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Geba. or, the hill, Jos. 18.24.Gaba.-21.17.Is. 10.29. Zec.14.10. blew. Ju.3.27.-6.34. 2 Sa.2.28.-20.1. 4 was had in abomination. Heb. did stink. Ge. 34.30.-46.34. Ex.5.21. Zec.11.8. to Gilgal, ch. 10.8.-11.14,15. Jos.5.9.

5 thirty thousand chariots. The Philistines had no doubt collected troops in this emergency, from all the surrounding nations; but the nutber of chariots is immensely large beyond any example, and wholly disproportioned to the number of their cavalry. It is probable, therefore, that for sheloshim aileph, thirty thousand,' we should read shelosh aileph, three thousand, with the Syriac and Arabic. as the sand. Ge. 22.17. Jos.11.4. Ju.7.12.2 Ch.1.9. Is.48.19. Je.15. 8. Ro.9.27. Beth aven, ch.14.23. Jos.7.2.-18.12. Ho.4.15.-5.8.-10.5.

6 in a strait. Ex.14.10..12. Jos.8.20. Ju. 2 Sa.24.14. Phi.1.23. in caves, ch. Ju.6.2. Is.42.22. He.11.38.

7 the Hebrews. Le.26.17,36,37. De.28.25. Gad. Nu.32.1..5,33..42. De.3.12. Jos. 13.24..31. followed him trembling. Heb. trembled after him. De.20.8. Ju.7.3. Hō.11.10,11.

8 tarried, ch.10.8.

Hebrews, and the hidden Israelites, join a them, 21-23. Saul'sunadvised anjuraties kin the victory, 24-30. He restrainth the peopl eating blood, 31-34. He buildeth an altar, Jonathan, taken by lot, is saved by the 37-46. Saul's victories, strength, and family

1 A. M. 2917. B. C. 1087. An. Ex. 15.4 came to pass upon a day. or, there was Jonathan, ver.39..45. ch.13.2.22.-18.1 4. 4,5,25,26. he told not. ch. 25.19. Ju.6.27 Mi.7.5.

2 in the uttermost. ch.13.15,16. Is.10. pomegranate. The word rimmon, in Arat man, whence the Portuguese romas, deb pomegranate, both tree and fruit; cal naturalists malus punica ot malo-granat is, according to the Linnean system, ag the icosandria monogynia class of plan is a low tree, growing very common is tine, and other parts of the East. It bas small angular boughs, very thick and covered with a reddish bark, and some armed with sharp thorns. They are a with small, narrow, spear-shaped lean those of the myrtle, but not so sharp, of colour, inclining to red. Its blossoms at beautiful, of an elegant red colour, incl purple, composed of several stalks rese a rose, in the hollow of the cup: th oblong, hard, purple, having a figure sam like that of a bell. It is chiefly valued fruit, which is exceedingly beautiful form and size of a large apple, with at rind, and red within; being full of su nels, with red grains, replenished with rous liquor, of which, Sir JOHN CR 13 Thou hast done. 2 Sa.12.7.9. 1 Ki.18.18.-intorms us, they still make considerabl 21.20.2 Ch.16.9.-19.2.-25.15,16. Job 34.18. Pr. 19.3. Mat.14.3,4. hast not kept. ch. 15.11,22,28.

9 he offered. ver.12.13. ch.14.18.-15.21,22. De. 12.6. 11.3.4. Ps.37.7. Pr.15.8.-20.22.-21.3,27. 1s. 66. 3.

10 Saul. ch.15.13. salute him. Heb, bless him. ch.15.13. Ru.2.4. Ps.120.8.

11 What hast. Ge.3.13.-4.10. Jos.7.19. 2 Sa.3. 24. 2 K1.5.25. Michmash. ver.2,5,16,23. ch.14.5. Is.10.28.

12 said I. 1 Ki.12.26,27. made supplication unto, Heb. intreated the face of, &c. 1 forced. ch.21.7. Ps.66.3. Am.8.5. 2 Co.9.7.

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tities of wine in the East, particularly in
But as a pomegranate tree, from its low
is but little adapted for pitching a tent
it is probable that Rimmon here is the m
the rock mentioned in Ju.20.45.
3 Ahiah. ch.22.9..12.20, called Ahit
I-chabod's. ch.4.21. Ex
4 the passages, ch.13.23.
5 forefront. Heb. tooth.

15 Samuel. The LXX. have, 'Samuel arose and went away from Gilgal, and the remainder of the people went up along with the men of 6 Come. This action of Jonathan's wast war after Samuel from Gilgal to Gibeah of contrary to the laws of war; no military Benjamin.' This is probably the true reading; tion should be undertaken without the for it does not appear that Samuel went to Gi-ledge and command of the general. beah, which was Saul's usual residence; and the Hebrew copyist, as Dr. WALL observes, seems to have missed a line, and added to the sentence concerning Samuel, that which ended the sentence concerning Saul. One MS instead of Samuel, in the beginning of the sentence, reads Saul. present. Heb. found. about six. ver.2.6,7. ch.14.2.

16 Gibeah. Heb. Gebal. See on ver.3.

17 in three companies. ch.11.11. Ophrah. Jos. 18.23. Shual. Jos.19.3.

18 Beth heron. Jos. 10.11.-16. 3.5.-18. 13,14. 1 Ch.6.68. 2 Ch.8.5. Zeboim. Ge.14.2. Ne.11.34. Ho.11.8.

19 there was no. It is probable that the Philistines in the former wars had carried away all the smiths from Israel. Ju.5.8. 2 Ki. 24. 14. Is. 54.16. Je.24.1.

21 a file. Heb. a file with mouths. sharpen. Heb. set.

22 there was neither, ch.17.47,50. Ju.5.8. Zec. 4.6. 1 Co.1.27..29. 200.4.7.

23 garrison. or, standing camp. ver.3. ch.14.4. passage. ver.2,5. ch.14.1,4,5. Is.10.28.

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highly probable, that this gallant man
to undertake the hazardous enterprise
immediate divine impulse; and by to
influence was kept from informing the
and even from consulting his father, why
have opposed his design. uncircumcin
26,36. Ge.17.7..11. Ju.15.18. 2 Sa.1.20
26. Ep.2.11.12. Phi.3.3. t may be. 25
2 Ki.19.4. Am.5.15. Zep.2.3. for there
straint. Where there is a promise of de
and support, the weakest, in the t
strongest enemy, may rely upon it
utmost confidence. De.32.30. Ju.
11. Ps.115.1..3. Zec.4.6. Mat.19.96, Ko81
7 Do all. ch.107. 2 Sa.7.3. Ps.46.7.
8 we will pass. Ju.7.9.14.

9 they. Ge.24.13,14. Ju.6.36..40. Tarry Be still.

10 this shall be a sign. ch.10.7. Ge.24 11. Is.7.11..14.

11 out of the holes, ver.22. ch.13.6. Ju

12 Come up to us. Meaning, that they A cause them to repent of their audacity was the favourable sign which Jonat requested. ver.10. ch.17.43,44. 2 Sa.£.14-17 14.8. Come up after me. Ge.24.26,27,4 4.14.-7.15. 2 Sa.5.24.

13 climbed up. Ps. 18.29. He.11.34. fed 26.78. De.28.7.-32.30. Jos.23.10. ROB

Philistines that was in Geba; and B. C. 1093 de Philistines heard of 11. And Saul

the trumpet throughout all the 3 or, the hill. ad, saying, Let the Hebrews hear.

4 And a Trael beand say, that Saul kad sitten a person of the Philistines,

did stink.
Ge. 34. 30.
EL. 5. 21.

du israel also † was bad in abomina-' am with the Pi istines And the people & file with We called together after Saul to Gilga

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3 And the Fulates gathered them-i are together to fight with Israel, thirtytet. towand chants, and six thousand

es and people as the sand which the sea-shore in multitude: and Dey came up or pitched in Michmash, and from Be's-aven &

When the men of Israel saw that! y were in a strait (for the people were estesed, then the people did hide es cares, and in thickets, and its, and a righ places, and in pits. To the Hebrews went over

thed of Gad and Gilead. fr Sear yet in Gilgal; and all endowed him trembling.

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med seven days, according time that Samuel had ap let Samuel came not to Gilgal, people were scattered from him. And as said. Bring hither a burntdear to me, and peace-offerings. And fed the burnt offering.

a Ju. 5. 8.

Jos. 7.2.
or, stand-
ing camp.
e 2 Sa. 24. 14.
is 10. 29

e eb. 14. 11.
Ju. 6. 2.

9 or, there
was a day.

« trembled
after him.

ch. 10. 8.
ch. 13. 15.
called hi-


throughout all the land of Israel, ffor the Philistines said, Lest the Hebrews make them swords or spears;)

20 But all the Israelites went down to the Philistines, to sharpen every man his share, and his coulter, and his axe, and his mattock.

21 Yet they had a 3 file for the mattocks, and for the couiters, and for the forks, and for the axes, and to sharpen the goads.

22 So it came to pass, in the day of battle, that there was neither sword nor spear found in the hand of any of the people that were with Saul and Jonathan: but with Saul, and with Jonathan his son, was there found.

23 And the n garrison of the Philistines went out to the passage of 4 Michmash. Now it came to pass upon a day, that CHAP. XIV. Jonathan the son of Saul said unto the young man that bare his armur, Come, and let us go over to the Philistines garrison that is on the other side. But be told not his father.

2 And Saul tarried in the uttermost part of Gibeah under a pomegranate tree which is in Migron: and the people that were with him were about six hundred men; 3 And Ahiah the son of Ahtub, 1-chabod's brother, the son of Phinehas, the son of Eli, the LORD'S priest in Shiloh, And the people knew not that.

ch. 22. 2,11, wearing an was gone.

came to pass, that, as soon led mage an end of offering the fering, behold, Samuel came; eh. 4. 21. went out to meet him, that he

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A ch. 2. 28.


a blen.
eh. 13. 23.
the face.
Ch. 16, 9.
De. 32. 36.

And Samuel said, What hast thou Joe And Saul said, Because I saw that we were scattered from me, and # camest not within the days ap , and that the Philistines gathered ves together at Michmash & Therefore said I, The Philistines down now upon me to Gilgal, act made supplication unto2 Lea: I forced myself, therefore, det a burnt-offering.

And Samuel said to Saul, Thou shly: thou hast not kept tent of the LORD thy God, manded thee: for now the lap have established thy den spe srael for ever. 14 But

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Ju. 7. 4, 7.
2Ch. 14. 11.

p Ju. 7.9.11.

P. 99. 20.

Ac. 13. 22.

the kingdom shall not conLeap hath sought him a man be still. i heart, and the LORD hath t Paraded him to be captain over his Because thou hast not kept that the LORD commanded thee.

+ Ge. 24. 14.
ch. 14. 2.

And Samuel arose, & gat hit up from wat Gbean of Benjamin. And, Gebak. tered the people that were pre-i ver. 3. lam, about six hundred men. And Saal, and Jonathan his son, and feb. 13. 6. the yogle that were present with them, 2 KL. 14.8. Gibeah of Benjamin: but the lion encamped in Michmash. At the spinilers came out of the of the Philistines in three compa company turned unto the way to Opbrah," unto the land of

Jos. 18. 23.

2 Sa. 5. 24.

Jos. 16, 3. y Ge. 14. 2.

Ne. 11. 34.

Hos. 11.8,

Le. 26. 8.

Aad another company turned the way to Be boron : and another commet to the way of the border #2 Ki. 24. 14. at breed to the valley of Zeboim, Is. 54. 16. are the wilderness.

17 Now there was no smith found

Je. 24. 1.

4 And between the passages, by which Jonathan sought to go over unto the Philistines' garrison, there was a sharp rock on the one side, & a sharp rock on the other side: and the name of the one was Bozez, and the name of the other Seneh, 5 The μ fore front of the one was situate northward over against Michinash, and the other southward over against Gibeah.

6 And Jonathan said to the young man that bare his armour, Come, and let us go over unto the garrison of these uncircumcised: it may be that the LORD will work for us: for there is no restraint to the LORD to save by many or by few.

7 And his armour bearer said unto him, Do all that is in thine heart: turn thee; behold, I am with thee according to thy heart.

8 Then said Jonathan, Behold, we will pass over unto these men, and we will discover ourselves unto them.

9 If they say thus unto us, & Larry until we come to you; then we will stand still in our place, and will not go up unto them. 10 But if they say thus, Come up unto us; then we will go up; for the LORD hath delivered them into our hand; and this shall be a sign unto us.

11 And both of them discovered them. selves unto the garrison of the Philis tines: and the Philistines said. Behold, the Hebrews come forth out of the boles where they had hid themselves.

12 And the men of the garrison answered Jonathan and his armour-bearer, and said, Come up to us, and we will shew you a thing. And Jonathan said unto his armour-bearer, Come up after me; for the LORD hath delivered them into the hand of Israel,

13 And Jonathan climbed up upon his hands & upon his feet,& his armour bearer after him: and they fell before Jonathan. and his armour-bearer siew after him.

[people were very faint.

14 And that first slaughter, which Jona- | B. C. 1087. than and his armour-bearer made, was about twenty men, within as it were Ban 3 or, half a half-acre of land, which a yoke of oxen might plow.

15 And there was trembling in the host, in the field, and among all the people; the garrison, and the spoilers, they also trembled; and the earth quaked: so it was a d very great trembling.

16 And the watchmen of Saul in Gibeal of Benjamin looked; and, behold, the multitude melted away, and they went on beating down one another.

17 Then said Saul unto the people that were with him, Number now, and see who is gone from us. And when they had numbered, behold, Jonathan and his armour-bearer were not there.

18 And Saul said unto Abiah, Bring hither the ark of God: (for ye ark of God was at that time with the children of Israel.)

19 And it came to pass, while Saul talked unto the priest, that the noise that was in the host of the Philistines went on and increased: and Saul said unto the priest, Withdraw thine hand.


furrow of

an acre.

a 2 Ki.7.6,7. Job 18. 11. & Le. 3. 17.

17. 10.

De.12.23.24 Eze. 33. 25.

ch. 13. 17. or, dealt


& trembling
of God.
Ge. 35. 5.

d ver. 20.
in his hand.

Hos. 8. 14.

f2 Sa. 15. 24. 26. that altar

he began
to build
unto the

20 And Saul and all the people that were with him assembled themselves,and they came to the battle: and, behold, every g Nu. 27. 21. man's 4 sword was against his fellow, and there was a very great discomfiture.

21 Moreover, the Hebrews that were with the Philistines before that time, which went up with them into the camp from the country round about, even they also turned to be with the Israelites that were with Saul and Jonathan.

22 Likewise all the men of Israel which had hid" themselves in mount Ephraim, when they heard that the Philistines fled, even they also followed hard after them in the battle.

9 or, tumult. * were cried together. Ju. 7. 22. 2Ch. 20. 23. Is. 19. 2.



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ch. 28. 6. ch. 10. 19. Jos.7.14,&c corners. Ju. 20.2.

2 Sa. 12.5.

in ch. 13. 6.

Ex. 14. 30.
Ps. 44. 6,7.

Hos. 1. 7.

o th. 13. 5.

the innocent.

23 So" the LORD saved Israel that day: & the battle passed over unto Beth-aven. 24 And the men of Israel were distressed that day: for Saul had adjured the people, saying, Cursed be the man that eateth any food until evening, that I or, Shew may be avenged on mine enemies. So none of the people tasted any food. 25 And all they of ye land came to a wood, and there was honey upon the ground. 26 And when the people were come into the wood, behold, the honey dropped; but no man put his hand to his mouth: for the people feared the oath.

27 But Jonathan heard not when his father charged the people with the oath: wherefore he put forth the end of the rod that was in his hand, and dipped it in an honey-comb, and put his hand to his mouth; and his eyes were enlightened.

28 Then answered one of the people, and said, Thy father straitly charged the people with an oath, saying, Cursed be the man that eateth any food this day. And the people were faint.

29 Then said Jonathan, My father hath troubled the land: see, I pray you, how mine eyes have been enlightened, be

cause I tasted a little of this honey.

30 How much more, if haply the people had eaten freely to-day of the spoil of their enemies which they found for had there not been now a much greater slaughter among the Philistines?

31 And they smote the Philistines that day from Michmash to Aijalon: and the

Pr. 16. 33.

Ac. 1. 24.

Jos. 6. 26.
went forth.

r Jon.1.7..10.
Ex. 3. 8.
Nu. 13. 27.
Mat. 3. 4.

ver. 27.
Ru. 1. 17.
ver. 39.
ch. 30. 12.
Pr. 25. 16.

2 Sa. 14. 11.
1 Ki. 1. 52.

Lu. 21. 18.

2 Ch. 19.11.

Is. 13. 3.

2 Co. 6, 1. Ph. 2.12,13.

32 And the people flew upon the and took sheep, and oxen, and and slew them on the ground: a people did eat them with the blood

33 Then they told Saul, saying] the people sin against the LORD, they eat with the blood. And I Ye have transgressed: roll a stone unto me this day.

34 And Saul said, Disperse you among the people, and say unt Bring me hither every man has every man his sheep, and slay the and eat; and sin not against th in eating with the blood. And people brought every man his o him that night, and slew them the

35 And Saul built an altar t LORD: n the same was the first he built unto the LORD.

36 And Saul said, Let us go day the Philistines by night, and sp until the morning light, and le leave a man of them. And th Do whatsoever seemeth good Then said the priest, Let us dra hither unto God.

37 And Saul asked counsel of Ge I go down after the Philistines! deliver them into the hand of But he answered him not that da

38 And Saul said, Draw yene all the Achief of the people, and k see wherein this sin hath been the 39 For, as the LORD liveth, which Israel, though it be in Jonathan shall surely die. But there was not among all the people that answe 40 Then said he unto all Isra on one side, and I and Jonathan will be on the other side. Aud ple said unto Saul, Do what good unto thee.

41 Therefore Saul said unto the God of Israel, Give a perfect int Saul and Jonathan were taken people escaped.

42 And Saul said, Cast le me and Jonathan my son. And i

was taken.

43 Then Saul said to Jonathan, T what thou hast done, And Ja told him, and said, I did but little honey with the end of the was in mine hand, and, lo, I mu 44 And Saul answered, God and more also: for thou shall die, Jonathan.

45 And the people said unto S Jonathan die, who hath wrought salvation in Israel? God forta LORD liveth, there shall not ope his head fall to the ground; far wrought with God this day. So ple rescued Jonathan, that he d 46 Then Saul went up from fol the Philistines: and the Philistine to their own place.

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47 So Saul took the kingdom of Is. 29.20,21, rael, and fought against all his enem every side, against Moab, and aga or, weary.children of Ammon, and against a ch. 11. 11. and against the kings of Zob 2 Sa. 10, 6. against the Philistines and whither por, wrought he turned himself, he vexed th mightily. e ch. 15.3,7.

48 And he p gathered an bost, and the Amalekites, and delivered Isra of the hands of them that spoiled th

taking time to bleed them properly, they eagerly devoured the flesh with the biood, directly contrary to the law-another bad effect of Saul's rash adjuration. did eat. Ge94. Le. 3.17. —7.26,27.–17.10..14.-19.26. De 12.16,23,24. Eze.33.25. Ac.15.20,29.

33 transgressed, or, dealt treacherously. Mat. Ro.2.1.

14 an half acre of land er, half a furrow of acre of vape - The original is obscure and aily understood; but it is probably a overexpression for a small space. 15 there was trembling. Jos. £. 9. Ju.7.21. 48767. Job 18IL P45 the spoileri, ch. 1.3. the earthquaked. Ex.19.18. at 24.6. 331 very great trembling. Heb, trembling God Ge 15.5. Le Da5.6,! Sel wil in some way or other direct the steps febo arkoowledge him in all theirways, week to him for direction with full purof. Sometimes we find most comfort that which is least our own doing, and into ich we have been led by the unexpected, st well steered, turns of Providence.

kday. Ps. 58.7.-68.2. beating down. Ja 9 Ch.20.22 25. Is.19.2. Bringer. The Septuagint reads, Пoo. ето прено от автор пре то фонд е ти

U SERIES EXATIOs lapanλ" Bring hither

; the bore the ephod on that day Age Jars whirl Hot BIGANT and others ith the reading.-Finding that his son sands amar-bearer were absent, rosalt the high-priest; but the fisting, he says to him, Withdraw eland desist from consulting the d the present occasion; and imme. ey hatened to make the best use he could wing victory, ch.4.3.5.-30.8. Nu. 28. Sa. 11.11.-15.24..26.

a en 52-7.1. Pumalt. Withdraw, ver.24. ch.13 11.Jag: P6.13. Is 28.16.


34 with him. Heh, in his hand.

35 bull. It is probable that Saul converted the great stone, on which the cattle had been slaughtered, into an altar, on which sacrifices were offered, before the people attempted to proceed any further. This we are told was the first he had built. Samuel, as a prophet and a priest, had hitherto erected the altars Saul seems to have thought he had sufficient authority to erect our himself, without the pro Phet, as he had once offered sacrifice without húa, ch7.9,17 Ju21.4. Ho814 6 11 1 same, &c. Heb. that altar he began to build

unto the Lord.


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36. Let us go. Jos.10.9.14,19. Je.6.5 let us not leave. ch.1111. Jos.11.14. Then said the priest. It is evident that Ahiah, who had before been interrupted by Saul's impatience, doubted of the propriety of parsuing the Philistines that night, and properly counseled them to enquire of the Lord. No.27.21. Ps.73.08. 13.48.1,2.-5.2. Mal.2.7. Ja.48.

37 Shall I go. ch.23.4,9..12–30.7,9. Ju- 2 Sa.5.19.23. 1 K1.22.5,15. he answered. ch.28.6. Eze.14.3.5.-20.3.

chief. Heb. corners. Nu.24 17. Ju.20.2. £Sa.18. 38 Draw ye near. ch.10.19,20. Jos.7.14, &c. 3. Ps.47.9. Zec.10.4. Mat.21.42. Fp.2.20,

miled themselves. Heb. were cried tomery man's. ver. 16. Ju.7.22.2 Ch.20.23.g 1-192

Hr. Probably such as they held in gade, or wen were their servants. Instead the Hebrews, the LXX. evidently , for they have or dovlar, the Put the reading is not countenanced wyer version, nor by any MS. ch.29.4.

chemates, eb.13.6.-31.7. the battle, XX and Vulgate add here, kai was o ara LaceÀ e, dexa xiliades avdowv, Lorea Saul, quasi decem millia virorum. Se people who were, LXX.] there ofas about ten thousand men; but Ted by no other authority.

Ex. 14.30 Ju.2.18.2 Ki.14.27. Ps. 448 BL Beth-aten. ch.13.5. 27.30. Le.27.99. Nu.21.2. De. SA 67.1926. Ju.11.30.31.-21.1..5. 1 Co.16.02. I may be. Ju.5.2. A has. all by De 9:28. Mat.3.5. honey. This mid honey, which to this day abounds in and bursting from the comb, runs down View trees, rocks, &c. Ex.38. Nu.13.27.

de people. Ec.JZ

ver 29. ch.30.12. Pr.25.26.

d. hee op ver 24,43. faint. or, weary. father. 1K1.18.18 see. It is well sta: hanger and fatigue produce faintdam the ught; and on taking a little ths affection is immediately removed. And there, Ec.9.18.

Michmash, The distance, CALMET to be free or four leagues. J-1942. Aijalon. 1119. the people. The people ased from food the whole of the day, wat beg Dow faint through hunger and they few upon the cattle, and not

39 ver.24,44. ch.19.6.-20.31.-22.16.~ 28.10, Sa.125. Fc.9.2.

40 Do what seemeth. ver.7.36. 9 Sa. 15.15.

add much to this verse:-Kareine Zaova, Kipie 41 Therefore. Both the Septuagint and Vulgate ο Θεός Ισραήλ, τι οτι ουκ απεκρίθης τω δουλω σου σήμερον, κι αν έμοι η εν Ιωνάθαν τα νέα Moun adikia, Kispie o eos lapanλ dos ônλove' και σαν τάδε είπη, δεν δη τω λαω σου Ισραήλ, dos di odioτnta, K.TÀ. E dinit Saul ad Do minum Deum Tirael; Domine Deus Israel da indicium: quid est quod non responderis servo fram hodie? Si in me, aut in Jonatha filio meo est iniquitas hæc, da ostensionem: aut si hac iniquitas est in populo tuo, da sancitatem, &c. And Saul said to the Lord God of Israel, Vulg.] Lord God of Israel (give a sign, Fulg) Why is it that thou hast not answered thy servant to day? If the iniquity be in me, or in my son Jonathan, (O Lord God of Israel, LXX) make it matt fest: and if thou say thus, give to thy people Israel, give mercy,' &c. [but Vulg. Or, if this

equity be in thy people, give sanctification, Give a perfect lot. or, Shew the innocent. Pr.16.33. Ac.1 £4. And Saul, ch.10.20,21. Jos. 7.16.18. Ton.1.7. escaped. Heb. went forth. 43 Tell me, Jos.7.19. Jon.1.7..10. 1 did but v 27. 44 God. ch.25.22. Ru.1.17.2 Sa.3.9.-19.13. the shalt. See on v.39.Ge.38.24.28a.12.5,31.Pr.25.16. ! 45 who hath, ver.23. ch.19.5. Ne.9 27. there shall not The people judged rightly, that the guilt was contracted by Saul, and not by Jonathan; and therefore they rescued him from the hands of his rash and severe father. £ Sa.14.11. 1 K.1.52. Mat.10.30. Lu.21.18. Ac.27.34. hath. 2Ch.19.11. Is.13.3. Ac.14.27.-15.12.-21. 19. Ro.15.18. 1 Co.3.9. 2 Co.6.1. P1.2.12.13. Re.17.14.-19.14. the people. 15.29.20,21


47 Saul. ch.131. fought. Ki14.7. Amman, ch.11.11.-12.2. Zobah. 2 Sa.10.6. 1 Ki.11.23. 48 gathered an host. or, wrought mightily. smote. ch.15.3..7. Ex.17.14. De.25.19.

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Samuel sendeth Saul to destroy Amalek, 1-5. Saul favoureth the Kenites, 6. He spareth Agag and the best of the spoil, 7-9. Samuel denounceth unto Saul God's rejection of him for his disobedience, 10-23. Saul's humiliation, 24-31. Samuel killeth Agag, 32, 33. Samuel and Saul part, 54, 35. 1 A. M. 2925. B. C. 1079. An. Ex. Is. 412. The Lord. ver. 17,18. ch 9.16.-10.1. hearken. ver.16, ch.12.!4.13.13. ? a.23.2,3. 1Ch.22.12, 13. Ps.2.10.11.

2 I remember. Je. 31. 34. Ho. 7.2. Am. 8.7. Amalek. Ex.17.8..16. Nu.24.20. De.25.17..19. 3 Now go. The Amalekites, a people of Arabia Petrava, who inhabited a tract of country on the frontiers of Egypt and Canaan, had acted with great cruelty towards the Israelites on their coming out of Egypt, and God then purposed that Amalek, as a nation, should be blotted out from under heaven; but it had been spared till it had filled up the measure of its iniquities, and now this purpose is carried into effect by Saul, upwards of 400 years afterwards! Nothing could justify such an exterminating decree but the absolute authority of God; and this was given all the reasons of it we do not know; but this we know well, the Judge of all the earth doeth right. utterly destroy. Le.27.28, 29. Nu.24.20. De.13.15,16.-20.16.18. Jos.6.17.. 21. slay. Ex.20.5. Nu.21.17. Is.14.21,22. or and sheep. Ge.3.17,18. Ro.8.20..22.

writer informs us, that at the Alhamra, palace of the Moorish kings in Grenad the key-stone of the outward arch for th sent principal entrance) is sculptured the of an arm, the symbol of strength and nion.'

13 Blessed. ch.13.10. Ge.14.19. Jo.17. 10. I have performed, ver.9.11. Ge.3.12 2.-28.13.-30.13.-31.31. Lu.17.10.-18.11 14 What meaneth. Ps.36.2-50.16.1. 19,22,23,34.37. Mal.3.13.15. Lu.19.22. § 1 Co.4.5.

15 for. ver.9,21. Ge.3.12,13. Ex. 22. 31.33. Pr.28.13. to. Mat.c.8. Lu.10.29. 16 Stay, ch.9.27.-19.7. 1 K1.22.16. 17 Il hen thou, ch.9.21.-10.22. Ju.6.15 1. Mat.18.4. the Lord, ver.1..3. ch.ju 18 the sinners. Ge.13.13.-15.16. Nul 31.3. Pr.10.29.-13.21. they be consum they consume them.

19 Ay upon. Pr. 15. 27. Je. 7. 11. Hal Ti.4.10. didst evil. 2 Ch.33.2.6.-36.12 20 Yea. ver. 13. Job 33. 9.-34.5-353 Mat.19.20. Lu. 10.29.-18.11. Ro. 10.3 brought, ver.3.8.

21 the people. ver.15. Ge.3.13. Ex

og Hath the Lord. Ps.50.8.9.-51.1537 3. Is.1.11..17. Je.7.22.23. Ho.6.6. Am M1.6.6..8. Mat.9.13.-12.7.-23.23. Hel obey. Ex. 19. 5. Ec. 5. 1. Je.7.23-114 Ho.6.6. Mat 5.24. Mar.12.33. 23 rebellion. ch.12.14,15. Nu.14.9. De Jos.22.16..19. Job 34. 37. Ps.107.11. 29.32. Eze.2.5.8. witchcraft. Heb. di Ex 22.18. Le.20.6,27. De.18.10,11. Is Re.22.15. stubbornness. 2 Co.16. Ga 21.8. thou hast rejected, ch.2.30-13 2 K.17.15..20. 1 Ch.28.9. 24 I have sinned. Ver.30. Ex.9.27-10 I feared. Ex.23.2. Job 31.34. Pr.29.25. 6 the Kenttes, ch.27.10. Nu.24.21,22. Ju.1.16.20..25. Ga.1.10. Re.21.8. obeyed. ch.14 -4.11.-5.24. 1 Ch.2.55. Go, depart. Ge.18.25. 12,17. Je.38.5. -19.12..16. Nu.16.26,27,34. Pr. 9.6. Ac.2.40. 2 Co.6.17. Re.18.4. ye shewed. Ex.18.9,10,19. Nu.10.29..32. 2 Ti.1.16.

4 Telaim, Jos.15.24.Telem. 2 Sa.12.13. Mat.27.4. 5 laid wait, or, fought.

7 smote. ch.14.48. Job 21.30. Ec.8.13. Havilah, This Havilah was probably situated in Arabia, and the district of Chauton may mark the spot. It seems different from that encompassed by the river Pison, one of the rivers of Eden. Ge. 2.11.-25.18. Shuu, ch.27.8. Ge 16.7.

8 Agag. ver.3. Nu.24.7. 1 Ki.20.30,34..42. Es. 3.1. utterly. ch.27.8.-30.1 Jos.10.39.-11.12. 9 the best. ver.3,15,19. Jos.7.21. the failings. or, the second sort. Sa.6.13.

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12 Carmel, ch.£5.2. Jos.15.55. 1 Ki.18.42. set him. ch.7.12. Jos.4.8,9. Sa.18.18. a place. Yad, literally, as the LXX. reader xεipa, a hand; probably because the trophy or monument of victory was in the shape of a large hand, the emblem of power, erected on a pillar, These memorial pillars were anciently much in use; and the figure of a hand, by its emblematical meaning, was well adapted to preserve the remembrance of a victory. NIE BUHR, speaking of the Mesjed Ali, or Mosque of Al, says that, at the top of the dome, where one generally sees on the Turkish mosques a! crescent, or only a pole, there is here a band stretched out, to represent that of Ali.' Another

25 pardon. Ex.10.17.

26 I will not. ver.31. Ge.42.8-411A 24.28,29. 2 Jn.11. for thou. See on vid 2.30.-13.14.-16.1. Je.6.19. 10.46 28 The Lord, ch.28.17.18. 1K111-30,31 given, ch.9.7,8. Je. 27.5.6. Da.4.173 11. Ro.13.1. a neighbour. ch.13.14-1 13.22.

29 Strength, or, Eternity, or, Victor 33.27. Ps.29.11.-68.35. 15.45.24. Joe:14 12.9. Phi.4.13. will not lie. Nu.14. Ps.95.11. Eze.24.14. 211.2.13, tel

30 honour me now. Hab. 2. 4. Ja*-5.44
that I may worship, Is.29.13. Lu.18.9.14
32 Agag said. Je.48.44. 1 Th.5.3. Re
33 As thy sword. Ge.9.6. Ex.17.11. M
Ju.1.7. Mat.7.2. Ja.2.13. Re.16.6.-18.6 3
It has been a matter of wouder to
Samuel could thus slay a captive p
in the presence of Saul, who from
clemency had spared him; but it s
remarked, that what Samuel did here!
in his magisterial capacity; and that Ag
been a cruel tyrant, and therefore wall
for his merciless cruelties. Farther.
likely that he did it by his een
that of the executioner. What k
trates, and generals do, in an othcial
their subjects, servants, or soldiers,
said to do themselves:qui fact! pe
facut per se. hewed. Nu 25.7,8. 11.1
34.6. Je.48.10.

34 Gibeah, ch.11.4.
35 Samuel. ch.19.24.

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Samuel mod 11. ch.16.1. Ps.119.136,158. Je. 9.1.4. R Phi.3.18. repented, ver.11. Gebɓ

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