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PERIOD II.]

THE ANGUISH OF HAGAR.

archer-skilled in the use of the bow tion ; caves were used in ancient times and arrow, both as a hunter and a as burial places. warrior.

GEOGRAPHICAL NOTES. offer up-slay him as a being devoted to God in sacrifice.

GERAR-a royal city and country of

the Philistines, near Gaza, the territory angel of the Lord— messenger;' one of which was extensive. that is sent to execute the orders of Divine Providence.

BEERSHEBA—'the well of the oath ;' lada youth ; Isaac was at this time where Abraham and Abimelech, king of

was the place in the south of Canaan about twenty-five years

of age.

Gerar, made a covenant of peace. ram-a male goat or sheep, much used

WILDERNESS-an uncultivated and in sacrifice in after times.

dreary district; the wilderness here tried-proved his faith in God's power spoken of extended southward from Palto raise Isaac again from the dead. estine to Mount Sinai. Less. 25. ' W. Hebrews xi. 19.

of Paran. Ephron-a descendant of Heth; the MORIAH—the name of a mountain on

of the plot of ground which the north-east of Jernsalem. Abraham purchased for a burial place; MACHPELAH—the name of the cave, this curious transaction is fully re- near Hebron, which Abraham purcorded at the close of the twenty-third chased of Ephron, the Hittite. Several chapter of Genesis.

of the patriarchs and their wives were cave-a natural or artificial excava-l buried there.

Owner

HAGAR IN THE DESERT.

“GOD OPENED HER EYES, AND SHE SAW A WELL OF WATER.”

Injur'd, hopeless, faint, and weary,

Sad, indignant, and forlorn,
Through the desert wild and dreary,

Hagar leads the child of scorn.
Who can speak a mother's anguish,

Painted in that tearless eye,
Which beholds her darling languish,

Languish unreliev’d, and die.
Lo! the empty pitcher fails her,

Perishing with thirst he lies,
Death with deep despair assails her,

Piteous as for aid he cries.
From the dreadful image flying,

Wild she rushes from the sight;
In the agonies of dying,

Can she see her soul's delight?
Lo! the angel of the Lord,

Comes thy great distress to cheer,
Listen to the gracious word,

See, divine relief is near.

ELIEZER'S MISSION TO PADAN-ARAM. (2347-1635 B.C.
“Lift thine eyes, hehold yon fountain,

Sparkling 'mid those fruitful trees;
Lo! beneath yon sheltering mountain

Smile for thee green bowers of ease.
5. In the hour of sore affliction,

God hath seen and pitied thee;
Cheer thee in the sweet conviction,
Thou henceforth his care shall be.”

Mrs. Tighe.

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10. THE MARRIAGE OF ISAAC.

Genesis xxiv.-xxv. 6, 12-18, & xi. 10,11. When Abraham was very old, he called his faithful servant ·Eliezer to him; and made him 'promise not to take a wife for Isaac from the daughters of the Canaanites. He told him to journey into Mesopotamia, and bring Isaac a wife from Abraham's own kindred. Eliezer obeyed the directions of Abraham, and went to the city of Nahor. It was 'evening when Eliezer came to a well near the city, to which the women usually came to draw water; and while his camels rested, he prayed to the Lord for success, saying, “ O Lord God of my master Abraham I pray thee, send me good speed this day, and shew kindness unto my master Abraham. Behold, I stand here by the well of water; and the daughters of the men of the city come out to draw water; and let it come to pass, that the 'damsel to whom I shall say, Let down thy 'pitcher, I pray thee, that I

I may drink; and she shall say, Drink and I will give thy camels drink also ; let the same be she that thou hast appointed for thy servant Isaac ; and thereby shall I know that thou hast shewed kindness unto my master.” as he had finished his prayer, Rebekah, a daughter of •Bethuel, Abraham's nephew, came to draw water. The servant asked her to give him drink, she did so, and also drew water for his camels. When Eliezer knew who she was he blessed God for having brought him to his master's kindred. He afterwards went to her father's house, where he told his errand, and asked Rebekah in marriage for Isaac. Bethuel,

As soon

PERIOD II.) REBEKAH GOES INTO CANAAN. and his son · Laban, answered, “ The thing proceedeth from the Lord ;” and Rebekah 'consented to go with Eliezer. They ·blessed her and sent her away with her ·nurse. Rebekah first saw Isaac when he was 'meditating in the fields. She became his wife, and Isaac loved her.

Soon after Isaac's marriage, Abraham married Keturah, and had six sons.

Ishmael became the father of twelve 'princes. Shem was the last of the race who had lived before the flood. He died at the age of six-hundred years.

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NOTES AND EXPLANATIONS,

faithful-true to his master's com- Laban-Rebekah's brother; the eldest mands; loyal.

son of Bethuel. Eliezer_ God's help;' it is thought proceedeth, &c.—they saw the whole he was a kinsman of Abraham.

affair was of God's appointment. promise—this was in the form of an

consentedbeing one who trusted in oath, which form pledged Eliezer to act the Lord, and feared to offend him, she true to his own convictions of God's oftered no objection to this uncommon faithfulness to Abraham and his seed. proceeding.

evening—in the east evening or early blessed-wished her great prosperity. dawn is better suited to laborious duties

nurse—in the east this domestic is than the middle of the day, owing to regarded as a second parent; she not the great heat at noon.

only rears the children but often drawthe wells being generally deep, accompanies a married daughter to the water is drawn up by means of a ber new home to be her adviser, asbucket attached to a rope.

sistant, and friend. camel-carrier ;' an eastern beast of

meditating-probably thinking deburden which has been called “the voutly of God's promises with regard ship of the desert.” The camel is to his seed. endued with great strength. He is

princes-chiefs of tribes or clans. taught to kneel to receive his load, to be disburthened, to drink, &c.

GEOGRAPHICAL NOTE. daughterswomen of every rank perform this laborious task.

MESOPOTAMIA-a large province of damsela young unmarried woman. Asia, situated between the rivers Eu

pitcher—an earthen vessel with two phrates and Tigris. In a part of Mesohandles; it was carried on the head potamia, called the Land of Shinar, or left shoulder, and held by the right were the first dwellings of men after hand, and when presented to any one the deluge, when they began to build was supported on the left hand.

the Tower of Babel.

In the same Rebekah—noose;" she was cousin to plain after many years, the great city

was built.

Babylon Isaac.

Mesopotamia

became a part of the Assyrian Empire, Bethuelthe father of Rebekah; he and afterwards, successively, of the was a son of Nahor, Abraham's brother. Babylonian, Persian, and Macedonian

blessed God-praised the Lord for his Empires. It now included in goodness.

Persia.

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HISTORY OF JOB.

[2347-1635 B.C.

ISAAC AND REBEKAH.

"SHE BECAME HIS WIFE, AND HE LOVED HER; AND ISAAC WAS COMFORTED AFTER

HIS MOTHER'S DEATH."

It was the solemn hour of eve,

When twilight shades were gathering o'er him,
That Isaac wander'd forth to grieve

The recent loss of her that bore him ;
And when that tender friend is gone,

The heart conceives it hath no other ;
And all the joys that life has known,

Seem parted with a parted mother.
But while to him the path of life

Look'd darksome through the tears of sorrow,
Rebekah came-his promis'd wife-

To bid him dream of joy to-morrow ;
And if there be a human art

Unknown to sister, friend, or brother,
It is a wife's to wean the heart

From sorrowing o'er a parted mother-
It is a wife's with radiant eye

To light a husband's path of sadness,
As twilight stars steal on the sky

To fill the darkening vales with gladness ;
It is a wife's to soothe the breast ;

(The breast that loves her--loves no other),
With earnest of that holy rest,
When he shall join a parted mother.

W. Knox.

11. THE HISTORY OF JOB.

Book of Job. •Job, it is supposed, lived in the time of Abraham. His possessions were in the land of Uz in Idumea. He was a very good man, and God had blessed him with large flocks and herds, and with seven sons and three daughters, and he was the greatest man in the East.

Satan obtained leave to .tempt Job; one messenger came to tell him that all his cattle had been carried off by a band of Sabeans; another messenger came and said the fire of God PERIOD 11.]

JOB'S CONTROVERSY.

had fallen from heaven, and burned up all his sheep; another came and told him that three bands of Chaldeans had fallen upon his camels, and carried them away; another brought him word that a wind had smitten the house in which all his children were assembled, and they were slain.

Job's faith in God was not shaken by these calamities; he ·bowed with submission to God's will and said, “ The Lord gave, and the Lord has taken away, blessed be the name of the Lord.”

After this Satan was permitted to tempt Job still further, and Job was 'smitten with a painful disease, which covered his body from the sole of his foot to his crown. His wife then tempted him to forsake God, but he answered,“ What ! shall we receive good at the hand of God, and shall we not receive evil.” In all this Job did not sin with his lips. Three of his friends, Eliphaz, Bildad, and · Zophar, came to him to comfort him ; instead of which they aggravated his distress, by telling him that his afflictions were sent upon him as a punishment for some great sin. Job denied the accusation, and in declaring his own innocence, evinced some impatience at the afflictions he endured. He allowed that God afflicts the wicked, and blesses the righteous, but he also shewed them that the righteous often have to bear severe trials. One of his friends named · Elihu, a younger person than those who had spoken, then reproved Job's three friends for condemning Job, and shewed that God is just in all his ways.

He called on Job to 'reflect

upon his own impatience, and to remember that God's power and wisdom are far beyond man's comprehension.

After this God addressed Job out of the whirlwind, showing him by reference to his own mighty power as displayed in the formation and condition of the universe, and the strength and structure of many of the large animals which inhabit it, the insignificance and ignorance of man. Job then humbled himself, and said, “ Behold I am •vile, what shall I answer thee, I will lay mine hand upon my mouth.” He also said unto the Lord, “I know that thou canst do every thing, and that no thought is withholden from thee. I repent in dust and ashes.”

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