the same sort of figures, grouped and entirely self-conscious. Now in real men and in nearly the same social relations, as in her former women such clear knowledge of self is rarely work, is really wonderful. It is the proof of gen- developed at all, and then only after long trials. jus. It is the expression of that intellectual fac- We see it rarely in the very young-seldom or ulty, or quality, which feels the beautiful, the ever on the mere threshold of the world. The grand, the humorous, the characteristic, as vividly sentient and impulsive preponderates, at least in after the thousandth repetition as when it first met this stage of existence; at the utmost, the intelthe sense. We formerly compared the writer to lectual only struggles to emerge from it. It is Godwin, in the taste manifested for mental analy- impossible to imagine that Shirley and her lover sis as opposed to the dealing with events ; and could have refined into each other's feelings with might have taken Lord Byron within the range of such keen intellectual clearness, as in the dialogues the comparison. As in Jone Eyre, so in Shirley, and interviews detailed, yet remained ignorant so the characters, imagery, and incidents are not im- long of what it niost behooved them both to know. pressed from without, but elaborated from within. But even in the children described in this book we They are the reflex of the writer's peculiar feel- find the intellectual predominant and supreme. ings and wishes. In this respect alone, however, The young Yorkes, ranging from twelve years down does she resemble the two authors named. She to six, talk like Scotch prosessors of metaphysics, does not, like Godwin, subordinate human interests and argue, scheme, vituperate, and discriminate, to moral theories, nor, like Byron, waste her like grown up men and women. strength in impetuous passion. Keen, intellectual Yet in spite of this, and of the very limited analysis is her forte ; and she seems to be, in the number of characters and incidents in this tale as main, content with the existing structure of social in the former, the book before us possesses deep ety, and would have everybody make the most interest, and an irresistible grasp of reality. There of it.
is a vividness and distinctness of conception in it As well in remarking on Jane Eyre, as in no- quite marvellous. The power of graphic delineaticing other books from the same family, if not tion and expression is intense. There are scenes from the same hand, we have directed attention to which for strength and delicacy of emotion are not an excess of the repulsive qualities not seldom transcended in the range of English fiction. There rather coarsely indulged. We have it in a less is an art of creating sudden interest in a few pages degree in Shirley, but here it is. With a most worth volumes of common-place description. Shirdelicate and intense perception of the beautiful, the ley does not enter till the last chapter in the first * Reprinted by Harper and Brothers.
volume, but at once takes the heroine's place.
Louis Moore does not enter till the last chapter of pathy with toryism and high church. The writer the second volume, yet no one would dream of dis- sees clearly that they are things of the past, but canputing with him the character of hero.
not help regretting them. The tone assumed to the Story there is none in Shirley. The principal dissenters and manufacturers is hardly fair. Their contingous interest of the book attaches to two high qualities are not denied, but there is a dispobrothers, and two girls with wliom they are in sition to deepen the shadows in delineating them. love. The Gérard Moores, Robert and Louis, are There is cordiality when the foibles of rectors of mixed descent, (from a Belgian mother and and squires are laughed at, but when the defects Yorkshire father,) and good family, but in reduced of the commercial class are touched there is bitcircumstances; the one a manufacturer in the terness. The independence and manlier qualities West Riding, the other a tutor in a wealthy gen- of even that class are nevertheless appreciated, tleman's family. The chosen of Robert is a dis- and some truths are told, though told ino sharply, tant relation whom he calls cousin, Caroline Hel- by which they may benefit. The views of human stone, a niece and poor dependant of the Vicar of nature which pervade the volumes, notwithstandBriarfield-her father having perished in dissolute ing the taste for dwelling on its harsher features courses, after grossly maltreating his wise, and already adverted to, are healthy, tolerant, and endriving her from her home and child. The be- couraging. A sharp relish for the beauties of loved of Louis is the heroine, Shirley Keeldar, an external nature, no mean power of reproducing orphan heiress just come of age, her own mistress, them, and occasional glimpses of ideal imagination a relation of the family in which he is tutor, and of a high order, are visible throughout. The herself heretofore his pupil. Robert's disputes writer works upon a very limited range of rather with machine-breakers, (the time of the story is homely materials, yet inspires them with a power that of the reign of King Lud,) his struggles to of exciting, elevating, pleasing, and instructing, bear up against the stagnation in trade consequent which belongs only to genius of the most unqueson the “ Orders in Council," and his hesitation tionable kind. between the attractions of wealth in Shirley, and We have not hesitated to speak of the writer of love in Caroline, make up his part in the story. as a woman. We doubted this, in reading Jane The elements of that of Louis are still simpler. Eyre; but the internal evidence of Shirley places They are no more than the struggles of a proud the matter beyond a doubt. mind before it can stoop in poverty to confess its affection for a rich heiress. But the women will be the favorites with all readers. Both are charm
JESUS OF NAZARETH PASSETH BY." ing. Caroline is a gentle, loving nature, who long loves hopelessly, and “ never tells her love, though she lets it be seen. Shirley is, as the Watcher! who wakest hy the bed of pain,
wildly witty” Rosalind, clear, decisive, wilful, While the stars sweep on in their midnight train, self-dependent, yet also most womanly and affec- Stifling the tears for thy loved one's sake, tionate ; too proud to woo her inferior in station, Holding thy breath lest his sleep should break ! whom she nevertheless wishes to woo her.
In thy loneliest hour there 's a helper nigh
“ Jesus of Nazareth passeth by.” staple of the three volumes is made up of the thinkings, sayings, and doings of these four per- Stranger! afar from thy native land, sons; presented to us less in the manner of a con- Whom no one takes with a brother's hand, tinuous tale, in which incidents spring from char- Table and hearthstone are glowing free, acter, and reflections are suggested by incidents, Casements are sparkling, but not for thee : than in a series of detached and independent pic- - Jesus of Nazareth passeth by."
There is one who can tell of a home on hightures, dialogues, and soliloquies, written or spoken. So instinct with life, however, are these pictures, Sad one, in secret bending low, dialogues, and soliloquies ; so replete with power, A dart in thy breast that the world may not know, with beauty, and with subile reflections, that the Wrestling the favor of God to win, want of continuity in the tale is pardoned. Te- His seal of pardon for days of sin; diousness is felt before the author's purpose comes
Press on, press on, with the prayerful cry,
“ Jesus of Nazareth passeth by.” distinctly in view ; but when it does, the interest becomes enchaining. We could not lay down the Mourner! who sitt'st in the churchyard lone, third volume.
Scanning the lines on that marble stone, [We omit the extracts, as the book will be so generally Planting the myrtle and rose instead ;
Plucking the weeds from thy children's bed, read, and copy the conclusion of the Examiner's Review.) Look up from the tomb with the tearful eye
In the predilection and general conclusions of the “ Jesus of Nazareth passeth by." author of Shirley we will not pretend to concur. There is a large and liberal tolerance in them, and In thy vein of fire and thy wasted cheek,
Fading one, with the hectic streak a rational acquiescence in the inevitable tendencies Fear 'st thou the shade of the darkened vale ? of society. But this acquiescence we suspect to be Seek to the Guide who can never fail ; reluctant. There is a hankering, not to be sup. He hath trod it himself, he will hear thy sighpressed, after the flesh pots of Egypt-a strong sym- /“Jesus of Nazareth passcth by."
BY MRS. L. 1. SIGOURNEY.
From the United Service Magazine.
in water, and every kind of sickness or ailment is SPORTING SCENES IN NEPAUL.
invariably laid to the charge of that element; and In submitting the following sketches of sporting being great consumers of that beverage, they cerlife in the East, I have simply to premise that I cainly ought, generally speaking, 10 be good have constantly resided in India during the last judges. Be this as it may, the Chittagong eletwenty years, and have been actively employed plants are decided water drinkers, and so are for some portion of that time in the Nepaul terri- those in the upper country ; we may therefore tory, which is an independent state, having a iufer that the Chittagong water must be the betBritish representative at its court, with the title ter suited for these animals. It is, however, of Resident, aided by an assistant resident, and a injuriously operative upon humanity, as witness medical officer, with an escort of 110 men. 1 the frightful enlargement of human legs in that have been induced, at the request of several friends, district, arising from elephantiasis, a disease 10 make known some few incidents which have which causes a moderate-sized person's leg to occurred 10 me personally, in the course of vari- become increased 10 the dimensions of a muscular ous sporting excursions in that unexplored terri-Yorkshireman's thigh, his wretched toes appearlory of India, and I trust that the novelty and ing like a fringe to his bloated limb. The catchoriginality of the facts, to the faithful representa- ing and taming of wild elephants furnish a large tion of which I confidently pledge myself, may be source of revenue to the Nepaul government. The found of some interest, especially when it is con- mode of taking them is this : The Taroos, or elesidered that, from the nature of our treaties with phant catchers, having marked down a wild herd the Nepaul government, and their extreme jeal- of 300 or 400 elephants, the following preparaousy towards all Europeans, opportunities similar tions are made. About 200 Taroos collect together, to those which have fallen to my lot have never mounted upon elephants, and accompanied by two heen afforded to any other British officer. large “ taking elephants,” highly fed, and kept
The Terai, or more properly the Turiyanee, a always musth, (sensual,) and when in that state long belt, or strip, of low level land, lying along their ferocity is such, that no one but their keeper the border of the provinces of Oude and Bahar, dares to approach them. The herd of wild eleconsists for the most part of forests nearly seven phants having been started, they get away trumhundred miles in length, and varying from ten to peting and whistling into the thickest part of the fifteen miles in breadth. The chief natural prod- forest, hotly pursued by the mounted Taroos, each uce of the forest are the oak, the pine, the rattan, of whom is provided with three or more nooses, and the bamboo, all of enormous size, affording called the moosack, which is made of very strong cover for almost every animal known in India, raw hide, well soaked in oil, and so ingeniously from the stately elephant to the savage tiger, the contrived that, when once attached to the elephant, pursuit of which occasions much excitement, the hind legs are gradually drawn together at although often attended with considerable danger. every step they take, until he is brought to a com
In many parts of the forests these animals plete stand-still. The chase continues frequently abound, particularly the elephant, and as the for twenty miles at full speed, until, in fact, the death of one of these magnificent animals will wild herd becomes blown and brought to a stand. form the principal subject of the present sketch, 1 The danger then commences, from the wild ones will here offer a few remarks upon their nature, dashing at their pursuers, in their turn causing and the course pursued by the Nepaulese in ob- the most intense excitement during half an hour, laining possession of them, which differs greatly until the arrival of the two musth elephants, whose from the nieans employed for similar purposes by bulk prevents their keeping up with the more the British government in the Chittagong districts, active ones, ridden by the Taroos. These two where the elephants are taken by pitfalls and elephants, each having three keepers upon their khedahs. The former method is objectionable, backs, dash into the herd.
Their appearance, be ise of the enormous bulk of the animals. accompanied by the powerful nauseous odor emitted When falling into the trap, about seven out of by mus!h elephants, creates an immediate panic ten of them are generally severely injured, and among the wild ones, and soon paralyzes their are thus rendered useless to the government. The efforts of resistance. The active little Taroos khedah or enclosure ensures only the taking of now slide down from their steeds, and under cover small or half-grown male elephants. Remark- of one of the musth elephants, who pushes limably fine and full grown females are frequently self forcibly against the wild one selected from captured in this manner. In the Chittagong dis- the herd, they, in a most dexterous and daring trict are to be found by far the finest and the manner, slip the moosack on to each of the hind largest elephants caught in India, but the diffi- legs, which performance occupies about three culty of acclimatizing them to mpper India is so minutes. The noosed elephant is then allowed to great that seldom more than four out of ten, when depart, and he goes off evidently delighted ; but sent to the upper provinces, are preserved ; change as the noose becomes contracted at every stride, af food, and, what all natives declare to be a he finds his intended flight brought to a close, at greater evil still, change of "pawnee,” (water,) a distance of sixty or seventy yards. After operare supposed to be the main causes of premature ating upon about fifty wild elephants in a similar mortality. The natives of India are firm believers manner, the Taroos permit the remainder of the