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Went up with armed powers thee only seeking, They cannot well impose, nor I sus'ain;
To others did no violence nor spoil.

If they intend advantage of my labors,
Sams. Among the daughters of the Philistines The work of many hands, which earns my keeping
I chose a wife, which argued me no foe;

With no small profit daily to my owners. And in your city held my nuptial feast :

But come what will, my deadliest foe will prove But your ill-meaning politician lords,

My speediest friend, by death to rid me hence ; Under pretence of bridal friends and guests, The worst that he can give to me the best. Appointed to await me thirty spies,

Yet so it may fall out, because their end Who, threatening cruel death, constraind the bride is hate, not help to me, it may with mine To wring from me, and tell to them, my secret, Draw their own ruin who attempt the deed. That solv'd the riddle which I had propos'd.

Chor. Oh how comely it is, and how reviving When I perceiv'd all set on enmity,

To the spirits of just men long oppress'd! As on my enemies, wherever chanc'd,

When God into the hands of their deliverer I us'd hostility, and took their spoil,

Puts invincible might To pay my underminers in their coin.

To quell the mighty of the Earth, the oppressor My nation was subjected to your lords ;

The brule and boisterous force of violent men,
It was the force of conquest: force with force Hardy and industrious to support
Is well ejected when the conquer'd can.

Tyrannic power, but raging to pursue
But I a private person, whom my country The righteous and all such as honor truth;
As a league-breaker gave up bound, presum'd He all their ammunition
Single rebellion, and did hostile acts.

And feats of war defeats,
I was no private, but a person rais'd

With plain heroic magnitude of mind
With strength sufficient, and command from Heaven, And celestial vigor arm'd ;
To free my country; if their servile minds Their armories and magazines contemns,
Me, their deliverer sent, would not receive, Renders them useless, while
But to their masters gave me up for nought, With winged expedition,
The unworthier they; whence to this day they serve. Swift as the lightning glance, he executes
I was to do my part from Heaven assign'd, His errand on the wicked, who, surpris'd,
And had perform'd it, if my known offence Lose their defence, distracted and amaz'd.
Had not disabled me, not all your force :

But patience is more oft the exercise
These shifts refuted, answer thy appellant, of saints, the trial of their fortitude,
Though by his blindness maim'd for high attempts, Making them each his own deliverer
Who now defies thee thrice to single fight, And victory over all
As a petty enterprise of small enforce. [roll'a, That tyranny or fortune can inflict.

Har. With thee! a man condemn'd, a slave en- Either of these is in thy lot,
Due by the law to capital punishment!

Samson, with might endued
To fight with thee no man of arms will deign. Above the sons of men ; but sight bereav'd
Sams. Cam'st thou for this, vain boaster, to sur. May chance to number thee with those
vey me,

Whom patience finally must crown.
To descant on my strength, and give thy verdict ? This idol's day hath been to thee no day of rest
Come nearerį part not hence so slight inform’d; Laboring thy mind
But take good heed my hand survey not thee. More than the working day thy hands.

Har. O Baal-zebub ? can my ears unus'd And yet perhaps more trouble is behind,
Hear these dishonors, and not render death? For I descry this way
Sams. No man withholds thee, nothing from thy Some other tending; in his hand

A sceptre or quaint staff he bears,
Fear I incurable ; bring up thy van,

Comes on amain, speed in his look. My heels are fetter'd, but my fist is free.

By his habit I discern him now
Har. This insolence other kind of answer fits. A public officer, and now at hand;

Sams. Go, baffled coward ! lest I run upon thee, His message will be short and voluble.
Though in these chains, bulk without spirit vast,
And with one buffet lay thy structure low,

(Enter OFFICER.) Or swing thee in the air, then dash thee down Of. Hebrews, the prisoner Samson here I seek. To the hazard of thy brains and shatter'd sides Chor. His manacles remark him, there he sits.

Har. By Astaroth, ere long thou shalt lament Off. Samson, to thee our lords thus bid me say; These braveries, in irons loaden on thee. (Exit. This day to Dagon is a solemn feast,

Chor. His giantship is gone somewhat crestfallen, With sacrifices, triumph, pomp, and games : Stalking with less unconscionable strides,

Thy strength they know surpassing human rate, And lower looks, but in a sultry chafe.

And now some public proof thereof require Sams. I dread him not, nor all his giant-brood, To honor this great feast, and great assembly : Though fame divulge him father of five sons, Rise therefore with all speed, and come along, All of gigantic size, Goliah chief.

Where I will see thee hearten'd, and fresh clad, Chor. He will directly to the lords, I fear, To appear as fits before the illustrious lords. And with malicious counsel stir them up

Sams. Thou know'st I am an Hebrew, therefore Some way or other yet further to afflict thee.

tell them,
Sams. He must allege some cause, and offer'd fight Our law forbids at their religious rites
Will not dare mention, lest a question rise My presence ; for that cause I cannot come.
Whether he durst accept the offer or not ;

off. This answer, be assur’d, will not conten And, that he durst not, plain enough appear'd.

them. Much more affliction than already felt

Sams. Have they not sword-players, and every sort


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Of gymnic artists, wrestlers, riders, runners, This day will be remarkable in my life
Jugglers, and dancers, antics, mummers, mimics, By some great act, or of my days the last.
But they must pick me out, with shackles tir'd, Chor. In time thou hast resolv'd, the man returns
And over-labor'd at their public mill,

Off. Samson, this second message from our lords To make them sport with blind activity ?

To thee I am bid say. Art thou our slave, Do they not seek occasion of new quarrels, Our captive at the public mill, our drudge, On my refusal to distress me more,

And dar'st thou at our sending and command Or make a game of my calamities?

Dispute thy coming ? come without delay; Return the way thou cam'st: I will not come Or we shall find such engines to assail

Off. Regard thyself; this will offend them highly. And hamper thee, as thou shalt come of force,

Sams. Myself? my conscience, and internal peace. Though thou wert firmlier fasten’d than a rock. Can they think me so broken, so debas'd

Sams. I could be well content to try their art, With corporal servitude, that my mind ever Which to no few of them would prove pernicious Will condescend to such absurd commands? Yet, knowing their advantages too many, Although their drudge, to be their fool or jester, Because they shall not trail me through their streets And in my midst of sorrow and heart-grief Like a wild beast, I am content to go. To show them feats, and play before their god, Masters' commands come with a power resistless The worst of all indignities, yet on me

To such as owe them absolute subjection; Join'd with extreme contempt? I will not come. And for a life who will not change his purpose ?

Of. My message was impos'd on me with speed, (So mutable are all the ways of men ;) Brooks no delay: is this thy resolution ?

Yet this be sure, in nothing to comply Sams. So take it with what speed thy message Scandalous or forbidden in our law. needs.

Off. I praise thy resolution: doff these links : Of. I am sorry what this stoutness will produce. By this compliance thou wilt win the lords

[Exit. To favor, and perhaps to set thee free. Sam& Perhaps thou shalt have cause to sorrow Sams. Brethren, farewell; your company along indeed.

I will not wish, lest it perhaps offend them Chor. Consider, Samson ; matters now are strainaTo see me girt with friends; and how the sight Up to the height, whether to hold or break: Of me as of a common enemy, He's gone, and who knows how he may report So dreaded once, may now exasperate them, Thy words by adding fuel to the flame?

I know not: lords are lordliest in their wine : Expect another message more imperious,

And the well-feasted priest then soonest fir'd More lordly thundering than thou well wilt bear. With zeal, if aught religion seem concern'd;

Sams. Shall I abuse this consecrated gift No less the people, on their holy-days, Of strength, again returning with my hair

Impetuous, insolent, unquenchable : After my great transgression, so requite

Happen what may, of me expect to hear Favor renew'd, and add a greater sin

Nothing dishonorable, impure, unworthy By prostituting holy things to idols ?

Our God, our law, my nation, or myself,
A Nazarite in place abominable

The last of me or no I cannot warrant.
Vaunting my strength in honor to their Dagon ! Chor. Go, and the Holy One
Besides, how vile, contemptible, ridiculous, of Israel be thy guide

What act more execrably unclean, profane? To what may serve his glory best, and spread his
Chor. Yet with this strength thou serv'st the Great among the Heathen round;

Send thee the angel of thy birth, to stand Idolatrous, uncircumcis’d, unclean.

Fast by thy side, who from thy father's field Sams. Not in their idol-worship, but by labor Rode up in flames after his message told Honest and lawful to deserve my food

of thy conception, and be now a shield Of those who have me in their civil power. Of fire; that spirit, that first rush'd on thee Chor. Where the heart joins not, outward acts In the camp of Dan, defile not.

(tence holds. Be efficacious in thee now at need. Sams. Where outward force constrains, the sen- For never was from Heaven imparted But who constrains me to the temple of Dagon, Measure of strength so great to mortal seed, Not dragging ? the Philistian lords command. As in thy wondrous actions hath been seen. Commands are no constraints. If I obey them, But wherefore comes old Manoah in such haste I do it freely, venturing to displease

With youthful steps? much livelier than erewhile God for the fear of man, and man prefer,

He seems; supposing here to find his son,
Set God behind ; which in his jealousy

Or of him bringing to us some glad news?
Shall never, unrepented, find forgiveness.
Yet that he may dispense with me, or thee,

(Enter MANOAH.] Present in temples at idolatrous rites

Man. Peace with you, brethren; my inducement For some important cause, thou need'st not doubt.

Chor. How thou wilt here come off surmounts my Was not at present here to find my son,

By order of the lords now parted hence
Sams. Be of good courage; I begin to feel To come and play before them at their feast.
Some rousing motions in me, which dispose I heard all as I came, the city rings,
To something extraordinary my thoughts.

And numbers thither flock: I had no will,
I with this messenger will go along,

Lest I should see him forc'd to things unseemly Nothing to do, be sure, that may dishonor

But that, which mov'd my coming now, was chiefly Our law, or stain my vow of Nazarite.

To give ye part with me what hope I have If there be a:ight of presage in the mind,

With good success 10 work his liberty.


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Chor. That hope would much rejoice us to partake This evil on the Philistines is fallin : With thee; say, reverend sire, we thirst to hear. From whom could else a general cry be heard ?

Man I have attempted one by one the lords, The sufferers then will scarce molest us here; Either at home, or through the high street passing, From other hands we need not much to fear. With supplication prone and father's tears, What if, his eye-sight (for to Israel's God To accept of ransom for my son their prisoner. Nothing is hard) by miracle restord, Some much averse I found, and wondrous harsh, He now be dealing dole among his foes, Contemptuous, proud, set on revenge and spite ; And over heaps of slaughter'd walk his way? That part most reverenc'd Dagon and his priests : Man. That were a joy presumptuous to be thought Others more moderate seeming, but their aim Chor. Yet God hath wrought things as incredible Private reward, for which both God and state For his people of old; what hinders now! They easily would set to sale: a third

Man. He can, I know, but doubt to think he will, More generous far and civil, who confess'd Yet hope would fain subscribe, and tempts belief.. They had enough reveng'd; having reduc'd A little stay will bring some notice hither. Their foe to misery beneath their fears,

Chor. Of good or bad so great, of bad the sooner; The rest was magnanimity to remit,

For evil news rides post, while good news bates. If some convenient ransom were propos’d. And to our wish I see one hither speeding, What noise or shout was that? it tore the sky. An Hebrew, as I guess, and of our tribe.

Chor. Doubtless ihe people shouting to behold Their once great dread, captive, and blind before

[Enter MESSENGER.) them,

Mess. O whither shall I run, or which way Ay Or at some proof of strength before them shown. The sight of this so horrid spectacle,

Man. His ransom, if my whole inheritance Which erst my eyes beheld, and yet behold, May compass it, shall willingly be paid

For dire imagination still pursues me. And number'd down: much rather I shall choose But providence or instinct of nature seems, To live the poorest in my tribe, than richest, Or reason though disturb’d, and scarce consulted, And he in that calamitous prison left.

To have guided me aright, I know not how, No, I am fix'd not to part hence without him. To thee first, reverend Manoah, and to these For his redemption all my patrimony,

My countrymen, whom here I knew remaining, If need be, I am ready to forego

As at some distance from the place of horror, And quit: not wanting him, I shall want nothing. So in the sad event too much concern'd.

Chor. Fathers are wont to lay up for their song, Man. The accident was loud, and here before thee Thou for thy son art bent to lay out all;

With rueful cry, yet what it was we hear not ; Sons wont to nurse their parents in old age, No preface needs, thou seest we long to know. Thou in old age car'st how to nurse thy son,

Mess. It would burst forth, but I recover breath Made older than thy age through eye-sight lost. And sense distract, to know well what I utter.

Man. It shall be my delight to tend luis eyes, Man. Tell us the sum, the circumstance defer. And view him sitting in the house, ennobled Mess. Gaza yet stands, but all her sons are fall'n, With all those high exploits by him achiev'd, All in a moment overwhelm'd and fall’n. And on his shoulders waving down those locks Man. Sad, but thou know'st to Israelites not saddest That of a nation arm'd the strength contain:d : The desolation of a hostile city.

(surfeit. And I persuade me, God had not permitted

Mess. Feed on that first: there may in grief be His strength again to grow up with his hair,

Man. Relate by whom. Garrison'd round about him like a camp


By Samson. Of faithful soldiery, were not his purpose


That still lessens To use him further yet in some great service ; The sorrow, and converts it nigh to joy. Not to sit idle with so great a gift

Mess. Ah! Manoah, I refrain too suddenly Useless, and thence ridiculous about him.

To utter what will come at last too soon ; And since his strength with eye-sight was not lost, Lest evil tidings with too rude irruption God will restore him eye-sight to his strength. Hitting thy aged ear should pierce too deep.

Chor. Thy hopes are not ill-founded, nor seem vain Man. Suspense in news is torture, speak them out. Of his delivery, and the joy thereon

Mess. Take then the worst in brief, Samson is dead. Conceiv'd, agreeable to a father's love,

Man. The worst indeed, o all my hopes de In both which we, as next, participate.

(noise !

feated Man. I know your friendly minds and what To free him hence! but death, who sets all free, Mercy of Heaven, what hideous noise was that, Hath paid his ransom now and full discharge. Horribly loud, unlike the former shout.

What windy joy this day had I conceiv'd Chor. Noise call you it, or universal groan, Hopeful of his delivery, which now proves As if the whole inhabitation perish'd !

Abortive as the first-born bloom of spring Blood, death, and deathful deeds, are in that noise, Nipi with the lagging rear of winter's frost! Ruin, destruction at the utmost point.

Yet ere I give the reins to grief, say first, Man. Of ruin indeed methought I heard the noise : How died he ; death to life is crown or shame. Oh! it continues, they have slain my son.

All by him fell, thou say’st: by whom fell he ? Chor. Thy son is rather slaying them : that outcry What glorious hand gave Samson his death's wound ! From slaughter of one foe could not ascend.

Mess. Unwounded of his enemies he fell. (plain. Man. Some dismal accident it needs must be ; Man. Wearied with slaughter then, or how ? ex. What shall we do, stay here or run and see? Mess. By his own hands. . Chor. Best keep jogether here, lest, running Man.

Self-violence? what cause thither,

Brought him so soon at variance with himself We unawares run into danger's mouth.

Among his foes ?


Inevitable cause, Met from all parts to solemnize this feast. At once both to destroy, and be destroy'd; Samson, with these inmix'd, inevitably The edifice, where all were met to see him, Pullid down the same destruction on himself; Upon their heads and on his own he pull’d. The vulgar only 'scap'd who stood without. Man. O lastly over-strong against thyself!

Chor. O dearly-bought revenge, yet glorious ! A dreadful way thou took'st to thy revenge. Living or dying thou hast fulfili'd More than enough we know; but while things yet The work for which thou wast foretold Are in confusion, give us, if thou canst,

To Israel, and now liest victorious Eye-witness of what first or last was done, Among thy slain self-kill'd, Relation more particular and distinct.

Not willingly, but tangled in the fold Mess. Occasions drew me early to this city ; Of dire necessity, whose law in death conjoin'd And, as the gates I enter'd with sun-rise,

Thee with thy slaughter'd foes, in number more The morning trumpets festival proclaim'd

Than all thy life hath slain before. [sublime, Through each high street: little I had dispatch'd, 1. Semichor. While their hearts were jocund and When all abroad was rumor'd that this day Drunk with idolatry, drunk with wine, Samson should be brought forth, to show the people And fat regorg’d of bulls and goats, Proof of his mighty strength in feats and games ; Chanting their idol, and preferring I sorrow'd at his captive state, but minded Before our living Dread who dwells Not to be absent at that spectacle.

In Şilo, his bright sanctuary :
The building was a spacious theatre

Among them he a spirit of frenzy sent,
Half-round, on two main pillars vaulted high, Who hurt their minds,
With seats where all the lords, and each degree And urg'd them on with mad desire
Of sort, might sit in order to behold!

To call in haste for their destroyer;
The other side was open, where the throng They, only set on sport and play,
On banks and scaffolds under sky might stand ; Unweetingly importun'd
I among these aloof obscurely stood.

Their own destruction to come speedy upon them.
The feast and noon grew high, and sacrifice (wine, So fond are mortal men,
Had fillid their hearts with mirth, high cheer, and Fall'n into wrath divine,
When to their sports they turn'd. Immediately As their own ruin on themselves to invite,
Was Sarnson as a public servant brought,

Insensate left, or to sense reprobate,
In their state livery clad ; before him pipes, And with blindness internal struck.
And timbrels, on each side went armed guards, 2. Semichor. But he, though blind of sight,
Both horse and foot, before him and behind Despis'd and thought extinguish'd quite,
Archers, and slingers, cataphracts and spears. With inward eyes illuminated,
At sight of him the people with a shout

His fiery virtue rous'd
Rifted the air, clamoring their god with praise, From under ashes into sudden flame,
Who had made their dreadful enemy their thrall. And as an evening dragon came,
He patient, but undaunted, where they led him, Assailant on the perched roosts
Came to the place; and what was set before him, And nests in order rang'd
Which without help of eye might be assay'd, of tame villatic fowl ; but as an eagle
To heave, pull, draw, or break, he still perform'd His cloudless thunder bolted on their heads.
All with incredible, stupendous force ;

So virtue, given for lost,
None daring to appear antagonist.

Depress, and overthrown, as seem'd,
At length for intermission's sake they led him . Like that self-begotten bird
Between the pillars; he his guide requested In the Arabian woods embost,
(For so from such as nearer stood we heard) That no second knows nor third,
As over-tir'd to let him lean awhile

And lay erewhile a holocaust,
With both his arms on those two massy pillars, From out her ashy womb now teem'd,
That to the arched roof gave main support. Revives, reflourishes, then vigorous most
He, unsuspicious, led him; which when Samson When most unactive deem'd;
Felt in his arms, with head awhile inclin'd, And, though her body die, her fame survives
And eyes fast fix'd he stood, as one who pray'd, A secular bird ages of lives.
Or some great matter in his mind revolv'd :

Man. Come, come; no time for lamentation now, At last with head erect thus cried aloud,

Nor much more cause ; Samson hath qnit himself “ Hitherto, lords, what your commands impos’d Like Samson, and heroicly hath finish'd I have perform'd, as reason was, obeying,

A life heroic, on his enemies Not without wonder or delight beheld :

Fully reveng’d, hath left them years of mourning, Now of my own accord such other trial

And lamentation to the sons of Caphtor
I mean to show you of my strength, yet greater, Through all Philistian bounds, to Israel
As with amaze shall strike all who behold.” Honor hath left, and freedom, let but them
This utter'd, straining all his nerves he bow'd, Find courage to lay hold on this occasion ;
As with the force of winds and waters pent, To himself and father's house eternal fame ;
When mountains tremble, those two massy pillars And, which is best and happiest yet, all this
With horrible convulsion to and fro

With God not parted from him, as was fear'd,
He tugg'd, he shook, till down they came, and drew, But favoring and assisting to the end.
The whole roof after them, with burst of thunder Nothing is here for tears, nothing to wail
Upon the heads of all who sat beneath,

Or knock the breast; no weakness, no contempt,
Lords, ladies, captains, counsellors, or priests, Dispraise, or blame ; nothing but well and fair,
Their choice nobility and flower, not only And what may quiet us in a death so noble.
Of this but each Philistian city round,

Let us go find the body where it lies

Soak'd in his enemies' blood; and from the stream The idle spear and shield were high up hung ;
With lavers pure, and cleansing herbs, wash off The hooked chariot stood
The clotted gore. I, with what speed the while, Unstain'd with hostile blood;
¡Gaza is not in plight to say us nay,)

The trumpet spake not to the armed throng ;
Will send for all my kindred, all my friends, And kings sat still with awful eye,
To fetch him hence, and solemnly attend

As if they surely knew their sovran Lord was by.
With silent obsequy, and funeral train,
Home to his father's house : there will I build him But peaceful was the night,
A monument, and plant it round with shade Wherein the Prince of light
or laurel ever-green, and branching palm,

His reign of peace upon the Earth began :
With all his trophies hung, and acts enrollid The winds, with wonder whist,
In copious legend, or sweet lyric song.

Smoothly the waters kist,
Thither shall all the valiant youth resort,

Whispering new joys to the mild ocean, And from his memory inflame their breasts Who now hath quite forgot to rave, (wave. To matchless valor, and adventures high :

While birds of calm sit brooding on the charmed The virgins also shall, on feastful days, Visit his tomb with flowers; only bewailing The stars, with deep amaze, His lot unfortunate in nuptial choice,

Stand fix'd in stedfast gaze, From whence captivity and loss of eyes.

Bending one way their precious influence; Chor. All is best, though we oft doubt

And will not take their flight, What the unsearchable dispose

For all the morning light, Of highest Wisdom brings about,

Or Lucifer that often warnd them thence; And ever best found in the close,

But in their glimmering orbs did glow, Oft he seems to hide his face,

Until their Lord himself bespake, and bid them go. But unexpectedly returns, And to his faithful champion hath in place And, though the shady gloom Bore witness gloriously; whence Gaza mourns, Had given day her room, And all that band them to resist

The Sun himself withheld his wonted speed, His uncontrollable intent;

And hid his head for shame, His servants he, with new acquist

As bis inferior flame Of true experience, from this great event

The new-enlighten'd world no more should need : With peace and consolation hath dismist.

He saw a greater Sun appear

(bear. And calm of mind, all passion spent.

Than his bright throne, or burning axletree, could


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The shepherds on the lawn,
Or e'er the point of dawn,

Sat simply chatting in a rustic row;

Full little thought they then,

That the mighty Pan

Was kindly come to live with them below; It was the winter wild,

Perhaps their loves, or else their sheep, While the Heaven-born child

Was all that did their silly thoughts so busy keep All meanly wrapt in the rude manger lies; Nature in awe to him,

When guch music sweet Had doff'd her gaudy trim,

Their hearts and ears did greet, With her great Master so to sympathize :

As never was by mortal finger strook ;
It was no season then for her

Divinely-warbled voice
To wanton with the Sun, her lusty paramour. Answering the stringed noise,

As all their souls in blissful rapture took :
Only with speeches fair

The air, such pleasure loth to lose,

(close. She wooes the gentle air

With thousand echoes still prolongs each heavenly To hide her guilty front with innocent snow; And on her naked shame,

Nature that heard such sound,
Pollute with sinful blame,

Beneath the hollow round
The saintly veil of maiden white to throw; Of Cynthia's seat, the aery region thrilling,
Confounded, that her Maker's eyes

Now was almost won
Should look so near upon her foul deformities. To think her part was done,

And that her reign had here its last fulfilling ; But he, her fears to cease,

She knew such harmony alone Sent down the meek-ey'd Peace;

Could hold all Heaven and Earth in happier union. She, crown'd with olive-green, came softly sliding Down through the turning sphere,

At last surrounds their sight His ready harbinger,

A globe of circular light, With turtle wing the amorous clouds dividing; That with long beams the shamefac'd night array'd; And, waving wide her myrtle wand,

The helmed Cherubim, She strikes an universal peace through sea and land. And sworded Seraphim,

Are seen in glittering ranks with wings display'd, No war, or battle's sound,

Harping in loud and solemn quire, Was heard the world around :

With unexpressive notes, to Heaven's new-born Heir

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