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HISTORY OF JOB. [2347-1635 B.C. God reproved the three friends of Job; but he healed Job of his disease, blessed him with greater riches than he had possessed before, and gave him, also, another family of sons and daughters, many servants, and large possessions.
NOTES AND EXPLANATIONS.
Job—to repent,' 'to praise ;' it is evinced—showed; expressed. generally supposed that this much
trials-sufferings; afflictions. tried yet highly favoured servant of God, lived in the time of Abraham; native of Buz in Arabia.
Elihu— God Jehovah ;' he was a others consider that he lived in the time of Moses.
reflect—to meditate upon; to rememobtained leave—without the Divine
ber his impatience with grief. permission, not even Satan himself can
comprehension—understanding ; grasp inflict injury upon one of God's child- of thought. 1 Cor, x. 13.
reference-pointing to; naming extempt-try or prove; Job's profession pressly. of faith in God and submission to his condition-state and relation of the will was tested by severe afflictions. various elements of the material James v. l] and 1 Peter i. 7.
creation. Sabeans—the descendants of Sheba, universe—the world, and all the beone of Sbem's posterity; their territory ings which inhabit it; the system of lay in the northern part of Arabia, be- worlds above and around us. tween the Red Sea & the Indian Ocean.
insignificance-littleness ; weakness. calamities—troubles; painful bereave- ignorance—want of knowledge. ments.
vile—mean; a creature of earth-as a bowed-fell prostrate; this expressive worm compared with God. mode of showing respect, humility, withholden-kept back; concealed. and grief still prevails in the East. submission—the yielding up of one's token of humiliation, and casting ashes
dust and ashes-sitting, in dust, as a own will unreservedly. Pet. v. 6.
on the head as a symbol of great grief, God's will—made known by those were practices common in the East. painful dispensations which were not The result of Job's folly or wickedness, GEOGRAPHICAL NOTES. but which had their origin in the sovereign will of Him who has power it was first settled by the descendants of
Uz-an extensive district in Idumea; to give life or to take it away.
Uz or Huz, one of Shem's posterity. smitten..a sudden personal affliction manifested upon him.
IDUMEA—the country to the south of Eliphaz—*God my strength;'a native Canaan, called also Edom; it extends
into Arabia Petrea and to the borders of Teman, a city of Idumea.
of the Red Sea; it was first inhabited Bildad—a resident of Shuah, a district by a powerful tribe called Horites, east of Arabia Petrea.
and afterwards by the descendants of Zophar—'forward ;' citizen of Esau, who are called Edomites; its Naamah, in Edom.
climate was agreeable, and its soil aggravated—increased ; made more fruitful, and it was defended by a
fortress of rocks. Less. 13. distressing, by their suspicions of his natural moral rectitude.
• Mount Seir.'
“I WAS NOT IN SAFETY, NEITHER HAD I REST, NEITHER WAS I QUIET; YET
Of all my race there breathes not one,
To comfort or deplore me;
And death is closing o'er me.
Protracted tortures dooming,
His very worm consuming.
And all around are sleeping,
My restless couch am steeping.
Awakes the earth to gladness,
It smiles upon my sadness.
To flatter and adore me.
And ne'er in vain address'd me;
The soul of misery bless'd me.
In lonely anguish lying;
And solace to the dying;
Of all my bliss, bereft me;
For God himself had left me.
A higher hope remaineth ;
I know my Saviour reigneth.
When flesh and spirit sever;
And dwell with God for ever. Dale.
Esau was a
JACOB OBTAINS ESAU'S BIRTHRIGHT. [2347-1635 B.C. 12. THE HISTORY OF ISAAC. HE BLESSES
Genesis xxv. 20-xxviii. Abraham died at the age of one-hundred-and-seventy-five years. ·His sons Isaac and Ishmael buried him in the cave of Machpelah. Twenty years after Isaac and Rebekah were married they had two sons. The Lord told Rebekah before they were born, that the elder should serve the younger. This was ·fulfilled many years after in their descendants. Esau was the first-born, and Jacob was the younger son. 'cunning hunter, a man of the field. Jacob was a «plain man dwelling in tents. Esau came from the field
and faint. He asked Jacob for his red pottage. Jacob would not give it to him except for his birthright. Esau thought his birthright was
. of little use, and sold it to Jacob for his pottage. They were then thirty years
age. There was a famine in Canaan, and Isaac went to Gerar. God confirmed to Isaac the promises he had made to Abraham. Isaac told the men of Gerar that Rebekah was his sister. The king afterwards reproved Isaac for his deceit. Isaac's flocks and herds increased very much. The herdsmen of Gerar quarrelled with Isaac's herdsmen about the wells of water. Isaac left Gerar, and dwelt in Beersheba. Some years after, Ishmael died in the presence of his brethren. When Isaac was old his eyes were •dim, and he could not
He called his son, Esau, to bless him. Rebekah wished Jacob to have the blessing, and she and Jacob •deceived Isaac. Isaac gave Jacob the first-born's blessing, saying, “ God give thee of the dew of heaven, and the fatness of the earth, and plenty of corn and wine : let people serve thee, and nations bow down to thee: be lord over thy brethren, and let thy mother's sons bow down to thee : cursed be every one that curseth thee, and blessed be every one that blesseth thee.” When Esau came in, Isaac knew that he had been deceived, and he blessed Esau also, saying, “ Behold, thy dwelling shall be the fatness of the earth, and of the dew of heaven from above ; and by thy sword shalt thou live, and shalt serve thy PERIOD II.]
JACOB FLEES INTO PADAN-ARAM.
brother; and it shall come to pass when thou shalt have the dominion, that thou shalt break his yoke from off thy neck.” Esau 'hated Jacob for having obtained their father's greatest blessing ; and he said he would slay Jacob. Jacob fled to Laban, his mother's brother, at Padan-aram; on his way he had a vision at Bethel. God promised to protect and bless him in all places, and bring him again into Canaan.
NOTES AND EXPLANATIONS.
His sons, &c.—though living at a dis- Lord's service, great dignity, and tance from one another, it would seem superiority over brethren. that they maintained a friendly inter
presence—surrounded by his relatives;
probably the children of Abraham and fulfilled—took place as had been fore- Keturah are referred to in the term told.
• brethren.' Esau—'covered with hair;' he was of dim—a film had obscured his power of a daring, hasty spirit; resentful, but sight; as old age advances a gradual forgiving; it does not appear that he decay of the senses takes place. was under the influence of the fear of
deceived—Rebekah being aware that God. He was called Edom, or ‘red,' Jacob was the object of God's special from the circumstance of selling his favor, felt, as was natural, peculiarly birthright for a mess of red pottage. anxious about him; but this feeling Jacob—'heeler,'' supplanter'; he was i was not kept in proper subjection to
of domestic virtues and the law of God, hence she conceived affections; eminent for piety; a man of a plan for deceiving her husband, into faith and prayer. In all his troubles which Jacob unhappily fell. She did he sought for succour from God alone, this to render sure the promise of God whose hand he recognised in all the that the elder should serve the affairs of life.
younger ; but he who promised that cunning-clever in the chase ; skilful Jacob. should have the sovereignty in the pursuit of one's calling.' Exod. over his brother was able to bring it xxxv. 35 ; 1 Kings vii. 14.
to pass, without necessitating any of plain—quiet; prudent; fond of home; injustice. Lesson 13, deceived.
his children to acts of dishonour and not given to daring exploits. tents—are still used in the East.
hated—a feeling of indignation and Esau's life sometimes compelled him to contempt at Jacob's deceit, and dislike take shelter in trees and caves, or to and resentment towards him for hav. lie exposed upon the ground ;'Jacobing obtained that blessing which some preferred the calmer life of dwelling years before he had bartered for a in tents. Lesson 2, 'tents.'
Esau's hatred did mess of pottage.
not however continue to the end of his birthright—the chief blessing belong-life; Lesson 13. “reconciled.' ed to the first-born by right; still it might be forfeited voluntarily, as in
GEOGRAPHICAL NOTE. this case, or on account of crime; PADAN-ARAM-a district in the north| Chron. v. i. The chief blessing ern part of Mesopotamia in which some included special consecration to the of Abraham's kindred were settled.
JACOB SERVES LABAN.
PRAYER OF JACOB.
"I AM WITH THEE AND WILL KEEP THEE IN ALL PLACES WHITHER THOU GOEST. »
O God of Bethel ! by whose hand
Thy people still are fed;
Hast all our fathers led!
Before thy throne of grace;
Of their succeeding race.
Our wandering footsteps guide,
And raiment fit provide !
Till all our wanderings cease,
Our feet arrive in peace !
Thy mercy we implore;
Thy goodness we'll adore.
13. JACOB SERVES LABAN. HE RETURNS TO
Genesis xxix-xxxiv. Jacob came into the land of the people of the east; he inquired for Laban, the son of Nahor, when he came to 'a well at Haran. To this well · Rachel, a daughter of Laban, came to water her father's sheep. Jacob made himself known to Rachel, and Laban received him with much kindness. While Jacob lived at Padan-aram he kept the flocks of Laban, his uncle. He agreed to serve Laban seven years, for his daughter Rachel
. Laban deceived him, and gave him •Leah. He served again other seven years for Rachel. He married both Laban's daughters, and he had many children.