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A. D. cir. 60.

JAM. I, 21–27.

A. D. cir. 60.

φισσείαν κακίας, εν πραΐτητι δέξασθε τον a If any man among you seem to be έμφυτον λόγον, τον δυνάμενον σώσαι τας | religious, and bridleth not his tongue, ψυχάς υμών. .

but deceiveth his own heart, b this man's a Wherefore lay apart all filthiness

religion is vain. and superfluity of naughtiness, and re a See on ver. 19. clause 1. ceive with meekness, b the engrafted word, b See on Matt. xv. ver. 9. clause 1. € which is able to save your souls. a See on Eph. v. ver. 4. clause 1.

VER. 27. b See on John vi. ver. 43. clause 3. Θρησκεία καθαρά και αμίαντος σαρά «See on Rom. i. ver. 16. clause 3. τω Θεώ και Πατρί, αύτη εστίν, επισκέπτεσ

θαι ορφανούς και χήρας εν τη θλίψει αυVER. 22.

τών, άσπιλον εαυτόν τηρείν από του κόσ. Γίνεσθε δε ποιηται λόγου, και μη μόνον μου. ακροαται, παραλογιζόμενοι εαυτούς.

a Pure religion and undefiled before a But be ye doers of the word, and not God and the Father is this, To visit the kearers only, deceiving your own selves. fatherless and widows in their affliction, a See on Matt. vii. ver. 21-25.

band to keep himself unspotted from the

world. VER. 23

a Because I delivered the poor that "OT« mis ångoaths aéyou ori mai o cried, and the fatherless, and him that ποιητής, ούτος έoικεν ανδρί κατανοούντι το had none to help him. The blessing πρόσωπος της γενέσεως αυτού εν εσόπτρα | of him that was ready to perish came

a For if any be a hearer of the word, upon me : and I caused the widow's and not a doer, he is like unto a man be heart to sing for joy, Job xxix. 12, 13. holding his natural face in a glass :

If I have withheld the poor from their

desire, or have caused the eyes of the 2 See on Matt. vii. ver. 26, 27.

widow to fail ; Or have eaten my VER. 24.

morsel myself alone, and the father

less hath not eaten thereof; (For from Κατενόησε γάρ εαυτόν, και απελήλυθε, και ευθέως επελάθετo οποίος ήν.

my youth he was brought up with

me, as with a father, and I have guidFor he beholdeth himself, and goethed her from my mother's womb;) If his way, und straightway forgetteth what I have seen any perish for want of munner of man he was.

clothing, or any poor without cover

ing; If his loins have not blessed me, VER. 25.

and if he were not warmed with the ο δε παρακύψας εις νόμον τέλειον τον Heece of my sheep; If I have lifted up της ελευθερίας, και παραμείνας, ούτος ουκ τηy hand against the fatherless, when ακροατής επιλησμονής γενόμενος, αλλά | I saw τηy help in the gate; Then let ποιητής έργου, ούτος μακάριος εν τη ποιή- | mine arm fall from


shoulderblade, σει αυτού έσται.

and mine arm be broken from the

bone, xxxi. 16–22. Wash you, make a But whoso looketh into the perfect you clean; put away the evil of your law af liberty, band continueth therein, doings from before mine eyes; cease he being not a forgetful hearer, but a to do evil; Learn to do well; seek doer of the work, this man shall be judgment; relieve the oppressed; blessed in his * deed.

judge the fatherless; plead for the * Or, doing

widow, Isa. i. 16, 17. Is not this the

fast that I have chosen to loose the a See on John viïi. ver. 32. clause 2. bands of wickedness, to undo the b See on Heb.üi. ver. 6. clause 3.

heavy burdens, and to let the opSee on 1 Cor. xv. ver. 58. clauses pressed go free, and that ye break 3, 4.

every yoke? Is it not to deal thy bread VER. 26.

to the hungry, and that thou bring Εί τις δοκεϊ θρήσκος είναι εν υμίν, μή | the poor that are cast out to thy χαλιναγωγών γλώσσαν αυτού, αλλ' απατών | house? when thou seest the naked, καρδίαν αυτού, τούτον μάταιος και θρησκεία. I that thou cover him; and that thou

A. D. cir. 60.

JAM. 1. 27.-1.1-7.

A. D. cir. 60.

hide not thyself from thine own flesh? lviii. 6, 7. Then shall the King say

VER. 4. unto them on the right hand, Come,

Και ου διεκρίθητε εν εαυτοίς, και εγέ. ye blessed of my father, inherit the

; kingdom prepared for you from the νεσθε κριται διαλογισμών πονηρών; foundation of the world : For I was Are ye not then partial in yourselves, an hungered, and ye gave me meat: and are become judges of evil thoughts? I was thirsty, and ye gave me drink :

VER. 5.
I was a stranger, and ye took me in :
Naked, and ye clothed me: I was

'Ακούσατε, αδελφοί μου αγαπητοί· ουκ sick, and ye visited me: I was in pri- • Osòs igenétato tous w taxows toũ xós. son,

and ye came unto me, Matt. xxv. MoU TOÚTOU T Mourious šv nic TEI, xai xango34-36. But whoso hath this world's | νόμους της βασιλείας της επηγγείλατο τοίς good, and seeth his brother have need, syarwow autóv; and shutteth up his bowels of com Hearken, my beloved brethren, a Hath passion from him, how dwelleth the not God chosen the poor of this world, love of God in him? My little chil- brich in faith, C and heirs of the king. dren, let us not love in word, neither dom d which he hath promised to them in tongue ; but in deed, and in truth. that love him? And hereby we know that we are of

*Or, that. the truth, and shall assure our hearts before him, 1 John iii. 17-19.

a See on Matt. xi. ver. 5. clause 6. b See on Rom. xii. ver. 2. clause 1. See on Luke xii. ver. 21. clause 2.

• See on Acts xx. ver. 32. clause 2. CHAP. II.---VER. 1.

See on Matt. xix. ver. 16. clause 3. 'Αδελφοί μου, μη εν προσωποληψίαις έχετε την πίστιν του Κυρίου ημών Ιησού

VER. 6. Χριστού της δόξης. .

Υμείς δε ήτιμάσατε τον πτωχόν. Ούχ My brethren, hare not the faith of omdoubu nataduvao Tsúovovy úpãi, zato our Lord Jesus Christ, a the Lord of avrei faxovruv ipās sis seperápia ; glory, b with respect of persons.

But ye have despised the poor. Do a See on 1 Cor. ii. ver. 8. clause 3.

not rich men oppress you, and draw you b See on Rom. ii. ver. 11.

before the judgment seats?

VER. 7. VER. 2. 'Εάν γαρ εισέλθη εις την συναγωγήν το επικληθέν εφ' υμάς;

Ουκ αυτοι βλασφημούσι το καλόν όνομα υμών ανής χρυσοδακτύλιος έν εσθήτι λαμπρα, εισέλθη δε και πτωχός εν ρυπαρά Do not they blaspheme a that worthy lonti,

name b by the which ye are called ? For if there come unto your.

a He sent redemption unto his bly a man with a gold ring, in goodly people ; he hath commanded his coapparel; and there come in also a poor venant for ever: holy and reverend man in vile raiment ;

is bis name, Psal. cxi. 9. Because of • Gr. synagogue.

the savour of thy good ointments, thy

name is as ointment poured forth, VER. 3.

therefore do the virgins love thee,

Cant. i. 3. Και επιβλέψητε επί τον φορούντα την εσθήτα την λαμπραν, και είπητε αυτόΣύ

b And ye shall leave your name for κάθου ώδε καλώς και τα πτωχώ είπητες

a curse unto my chosen : for the Lord IÙ oth), éxri, xálov at de imò Timoré. God shall slay thee, and call his ser

vants by another name, Isa. Ixv. 15.

And the disciples were first called And ye have respect to him that wear. Christians at Antioch, Acts xi. 26. eth the gay clothing, and say unto him, For this cause I bow my knees unto Sit thou here in a good place; and say the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, to the poor, Stand thou there, or sit here of whom the whole family in heaven under my footstool:

and earth is named, Eph. iii. 14. • Or, well, or, seemly.



διόν μου



Α. D. cir. 60.
JAM. ΙΙ. 8-17.

Α. D. cir. 60.

mercy, that hath shewed no mercy; 6 and VER. 8.

mercy * rejoiceth against judgment. Eί μέντοι νόμον τελείτε βασιλικών, κατά

* Or, glorieth. την γραφήν· 'Aγαπήσεις τον πλησίον σου

a See on Matt. xviii. ver. 33–35. ως σεαυτόν, καλώς ποιείτε:

Mercy and truth are met togealf ye fulfil the royal law according ther; righteousness and peace have to the Scripture, Thou shalt love thy kissed each other, Psal. lxxxv. 10. neighbour as thyself, ye do well:

VER. 14. a See on Matt. xxii. ver. 39. See on Matt. xxv. ver. 21. clause 1.

Τί το όφελος, αδελφοί μου, εάν πίστιν

λέγη τις έχειν, έργα δε μή έχη και μη δύναVER. 9.

ται η πίστις σώσαι αυτόν; Ει δε προσωπoληπτείτε, αμαρτίαν έρ a What doth it profit, my brethren, γάζεσθε, ελεγχόμενοι υπό του νόμου ως | though a man say he hath faith, and παραβάται.

have not works ? can faith save him ? a But if ye have respect to persons,

a See on Matt. vii. ver. 21-23. ye commit sin, cand are convinced of the law as transgressors.

VER. 15.

Εάν δε αδελφός ή αδελφή γυμνοί υπάρa See ver. 1-4. See on Rom. ii. ver. 11.

χωσι, και λειπόμενοι ώσι της εφημέρου

τροφής, «See On Rom. iii. ver. 20. clause 3.

If a brother or sister be naked, and VER. 10.

destitute of daily food, "Οστις γαρ όλον τον νόμον τηρήσει, πταί

VER. 16. σει δε εν ένι, γέγονε πάντων ένοχος.

Είπη δε τις αυτούς εξ υμών: “Υπάγετε * For whosoever shall keep the whole εν ειρήνη, θερμαίνεσθε και χορτάζεσθε μη law, and yet offend in one point, he is | δώτε δε αυτούς τα επιτήδεια του σώματος, guilty of all.

τί το όφελος και a See on Gal. iii. ver. 10.

And one of you say unto them, DeVER. 11.

part in peace, be ye warmed and filled ;

notwithstanding ye give them not those “Ο γάρ ειπών: Μη μοιχεύσης, είπε και things which are needful to the body και Μη φονεύσης. Ει δε ου μοιχεύσεις, φονεύ- what doth it proft ? σεις δε, γέγονας σαραβάτης νόμου. a For * he that said, Do not commit

VER. 17. adultery, said also, Do not kill. Now if ούτω και η πίστις, εάν μή έργα έχη, thou commit no adultery, yet if thou νεκρά έστι καθ' εαυτήν. kill, thou art become a transgressor of a Even so faith, if it hath not works, the law.

is dead, being * alone. * Or, that law which said.

• Gr. by itself. a See on Matt. xix. ver. 18.

a Lord, who shall abide in thy ta

bernacle? Who shall dwell in thy VER. 12.

holy hill ? He that walketh uprightly, Ούτω λαλείτε, και ούτω ποιείτε, ως δια | and worketh righteousness, Psal. Σν. νόμου ελευθερίας μέλλοντες κρίνεσθαι. 1 1,2. By this shall all men know that

* So speak ye, and so do, as they that ye are my disciples, if ye have love one shall be judged by the law of liberty.

to another, John xiii. 35. He that

believeth on me, the works that I do a See on Matt. xvi. ver. 27. clause 3. shall he do also. He that hath my See on John viii. ver. 32. clause 2. commandments, and keepeth them, VER. 13.

he it is that loveth me, xiv. 12. 21. “Η γάρ κρίσις ανίλεως τω μη ποιήσαντι | fruit he taketh away, and every branch

Every branch in me that beareth not έλεος και κατακαυχάται έλεος κρίσεως.

that beareth fruit he purgetb it, that a For he shall have judgment without l it may bring forth more fruit, xv. 2.

A. D. cir. 60.

JAM, IJ. 17-22.

A. D. cir. 60.

Abide in me, and tin you. As the , λώς ποιείς και τα δαιμόνια πιστεύουσι, branch cannot bring forth fruit of it- xai opissouri. self except it abide in the vine, no Thou believest that there is one God; more can ye, except ye abide in me, 4. thou dnest well: a the devils also believe, Herein is my father glorified, that ye and tremble. bear much fruit, 8. I pray,—that * See on Matt. viii. ver. 29. thou shouldest keep them from the evil, xvii. 15. If while we seek to be

VER. 20. justified by Christ we ourselves also Θέλεις δε γνώναι, ώ άνθρωπε κενέ, ότι και are found sinners, is therefore Christ | πίστις χωρίς των έργων νεκρά έστιν και the minister of sin? God forbid, Gal. · But wilt thou know, O vain man, ii. 17. For we are his workmanship that faith without works is dead? created in Christ Jesus unto good a See on ver. 17. works, which God hath before ordained, that we should walk in them,

VER. 21. Eph. ii. 10. For it is God that work 'Αβραάμ ο πατήρ ημών ουκ εξ έργα eth in you, both to will and to do of | εδικαιώθη, ανενέγκας Ισαάκ τον υιόν αυτού his good pleasure, Phil. ii. 13. They in tò duolartipsov ; profess that they know God; but in

a Was not Abraham our father bjusworks they deny him, being abominable and disobedient, Tit. i. 16. The tified by works, c when he had offered

Isauc his son upon the altar ? grace of God, that bringeth salvation, hath appeared unto all men, teach

a See on Matt. iii.ver. 9. clause 2. ing us, that denying ungodliness and For by thy words thou shalt be worldly lusts, we should live soberly, justified, and by thy words thou shalt righteously, and godly, in this

present be condemned, Matt. xii. 37. world, ii. 11, 12. Who gave himself

c And they came to the place which for us, that he might redeem us from God had told him of; and Abraham all iniquity, and purify unto himself a built an altar there, and laid the wood peculiar people, zealous of good works, in order, and bound Isaac his son, 14. This is the victory that over- and laid him on the altar upon the cometh the world, even our faith, wood. And Abraham stretched forth 1 John. v. 4. Add to your faith vir- his hand, and took the knife to slay tue, to virtue knowledge, &c. 2 Pet. his son. And the angel of the LORD i.5. If we say we have fellowship called unto him out of heaven, and with him, and walk in darkness, we said, Abraham, Abraham: and be lie, and do not the truth, 1 John i. 6. said, Here am 1. And he said, Lay He that saith he abideth in him, ought not thine hand upon the lad, neither himself also to walk, even as he walk do thou any thing unto bim: for now ed, ü. 6. Ye know that everyone that I know that thou fearest God, seeing doth righteousness is born of him, I thou hast not withheld thy son, thine 29.

And now abide in him; that only son from me, Gen. xxii. 9-12. when he shall appear, we may have And said, By myself have I sworn, confidence and not be ashamed before saith the LORD, for because thou hast bim. v. 28.

done this thing, and hast not withVER. 18.

held thy son, thine only son: That

in blessing I will bless thee, and in 'Αλλ' έρεί τις, Συ πίστιν έχεις, κάγώ | multiplying I will multiply thy seed έργα έχω δείξόν μοι την πίστιν σου εκ

as the stars of the heaven, and as the των έργων σου, καγώ δείξω σοι εκ των έργων | sand which is upon the sea shore ; μου την πίστιν μου. .

and thy seed shall possess the gate of Yea, a man may say, Thou hast faith, his enemies; And in thy seed sball and I have works : shew me thy faith all the nations of the earth be blessed ;

without thy works, and I will shew because thou hast obeyed my voice, thee my faith by my works.


VER. 22. Some copies read, by thy works.

Βλέπεις ότι η πίστις συνήργει τοϊς έρVER. 19.

γοις αυτού, και εκ των έργων και πίστις ετε. Συ πιστεύεις ότι ο Θεός εις έστι: Kα- | λειώθη και

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A. D. cir. 60.

JAM. II. 22-26.-11.1-4. A. D. cir. 60. Seest thou a how faith wrought with rit is dead, so faith without works is, his works, and by works was faith mude dead also. perfect?

• Or, breath. Or, thou seest.

a See on ver. 17. a For in Jesus Christ neither circumcision availeth any thing, nor un

CHAP. III.-VER. 1. circumcision; bụt faith which work Μή πολλοί διδάσκαλοι γίνεσθε, αδελφοί eth by love, Gal. v. 6. By faith Abra Mov, eldórss on uusi zov xziua an fópeda ham, when he was tried, offered up . My brethren, b be not many Isaac; and be that had received the ters, knowing that we shall receive the promises, offered up his only begotten greater t condemnation. son, Heb. xi, 17.

* Gr. teachers, b + Or, judgment. VER. 23.

a See on Matt. xxiii. ver. 8. clause 1. Και επληρώθη η γραφή και λέγουσα: Επί

b And no man taketh this honour OTEUTE de A paày ta zõ, xai inozioen unto himself, but he that is called of auto uis Sexasocúmy, ral pinos El ix- God, as was Aaron, Heb. v. 4. andn. And the Scripture was fulfilled which

VER. 2. saith, a Abraham believed God, and it Πολλά γαρ σταίομεν άπαντες. Εί τις was imputed unto him for righteous- εν λόγω ου πταίει, ούτος τέλειος άνήρ, δυness : 5 αnd he was called the Friend of νατος χαλιναγωγήσαι και όλον το σώμα. God.

a For in many things we offend all: a See on Rom, iv. ver. S. and ver. If any man offend not in word, the same 5. clause 4.

is a perfect man, and able also to bridle b Art not thou our God, who didst the whole body. drive out the inhabitants of this land before thy people Israel, and gavest it is no man that sinneth not,) and thou

a If they sin against thee, (for there to the seed of Abraham thy friend for be angry with them, and deliver them ever? % Chron. xx. 7. But thou, Is

to the enemy, so that they carry them rael, art my servant, Jacob whom I have chosen, the seed of Abraham my enemy, far or near, 1 Kings viii. 86.

away captives unto the land of the friend, Isa. xli. 8.

Who can say, I have made my heart VER. 24.

clean, I am pure from my sin? Prov. 'Opāre tokruv öts it épya dinasūta ár- upon earth, that doeth good, and sin

xx. 9. For there is not a just man θρωπος, και ουκ έα πίστεως μόνον ;

neth not, Eccl. vii. 20. As it is writa Ye see then how that by works a man ten, There is none righteous, no, not is justified, and not by faith only. one, Rom. ii. 10. Therefore by the * See on Matt. xvi. ver. 27. clause 3. deeds of the law there shall no flesh

be justified in his sight: for by the VER. 25.

law is the knowledge of sin, 20. If 'Oucias dè xai Paal in gópun oux & we say that we have no sin, we deέργων εδικαιώθη, υποδεξαμένη τους αγγέ- ceive ourselves, and the truth is not λους, και ετέρα όδω εκβαλούσα;

in us, 1 John. i. 8. a Likewise also was not Rahab the hur.

VER. 3. lot justified by works, when she had re Ιδού, τών ίππων τους χαλινούς εις τα ceived the messengers, and had sent them | στόματα βάλλομεν προς το πείθεσθαι αυout another way?

τους ημίν, και όλον το σώμα αυτών με.

τάγομεν. . a See on Heb. xi. ver. 31.

Behold, we put bits in the horses' VER. 26.

mouths, that they may obey us; and we

turn ubout their whole body. "Ωσπερ γας το σώμα χωρίς πνεύματος νεκρόν έστιν, ούτω και η πίστος χωρίς τών

VER. 4. έργων νεκρά εστι. .

Ιδού, και τα πλοία τηλικαύτα όντα, al as the body without the * spi.' mai intò oxanpão ávéjwy inavyópera, ME

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