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this familiarity, he became insensibly a kind of precept tor to the young Ladjes, particularly the eldeft, who was then about twenty years old, was much addicted to reading, and a great admirer of poetry. In a person of this dilpofition, it was natural for such a character as that of Swift to excite admiration, a paffion which by frequent converse was softened into complacency, and complacency was at length improved into love. Love itself perhaps was in this case complicated with vanity, which would have been highly gratified by an alliance with the first wit of the age and thus what neither could have effected alone,

was done by the joint effort of both, and the ventured to make the Doctor a propo. fal of marriage. It is probable, that his connections with Mrs Johnson at this time were fuch, that he could not with honour accept this proposal, whatever pleasure or advantage it might promite : however, it is certain, he declined it, though without afligning any other engagement as the reason.

He appears first to have affected to believe her in jeft, then to have rallied her on so whimfical a choice, and at laft to bayé put her off without an absolute refusal; perhaps, partly, because he was unwilling to give her pain, and partly, because he could not refufe a good grace, otherwise than by discovering some par.

627 with ticulars which he was willing to conceal. While he was in this

his fituation, he wrote the poem called Cadenus and Vanela, (vol. 6. p. 10.). the principal view of which seems to have been at once to compliment and to rally her to apologize for his conduct, and soften à tacit denial, by leaving the event undetermined.

1s, poem appears to have been written about the year 1713, a Thort time before he left Vanessa and the rest of his friends in England, and returned to the place of his exile, which he always mentioned with regret.

the year 1% 14 Mrs Vanhomrigh died; and, having lived at an expence much greater than her fortune would bear, she left fome debts unpaid.

Her two daughters, whose fortunes she had also lefsened, the appointed joint executrixes of her will; an office which, however troublesome, the situation of their affairs obliged them to accept. It appears too, that they



e 2

had contracted some debts in their own right, which it was not in their power immediately to pay : aud therefore to avoid an arreft, they followed the Dean' into Ireland I.

od mo? UPON his arrival to take poffeffion of his deanery, and his return after the Queen's death, he was received, according to the account of Lord Orrery (vol. 6..p. 58. note) and Mr Deane Swift, with every posible mark of contempt and indignation, especially by the populace, who not only reviled and cursed him, but pelted him with stones and dirt as he passed along the streets. [D. S. 7. 178. 183.). The author of the Obfervations on the contrary, affirms, that he was received by all ranks of men, not only with kindness, but honour; the Tories being then in full power, as well in Ireland as in England, and Swift's service to the church and credit at court being well known. 17. Ri p. 87:}* This indeed was true when he went to taker poffeffion : but when he returned to his deanery, the power of the Tories and the Dean's credit at court were at an end; ; circumstances which might well cause the rabble at leaft to forget his fèrvices to the church. It is certain, that great cla. mour was


then raised by the new men against the late ministry, with whom Swift had been closely connected; they were charged with a design to bring in the pretender; and the fame design was confequently imputed

After the death of her husband and fons, with this increase of wealth, and with heads and hearts elated by affluence, and unre, Irained by foresight or discretion, the widow Vanhomrigh and, ber ewo daughters quitted the luxurious foil of their native country, felidence at London, they lived in a course of prodigality that ftretched itself far beyond the limits of their income, and reduced them to great distress; in the midst of which the mother died, and the two daughters haltened in all secrecy back to Ireland, beginning their journey on a Sunday, to avoid the intertuption and importunities of a certain fierce kind of aninials called bailiffs, who are not only sworn focs to wit and gaiety, but whose tyranný, altho' it could not have reached the deified Vanessa, might have been very fatal to Esther: Vanhomrigh. Within two years after their arrival in Ireland, Mary the youngest lister died, and the small remains of the shipwrecked fortune centered in Vanella. O "let.9. --- See Orrery's account of Vanesta's character, and of Swift's conduct with her, in vol. 6. p. 1o. et seqq. in the notcs.

to Swift, whom it was therefore considered by fome as a qualification for preferment to revile and oppose : which party the mob took, whose fault it has never been to coincide implicitly with a court, pofterity must judge for themselves. But it seems probable, that these accounts, however contradictory, may both be true; and that Swift at this time might be the Sacheverel of Iréland, followed by the mob of one faction with execrations, and by the other with shouts of applause *.

It is however agreed, that the Archbishop of Dublin, and some of his old friends in the chapter, set themselves against his measures with all their force, and laboured to disappoint him in the exercise of his power by every art of oppofition and delay. But whatever prejudice they had conceived against him was soon removed by the dil interested integrity of his conduct, which was so apparent and friking, that they foon regarded him with respea and veneration, and almost implicitly acquiesced in whatever he proposed.

This removal from England to Ireland was the great event which determined the colour of his life, bounded his views, and thewed him at oạce what he might porfels, and for what he might hope...

THERE is a time when every man is fruck with a sense of his mortality, and feels the force of a truth to which he has consented merely from custom, without confidering its certainty or importance. This time feldom happens in the chearful limplicity of infancy, or in the first impatience of youth, when the world is all before us," Morris @ 3

when ** We are now no longer to behold Dr Swift of any importance in England : his hopes there are crushed for cver ; his minifterial friends are degraded, banished, or imprisoned. Indecent rage, sanguinary zeal, and ill tempered loyalty, revelled at large through out the three kingdoms, especially in Ireland, where duels were 'fought almost every week, and where the peft was founiversal, that the ladies were as violent as the gentlemen. Even children at school quarrelles for kings, instead of fighting for apples.As Swift was known to have been attached to the Quecn's last ministry, to have written against the Whigs, and " to have oiled

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many a spring which Harley pioved,” he met with frequent indignities from the populace, and indeed was equally abufed by perfons of all ranks and denominations. Such a treatment fouied - his temper, confined his acquaintance, and added bitterness to his Ayle, 0, let. 6. See vol. 6, p. 58. in the notes.

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when every object has the force of novelty, and every desire of pleasure receives auxiliar strength from curiofity: but after the first heat of the race, when we stop to recover from our fatigue, we naturally consider the ground before us, and then perceive that at the end of the course are clouds and darkness; that the grave will foon intercept our pursuit of temporal felicity ; and that, if we cannot stretch to the goal that is beyond it, we run in vain, and spend our strength for nought. Great disappointments which change our general plan, and make it necessary to enter the world as it were a second time, feldom fail to alarm-us with the brevity of life, and repress our alacrity, by precluding our hopes.

The Dean, whether by the vigour and activity of his imagination, the multitude of his ideas, or the ardour of his pursuits, escaped the force of this thought, till his retreat to Ireland on the death of the Queen: and then indeed it came upon him with such influence, that, after fifteen years, it constantly recurred when he first awaked in the morning, and wasí not difmiffed-till he again began to fleep. fvol. 4. p. 100.) i 56543

As foon as he was settled at Dublin, Mrs Johnson removed from the country to be rear him but they Hill lived in separate houses: his residence was at the deanery, and hers' in lodgings on the other side of the river Liffy.

The Dean kept two public days every week; and though the circle of his visitors is faid at first to have been small, yet it foon increafed, and always confifted of the best company. [D. S.p.91 180.] Thofe who were more particularly the companions of his choice, were such as would have done honour to any character. They were the Grattons, seven brothers, the fons of Dr Gratton, a venerable and hospitable clergyman, 'who gave them all a liberal education. The eldest juftice of peace, and lived reputably on his patrimony in the country'; another was a physician, and another, a merchant, - both eminent in their professions ; three o. thers were clergymen, who had a competent provision in the church ; and the youngest was fellow of Dublin college, and master of the great free school at Enniskilling. They were all persons of great merit; as general



was, a

ly acquainted, and as much beloved as any in the king. doma The Jackfons; a family of which both men and women were genteel, agreeable, and well bred, such companions as no wife man ever wanted, if they could be had; George Rochford, and Peter Ludlow, men of fortune, learning, wit, humour, and virtue; and Mr Matthew Lord, deemed the best lay scholar of his time; Thefe, with the fellows of the college, Dr Walmesley, Dr Helsham, Dr Delany, Dr Stopford, now Bishop of Cloyne, and Dr Sheridan ; Lady Eustace, Mrs Moore, Lady Betty Rochford, and Mrs Ludlow, with Mrs John fon, and her friends, were the persons with whom Swift fpent Kis teisure-hoursfrom the year 17 14 to the year 1720, 7. R. P 90./6.; a period in which it has been injuriously faid, that his choice of companions Thewed him of al depraved tàfte

There was indeed among his companions one person who could derive no honour from his lineage, a foundling, whom 'Swift therei fore usedi ro call. Melchifedek, because Melchifedek is faid to have i bad meither fathes normother. This gentle mansiname was Worrat; he was a clergyman, a matter of arts, a reader, and a 'iear of his cathedral,

stand mat fter of the song He was nearly off the Dean's Own standing in the college, had good fenfe," and much hút mour. He was married to a woman of great sprightli ness, good-nature, and generofity ; remarkably cleanly and elegant in her perfon, in her house, and at her table... But there is another particulat in Mr Wortals character which greatly contributed to his intimacy with the Déan: he was a good walker. The Dean used this exercife in an immoderate degree, under the notion of its being absolutely necessary, not to health only, but to cleanliness, by keeping the pores of the skin elear, and throwing off impurities by perspiration. Mr Worral's fatuation in the churehe naturally engaged his frequent attendance upon the Dean. This artendance commonly ended in a walk'; and the walk in their di10.) A seit vietnes


* It is matter of astonishment to find the same person, who had enjoyed the

highest and thabelt.conversation, equally delighted with the lowest and the worst: and yet it is certain, that from Swift's settlement in Dublin as Dean of St Patrick's, his choice of companions in general lhewed him of a very depraved taste, O. let. 6.

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