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THE

WORKS

OF

FLAVIUS JOSEPHUS,

THE

LEARNED AND AUTHENTIC JEWISH HISTORIAN

AND CELEBRATED WARRIOR.

WITH

THREE DISSERTATIONS,

CONCERNING

JESUS CHRIST, JOHN THE BAPTIST, JAMES THE JUST, GOD'S COMMAND

TO ABRAHAM, &c.

AND

EXPLANATORY NOTES AND OBSERVATIONS.

TRANSLATED BY

WILLIAM WHISTON, A. M.

PROFESSIOT LATITXATICS IN THE UNIVERSITY OY CAMBRIDOL.

COMPLETE IN ONE VOLUME:

WITH PORTRAIT AND ENGRAVINGS.

STEREOTYPE EDITION.

BALTIMORE:
PUBLISHED BY ARMSTRONG AND PLASKITT, 134, AND
PLASKITT & Co. 218 MARKET-STREET.

1835.

1.1.CAE LIBRI

MAS

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0 1. The family from which I am derived is not || ther; and I made mighty proficiency in the im an ignoble one, but hath descended all along from provements of my leariring, and appeared to the priests; and as nobility among several people have both a great memory and understanding. is of a different origin, so, with us, to be of the Moreover, when I was a child, and about four. sacerdotal dignity, is an indication of the splen- | teen years of age, I was commended by all for dour of a family: Now, I am not only sprung the love I had to learning; on which account the from a sacerdotal family in general, but from the high priests and principal men of the city came first of the twenty-four* courses; and as among then frequently to me iogether, in order to know us there is not only a considerable difference be- my opiuion about the accurate understanding of tween one family of each course and another, 1 points of the law. And when I was about sixam of the chief family of that first course also; teen years old, I had a mind to make trial of the uay, farther, by my mother I am of the royal || several sects that were among us. These sects blood; for the children of Asamoneus, from whom are three; the first is that of the Pharisees, the that family was derived, had both the office of the second that of the Sadducees, and the third that Irgb priesthood, and the dignity of a king, for a of the Essens, as we have frequently told you; long time together. I will accordingly set down for I thought that by this means I miglit choose iny progenitors in order. My grandfather's father il the best, if I were once acquainted with them was nained Simon, with the addition of Psellus: \ all; so I contented myself with hard fare, and he lived at the same time with that son of Simon underwent great difficulties, and went through the high priest, who, first of all the high priests, them all. Nor did I content myself with these was named Hyrcanus. This Simon Psellus had trials only; but when I was informed that one uine sons, one of whom was Matthias, called whose name was Banns, lived in the desert, who Ephlias ; he married the daughter of Jonathan used no other clothing than grew upon trees, and the high priest, which Jonathan was the first of bad no other food than what grew of its own acthe sons of Asamoneus, who was high priest, and cord, and bathed himself in cold water frequentwas the brother of Simon the bigh priest also.-ly, both by night and by day, in order to preserve This Matthias had a son called Matthias Curtus, || his chastiiy, I imitated him in those things, and and that in the first year of the government of continued with him for thrce years. So when I Hyrcanus; his son's name was Joseph, born in had accomplished my desires, I returned back to the ninth year of the reign of Alexandra; his son the city, being now nineteen years old, and beMatthias was born in the tenth year of the reign gan to conduct myself according to the rules of of Archelaus; as was I born to Matthias on the the sect of the Pharisees, which is of kin to the first year of the reign of Caius Cæsar. I have sect of the Stoics, as the Greeks call them. threc sons: Hyrcanus, the eldest, was born on 3. But when I was in the twenty-sixth year of the fourth year of the reign of Vespasian; as was my age, it happened that I took a voyage to Justus born on the seventh, and Agrippa on the Rome, and this on the occasion which I shall ninth. Thus have I set down the genealogy of now describe. At the time when Felix was promy family, as I bave found it described t in the curator of Judea, there were certain priests of public records, and so bid adieu to those who my acquaintance, and very excellent persons calumniate me, (as of a lower original.]

they were, whom on a small and trifling occa9. Now my father Matthias was not only emision he had put into bonds, and sent to Rome to nent on account of his nobility, but had a higher plead their canse before Crear. These I was commendation on account of his righteousness, | desirous to procure deliverance for, and that esand was iu great reputation in Jerusalem, the pecially because I was informed that they weru greatest city we have. I was myself brought up not unmindful of piety towards God even under with my brother, whose name was Matthias, for their rifflictions, but supported themselves with he was my own brother, by both father and mo- || tigs and nuts. Accordingly I came to Romc,

* We may bence correct the error of the Latin copy tool, or for three years, he made trial of the three Jewish of the second book against Apion, seci. 7, 8. (for thic sects, the Pharisres, the Sadducecs, and the Essens, and Greck is there lost) which says there were then only four yet wits presently, in all our copies, that he stayeil be. tribus or courses of the priests, iustend of twenty-four.-- sides with oue particular ascetic, callod Banus, aap utw, Sme is thus testimony to be disregarded, as if Josephus with him, and this still before he was nineteen, there is there contradicted what he had afirmed here, because little room left for his trial of three other sects. supeven the account there given better agrees to twenty-four pose, turrefore, that for map auru, with him, the old than to four courses, while he says that cach of these reading might be tap avtors, with them: which is a very courses coutained above 5000 men, which multiplied by suall emendatiou, will takes away the dificulty before us. only four, will inake pot more than 20,000 priesls; where- || Nor is Dr. Hudson's conjecture, hinted at by Mr. Iall in as the namter 120,000, as multiplied by 21, seems much his preface to the doctor's edition of Josephus, at all iinthe most probable, they being about one-tenth of the probable, that this Banns, by this his description, might sshole people, even after the captivity. See Ezra ii. 36- well be a follower of Jolin the Baptist, and that from him 39. Neh. vii. 39-12. | Esd. v. 24, 25, with Ezra ii. 61. Josephus might easily imbibe such notions, as afterward Neh. vii. 66. 1 Esd. v. 41. Nor will this common reading prepared hiin to have a favourable opinion about Jesus or notion of but four courses of priests, agree with Jose- | Christ himself, who was attested to by John the Baptist. plus's own farther assertion elsewhere. Antių. b. vii. ch. We may note here, that religious men anong the uv. sect. 7. that David's partition of the priests into twen- ll Jews, or at least those that were priests, were sometimes ty-four courses had continued to that day.

riscetics also, and, like Daniel and his companions in Ba. Au eminent example of Vie care of the Jews about i bylon, Dan. i. 8-16. ato no Gosh, but jgs and ruts, &c. their genealogics, especially as to the priests. Ser Cont. Muly. This was like the feposuyla, or austere diets, or Ap. b. i. ch. 1.

the Christiani ascetics io Passion wook. Constit. v. 18 * Wbow Josephus dcre says, thut trow sixteen to nine.

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