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been with him this St. George's feast at Windsor, her closet is, and there stood, and saw the fine and came home with him last night; and, which is altar, ornaments, and the fryers in their habits, and more, they say, is removed, as to her bed, from her the priests come in with their fine crosses, and own house, to a chamber in White Hall, next to many other fine things. I heard their musique too, the King's own, which I am sorry to hear, though which may be good, but it did not appear so to me; I love her much.-Vol. II., New Edition, p. 134. neither as to their manner of singing, nor was it The course of the king's love is not, however, The Queene very devout ; but what pleased me best
good concord to my ears, whatever the matter was. without eddies :
was, to see my dear Lady Castlemaine, who, though 3rd of June. In the Hall to-day Dr. Pierce tells a Protestant, did wait upon the Queene to chapel. me that the Queen began to be brisk, and play like By and bye, after mass was done, a fryer, with his other ladies, and is quite another woman from what cowl, did rise up, and preach a sermon in Portushe was.
It may be, at any rate, the King like guese, which I not understanding, did go away, her the better, and forsake his two mistresses-my and to the King's Chapel, but that was done; and Lady Castlemaine and Stewart.
so up to the Queene's presence-chamber, where she October 14th. My Lady Castlemaine, then, is in and the king was expected to dine ; but she staying as great favor as ever, and the King supped with at St. James', they were forced to remove the things her the very first night he came from Bath, and last to the King's presence, and there he dined alone ; night, and the night before, supped with her, when and I with Mr. Fox very finely; but I see I must there being a chine of beef to roast, and the tide not have too much of that liberty, for my honor rising into their kitchen, that it could not be roasted sake only, not but that I am very well received. there, and the cook telling her of it, she answered, “ Zounds! she must set the house on fire, but it
There was a report of Lady Castlemaine's beshould be roasted ;''* so it was carried to Mrs. Sa- coming Roman Catholic. “ I heard,” says Pepys, rah's husband, and there it was roasted.
“ for certain, that Lady Castlemaine is turned Pa
pist, which the Queene for all do not much like, The queen is dangerously ill ; but the atten
thinking that she do it not for conscience sake.” tions to Lady Castlemaine are not discontinued :
The date of this entry is 22nd December, 1663. Oct. 20, 1663. This evening, at my Lord's There is a letter from Monsieur de Lionne to lodgings, Mrs. Sarah talking with my wife and I Louis XIV. of this date, which says, how the Queene do, and how the King tends her, d'Angleterre estant tant priè par les parents de la being so ill. She tells us that the Queene's sick- dame d'aporter quelque obstacle a cette action, ness is the spotted fever; that she was as full of the spots as a leopard, which is very strange that it repondit galamment, que pour l'ame des dames is should be no more known, but, perhaps, it is not
ne s'en meloit point."'* And that the King do seem to take it much We have a scene in which Pepys exhibits his at heart, for that he hath wept before her; but, for own character in his descriptions, not alone of the all that, that he hath not missed one night since beauty, but of the dress of the ladies :she was sick, of supping with my Lady Castlemaine, which I believe is true ; for she says that By and by, the King and Queen-the Queen, in her husband hath dressed the suppers every night; a white laced waistcoat, and a crimson short pettiand I confess I saw him myself, coming through coat, and her hair dressed a la negligence, mighty the street, dressing up a great supper to-night, pretty, and the King rode hand-in-hand with her. which Sarah says is also for the King and her, Here was also my Lady Castlemaine, rode amongst which is a very strange thing.
the rest of the ladies, but the King took, methought,
no notice of her; nor when she did light, did anyPublic calamities do not interfere with this body press (as she seemed to expect, and staid for infatuation :
it) to take her down, but she was taken down by This day come news from Harwich, that the her own gentleman. She looked mighty out of Dutch fleet are all in sight, near 100 sail, great humor, and had a yellow plume in her hat, which and small, they think coming towards them, where all took notice of; and yet she is very handsome, they think they shall be able to oppose them ; but but very melancholy. Nor did anybody speak to do cry out of the falling back of the seamen, few her, or she so much as smile or speak to anybody. standing by them, and those with much faintness. I followed them up into Whitehall, and into the The like they wrote from Portsmouth, and their Queene's presence, where all the ladies walked, letters this post are worth reading. Sir W. Cholm- talking and fiddling with their hats and feathers, ly came to me this day, and tells me the court and changing and trying one another's by one anis as bad as ever; that the night the Dutch burned other's heads, and laughing, which it was the finest our ships the King did sup with my Lady Castle- sight to me, considering their great beauties and maine, at the Duchess of Monmouth's, and these dress, that ever I did see in all my life. But, above were all mad in hunting of a poor moth. All the all, Mrs. Stewart in this dress, with her hat cocked, court afraid of a parliament; but he thinks nothing and a red plume, with her sweet eye, little Roman can save us but the King's giving up all to a par- nose, and excellent taille, is now the greatest beauliament.
ty I ever saw, I think, in my life, and, if ever wo
man can, do exceed my Lady Castlemaine, at least In reviewing a book of this kind, it is impossi- in this dress ; nor do I wonder if the King changes, ble to adopt any very systematic arrangement :- which I verily believe is the reason of his coldness 21st (Lord's day.) To the Parke. The Queene
my Lady Castlemaine. coming by in her coach, going to her chapel at St. There are amusing stories of the jealousies James' (the first time it hath been ready for her.) I crowded after her, and I got up to the room where Braybrooke gives, in an appendix, exiracts from this cor
* Lord Braybrooke-note in the new edition. Lord * Lord Sandwich's housekeeper.
respondence ; but the letter to which be refers is not given.
between these ladies—more amusing of their loves. I work we have several notices of the pictures of One is “how Lady Castlemaine, a few days since, Mrs. Stewart. Of one by Cooper he tells us had Mrs. Stewart to an entertainment, and at night “ There I did see Mrs. Stewart's picture, as when began a frolique that they two must be married, a young maid, and now just done before her havand married they were, with ring and all other ing the small-pox; and it would make a man ceremonies of church service and ribbands, and weep to see what she was then, and what she is a sack-posset in bed, and fiin ng the stocking ; like to be by people's discourse now.”
The lady, but in the close it is said that my Lady Castle- however, was still lucky-she escaped without the maine, who was the bridegroom, rose, and the injury that was apprehended, and reäppeared at king came and took her place. A few days court in more than her former beauty. after Pepys had first heard this story, it was told In the “ Diary” we have minute accounts of him again by a person likely to be acquainted with the Plague, and its gradual progress. It comes in the fact, and we have the following record :- strangely-like the measured tones of a death-bell “ Pickering tells me that the story of my Lady -ainong statements of every kind of frivolity and Castlemaine's and Stewart's marriage is certain, dissipation. We have the first notices of alarm and that it was in order to the king's coming to when it is known in London that it is in AmsterStewart, as is believed generally.” The etiquette dam—the quarantine regulations—the gradual of the French, and it would seem of the English increase of the bills of mortality—the flight of court, was that the king's mistress should be a everybody that could leave London. In one place married woman, and hence the parody of the mar- we have him conversing on some ordinary matter riage ceremony. The Duke of York was also of business when they come close by the bearers for a while a captive to the fair Stewart's charms ; with a body dead of the plaguc, and then follows yet, in spite of Pepys' stories, she seems to have the entry, “ Lord ! to see what custom is, that I escaped the snares and scandal of this abandoned am come to think nothing of it." Pepys himself court with but slight damage to her reputation. removed his family to Woolwich, and we have a When the queen was dangerously ill, and her letter from him to Lady Carteret, dated from that death appeared certain, the prevalent belief was place :that Charles intended to marry her, and there was
The absence of the court and emptiness of the afterwards a report that he still had the same in- city takes away all occasion of news, save only such tention, and was about to obtain a divorce from melancholy stories as would rather sadden than find the queen. This fear, it was said, led the chan- your ladyship any divertisement in the hearing; I cellor, Lord Clarendon, to make up a match be- having stayed in the city till about 7,400 died in tween her and the Duke of Richmond. “ I hear,” one week, and of them above 6,000 of the plague, says Pepys, “how the King is not so well pleased and little noise heard day nor night but tolling of of this marriage between the Duke and Mrs. bells; till I could walk Lumber-street, and not meet
twenty persons from one end to the other, and not Stewart as is talked ; and that the Duke by a wile 50 upon the Exchange ; till whole families (10 and did fetch her to the Beare, at the Bridgefoot, where 12 together) have been swept away ; till my very a coach was ready, and they are stole away into physician, (Dr. Burnet,) who undertook to secure Kent without the King's leave, and that the King me against any infection, (having survived the month saith he will never see her more ; but people do of his own being shut up,) died himself of the think that it is only a trick.” Again, " Pierce plague : till the nights (though much lengthened) told us the story how in good earnest the King is that died the day before, people being thereby con
are grown too short to conceal the burials of those offended with the Duke's marrying, and Mrs. strained to borrow daylight for that service ; lastly, Stewart sending the King his jewels again. As he till I could find neither meat nor drink safe, the tells it, it is the noblest romance and example of butcheries being everywhere visited, my brewer's a brave lady that ever I read of in my life.” An house shut up, and my baker with his whole family after entry tells us of the formidable enemy of dead of the plague. beauty whose sting has been disarmed by modern The death-bells did not interfere with the marscience :
riage festivals ; there was marrying and giving in March 26, 1668. This noon sent to Somerset
marriage in these as in all times, and there were House to hear how the Duchess of Richmond do ;
all the incidents of courtship as in the days that and word was brought that she is pretty well, but were, and the days that will be ; but the days that mighty full of the small-pox, by which all do con- have passed have lest no other chronicler half so clude that she will be wholly spoiled, which is the observant and so amusing as Pepys. In the first greatest instance of the uncertainty of beauty that volume of “ The Diary," Oct. 20, 1660, we are could be in this age ; but then she hath the benefit introduced to Lady Jemima Montagu, the daughter of it, to be first married, and to have kept it so
of Pepys' patron. “I dined with my lord and long, under the greatest temptations in the world from a king, and yet without the least imputation. lady; he was very rerry, and did talk very high
how he would have a French cook, and a master It would seem, then, either that the former of his horse, and his lady and child to wear black statements of Pepys had less of truth in them than patches ; which methought was strange ; but he he thought at the time, or that strange miscon- is become a perfect courtier; and among other structions were given 10 what was but girlish things, my lady saying she could get a good mergayety and lightheartedness. Through Pepys' chant for her daughter Jem. He answered that
he would rather see her with a pedlar's pack at were kindly received by Lady Wright and my Lord her back, so she married a gentleman, than she Crewe. And to discourse they went, my Lord disshould marry a citizen."
coursing with him, asking of him questions of travIn July, 1665, we have the young lady's actual ell, which he answered well enough in a few words ;
but nothing to the lady from him at all. To supwedding. Happy is the wooing that is not
per, and after supper to talk again, he yet taking no long a-doing.” The first mention of it is on the notice of the lady. My Lord would have had me last day of the previous June. We find Pepys have consented to leaving the young people together talking of removing his wife to Woolwich, on to-night, to begin their amours, his staying being account of the plague :-"She is lately learning but to be little. But I advised against it, lest the to paint with great pleasure and success.
all lady might be too much surprised. So they led him other things well, especially a new interest I am up to his chamber, where I staid a little, to know making by a match in hand between the eldest son mightily ; but, Lord! in the dullest insipid manner
how he liked the lady, which he told he did of Sir G. Carteret and Lady Jemima Montagu.'
that ever lover did. So I bid him good night, and Pepys seems to have been the great negotiator in down to prayers with my Lord Crewe's family. this arrangement. He goes to Sir G. Carteret's 16th (Lord's Day). Having trimmed myself,
.“ Received by my Lady Carteret and her chil- down to Mr. Carteret ; and we walked in the galdren with most extraordinary kindness, and dined lery an hour or two, it being a most noble and pretty most nobly. I took occasion to have much dis- house that ever, for the bigness, I saw. Here I course with Mr. Philip Carteret, (the intended the hand to lead her, and telling him that I would
taught him what to do; to take the lady always by bridegroom,) and find him a very modest man; find opportunity to leave them together, he should and I think, verily, of mighty good nature and make these and these compliments, and also take a pretty understanding." “ It is mighty pretty to time to do the like to Lord Crewe and Lady Wright. think how my poor Lady Sandwich between her | After I had instructed him, which he thanked me and me is doubtful whether her daughter will like for, owning that he needed my teaching him, my the match or no, and how troubled she is for fear Lord Crewe come down and family, the young lady of it, which I do not fear at all, and desire her miles off; where a pretty good sermon, and a dec
among the rest ; and so by coaches to church four not to do it ; but her fear is the most discreet and laration of penitence of a man that had undergone pretty that ever I did see.” A few days after the church's censure for his wicked. life. Thence wards we have Lady Sandwich buying things for back again by coach, Mr. Carteret having not had my Lady Jemima's wedding. This, it would ap- the confidence to take his lady once by the hand, pear, was before the young people had actually coming or going, which I told him of when we even seen each other ; but not before the Carter- come home, and he will hereafter do it. So to din
ner. My Lord excellent discourse. Then to walk ets had paid all manner of attentions to the young in the gallery, and to sit down. By and by my Lalady. “ Lord ! 10 see how kind my Lady Car- dy Wright and I go out, (and then my Lord Crewe, teret is to her. Sends her most rich jewels, and he not by design,) and lastly my Lady Crewe come provides bedding and things of all sorts most richly out, and left the young people together. And a litfor her, which makes my lady [Lady Sandwich] tle pretty daughter of my Lady Wright's most inand me out of our wits almost, to see the kindness nocently come out afterwards, and shut the door to, she treats us all with, as if they would buy the as if she had done it, poor child, by inspiration
which made us without have good sport to laugh at. young lady.” Such is the happy Pepys' exclamation—the same Pepys who, in speaking of 17th. Up all of us, and to billiards; my Lady another marriage a few days before, describes Wright, Mr. Carteret, myself, and everybody. By “the father-in-law and husband contracting for and by the young couple left together. Anon to the bride, though a pretty woman, as if they had dinner; and after dinner Mr. Carteret took my adbeen buying a horse.” The account of the court-vice about giving to the servants £ 10 among them. ship is so peculiar and so amusing, that we must
Before we went, I took my Lady Jem. apart, and
would know how she liked this gentleman, and give the entries as we find them :
whether she was under any difficulty concerning
him. She blushed, and hid her face awhile; but July 14th, 1665. I by water to Sir G. Carteret's,
She answered that and there find my Lady Sandwich buying things for at last I forced her to tell me. my Lady Jem's wedding; and my Lady Jem is she could readily obey what her father and mother beyond expectation come to Dagenhams, where Mr. had done ; which was all she could say, or I exCarteret is to go to visit her to-morrow; and my
pect. proposal of waiting on him, he being to go alone to here are afraid of London, being doubtful of every
But, Lord! to see how all these great people all persons strangers to him, was well accepted, and with him. But, Lord! to see how
kind my been there, so I was forced to say that I lived wholly
thing that comes from thence, or that have lately go Lady Carteret is to her! Sends her most rich jew- at Woolwich. So anon took leave, and for London. els, and provides bedding and things of all sorts most richly for her.
“Lady Jemima hath carried herself with mighty 15. Mr. Carteret and I to the ferry-place at discretion and gravity, not being forward at all in Greenwich, and there staid an hour crossing the water to and again to get our coach and horses over ; The young man could not be got to say one word
any degree, but mighty serious in her answers. and by and by set out, and so towards Dagenhams. But, Lord'! what silly discourse we had as to love before me or Lady Sandwich of his adventures ; matters, he being the most awkerd man ever I met but, by what he afterwards relates to his father with in my life as to that business. Thither we and mother and sisters, he gives an account that come, and by that time it begun to be dark, and pleases them mightily. All their care now is to
have the business ended, and they have reason, | rical acquaintances, some of whom his wife did because the sickness puts all out of order, and they not altogether approve of, we must find or make cannot safely stay where they are.”
other opportunities of introducing our readers. The day of the very marriage comes- -the 31st We must see him at his excellent dinners—we of July. Pepys is so
very betimes at must assist at his philosophical soirées—we must Deptford, and there finds Sir G. Carteret and my go with him to his office, and witness him, in lady ready to go.” Pepys is in his glory,“ Be- spite of all his frivolities, the best man of business ing,” he says, “ in my new colored silk vest and of his time. The period that followed the Comcoat, trimmed with gold buttons, and gold broad monwealth, and preceded the Revolution, is that of lace round my hands, very rich and fine.” all English history which is best worth studying ;
There is unluckily, however, some blundering and the “ Diary” of the annalist whose work we about the ferry and the coach that is to meet them have been examining, does more to explain the —wind and tide will not wait, or vary their courses second fall of the Stuarts than all the state docuto gratify impatient people, and the canonical ments of the period put together. A dissolute hours will be soon over. What is Pepys to do ? and dishonest government England will not long There is great danger that the young people will endure. be married before he can come, and that they will not see his new coat-he, too, will not see their dresses. Pepys' parly have the license and the tion of an invention by Mr. A. Å. Wilder, for
The Detroit Commercial Bulletin gives a descripwedding-ring—it is sent on-they at last have ascertaining the leeway of a vessel as correctly as crossed the ferry, and drive hard with six horses ; the variations of the wind are at present ascertained they are, however, only in time to meet the bridal by a vain and a dial on shore. It consists of a tube party returning from church, “ which troubled us, four inches in diameter, running down from the but however that trouble was soon over, hearing it binnacle of a vessel to the keel, through which was well done, they both being in their old clothes, passes a rod, and to which is attached, immediately my Lord Crewe giving her, there being three
under the keel, a vane, about eight inches deep and
two feet long. This being in dense water, is sure coachfuls of them." * In their old clothes!” | to be operated upon by any leeway the vessel may What an incident for the son of the old tailor to make ; indicated by the needle at the top of the rod, record ! - In their old clothes !" We are placed upon a plate on which the degrees are tempted to lay down the record. The fact is, marked, situated between the two compasses in the Pepys himself was the only one of the company
binnacle. worth looking at. “ The young lady mighty sad, which troubled me; but yet I think it was her
The following is an act of submission addressed gravity in a little greater degree than usual.”
by the Pére Ventura to the Archbishop of Paris ; All saluted her, but I did not till my Lady Sand- it relates to a letter of the good father which was wich did ask me whether I had saluted her or no. published in the Living Age. So to dinner, and very merry we were ; but in such a sober way as never almost anything was in so I, the undersigned, having learned to-day only, great families ; but it was much better. After din- by the Giornal Romano, that my
- Discours pour ner company divided, some to cards, others to talk. les Morte de Vienne," pronounced and printed at My Lady Sandwich and I up to settle accounts, and Rome at the end of November, 1848, has been placed pay her some money. And mighty kind she is to among the number of prohibited works; knowing me, and would fain have had me gone down for what the church has a right to expect from an obecompany with her to Hinchinbroke; but for my life dient child in such a case, particularly if he is an I cannot. At night to supper,
and so to talk; and ecclesiastic ; deeming myself obliged to give an exwhich, methought, was the most extraordinary ample of perfect obedience to the judgment of the thing, all of us to prayers as usual, and the young Apostolic See; having always declared that I desired bride and bridegroom too. And so after prayers, to subject all my writings to the sovereign pontiff, soberly to bed ; only I got into the bridegroom's and being anxious to prove the truth of such declachamber while he undressed himself, and there was ration, without being constrained or counselled by very merry, till he was called to the bride's cham- any one, but yielding solely to the sentiments which ber, and into bed they went. I kissed the bride in are suited to every true Catholic, 1 here freely, and bed, and so the curtaines drawne with the greatest of my own movement, declare that I fully except gravity that could be, and so good night. But the the said decree of condemnation against the writing modesty and gravity of this business was so decent, mentioned above, without restriction or reservation. that it was to me indeed ten times more delightful Furthermore, I regret and condemn all and every than if it had been twenty times more merry and of the doctrines, maxims, expressions, and words jovial. Thus I ended this month with the greatest that in that writing, or in any other of mine, have joy that ever I did any in my life, because I have been found, or may be found, in contradiction to the spent the greatest part of it with abundance of joy, tenets of the Holy Catholic, Apostolic, and Roman and honor, and pleasant journeys, and brave enter-Church. Finally, I declare that I hope, with the tainments, and without cost of money ; and at last aid of divine grace, to die in that holy church in live to see the business ended with great content on which I was born, and in which I have lived, ready all sides.
for that object to endure everything and make every
sacrifice. But we must lay down this pleasant book—the
J10ACCHINO VENTURA. very pleasantest almost that we have ever taken Of the order of the regular Theatin clerks. up. To Pepys himself, to his wife, to his theat- Montpellier, Sept. 8.
SCENE I.-Blisworth Station. The north train Station-Master ( pulling her back.) No, ma'am.
(Peterborough Line) coming in, the north train Lincoln. What luggage, ma'am ? (Lincoln Line) going out ; the Birmingham train Unprotected Ferale. Two boxes—two cases-waiting to come in, the York train waiting to go four parcels—and two little-Oh! That's my out; several cross-country trains coming, going, carriage, I 'm certain. waiting to come, waiting to go; a few pilot engines [Rushes to a carriage, and plunges under seal. running about playfully; a goods' train across the Commercial Traveller does the same—their heads Line, several horses being put into horse-boxes, and come into violent contact. kicking on the platform— Luggage scaltered about Commercial Traveller. Confound-Porters rushing to and fro—a Station-Master Unprotected Female. No, it is n't—and two little in several places at once, and bells ringing at inter- boys—a leather one and a carpet one. vals.
Porter (ringing bell.) . Now then. London-Lon
–Lon– Unprotected Female (descends hastily from north Unprotected Female. Oh, where, where ? down train. To Elderly Gentleman.)
Porter. What is it, ma'am ? change carriages here?
Unprotected Female. London, sir? Elderly Gentleman (distractedly.) Two portman- Porter. Peterborough Line, or Lincoln Line, or teaus, black leather bag, hat-case. Hollo! that 's Birmingham Line, ma'am ? Euston Square or mine!
Shoreditch ? Now, look sharp! [Darts after Young Gentleman carrying bay. Unprotected Female (gradually going distracted.) Unprotected Female (to Elderly Gent.) Are you Oh, I don't know ! a guard ?
Elderly Gent. (from train in motion, stretching Elderly Gent. Go to the dev—(turns and recog-wildly from carriage.) Hollo! That 's my bag on nizes Female.) No—my trunk-my trunk! the platform. Stop! [Rushes wildly in two directions after two parties. Guard (shutting door violently.) All right! Struggle.
Unprote ted Female (wildly.) My luggage-Oh, Unprotected Female. Oh! somebody—(Train be- dear! my little boys !-Oh-do-somebody! gins to move. Screams.) Stop! I'm going on! Station-Moster. Lost little boys? Here, quick (Is about to tumble under wheels, is stopped by Por- - lots of little lost boys hereter.) Oh-do we change?
[Rushes into lost luggage department, followed by Porter (to Elderly Gent.) Yon 's your train- Unprotected Female. There, ma’am. (Points to Lincoln train. Old Here you are! [Produces several little boys. Gent. rushes towards it.) No-not yourn, sir :- Unprotected Female. “Oh, no—I 'm not. Oh, this here lady's : that 's yourn. (To Elderly Gent., Johnny! Oh, Billy! and my
boxes! pointing to Peterborough train. Unprotected Female [Bell outside, and voice, “Now then, Peterborough rushes towards it.) No, no, ma'am. T'other side train south."
Unprotected Female (passionately adjuring StaUnprotected Female. There's my bag in the car- tion-Master.) Oh, do-sir-put me in someriage. Oh, dear! dear!
where! Porter. Which carriage ?
Station-Master. This way—not a minute to spare Stout Clergyman. This-quick !
-forward the babies-here—(Shoves Unprotectoa [Porter goes towards it. Female into carriage.) York train ! —all right! Unprotected Female. No—no—That 's his—Oh,
[Shuts door violently. where 's mine? Oh, dear !
Unprotected Female (screaming fron window) Station-Master. Now, ma'am, look sharp. South But I'm going to London ! train going on.
Guard. All right. Unprotected Female. Here-Peterborough
(Train moves on-general confusion South train ? [Springs towards it.