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Dr Pocock's Journey from Cairo to Suez and the

Red-sea, by another Road. P. 130.

March 28. Lay at Keyde Bey.

29: Set out, and ascend Jebel Jehusi; go thirteen miles.

30. Set out an hour before day; come in eleven hours to a narrow valley called Tearosaid. In an hour and an half more to Hara Minteleh, where in the valley seemed to have been a wall across, probably the remains of a floodgate to the canal which once passed this way to the Red-sea.

After sixteen hours saw. Adjeroute castle ; the whole thirty-two hours from Cairo ; or, as the authors thinks, but twenty-nine. The caravan takes a larger compass.

31. Turned more to the south, through an hollow

way, to which the sea seemed formerly to have reached. In two hours and an half come to the well of Suez. In two hours more to Suez. The whole, according to the author, about seventy-two English miles.

Dr Pocock's Journey from Suez to Tor, upon

the Red-sea: P. 138.

Days.. 1. To Ein Mouseh, supposed by some to be the wells of Moses, in three or four hours,

2. To the desert of Shedur, or Shur, for four or five hours very sandy. In three hours to Birk el Corondel. To the desert of Shedur, or Shur, and went on for an hour.

3. To Ouardan. Stayed two hours. Came to a sandy plain, and in three hours to an hill of talc ; passed it in two hours, and travelled as many more, and then had to the east Jebel Housan, and to the west Jebel le Marah, where was a salt spring. The author thinks it may have been the Mara of the scriptures. Come to the vale of Corondel, having travelled eleven hours in all. Beyond this vale on the sea is Jebel Hamam Phara, one, and a grotto with a very hot spring.

4. In three hours come to the mountain torrent Wouset, and a salt spring with some palm-trees. In three hours come to Taldi, where are some date-trees. In three hours the tomb of a Turkish saint, at a place called

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Reisimah, where was a salt spring. In an hour to a narrow valley, Menetsah; after which the road divides, one part tends to ' Mount Sinai, and the other to Tor.

5. Carried out of the way to the north ; see a hill called Bait el Pharaone.

6. Return into the road to Tor; a torrent called Waad Pharan.

7. Turned southward to the plain of Baharam; travelled thirteen hours.

8. Came to the beginning of the valley of Tor. In three hours to Nach el Tor, or the palm grove of Tor.

of Tor. This grove about a league north of Tor, where is a well of good water ; also many date-trees, and hot springs. Here is a convent of monks, who belong to Mount Sinai, and near the convent many fountains. The hot springs are called the Baths of Moses; and the place by the Greeks, as well as by others, supposed to be the Elim of scripture. Tor is but a small village to the south.

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" This division of the road, by which Dr Pocock turned off south-east to Mount Sinai, is much lower than that mentioned by Monconys.

The Distance of Elim from the Place of Passage.


According to Ovington, the distance of Tor from Suez is an hundred miles. But as the elevation of the pole at Suez, according to * Niebuhr, is 29° 57', and at Tor 28° 12', the difference in miles cannot be much less than one hundred and fifteen. But as Clysma, and the place of landing upon the opposite shore, were not less than thirty miles from Suez; and the palm grove, where we place Elim, is a league nearer than Tor, the length of the journey, after deducting these thirtythree miles, will be eighty-two. And if this interval was passed over in five days, the extent of each day's march will be about seventeen miles. And as the children of Israel did not arrive at Marah till they had been three days without water, and consequently came there upon the fourth, we must accordingly look for this place at the distance of four days journey from their setting out after their passage through the sea, and of one day's journey from the palm grove at Elim ; to which they came in that space

I T. 1.


175. 2 Ibid. p.

208. 3 Pocock mentions Gibel al Marah close by Corondel, which is at a great distance from the Marah of the scriptures. But it was the name of a region, inhabited of old by the Maranæi, and which extended a great way down the


afterwards. Niebuhr went from Suez to Tor by sea ; so that he has afforded us only so much of the road as he saw in his journey to Mount Sinai; which is the part of least consequence. He has however given us a small map of Tor, and of the district near it.


G. Caw, Printer, Edinburgli:

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