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Lords, it was quashed by a sudden prorogation of the parliament.

The generality of people being now in a hurry and confternation of mind upon the discovery of the popish plot, and apprehensions of a French invasion; he, left the minds of any of his friends the Quakers should be drawn from their wonted dependence upon God, to partake of the popular uneasiness, writ an epistle to them, directed, « To the Children of Light in this “ Generation,” which is inserted in this collection.

And in the next years, the nation still continuing under fears of wicked designs on foot for subverting the Protestant religion, and introducing Popery, he published a book entitled, “ An Address to Protestir ants,” wherein he sets forth the reigning evils of the times, and endeavours to excite men to repentance and amendment of life, as the best means to cure their fears, and prevent the impending dangers.

The same year also he prefixed to the works of Samuel Fisher, then printing in folio, a testimony concerning that author, who having been a minister of the church of England, and afterwards a preacher among the Baptists, at length joined in profession with the Quakers, and died a prisoner for his testimony in the year 1665.

The rising hopes of Papists, and the just fears of Protestants, kept the nation still in a ferment; and writs being issued for summoning a new parliament, party struggles for power ran high, on which occasion our author dedicated to the freeholders and electors a sheet called “ England's great Interest in the Choice “ of this New Parliament;" and soon after the parliainent sitting, he presented to them a book entitled, " One Project for the Good of England.”

In this year 1680, died that excellent princess Elizabeth of the Rhine, before mentioned, to whose real worth our author's religious gratitude dedicated

8 1679.

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a memorial, by transmitting to posterity her exemplary character, in the second edition of his “ No " Cross, no Crown," printed anno 1682.

On the eighth of the eighth month this year also, departed this life his dear friend and father-in-law Isaac Pennington; to whose virtues he published a tertimony, and prefixed it to his works, that year printed in folio.

There being about this time" some difference in judg. ment among his friends the Quakers about establishing church discipline, (a point not easily fixed, so as neither to subject the conscience to an ecclesiastical authority, nor yet to give an unlimited liberty of running into anarchy and confusion he published a little book, called, " A Brief Examination of Liberty Spi“ ritual.”

A fresh persecution being now raised in the city of Bristol, where Sir John Knight, sheriff, John Hellier, attorney at law, and other their accomplices, put the penal laws in a rigorous execution, many of the people called Quakers there were fined and imprisoned. To whom William Penn wrote the following epistle for their Christian consolation and encouragement, directed,

* To the Friends of God in the City of Bristol.' This sent to be read among them, when assembled

o to wait upon the Lord.'

· My Beloved in the Lord ! "I Do herewith send amongst you the dear and tender

I falutation of my unfeigned love, that is held in the fellowship of the lasting Gospel of Peace, that has many years been preached and believed amongst

you, beseeching the God and Father of this glorious - day of the Son of Man, to increase and multiply his

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convenient, Remember thy mother's example, when (thy father's publick-spiritedness had worsted his (eftate (which is my case.) I know thou lovest plain

things, and art averse to the pomps of the world; a ! nobility natural to thee. I write not as doubtful,

but to quicken thee, for my fake, to be more vigi

lant herein; knowing that God will bless thy care, ? and thy poor children and thee for it. My mind is ? wrapt up in a saying of thy father's, “ I desire not “ riches, but to owe nothing;” and truly that is ( wealth; and more than enough to live, is a snare ļ attended with many sorrows. I need not bid thee ( be humble, for thou art fo; nor meek and patient, « for it is much of thy natural disposition : but I pray ¢ thee be oft in retirement with the Lord, and guard

against encroaching friendships. Keep them at arm's ' end; for it is giving away our power, aye, and self

too, into the poffeffion of another; and that which "might seem engaging in the beginning, may prove ra yoke and burden too hard and heavy in the end. ( Wherefore keep dominion over thyself, and let thy ? children, good meetings, and friends, be the pleasure c of thy life. · 4thly, ' And now, my dearest, let me recommend "to thy care my dear children ; abundantly beloved (of me, as the Lord's blessings, and the fweet pledges s of our mutual and endeared affection. Above all I things endeavour to breed them up in the love of ( virtue, and that holy plain way of it which we have ! lived in, that the world, in no part of it, get into my family. I had rather they were homely than finely bred, as to outward behaviour; yet I love

sweetness mixed with gravity, and cheerfulness tem(pered with fobriety. Religion in the heart leads

into this true civility, teaching men and women to «be mild and courteous in their behaviour; an acI complishment worthy indeed of praise,

5thly, Next breed them up in a love one of anI other: tell them, it is the charge I left behind me; ļ and that it is the way to have the love and blefling

sof of God upon them: also what his portion is who

hates, or calls his brother fool. Sometimes separate 'them, but not long; and allow them to send and

give each other finall things, to endear one another with. Once more, I say, tell them it was my counfel, they should be tender and affectionate one to another. For their learning be liberal : spare no cost; for by such parsimony all is lost that is saved ; but let it be useful knowledge, such as is consistent (with truth and godliness, not cherishing a vain con

versation or idle mind; but ingenuity mixed with industry is good for the body and mind too. I re"commend the useful parts of mathematicks, as buildring houses or ships, measuring, surveying, dialling,

navigation, &c. but agriculture is especially in my reye: let my children be husbandmen and house

wives; it is industrious, healthy, honest, and of "good example: like Abraham, and the holy ancients,

who pleased God, and obtained a good report. This " leads to consider the works of God and nature, of " things that are good, and diverts the mind from being taken up with the vain arts and inventions of a luxurious world. It is commendable in the princes of Germany, and the nobles of that empire, that

they have all their children instructed in some useful I occupation. Rather keep an ingenious person in the " house to teach them, than send them to schools ;

too many evil impressions being commonly received " there. Be sure to observe their genius, and do not

cross it as to learning: let them not dwell too long con one thing, but let their change be agreeable, and • all their diversions have some little bodily labour in

them. When grown big, have most care for them; • for then there are more snares both within and withrout. When marriageable, see that they have worthy e persons in their eye, of good life, and good fame

for piety and understanding. I need no wealth but fufficiency; and be sure their love be dear, fervent, and mutual, that it may be happy for them. I chuse not they should be married to earthly cove

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« tous kindred; and of cities and towns of concourse « beware; the world is apt to stick close to those who • have lived and got wealth there: a country life and « estate I like best for my children. I prefer a decent « mansion of an hundred pounds per annum, before • ten thousand pounds in London, or such-like place, « in a way of trade. In fine, my dear, endeavour to < breed them dutiful to the Lord, and his blessed • light, truth, and grace in their hearts, who is their • Creator; and his fear will grow up with them. « Teach a child (says the wise man) the way thou

wilt have him to walk, and when he is old he will ( not forget it. Next obedience to thee, their dear

mother, and that not for wrath, but for conscience « fake ; liberal to the poor, pitiful to the mi• ferable, humble and kind to all. ' And may my < God make thee a blessing, and give thee comfort in

our dear children; and in age, gather thee to the

joy and blessedness of the juit (where no death shall « separate us) for ever.

And now, my dear children, that are the gifts (and mercies of the God of your tender father; hear my counsel, and lay it up in your hearts; love it more than treasure, and follow it, and you shall be e blessed here, and happy hereafter.

In the first place, remember your Creator in the e days of your youth. It was the glory of Israel in • the 2d of Jeremiah : and how did God bless Josiah, « because he feared him in his youth! And so he did • Jacob, Joseph, and Moses. Oh! my dear children, « remember, and fear and serve him who made you, ! and gave you to me and your dear mother: that you

may live to him, and glorify him, in your gene< rations.

"To do this, in your youthful days feek after the « Lord, that you may find him; remembering his

great love in creating you; that you are not beasts,

plants, or stones; but that he has kept you, and < given you his grace within, and substance without, c and provided plentifully for you. This remember

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