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and back again every two hours. The distance backwards and forwards was about half a mile, and he used to run it in about fix minutes. [D. S. p. 272.] By what books his studies were principally directed, cannot certainly be known. But several copious extracts from Cyprian, Irenæus, Sleidan's Commentaries, and Padre Paolo's history of the council of Trent, were found among his papers, which appear, by memorandums in

his own-hand-writing, to have been made while he lived with Sir William Temple. '[ D. S. p. 276.]

ABOUT a year after his return from Ireland, he thought sit expedient to take his degree of Master of Arts at Oxford. With this view he appears to have written to his uncle William Swift, to procure and send him the testimonium of his Bachelor's degree. With this testimonium, which is dated May 3. 1692, he went to Oxford ; where having received many civilities, he was admitted ad eundem June 14. and took his Master's degree July 5. following:

It has been said, that the civilities which he received at Oxford, proceeded from a misunderstanding of the phrase speciali gratia, which was there supposed to be a compliment paid to uncommon merit. [D. S. P. 30.44. 0. let, 1.] But these words are not to be found in that copy

of the testimonium which is entered in the congregation-book at Oxford * ; and not to have inserted them there, when they were thought a compliment, would have been an affront. It is therefore probable, that, by the influence of Swift's uncle, they were omitted in the copy which he procured and sent; especially as some such favour seems to be intimated in Swift's letter to him, [in vol. 4. p. 197.] after he had received it : I am fill,” says he,

to thank



testimonium ; and it was to very good purpose, for * I was never more satisfied than in the behaviour of

care in

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The certificate of his degree is as follows. Omnibus quorum intereft falutem. Nos præpofitus fociique seniores Collegii Sacro-fanéte et Individuæ Trinitatis juxta Dublin, testamur JONATHAN SWIFT die decimo quinto Februarii 1685 gradum Baccalaureatus in artibus fufcepile, præftito prius fidelitatis erga Regiam Majeftatem juramento; quod de predi&o teftimonium, fubfcriptis fingu" the university." The civilities which he received at Oxford might indeed proceed from his known condection with Sir William Temple ; but he might reason ably impute them also to the suppression of a reproach against which there was good reason to fear this connection would not have supported him : nor is it strange, that Swift, after his reputation was established, should, while he was sporting with this incident in the gaiety of his heart, pretend a mistake which never happened, or that what he meant as a jeft upon the university, Should be seriously remembered as an event of his life.

lorum D. vera copia RIG. RAWLINSON.

It has also been said, that, upon his disgrace at Dublin, he refolved to purfae his studies at Oxford, where he almost constantly refided during three years, and was avowedly supported by Sir William Temple. [0. let. 2.31 But the contrary is incontestably true; for these are not quite two months between the date of his teftimonium, and bis taking his Master's degree. Besides, in the letter to his uncle just mentioned, he says," « alhamed to be more obliged in a fery weeks to Aran

gers, than in seven years to Dublin college 1." (vol. 4. p. 197.)

b 3

FROM borum nominibus, et collegii figillo quo in bifte stimur, confirmandunu curavimus. Datum die tertio Maii 1692. ROB, HUNTINGTON Prapof. L. S.



BEN. SCROGGS. Quibas in venerabili congregatione magistrorum regentium 14 die Junii 1092 habitá publicatis, JONATHAN SWIFT (gratid priùs petita et concessá) ad eundem gradum, ftatum, et dignitatem, admifTus fuit, apud Oxonienses, quibus infignitus erat apud fuos Dublinienfes. to Nov, 1753.

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Hart Hall, July s. 1092. D. S. p. 43. 44•

# See the note, above, p. xi.

* He went to college, at the age of fourteen, in 1681 ; continued there seven years, as appears by his letter; so that he did not leave


From Oxford he returned again to Moorpark, where he affitted Sir William Temple to revise his works 1, corrected and improved his Tale of a Tub, and added the digreflions. From the conversation of Sir William, who was minutely acquainted with all the intricacies of party, and the secrets of state, during the reigns of K. Charles II. and K. James II. Swift greatly increased his political knowledge. But having long suspected Sir William of neglecting to provide for him, merely that he might keep him in his family, he at length resented it so warmly, that, in 1694, a quarrel ensued, and they parted, (vol. 4. p. 199.)

It is probable that Swift did not leave Sir William for such a reason without severe expoftulation, not only because Swift was no respecter of persons, but because it. appears that Sir William, though he was extremely angry, admitted his claim to fome provision, by offering to make him his deputy as Master of the Rolls in Ireland. This offer however Swift did not accept; but replied, that since he had now an opportunity of living without being driven into the church for support, a scruple which had hitherto kept him out of it, he was determined to


into Ireland and take orders. Swift, during his residence with Sir William, had never failed to visit his mother at Leicester once a-year ; and his manner of travelling was very extraordinary. He always went on foot, except the weather was very bad; and then he would sometimes take shelter in a waggon. He chose to dine at obscure alehouses among pedlars and hoftlers, and to lie where he faw written over the door, Lodgings for a penny; but he used to bribe


Ireland till 1688. He was some months with his mother before he went to Sir William, and two years with him before he went 10 Ireland for his health, which must therefore be in "1691. He returned from Ireland, and continued some time longer with Sir William before he went to Oxford'; which must therefore be in 1692: and in that very year he took his degree. The fact therefore which, Lord Orrey says, was immediately construed to fa.

opinion that Swift was Sir William's natural fon, appears never to have happened. Hawkef.

Swift translated for Sir William his letters out of the original French into English. D. S. p. 99.

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the maid with a tester for a single bed and clean sheets. He delighted (fays Lord Orrery) in scenes of tow life. The vulgar dialect was not only a fund of humour' for him, but I verily believe was acceptable to his nature; otherwise I know not how to account for the many filthy ideas and indecent expreffions (I mean indecent in point of cleanliness and delicacy) that will lbe found throughout his works 1.

In this manner he went down to his mother upon his leaving Sir William, and from Leicester he wrote a letter, dated June 1694, [in vol. 4. p.-194] to his coufin Deane Swift, then at Lisbon ; in which he relates his quarrel with Sir William, and declares his purpose


# When Swift was a young man, he was prodigiously fond of rambling, even before his pocket could afford the common expences of a journey: and therefore we cannot but applaud his manner of travelling ; since travel about he certainly must, or else die of the fpleen, Oxford, Dublin, London, Moorpark, and Leicester, were at various times the places of bis abode ; but Leicester in particular, during his mother's life, he commonly vifited once a year, let his general residence have been wbere it would. In short, upon his own feet he ran like a buek from one place to another. Gates, stiles, and quicksers, he no more valued than if they had been so many straws. His constitution was strong, and his limbs were active.- His company in those Aights were, I believe, all sorts of people which he met in towns and villages where he chanced to refreth himself; fome chat for an hour, and again to the fields. His imagination was always alive, and perhaps beyond all others he had a power to conciliate his ideas to the several capacities of all human race, and at the fame time catch entertainment to himself from every. species of understanding; , agreeable to what is said in that panegyric on the Dean written in the person of a lady in the north of Ireland.

Whene'er you joke, 'tis all a case
Whether with Dermot, or his Grace;
With Teague o Murphy, or an Earl,
A Duchess or a kitchen-girl.
With such dexterity you fit
Their fev'ral talents with your wit,
That Moll the chambermaid can smoke,

And Gahagan take, ev'ry joke. 'vol. 6, p. 380: However, the Doctor hath often told his friends, that whatever money he saved by this manner of travelling, he constantly threw it away, as foon as he went to London, upon a fine waistcoat, or fome additional gaiety upon a suit of cloaths. D. S. p. 99.100, 1.

to take orders in the September following, withing he could procure for him the chaplainship of the factory.

What was the effect of this letter, is not known ; but Swift foon after obtained a recommendation (supposed to be from Sir William Temple) to Lord Capel, then Lord Deputy of Ireland, who gave him the prebend of Kilroot, in the diocese of Connor, a northern district, worth about 100 l. a-year *, But Sir William, who had been used to the conversation of Swift, foon found that he could not be content to live without him; he therefore urged him to resign his prebend in favour of a friend, and promised to obtain preferment for him in England, if he would return f. Swift consented ; and Sir William was so much pleased with this act of kindness, that during the remainder of his life, which was about four years, his behaviour was such as produced the utmost harmony between them. Swift, as a testimony of his friendship and esteem, wrote the battle of the books, of which Sir William is the hero ; and Sir William, when he died, left him a' pecuniary legacy, (fupposed to have been about goo 1.) and his posthumous works. 1' :: WHAT other favours he received from Sir William, cannot certainly be known. Swift acknowledged none but his ineffectual recommendation to K. William ; and "he is known to have received frequent remittances from his uncle William, and his uncle Willoughby Swift : fo


* Swift foon grew weary of this preferment. It was not fufficia ently considerable, and was at fo great a distance from the metropolis, that it absolutely deprived him from that kind of conversatfon and society in which he delighted. He had been used to very different seenes in England, and had naturally an aversion to folitude and retirement. He was glad therefore to resign his prebend in favour of a friend, and to return to Sheen, &c. Orreny, let. 2.

+ This appears by a letter from Swift's sister, then in Ireland, to her cousin Deane in Portugal, dated May 26. 1699.." My poor bre" ther" (says she) “ haft lost his best friend Sir William Temple, who

was so fond of him whilft he lived, that he made him give up his

living in this country to ay with him at Moorpark, and promised “ to get him one in England: but death came in between, and has “ left him unprovided both of friend and living." D. S. p. 66,

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