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66 Come you
ing of old sailors, that the last person to fall over- The lamp dropped from the hand of Max, and board from the rigging is a landsman, because he went out; while, covered all over with spires and grips the ropes so fiercely; whereas old tars are sparkles of flame that faintly crackled in the silence less careful, and sometimes pay the penalty. the uncovered parts of the body burned before us,
After this feat I got down rapidly on deck, and precisely like a phosphorescent shark in a midnight received something like a compliment from Max sea. the Dutchman.
The eyes were open and fixed, the mouth wag
curled like a scroll, and every lean feature firm as in Some of the occurrences give rise to reflections life ; while the whole face, now wound in curls of or suggestions on nautical matters; and there are soft blue flame, wore an aspect of grim defiance some terrible pictures of vice and poverty in Liver- and eternal death-Prometheus, blasted by fire on
the rock. pool, pointed by contrast with the American's experience at home, where absolute death by hunger the man's name, tattooed in vermilion, near the hol
One arm, its red shirt-sleeve rolled up, exposed and privation (the Americans say) cannot occur. low of the middle joint ; and as if there was some We will, however, take a different sample to close thing peculiar in the painted flesh, every vibratingwith- -a case of spontaneous combustion.
letter burned so bright that you might read the
flaming name in the flickering ground of blue. Of the three newly-shipped men, who in a state
" Where's that damned Miguel?” was now of intoxication had been brought on board at the shouted down among us from the scutile by the dock-gates, (at Liverpool,) two were able to be en- mate, who had just come on deck, and was detergaged at their duties in four or five hours after quit- mined to have every man up that belonged to his ting the pier; but the third man yet lay in his bunk,
watch. in the self-same posture in which his limbs had been adjusted by the crimp who had deposited liim there. weigh anchor,” coughed Jackson.
“ lle's gone to the harbor where they never His name was down on the ship's papers as
down, sir, and look." Miguel Saveda; and for Miguel Saveda the chief
Thinking that Jackson intended to beard him, the mate at last came forward, shouting down the fore
mate sprang down in a rage ; but recoiled at the castle-scuttle, and commanding his instant presence
burning body, as if he had been shot by a bullet. on deck : but the sailors answered for their new
• My God!” he cried, and stood holding fast to the comrade, giving the mate to understand that Miguel ladder. was still fast locked in his trance, and could not obey him ; when, muttering his usual imprecation, the Greenlander ; " it must go overboard. Don't stand
“ Take hold of it,” said Jackson at last to the mate retired to the quarter-deck. This was in the first dog-watch, from four to six But stop ;” and smothering it all in the blankets, ho
shaking there like a dog ; take hold of it, I say; in the evening. At about three bells in the next pulled it partly out of the bunk. watch, Max the Dutchman, who like most old sea
A few minutes more, and it sell with a bubble men was soinething of a physician in cases of drunkenness, recommended that Miguel's clothing night sea, leaving a corruscating wake as it sank.
among the phosphorescent sparkles of the damp should be removed, in order that he should lie more
This event thrilled me through and through with comfortably: but Jackson, who would seldom let anything be done in the forecastle that was not pro- watch during the next four hours on deck at all
unspeakable horror; nor did the conversation of the posed by himself, capriciously forbade this proceed
serve to soothe me. ing.
But what most astonished me, and seemed most So the sailor still lay out of sight in his bunk; incredible, was the infernal opinion of Jackson, that which was in the extreme angle of the forecastle the man had been actually dead when brought on behind the bowsprit-bitts—two stout timbers rooted board the ship ; and that knowingly, and merely in the ship's keel. An hour or two afterwards, for the sake of the month's advance, paid into his some of the men observed a strange odor in the band upon the strength of the bill he presented, forecastle, which was attributed to the presence of the body-snatching crimp had knowingly shipped a some dead rat among the hollow spaces in the side planks ; for, soine days before, the forecastle had corpse on board of the Highlander under the prebeen smoked out, to extirpate the vermin overrun- And I heard Jackson say, that he had known of
tence of its being a live body in a drunken trance. ning her. At midnight, the larboard watch, to such things having been done before: but that a which I belonged, turned out; and instantly, as every man woke, he exclaimed at the now intoler. I really dead body ever burned in that manner, I canable smell, supposed to be heightened by the shak- iar with such things; or at least with the stories of
not even yet believe. But the sailors seemed familing op of the bilge-water from the ship's rolling. * Blast that rat!” cried the Greenlander.
such things having happened to others. “ He's blasted already,” said Jackson, who in his drawers had crossed over to the bunk of Miguel.
From the Spectator. “ It's a water-rat, shipmates, that's dead; and here M'LEAN'S TWENTY-FIVE YEARS IN THE HUDhe is ;” and with thai he dragged forth the sailor's
SON'S BAY TERRITORY. * arm, exclaining, “ Dead as a timberhead!"
Upon this the men rushed toward the bunk, Max Mr. M'LEAN entered the service of the Hudson's with the light, which he held to the man's face. Bay Company in 1820–21, when it had just been
“ No, he's not dead,” he cried, as the yellow strengthened by a coalition with its rival, the flame wavered for a moment at the seaman's mo- North-western Company. With the exception of tionless mouth : but hardly had the words escaped, when, to the silent horror of all, two threads of a five or six months' trip to England in 1842–"43, greenish fire, like a forked tongue, darted out be- he continued actively engaged in the service for tween the lips ; and in a moment the cadaverous
* Notes of a Twenty-five years' Service in the Hud. face was crawled over by a swarm of wormlike son's Bay Territory. By John M'Lean. In two volumes. dames.
Published by Bentley.
quarter of a century. In spite of promises, he ill-usage and that of others into the Life of his passed the greater part of that time in an inferior brother, with rather fierce attacks upon Governor position ; the range of his service extending from Simpson ; but there was a tone about his style Labrador and the shores of Hudson's Bay to New that induced mistrust. Mr. Fitzgerald lately exCaledonia on the further side of the Rocky Moun- amined the history and general character of the lains, amid the head waters of Fraser's river, and Company; testing their professions and conduct by from the boundaries of the United States to beyond scattered rays of evidence; and left an ill impresthe 60th degree of latitude, on .he banks of the sion as the result of his inquiry. Mr. M Lean Mackenzie river. After some twenty years' ser- comes with a particular narrative of his own hard vice, and, as he alleges, unfair treatment in delay- treatment, various statements of partiality and ining his promotion, Mr. M'Lean was appointed a justice as regards other officers, and an account of chief trader; the income from which post in 1841, the Company's neglect of the moral and physical was 1201. per annum. Even this fortune was not wellbeing of the Indians, and their opposition to enjoyed in comfort. He was hardly treated by Protestant missionaries, all which contrasts remarkGovernor Simpson, and in fact degraded, being ably with the panegyries we have so frequently superseded in a district to which he was appointed; heard. These, indeed, are only explainable on the he therefore resigned, in 1844.
consideration we just threw out—that the favorable Not much of new geographical information is reports originated with writers who visited only furnished by Mr. M Lean's volumes, except as re- the principal or show places, and got about as true gards the interior of Labrador ; in that country he an idea of the state of affairs at the lesser interior was stationed for several years, and he explored it stations as a traveller in Russia, escorted by the from Esquimaux Bay in the Straits of Belleisle to imperial authorities, would have of the true state the Bay of Ungava. The chief value of the book of things there. Some allowance is to be made consists in its picture of life in the Hudson's Bay for the fact that Mr. M'Lean is smarting under the service—the hardships to be undergone, the priva- sense of long neglect—of, as he alleges, an unfair tions to be endured, the dangers to be encountered preference to favored rivals, and a long course of in the conduct of the everyday business of the com- ill-treatment; but many of the facts hardly admit pany, in a region where a journey involves an irk- of color, and do not refer to himself. some and riskful navigation, a laborious portage, Any judgment on these controversial matters, in winter excessive cold, and in summer great however, is best formed by a perusal of the volheats with frequent attacks of mosquitoes and other umes. Our extracts will chiefly relate to the adinsects. In the remoter districts, bodily hardships venturous part of the narrative. The following is are not alone to be encountered. The passions of an example of the unpleasantnesses to which the the intoxicated or superstitious and sometimes the Hudson's Bay" travellers” are exposed. justly-provoked Indian, are to be met by a ready
I had a still more narrow escape in the month of resolution and a high hand; which, however, are March ensuing. I had been on a visit to the post sometimes possessed in vain, and the Company's under my own immediate charge, termed head-quarservants fall victims to violence or treachery. Yet ters par excellence; returning to the post alone, I such is the ennui in the dreary solitude or monoto- came to a place where our men, in order to avoid nous routine of the“ forts" or stations in the higher coming close to the river, were accustomed to draw
a long detour occasioned by a high and steep hill latitudes of the interior, that hardship and danger their sledges upon the ice along the edge of a rapid. are welcomed as reliefs from the blank tædium vitæ About the middle of the rapid, where the torrent in the Hudson's Bay territory.
is fiercest, the banks of the river are formed of rocks When all this is considered, it may fairly be a rising almost perpendicularly from the water's matter of wonder that persons with great energy, edge; and here they had to pass on a narrow ledge a capital constitution, since no others could stand of ice, between the rock on the one side and the the service, and some education, without which foaming and boiling surge on the other. The ledge,
at no time very broad, was now reduced, by the they could not discharge its duties, are readily falling in of the water, to a strip of ice of about found to embark in such an employ. The first eighteen inches or little more, adhering to the rock, reason probably is, that they are
The ice, however, seemed perfectly solid, and I The second, that delusive notions are entertained made no doubt that with caution I should succeed of the service. The “ liberality of the Company in passing safely this formidable strait. has been a standing theme with British and Amer
The weather having been very mild in the fore ican travellers, who have only seen the principal part of the day, my shoes and socks had been satu
rated with wet, but were now frozen hard by the forts, or whose reception has been prepared for in cold of the approaching night. Overlooking this consequence of official orders and when the trav-circumstance, I attempted the dangerous passage; ellers have been known to contemplate print. and had proceeded about half-way, when my foot Hence, the Company have had a higher reputation slipped, and I suddenly found myself resting with for the good living to be found in their service, the one hip on the border of ice, while the rest of my comparative easiness of the life, and the general lib-body overhung the rapid rushing fearfully undererality of their treatment, than late inquiries would neath. I was now literally in a state of agonizing seem to show that they deserve. The brother of even the attempt to move might precipitate me into
suspense: to regain my footing was impossible; the Arctic discoverer Simpson left the service in the rapid. disgust; and infused many complaints of his own My first thought indeed was to throw myself in,
and endeavor by swimming to reach the solid ice and, as the voyageurs say, “ He that passes it with that bridged the river a short distance below; a his share of a canoe's cargo may call himself a glance at the torrent convinced me that this was a man." measure too desperate to be attempted; I should After passing the portage, the Rocky Mountains have been dashed against the ice, or hurried beneath reared their snow-clad summits all around us, preit hy the current. But my time was not yet come. senting a scene of gloomy grandeur that had nothing Within a few feet of the spot where I was thus cheering in it. One scene, however, struck me as suspended in sublimis, the rock projected a little truly sublime. As we proceeded onward, the mounoutward, so as to break the force of the current. tains pressed closer on the river, and at one place It struck me that a new border of ice might be approached so near that the gap seemed to have formed at this place, under and parallel to that on been made by the river forcing a passage through which I was perched : exploring cautiously, there-them. We passed in our canoes at the base of fore, with a stick which I fortunately had in my precipices that rose almost perpendicularly above hand, all along and beneath me, I found my conjec- us on either side to the height of 3,000 or 4,010 feet! ture well founded; but whether the ice were strong After passing through these nagnificent portals, cnough to bear me, I could not ascertain. But it the mountains recede to a considerable distance; the wis my only hope of deliverance : letting myself space intervening between them and the river being down therefore, gently, I planted my feet on the a flat, yielding timber of a larger growih than lower ledge, and, clinging with the tenacity of a expected to find in such a situation. shell-fish to the upper, I crept slowly along till I reached land.
Mr. M'Lean's station in Labrador was an exper
iment made with the view of discovering whether Faniliarity, if it does not always breed con- the country had sufficient fur-bearing animals to tempt, at least diminishes surprise. When some
justify the establishment of a series of posts. Indeof the geological conclusions respecting the vegeta- pendently of his own adventures, Mr. M'Lean ble and animal remains were promulgated, they gives some account of Governor Simpson's obstiseemed so strange as to induce the idea of a totally different state of things—an unnatural nature, as it nacy and mismanagement, and the beneficial effects
w the Company from his own advice; but we will More extensive observation of causes in
these for a hairbreadth escape by sea. actual operation with reference to geological phenomena, have lessened the feeling, by showing that
After seeing my couriers off, I left Mr. Erlandsimilar occurrences are taking place contemporane- the sea without experiencing any adventure worth
son with two men to share his solitude, and reached ously, if upon a less scale. This land-slip is an notice. Proceeding along the coast, I was induced example.
one evening by the flattering appearance of the As we ascended the river, the scenery became weather to attempt the passage of a deep bay; beautifully diversified with hill and dale and wooded which being accomplished, there was little danger valleys, through which there generally flowed of being delayed afterwards by stress of weather. streams of limpid water . I observed at one place hitherto presented a smooth surface ; not a breath
This step I soon had cause to repent. The sea a tremendous land-slip, caused by the water undermining the soil. Trees were seen in an inverted of wind was felt, and the stars shone out brightly. position, the branches sunk in the ground and the A few clouds began to appear on the horizon; and roots uppermost ; others with only the branches the boat began to rise and fall with the heaving of
the sea. appearing above ground ; the earth rent and inter
Understanding what these signs porsected by chasms extending in every direction : tended, we immediately pulled for tho shore ; but while piles of earth and stones, intermixed with had scarcely altered our course when the stars disshattered limbs and trunks of trees, contributed to appeared, a tremendous noise struck upon our ears increase the dreadful confusion of the scene.
In the from seaward, and the storm was upon us.
The half of a huge hill had tumbled into the river and impenetrable obscurity of the night not a trace of dammed it across, so that no water escaped for some land could be discovered ; but we continued to ply time. The people of Dunvegan, seeing the river our oars, while each succeeding billow threatened suddenly dry up, were terrified by the phenom- immediate destruction. enon; but they had not much time to investigate
The horrors of our situation increased; the man the cause : the river as suddenly reäppeared, pre- on the look-ont called out that he saw breakers senting a front of nearly twenty feet in height, and ahead in every direction ; and escape appeared to foaming and rushing down with a noise of thunder. be next to impossible. My crew of Scottish Island
ers, however, continued their painful exertions The following passage of the Peace River through without evincing by a murmur the apprehensions the Rocky Mountains is curious from the circum- they must have felt. The crisis was now at hand. stance of the stream being navigable; in such situ. We approached so near to the breakers that it was ations it is generally too precipitous for use.
impossible to avoid them; and the men lay on their
oars, expecting the next moment would be their The Rocky Mountains came in view on the 8th last. October, and we reached the portage bearing their In such a situation the thoughts of even the most name on the 10th ; the crossing of which took us depraved naturally carry them beyond the limits of eight days, being fully thirteen miles in length, and time; and by these thoughts, I believe, the soul of excessively bad road, leading sometimes through every one was absorbed ; yet the men lest not their swamps and morasses, then ascending and descend- presence of mind. Suddenly, the voice of the looking steep hills, and for at least one third of the out was heard amid the roar of the breakers, calldistance so obstructed by fallen trees as to render ing our attention to a dark breach in the line of it all but impassable. I consider the passage of this foam that stretched out before us, which he fancied portage the most laborious duty the Company's ser- to be a channel between the rocks. A few despe vants have to perform in any part of the territory; rate strokes brought us to the spot; when, to our unspeakable joy, we found it to answer the man's far end of the building, where they made their conjecture ; but so narrow was the passage that exit. Enter afterwards a jealous husband and his the oars on both sides of the boat struck the rocks ; wife, wearing masks (both being men). The a minute afierwards we found ourselves becalmed part these acted appeared rather dull; the husband and in safety. The boat being moored, and the merely sat down by the side of his " frail rib,” men ordered to watch by turns, we lay down to watching her motions closely, and neither allowing sleep as we best could, supperless, and without her to speak to nor look at any of the young men. having tasted food since early dawn.
As to the other characters, one personated a deer,
The A good many sketches of the various tribes of. bear seemed to give the spectators most delight.
another a wolf, a third a strange Tsekany. Indians are scattered through the book ; of which we will spare room for one, descriptive of an entertainment by the Indians of New Caledonia,
Sir WALTER Scott.-A gentleman who, in the for the germs it contains of lyric and dramatic year 1826 or 1827, travelled with Sir Walter Scott
in the Blucher Coach from Edinburgh to Jedburgh, poetry.
relates the following anecdote illustrative of his In the beginning of the winter we were invited punetilious regard for his word, and his willingness to a feast held in honor of a great chief, who died to serve all who placed confidence in him, particsome years before. The person who delivered the ularly those engaged in literary pursuits :- We invitation stalked into the rooin with an air of vast had performed half the journey, writes our inconsequence, and strewing our heads with down, formant, “when Sir Walter started as from a pronounced the name of the presiding chief, and dream, exclaiming, 'Oh, my friend G---, I I have
A short mile withdrew without uitering another syllable.' To forgotten you till this moment!! me the invitation was most acceptable ; although I brought us to a small town, where Sir Walter had heard much of Indian feasts, I never was pres- luggage, consisting of a well-worn short hazel
ordered a post chaise, in which he deposited his ent at any
Late in the evening we directed our steps towards stick, and a paper-parcel containing a few books ; the “ banqueting-house," a large hut temporarily then, much to my regret, he changed his route. and erected for the occasion. We found the numerous returned to the Scottish capital. guests assembled and already seated round “the • The following month I was again called 10 Edfestive board ;” our place had been left vacant for inburgh on business, and curiosity induced me to us; Mr. Dease taking his seat next to the great wait on the friend Go- apostrophized by Sir chief Quaw, and we, his Meewidiyazees, (little Walter, and whose friendship I had the honor to chiets,) in succession. The company were dis possess. The cause of Sir Walter's return, I was posed in two rows; the chiefs and elders being informed, was this :—He had engaged to furnish an sented next the wall, formed the outer, and the article for a periodical conducted by my friend, but young men the inner row ; an open space of about his promise had slipped from his memory (a most three feet in breadth intervening between them. uncommon occurrence, for Sir Walter was gifted Immense quantities of roasted meat, bear, beaver, with the best of memories) until the moment of his sifileu or marmot, were piled up at intervals, the exclamation. His instant return was the only means whole length of the building ; berries mixed
of retrieving the error. Retrieved, however, it
up with rancid salmon oil, fish-roe that had been was; and the following morning Mr. G-- reburied under ground a twelvemonth, in order to ceived several sheets of closely-written manuscript, give it an agreeable flavor, were the good things the transcribing of which alone must have occupied presented at this feast of gluttony and flow of oil. half the night." The berry mixture and roes were served in wooden
The kindliness of Sir Walter's nature procured troughs, each having a large wooden spoon attached him friends—his literary genius only admirers, to it. The enjoyments of the festival were ushered although certainly the warmest admirers ever auin with a song, in which all joined :
thor possessed. Admiration, however, was some
times in his case not freely bestowed, and perhaps I approach the village,
not consciously felt. He was fond of relating the Ya ha he ha, ya ha ha ha ;
following anecdote of what he called a pure and And hear the voices of many people,
sincere compliment, being not at all intended as Yil ha, &c. The barking of dogs,
such, but, as the reader will perceive, meant more Ya ha, &c.
as reproach than praise :-Shortly after the disSalmon is plentiful,
closure of the authorship of the Waverly Novels, Ya ha, &c.
the “ mighty Minstrel" called on the late Mrs. Fair The berry season is good, Ya ha, &c.
of Langlea, an eccentric old lady, who had lived through more than half of the last century, and
who furnished Sir Walter with many a good tale The gormandizing contest ended as it began, and legend of days gone by. “ The old ladly opened with songs and dances; in the latter amusement, on me thus,” to use his own words; “Sir Walter, however, few were now able to join. Afterwards I've been lang wanting to see yon. It's no passiensued a rude attempt at dramatic representation. ble that ye hae been writing in novels a' thae lees? Old Quaw, the chief of Neckaslay, first appeared Oh dear me, dear me! I canna believe 't yet; but on the stage, in the character of a bear-an animal for a'that, I ken I ha’e seen Dandy Dinmont somehe was well qualified to personate. Rushing from where ; and Rebecca, oh she's a bonny, wellhis den, and growling fiercely, he pursued the behaved lassie yon ; but Jennie Deans 1 like the huntsman, the chief of Babine portage, who de- best!” fended himself with a long pole; both parties “ There," said the pleased baronet, “call yo maintained a running fight, until they reached the that a common compliment?”
From the North British Review.
and interesting to the southern eye. On her Aspects of Nature, in Different Lands and Differ- regions of eternal snow, which the summer sun is
ent Climates, with Scientific Elucidations. By unable even to thaw, the tracks of commerce and ALEXANDER VON HUMBOLDT. Translated by the footprints of travel are unseen.
The shadow Mrs. Sabine. In 2 vols. 12mo. pp. 650.
of man and of beast alone variegates the windingWHEN we contemplate the natural world in sheet of vegetable life; mountains of fire, and our own fatherland, as seen from different stations plains of sulphur, stand in curious juxtaposition on its surface, and at different seasons of the to precipices of ice and accumulations of snow, revolving year, it presents to us but a single and from the glacier margin of the ocean are aspect, however diversified be its forms, and detached the gigantic icebergs, which, drifting to however varied its phenomena. Like the race the southern seas, and raising only their heads which occupies it, the scenery within each hori- above the waves, often threaten the tempest-driven zon has its family likeness, and the landscape mariner with destruction. To these singular from each spot its individual features, while the aspects of arctic nature we inay add one still more general picture of hill and dale, and heath and singular—the one long day of light, and the one forest, have their similitude in the character and long night of darkness, which alternately cheer costume of the people. During the daily and and depress its short-lived and apparently misannual revolutions of our globe, the sun sheds bis erable population. varying lights and hues over the more permanent The inhabitants, both of the old and new world, and solid forms of nature, and carries in his train who occupy populous cultivated plains, are no less those disturbing elements which give an interest startled with nature's aspect, when they enter the to each passing hour, and invest the seasons with Joriy regions of the Himalaya and the Andes, or all the variety which characterizes them. The cast their eye over the trackless deserts of Africa, external world may thus Jose for a while its or the elevated plateaus of central Asia and Amernormal aspect—what is fixed may for an instantica, or the Patagonian desert of shingle, or the be displaced, and what is stable subverted; but grassy Llanos of Orinoco and Venezuela, or the amid all the new and returning conditions of the endless foresis of the Amazons. The phases of year, whether the god of day gives or withdraws the material world are there altogether new. his light--whether the firmament smiles in azure Even the European, whose horizon is a circle, or frowns in gloom-wliether the lightning plays and the shepherd of the Landes, who is elevated in its summer gleams, or rages in iis fiery course on stilts in order to watch his flocks, would stand —whether vegetation dazzles with its youthful aghast in the boundless desert of Sahara, which green, or charms with its tint of age, or droops no foliage colors, and no moisture bedews; and under the hoary covering of winter—under all the crystal or the chamois hunter of the Alps, these expressive phases of its life, nature presents who has paced the flanks of Mont Blanc, or the to us but one aspect characteristic of the latitude peasant who slumbers at its base, would view under which we live, and the climate to which with mute admiration the peaks of Dwalaghiri or we belong.
Pichincha ; while the naturalist, who had been The inhabitant of so lir ted a domain, even if amused with the eruptions of Vesuvius and of he has surveyed it in all its relations, has no ade- Æma, would stand unnerved beside the outbursts quate idea of the new and striking aspects in of Cotopaxi or Hirovæa. which nature shows herself in other lands, and Nor are these striking aspects of nature conunder other climates. Even in the regions of fined 10 the structure of the inorganic world; they civilization, where her forms have, to a certain are displayed to us with no inferior interest in extent, been modified by art, and her creations the diversified phenomena of animal and of vegeplaced in contrast with those of man, she still table existence. Although organic life is univerwears a new aspect, often stariling by iis nov- sally distributed throughout the earth, the ocean, eliy, and overpowering by its grandeur. To the and the air, yet under different latitudes it exhibfur-clad dweller among ice and snow, the aspects its very opposite aspects. The vital functions of nature in the temperate and torrid zones must are nearly suspended in the gelid regions of the be signally pleasing. The rich and luxurious poles, where man is almost driven into bybernaproductions of a genial and fervid climate, and lion like the brules; while in the zones of the the gay coloring of its spring and its autumn, tropics we recognize the high pulse and the florid must form a striking contrast with the scanty sup- plethora of a rank and luxuriant existence. plies of a frozen soil, and the sober tints of a Within the vessels that heat has expanded, the stunted vegetation ; and the serf or the savage sap of life flows with a more genial current, and who has prostrated himself before a petty tyrant, the noble forms of mammiferous life bound with in his hall of wood or of clay ; or the worshipper a light and elastic step over the thick carpet of who has knelt on the sea-shore, or offered incense flowers which nature annually weaves under a in the cavern or in the bush, must stand appalled tropical sun and a cloudless sky. before the magnificent temples of Christian or of But it is not merely on the surface of the earth, pagan opulence, and amidst the " cloud-capped and within the aqueous and aerial oceans which towers and gorgeous palaces” of civilization. cover it, that nature displays her most interesting Nor is the aspect of the arctic zone less curious phases. Everything that we see around us the