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men pursue the pathway that guided a Fulton to such a niche in the temple of fame, and that made him the benefactor of his race.

Years, if they had in any degree moderated the ardor of his mind in scientific pursuits, they, had by no means extinguished the high purposes of his scientfic studies in early life. Till the sun of life went down so serenely beyond his three score years and ten, leaving not a speck to mar the beauty of the scene, he never lost his first love for his favorite studies, and now, when his venerable form has been removed from among us, it affords a true, although melancholy pleasure to preserve recollections so honorable to a departed friend, recollections too that may stimulate others to follow in a course of high and noble purposes.

This is not the place, and this is not the time to refer with any degree of minuteness to his works on scientific subjects or scientific men. They live to speak for themselves. This much, however, we wish and ought to say, that there is a grand practical purpose laid open in them all. His works on scientific subjects and scientific men, were regarded by himself as he meant they should be by every one, as merely stepping stones to conduct the youthful mind to an acquaintanceship with the important and delightful subjects of which they treat, and subjects too that promise so much good to the human family. By the labors of such men as James Renwick, the United States has risen to a point of greatness in scientific knowledge, as well as in moral and physical power, that ranks her among the foremost nations of the earth.

She has had her warriors and her statesmen that are assuredly inferior to few in other lands, and whose wisdom and heroism have been recognized throughout the world, but her men of science and literature have fully contributed their share to raise her to truest greatness and power; and now, when he has left us, now when his breath can no longer fan the fires that he so delighted to see burning upon the altars of science throughout the land, he has not left us destitute. He has left many noble sons of science who will continue to lay these offerings on the altars of science, that will keep them brightly burning. The belief of this pleasing thought must be confirmed in the minds of all who enjoy the pleasure of only occasionally attending the meetings of the Polytechnic Association of the American Institute. Even at the risk of offending good taste, it ought to be known, that at these meetings on every subject brought forward for discussions, there is an amount of talent and of knowledge displayed, that not only highly qualifies and enriches the mind, but fills it with admiration of the men who give so freely their time and the results of their laborious studies, to enlighten their fellowcitizens on such important subjects.

While such noble minds exist among us, that altar around which so many great men have stood, that altar that so early and so long held out such attractions to the lamented Renwick, is in no danger of falling into decay.

But while Prof. Renwick delighted to fan the fires of science, he also delighted to fan the flame of human liberty. The tree of liberty was by him as anxiously guarded as were the altars of science. That tree, planted amid the storms of a revolutionary contest, and moistened by the blood of so many great and good men, was a treasure that he highly valued, as giving shelter to the oppressed of every land, and the source, too, from which had sprung the greatness to which our country has arisen; and with painful emotions he witnessed the unhallowed efforts of misguided men to lop off some of the branches of that noble vine. This suicidal effort, and we trust an abortive one, filled him with poignant grief, and threw over him, I may say, the only shadows that darkened the evening of his days. He passed away from the land and the friends that he loved with a terrible war cloud hanging over them. But the last time that the writer of this exchanged sentiments on the subject, he spoke like a man with a strong and confident belief, that although for a season the sun of our national greatness and prosperity was partially obscured, the tree of liberty was too precious a plant, and too clearly an instrument in the hands of the Great and Benign Father of the human family, for promoting the good of his creatures, to be forsaken by him or left to wither and to die, scorched by the breath of misguided and ambitious men. That star that in 1776 arose in this western hemisphere, lighting up the hope of freedom among the nations of the earth-that star that has allured so many from homes of bondage and oppression, cannot, will not be suffered to sink into darkness, crushing the hopes of the millions that are yet longing to be free. No, we devoutly believe that the Friend of the oppressed will, with the breath of his mouth, dissipate the clouds that have for a season eclipsed its brightness, when with renewed splendor it will shed undecaying beams over a free, a great and a united people.

Mr. Hibbard moved that the thanks of the Institute be, and are hereby tendered to Dr. Campbell, for the exceedingly interesting and appropriate paper read by him, perpetuating the memory of our late Corresponding Secretary, and that he be requested to furnish a copy of the same for the use of the Institute; which was unanimously adopted.




The Board of Managers of the thirty-fourth Annual Fair of the American Institute respectfully report:

That on the 4th day of March last they organized, by the appointment of Mr. James C. Baldwin, as Chairman; Mr. Wm. H. Butler, as Vice-President, and Mr. John W. Chambers, as Secretary.

On the 18th day of March they completed the awards of the previous Board, which had been referred to them by the Institute.

The Board held a number of meetings during the spring, at which the subject of holding a fair in the fall was discussed, and a special committee spent some time in examining various locations suitable for holding an exhibition. No desirable place, in their opinion, could be obtained; and from the unsettled state of our country it was, after mature deliberation, deemed inexpedient to hold an exhibition during the year, and the Institute, at a meeting held on the 1st day of May, directed the Managers to prepare a schedule of subjects for competition, as last year, and to report the same to the meeting in June.

A list of subjects, with suitable premiums, was prepared and presented at a meeting of the Institute held in June, which was approved. The following circular was printed and extensively circulated:


NEW YORK, June 17th, 1862. The American Institute, of the city of New York, in order to give encouragement to ingenious citizens who are laboring for the improvement of agriculture, manufactures and the arts, has instructed the · Board of Managers of the Annual Fair to report a list of premiums to be awarded during the year 1862, and after a careful examination of the whole subject, the Managers have agreed upon and selected the following subjects, which were considered worthy of the attention of the public at the present time, and in which improvements seem to be more particularly desirable.

To aid their judgment in this matter, the Managers have divided these subjects into two classes, and referred the one class to the

Polytechnic Association, and the other class to the Farmers' Club, requesting them to examine the articles or claims which may be brought before them, and to report on the same, in writing, to the Managers by the 31st day of December next; the Board reserving to themselves the right of ultimate decision on all questions relating to the premiums. No award will be made when in the judgment of the Board the competing article or essay falls below the standard.

To the Farmers' Club of the American Institute the Managers have assigned the following subjects : 1. For the best winter wheat, a new variety, equal to

Mediterranean, one bushel to be exhibited..... Silver Medal. 2. For the best spring wheat, a new variety, superior

to any disseminated, one bushel to be exhibited Silver Medal. 3. For the best oats, a new variety, superior to any

cultivated, one bushel to be exhibited........ Silver Medal. 4. For the best twelve ears of field corn, ripening

early and producing at least two ears to the

Silver Medal. 5. For the best peck of seedling potatoes, equal to the

peach blow in quality for the table, and ripening

Silver Medal. 6. For the best seedling pear

Silver Medal. 7. For the best seedling apple

Silver Medal. 8. For the best seedling grape

Silver Medal. 9. For the best essay on the culture of the pear.... Gold

Gold Medal. 10. For the best essay on the culture of the peach.... Silver Medal. 11. For the best essay on the culture of the grape, both under glass and out of doors..

Gold Medal. 12. For the best essay on the culture of the strawberry

Silver Medal. 13. For the best essay on the preservation of ripe fruit Silver Medal. 14. For the best plan of preserving fruit without sugar-Silver Medal. 15. For the best essay on the cultivation of the potato Silver Medal. 16. For the best essay on the cultivation of asparagus Silver Medal. 17. For the best essay on the cultivation of celery .... Silver Medal. 18. For the best essay on domesticating animals..... Silver Medal. 19. For the best essay on poultry.

Silver Medal, 20. For the best mode of draining, accompanied by an

essay on the value of the same on the various
soils, with simple diagrams or plans, suggesting
economical drainage.

Silver Medal. 21. For the best design for a forcing house for vege

tables, propagating, raising seedlings, &c., all
under the same roof.,

Large Silver Medal. 22. For the best quarter cask of wine made from the

grape, which can be afforded at $1 per gallon..Gold Medal. 23. For the best corn sheller that will not break the grain...

Silver Medal. 24. For the best portable mill for grinding corn for farm use....

Silver Medal. 25. For any improvement or new instrument, adapted

to the farm and superior to any now in use ...Gold Medal. To the Polytechnic Association of the American Institute the Managers have assigned the following subjects: 1. For the best machinery for spinning and weaving flax

Gold Medal. 2. For the best lifting and force pump, by hand power, Silver Medal. 3. For the best novelty in building materials, and

machinery for preparing the same... Silver Medal. 4. For the best novelty of practical value extracted

or manufactured from coal oil, coal tar, or

Silver Medal. 5. For the best samples of steel or semi-steel made

direct from cast iron, with the process of manu

facture, and the cost of producing the same. Gold Medal. 6. For the best novelty in the construction of rail. roads

Silver Medal. 7. For the best novelty in warming and ventilating

buildings, having especial regard to health,
safety and economy.

Silver Medal. 8. For the best essay on the measure of power.-...Silver Medal. 9. For the best original researches or monographs on

any subject pertaining to the science of chem-
istry, or mechanics, or their practical applica-

Gold Medal. 10. For the best samples of American manufactured

flax fabrics, with the cost of manufacture.... Silver Medal. 11. For a cheap and easy test of the true value of lubricating oils....

Silver Medal. 12. For an easy and economical method of procuring

the pure fatty acids from crude materials.... Silver Medal. 13. For an important discovery or invention in photography ..

Silver Medal. 14. For the best original research upon the artificial formation of salt petre.

Silver Medal. 15. For an easy test of the detergent strength of soaps,Silver Medal. 16. For the best specimens of silver or gold plating on glass.

Silver Medal.

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