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them alive with thee; they shall be male and female. Of fowls after their kind, of every creeping thing of the earth after his kind, two of every sort shall come unto thee, to keep them alive. And take unto thee of all food that is eaten, and thou shalt gather it to thee; and it shall be for food for thee, and for them.”
Noah obeyed God by building the ark ; while it was being built he 'warned mankind of the approaching flood. He then went into the ark, as God had commanded him ; the rain began to fall, and the fountains of the great deep were also broken
up. The waters increased on the earth forty days and forty nights. The waters rose above the highest mountains. All flesh died, except Noah, his family, and the living things that were with them in the ark. The waters prevailed on the earth one-hundred-and-fifty days.
NOTES AND EXPLANATIONS.
Enoch—dedicated;' this highly tricts of the East. From him descended favoured saint foretold the judgment of the Messiah, who is called the plant God upon the wicked. Jude 14.15. This of renown,' whose fame shall extend prophecy had, no doubt, a primary all over the earth. Ezekiel xxxiv. 29. reference to the flood which God
Ham- hot; referring, no doubt, to brought in npon the ungodly.
the regions his descendants would took him-removed him from this inhabit. world without dying. St. Paul says * God translated him that he should not numerous and wide-spread posterity.
Japheth—extension ;' fulfilled in his see death." walked, &c.—his feelings, thoughts, God's will, and denial of his power.
wickedness-daring sin; opposition to and conduct were in agreement with the known character of God.
increased—became daily less tolerable. Methuselah—blessed be God.'
flood-the waters were to cover the
earth as they did at first. Less. l. Lamech— sending ;' he died about
ark-a vessel to float on the waters. five years before the flood. Noah-rest,
establish-make sure; confirm.
comfort;' his father probably had a prophetic intima
covenant—the divine promise. Less.4. tion that this son should be the peculiar warned—told them of their danger. object of the divine favour and the
fountains-sources of medium of blessing to the world ;
rivers and hence, concluding that he was the pro- springs. Job xxviii. 10,11, and Ezek. mised Saviour, he called him Noah.
xxvi. 19. Shem— name,' renown;' his five all filesh died—because the human sons peopled the most delightful dis- family had become morally corrupt.
WALKING WITH GOD.
“ENOCH WALKED WITH GOD."
To “walk with God”—this Enoch did,
And thus God's children do;
With Jesus full in view.
Conversing every day;
For troubles by the way.
Must with his God agree;
And heaven he longs to see.
Our heaven begun below;
It saves from many a foe.
Whatever others do ;
I'll lean upon him too.
Thy promises, thy word,
Along this painful road.
come to thee;
FROM THE DELUGE TO THE DEATH OF JOSEPH.
B.C. 2347—B.C. 1635. 712 years.
4. HISTORY OF NOAH AFTER THE FLOOD.
Genesis viii. ix. God remembered Noah, and every living thing, and all the cattle that was with him in the ark; and God made a wind to pass over the earth, and the waters 'assuaged. The fountains also of the deep and the windows of heaven were stopped, and the rain from heaven was 'restrained. And the waters .returned from off the earth continually, and after the end of onehundred-and-fifty days the waters were 'abated; and the ark ested on the mountains of Ararat. ah sent forth a •raven and a dove; the raven did not return, but the dove returned. Seven days after, Noah sent forth the dove again and she returned with an .olive leaf in her mouth. Noah sent forth the dove again seven days after, and it returned no more. God commanded Noah to leave the ark. Noah did so, and offered a 'sacrifice to God which he graciously accepted. God then promised that .seed-time and harvest, and cold and heat, and summer and winter, and day and night, should never cease. God promised never more to destroy the earth by a flood, and as a token of his promise he set his .bow in the cloud. He said, “ And it shall come to pass, when I bring a cloud over the earth that the bow shall be seen in the cloud; and I will remember my covenant, which is between me and you and every living creature of all flesh; and the waters shall no more become a flood to destroy all flesh.”
After the flood, Noah planted a vineyard. He made wine of the grapes, of which he drank and was drunken. His son Ham •mocked him. When Noah rose from his wine, he foretold that the descendants of Ham should be servants to the descendants of Shem and Japheth, whom he blessed because PERIOD II.] " THE BOW IN THE CLOUD.". they were dutiful. One of Shem's descendants was ·Heber, from whom the Hebrews were probably named. Shem is called the father of all the children of Heber; so that it would appear the Hebrews descended through Shem, the son of Noah.
NOTES AND EXPLANATIONS. remembered-had a gracious regard. cember to the beginning of February. towards them
In Palestine and the neighbouring assuaged—decreased; became less countries the Arabs still reckon the six and less.
divisions of the year here spoken of. windous-flood-gates;' the clouds
token—a sign or mark of rememwhich retain the rain. Mal. iii. 10.
brance. restrained-kept back. Gen. i. 7.
bow-rainbow ; thus constituting that
which is the invariable result of the returned-gradually sank into their natural beds or channels.
sun shining through the rain as a sign
of abated—became less and less.
the unchangeableness of God's
promise. raven-a bird that would be lured to feed on dead bodies if any were visible.
vineyard—a plantation of vines.
mocked-jeered ; laughed contemptdove--a bird strong in flight, that feeds uously. Lesson 9, offence.' on the earth, and that loves its home.
servants—slaves; Africa, whence the olive—a benutiful and valuable ever- negro slaves are procured, is peopled green; it is abundant in the East. by Ham's descendants. sacrifice—an offering, or
Heber or Eber—from the other
a thing devoted to God. Sacrifices were
side'; referring to the emigration of his generally consumed by fire.
far-famed descendant, Abraham, from
Mesopotamia to Canaan. promised—Lesson 3, 'covenant.
seed-time--from the beginning of GEOGRAPHICAL NOTE. October to the beginning of December. ARARAT—cursed;' a mountainous
hardest--from the beginning of April district lying near the centre of the to the beginning of June.
kingdom of Armenia ; in the north-east cold—from the beginning of February portion of the mountain range there to the beginning of April.
are two peaks, the highest of which is heat—from the beginning of August the sea.
said to be 17,000 feet above the level of to the beginning of October.
It was probably on one of
the lower slopes of this mountain that summer—from the beginning of June Noah, his family, and the living creato the beginning of August.
tures which had been preserved during winter-from the beginning of De- I the deluge disembarked from the ark.
THE BOW IN THE CLOUD.
THE BUILDING OF BABEL. [2347-1635 B.C.
Long sought, and lately won,”.
When first it felt the Sun;
High set at Heaven's command,
Thou melt on either hand;-
We hail ye, one and all,
Freed from their twelvemonths' thrall,
This truth in Heaven above;
5. THE BUILDING OF BABEL. THE PEOPLING
OF THE EARTH.
Genesis xi. 1-9, x. & xi. 10-23. About one-hundred-and-thirteen years after the flood, many people having journeyed from the East, 'settled in the plain of Shinar. And they said one to another, “ Let us build us a city and a tower, whose top may reach unto heaven; and let us make us a 'name, lest we be scattered abroad upon the face of the whole earth.
They all spoke one language ; but God said he would there 'confound their language, that they might not understand one another's speech. It was because God wished them to be settled in various parts of the world, that he made them to speak different languages. So they left off to build the city and the tower, and separated from each other. Therefore the name of the place is called Babel because the Lord did there confound the language of all the earth ; and from thence did the Lord scatter them abroad upon the face of all the earth. Thus were they punished.