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“No great state," says Hannibal, claimed to the Israelites amidst the “ can long remain quiet: if it ceases thunders of Mount Sinai, and has been to have enemies abroad, it will find felt by every succeeding generation of them at home-as powerful bodies men. But it is not now upon the third resist all external attacks, but are or the fourth generation that the punwasted away by their own internal ishment of transgression falls—it is

What a commentary on felt in id fall bitterness by the transthe words of the Carthaginian hero gressors themselves. The extension does the last year—THE YEAR OF of knowledge, the diffusion of educaREVOLUTIONS-afford! What enthu- tion, the art of printing, the increased siasm has it witnessed, what efforts rapidity of travelling, the long duraengendered, what illusions dispelled, tion of peace in consequence of the what misery produced! How bitterly exhaustion of former wars, have so have nations, as well as individuals, accelerated the march of events, that within its short bounds, learned wisdom what was slowly effected in former by suffering-how many lessons has times, during several successive geneexperience

taught-how much agony rations, by the gradual development has wickedness brought in its train. of national passions, is now at once Among the foremost in all the periods brought to maturity by the fervent of history, this memorable year will spirit which is generally awakened, ever stand forth, a subject of undying and the vehement passions which are interest to succeeding generations, å everywhere brought into action. lasting beacon to mankind amidst the Everything now goes on at the folly or insanity of future times. To gallop. There is a railway speed in it the young and the ardent will for the stirring of the mind, not less than ever turn, for the most singular in the movement of the bodies of scenes of social strife, the most The social and political pasthrilling incidents of private suffering: sions have acquired such intensity, to it the aged will point as the most and been so widely diffused, that striking warning of the desperate their inevitable results are almost effects of general delusion, the most immediately produced. The period unanswerable demonstration of the of seed-time and harvest has become moral government of the world. as short in political as it is in agricul

That God will visit the sins of the tural labour. A single year brings its fathers upon the children was pro- appropriate fruits to maturity in the

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* "Nulla magna civitas diu quiescere potest : si foris hostem non habet, domi invenit,ut prævalida corpora ab extremis causis tuta videntur, sed suis ipsa viribus onerantur. Tantum, nimirum, ex publicis malis sentimus, quantum ad res privatas pertinet; nec in eis quicquam acrius, quam pecuniæ damnum, stimulat.”—LIVY, XXX. 44.



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