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Morning and Evening Service are performed in the chapel daily throughout the year; and two sermons are preached on Sundays in the College chapel. These services, together with the duty in the church of Howrah, which is under the charge of Bishop's College, are equally shared by the principal and the Professor. Every student is expected to attend chapel daily, morning and evening, unless prevented by illness.
There are two vacations in the year, of one calendar month each, to commence respectively on the 15th of June and on the 15th of December ; and also two of one week each, at Easter and at Michaelmas.
An annual examination takes place in the College hall in the second week in December, and lasts four days; and on the 26th of January is holden, in the College chapel, a commemoration of the founders and benefactors of the Institution who (whether individuals or societies) have from time to time made donations to the College, or founded scholarships in it. These scholarships are twenty-three in number : viz. four supported by the Incorporated Society; six Middleton scholarships, endowed by the Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge ; by which were also founded two Heber Foreign Theological scholarships, to be filled by youths from the ancient Episcopal Churches of Asia, which do not acknowledge the supremacy of the pope ; two scholarships, founded by the Church Missionary Society: one scholarship, endowed by the late Lord Powerscourt; one Bombay scholarship, in memory of Bishop Heber ; six scholarships, founded by the late R. Jackson, Esquire, of Forkhill, in the county of Armagh ; and one scholarship, founded by some friends of the late Principal, Rev. Dr. Mill, to be called “Mill's Scholarship ;" lastly, the sum of 10001., given by the Rev. J. Natt, late vicar of St. Sepulchre, was applied to the endowment of a fellowship, to be filled by native students only, and to be called “ Natt's Foundation."
The Library, towards which the universities of Oxford and of Cambridge, Bishop Middleton, the Rev. Dr. Mill, and other individuals, have largely contributed, contains about 6000 volumes, mostly on theology. It is placed under the immediate charge of the senior Professor ; but the selection and the purchase of books rest with the College Council.
The superintendence of the College Press is with the College
Council ; the duty of which is to take care that all the works determined upon by the Syndicate be correctly executed. The ordinary Syndicate is composed of the Visitor, the Archdeacon of Calcutta, the College Council, and three persons to be nominated annually by the Visitor. Its meetings are held in the College library, not less than four times a year ; and its business is to determine what books, conducive in any way to the object for which the College is founded, should be undertaken and printed at the College Press.
Such is an outline of the fundamental principles and constitution of Bishop's College ; which, although too young to have reached as yet a state of full efficiency, has already sent forth many able native and other labourers into the wide field of India. The voice of its missionaries is now heard in various parts of Hindostan, from the banks of the Ganges to the southern extremity of the Malabar coasts and Ceylon ; publishing the glad tidings of salvation, and inviting the captive heathen to shake off the yoke of idolatry, to embrace the cross, and to seek refuge within the pale of our holy Church.
It was, however, to be expected that, in a time when ecclesiastical authority and government are by many undervalued or totally disregarded, an institution like Bishop's College, founded on Church principles, and conducted, as far as it is practicable, strictly according to the rules of Church discipline, would meet with much opposition from, and be unpopular with, persons of unsettled and disaffected mind; and such has been the case. In the early period of its existence, indeed, the outcry raised against it by some of those who had before been its avowed supporters, threatened to impede its growth and to blight its blossoms. But through the help of God, ever mindful of His promise “to be with His Church always, even unto the end,” Bishop's College has triumphed over these difficulties. And whereas, in the nature of things, establishments of this kind require centuries to take root and to bear abundant fruit (look at our own Universities), Bishop's College has already been, although still in its infancy, the means of much blessing to India ; as will appear from the following list of the catechists and missionaries it has sent forth since its opening in 1824. D. Jones, priest. Now in charge of the Tallygunge mission.
J. C. THOMPSON, priest. Lately in charge of the Hindustanee
chapel, Calcutta ; now chaplain to the free school. A. GODFREY. Late catechist in the diocese of Madras. A. GARSTIN, priest. Lately chaplain to the free school ; now
chaplain at Dum-dum. J. BOWYER, priest. In charge of the Howrah mission, and
ministering to the English congregation at Howrah. C. E. DRIBERG, priest. In charge of the Barripore mission. T. C. SIMPSON, priest. Some time in charge of the Trichino
poly mission ; now conducting the government school at
Goruckpore. H. F. BÆMMERER, deacon. In the diocese of Madras. S. W. Dias, priest. Cingalese colonial chaplain, Colombo. C. D. HORST. Some time catechist in the diocese of Madras;
now tutor to the rajah of Burdwan. S. W. GODFREY, priest. At Tanjore. V. D. COOMBES, priest. Stationed at Combaconum, Madras
diocese. C. S. KOHLHOFF, priest. At Tinnevelly. G. Y. HEYNE, priest. At Tanjore. J. J. CARSHORE, priest. Lately in charge of the Society for
the Propagation of the Gospel mission at Cawnpore; now
assistant chaplain there. E. J. JONES, priest. Missionary chaplain to the Right Rev.
the Lord Bishop of Madras. W. BOLTON. Some time catechist. H. MOORE, deacon. Stationed at Barripore. MOHESH CHUNDER GHOSE, native. Some time in the service
of the Church Missionary Society. Died at sea in 1837. KRISHNA MOHANA BANERJEA, native, priest. Minister of
Christ Church, Calcutta. W. O’B. SMITH. Catechist at Tallygunge. J. T. D. CAMERON. Second Master of La Martinière School,
Calcutta. J. J. JEREMIAH, priest. At Vepery, Madras. BROJONAUTH Ghose, native. In the charge of the govern
ment school at Chyebaosa. Joy Gopal Dutt, native. Schoolmaster at Kishnaghur, in
service of the Church Missionary Society. Died in Bishop's
College in 1841.
F. W. LINSTEDT. In the service of the Hindustanee chapel,
To the above might be added the names of some nonfoundation students, and of several others, who, after a longer or shorter period of study, were compelled by circumstances, or otherwise induced, to renounce the calling with a view to which they had entered the College.
By the most recent accounts it appears that there are twenty-three students now in the College, and that three have recently been sent out as catechists in the neighbouring missions. Some of the students are from the Island of Ceylon, and one is from the province of Assam.
MISSIONARY PAPER.—No. 4.
THE MISSION OF THE CHURCH.
The New Testament records the plain and positive command of “the Author and Finisher of our faith,”—“Go ye into all the world, and preach the gospel to every creature.” And, if in obedience to this injunction, its sound, by the preaching of an Apostle, or of Apostolic men, was early heard on these remote shores, what an argument we have for pious thankfulness! To this we owe it, under God, that we were not ourselves born “in a land of darkness and in the shadow of death !" And what testimony of gratitude so becoming, as an anxious co-operation in extending the same blessed privilege to those who are yet strangers to it? For so long as Almighty God shall see fit to employ the instrumentality of man in the furtherance of His gracious designs, so long it becomes us especially, as a highly favoured Church and people, "to be fellow-workers with Him,” by conveying “the glad tidings of His salvation" to the utmost end of the earth. In the face of our Lord's injunction, let us not be told of difficulties, and obstacles, and antecedent improbabilities. "When He hath purposed who shall disannul it ?” When “He hath commanded,” who shall stay its execution ? He can overrule every hindrance raised by pride or prejudice, by ignorance,
passion, or interest—and“ will fulfil all His pleasure.” Besides, who that looks back to the first promulgation of the Gospel, and traces it from its feeble beginning, through the successive steps of its wonderful progress, to its triumphant and enlargel establishment, even in its present partial extent, need despair or doubt of its wider, its universal diffusion ?
The eminent men, to whom has been committed the oversight of each particular portion of Christ's flock, scattered in distant lands, have a great work to do; and a large measure of success seems already to reward their toil. Let their laborious and holy zeal be well and worthily supported by your contributions; but above all by your prayers ; then, together with our literature, language, and principles, may we hope to behold our Church extending herself “from sea to sea--from the river to the end of the earth.” And surely it is a cheering and delightful thought, that the time may thus soon come when her liturgy-our enemies themselves being witnesses the best of uninspired books—shall be largely used in our own tongue in all the quarters of the globe; and when her ancient, scriptural, and holy services, shall be employed to animate and comfort faithful members of her communion, in every clime within the wide range of our possessions.
BISHOP OF HEREFORD. THE FRUITS OF FAITH IN THE CHURCH.
FRANCIS XAVIER. The Apostle of the Indies was born in 1506, in Navarre, of an illustrious family. In the year 1541, he sailed for India; during the voyage he considered the crew of the vessel in which he sailed as entrusted to his peculiar care.
He instructed the sailors in their catechism, preached every Sunday before the mainmast, visited the sick, and converted his own cabin into an infirmary. In short, during the whole voyage, he evinced a spirit of zeal and piety, which afforded a pledge of the success of that great work which he was about to undertake. In 1543, he landed at Goa, and having obtained the sanction of the Bishop commenced his mission.
The state of religion amongst professing Christians in that place was lamentable. Xavier beheld with grief the scandalous esample of the nominal Christians around him; and he resolved to labour for their conversion and reformation in the first instance. He began by instructing them in the principles of religion, and by forming the youth in the practice of piety. Having spent the morning of each day in the hospitals and prisons, assisting and comforting the distressed, he walked through the streets of Goa, with a bell in his hand, summoning all masters, for the love of