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of imaginary monsters.) In the greater. Sir Philip attempted hexpresent instance the justness of the ameter, pentameter, sapphicks,&c. resemblance must atone for the He had bis share of taste ; but the hideousness of the objects compar- English language had not then ed. It must be permitted us to acquired that flexibility, nor that make use of images, which are harmony of combination, which faithful, though somewhat disgust- have been exemplified by poets ing. Of these men we cannot since his time. Many of his pas. speak without polluting language, toral pieces are highly poetical in as they have polluted human na- thought and figure, even when ture, and I wish that our language destitute of the melody of later were as flexible in its tones bards. as that of Virgil, when he describ- The following lives, framed for ed the harpies ; that it might pre- the Echo, and intended for hexsent you a picture of those hideous, ameter, will shew the impotence filthy, and voracious animals, com- of our language when arrayed in ing with their shrill cry, their in. dactyls and spondees : fectious plumage, their hooker Eccho, what doe I get yielding my claws, and fetid breath, pouncing sprite to my grieves ? Grieves. upon the banquet of Eneas, and What medicine may I find for a griefe
that drawes nic to death | Death. besmearing with their excrements
O poisonous medicin..! what worse to the meats, the table, and the guests,
me can be than it) It. before they carried away their prey In what state was I then, when I tooke into the air.' Burke has quoted this deadly disease ? Ease. the original in a note.
And what maner a mind that had to
that humour a vaine ? Vaine. "Tristius haud illis monstrum, nec Hath not reason enough vehemence the sævior ulla
desire to reprove ? Prove. Pestis, et ira Deûm Stygiis sese extulit Oft prove I ; but what salve, when reaundis
son seekes to be gone? One. Virginei volucrum vultus ; fædissima Oh ! what is it ? what is it that may be ventris
a salve to my love ? Love. Proluvies ; uncæque manus ; et pallida What doe lovers seeke for, long seeksemper
ing for to enjoy ? Joy. Ora fame.'
What be the joyes which for to enjoy
they went to the paines? Paines. SIR PHILIP SIDNEY
Then to an earnest love what doth best
victorie lend ? End.' is better known as a friend of Elizabeth's and patron of Spenser, In his songs and sonnets, his than as a favourite of the muses. sapphicks and anacreonticks, Sir His pastoral romance called the Philip was not wholly unsuccessCountesse of Pembroke's Arcadia, ful. They exhibit more of the contains, together with much poetry of fiction, than of the harquaint, punning prose, many spe- mony of numbers ; and more hapcimens of verse in different mea- piness of thought, than graceful. sures, some of which are not des- ness of expression. The lover titute of harmony, sprightliness, may here quaff to his full, and and wit. There are few probably, present delicious draughts to his who ever read the whole of the mistress. The cultivator of roArcadia. It would require as mance may find in Arcadia somemuch patient perseverance, as to thing fit for every soil ; and the labour through the pages of Os- heroes and heroines, swains and sian : but the reward would be lasses, though accustomed to wan
der in its groves, may be trans. sive and perspicuous by frequent planted to any climate by the skil. iterations, is the divine ode, called ful hand of fiction.
the blue bells of Scotland.' Here is no refinement of sentiment, or
involution of expression : all is inThe decay of simplicity in our stantly intelligible, and to this songs and ballads has given me xThuc es aur the sublimest homgreat uneasiness. Those beauti- agı will constantly be paid by the ful compositions, whose authors lover of pure naturals. The never proudly aimed at description phrase has perhaps never been and sentiments above the compre- used in this sense before. It hension of the lovelorn cookmaid means, verse unburthened by that and romantick hostler, are now weight of sense, which destroys seldom heard. That most delec- simplicity, restrains imagination, table offspring of untutored na- and vitiates sentiment. ture • the Caledonian maid' now In imitation of this ballad, the fararely visits our fashionable cir- vourite bantling of the muses, I cles ; but her place is filled by have attempted a new song in the other Scotch lassies of Burns, or same strain of simplicity, and it by Exiles of Erin or wounded Hus- may be warbled with equal passion sars. But the writer of that song by the cowherds of the country. will forever receive the benedic
1 tions of the most numerous class O where and O where is your little pig. of readers, and of hearers, who are
gy gone ? unable to read, for bringing terms
O where and O where is your little pigof art and abstract science into his
gy gone ?
He's gone across the fields, humble work, adapted, like our In search of nuts to roam, popular geographies, to the level And 'tis O in my heart I wish him safe of the lowest capacities. With un
at home. equalled pathos he explains the
In what dress in what dress was your reason, why she could not express the innate cause of her sorrow.
darling piggy clad ?
In what dress in what dress was your • Ere reason form'd her tender mind,
darling piggy clad? The virgin learn’d to love :
His nose adorn'd with iron,
His neck a yoke it had.
And 'tis O in my heart I love him like amorous maids,
3 pierced by the shafts of the unre- Suppose and suppose that your darling lenting god, before their tender Suppose and suppose that your darling
pig should die ? minds were fortified by reason, will pig should die ? view in this mirrour a perfect re
The bassoon should play over him, flection of their own unhappy fea
I'd set me down and cry. tures ; where once inanity of And 'tis in my heart I hope he may mind stared through unfixed eyes,
not die. and shed a cheering simper on the I sometimes flatter myself, that face, now clouded by doubts and this may supersede the original ; deformed by jealousy.
but let not the unknown author of But the most charming effu- the blue bells' regard me with sion of simplicity, uncontaminated envy, for I confess, that whatever by thought, in language impres- of sublimity, of ease, of dignity, of
forcible description, of simplicity cation. Education is conducted and irresistible pathos, is found in in families and schools. Domesthis effusion, it is all drawn from tick care is a most powerful agent in his fountain.
the formation of character. Men Perhaps some carping rival of great authority have given to may object, that the illustrious sub- instruction in the family, where ject of my ode is not cloathed in this instruction can be obtained, all his proper habiliments. the preference over the common His nose adorn'd with iron,
places of publick education. They His neck a yoke it had.
have maintained, that, under the
eye of a parent and private tutor, But the first article is intended morals would be more secure, and to excite in the mind an exalted diligence insured, and improveopinion of the hero's courage, as ment effected by avoiding the the second must of his patience. neglect arising from the confusion Besides, I may urge, that my no- and hurry of a large school. On ble predecessor, in arraying his the other hand it has been re• Highland laddie;' has mentioned plied, the partiality and indulgence only his bonnet and waistcoat ; of the family, prove, in general, and surely nobody can suppose, greater impediments to morals and that so great a personage wore no improvement, than any contagion other dress, however unprotected or neglect incident to the assemhis countrymen are usually de- blage of numbers in one place ;
whilst many important advantages In the adaptation of musick for belong exclusively to publick the funeral dirge I may have been schools. in these the pupil is unsuccessful ; but this must be at aided by system.
From sympatributed to our ignorance of what thy and imitation he acquires the might be most agreeable to the il- spirit of order. Here compulsion lustrious shade. The bassoon and correction are employed. The was selected as nearly resembling learner is stimulated by rivals the melody of the departed pig. and assisted by friends. Honour Cedite, Romani scriptores, cedite, Graii, and shame exert their whole force, Nescio quid majus nascitur Piggiade.
and society gives animation both
to his studies and pastime. ComPUBLICK SCHOOLS.
paring his acquisitions with those The system of thought and ac- of others, he estimates them less tion, the character, manners and by his vanity, than by the standard acquirements, which the young of truth. Living on terms of ewill possess at their entrance upon quality with his fellows, he gains active life, depend in no small de- a manly and generous disposition : gree upon causes, which our wis- and he is preserved from that indom cannot see nor foresee, nor solence and pride, which the soliour power control. Much howev. tary pupil, who is the chief object er depends on human endeavours. of attention, is prone to indulge. These endeavours constitute edu.
Vol. V. No.1.
ORIGINAL LETTER OF MRS. MONTAGU.
Ulrs. Nloniagu to Mrs. IV. B. I had not brought house linen,
but I found a Flemish linen-iraChaillot, Sept. 19, 1776.
per ; then I composed my estabDEAR MADAM,
lishment of servants ; I have of I had the pleasure of receiving English, French, Italians, Ger. your obliging letter from the hands mans, and Savoyards; they cannot of a very lively polite French lady. combine against me, for they Who she is I cannot learn, for at hardly understand one another, but Paris erery body does not know they all understand me, and we are every body as at London. Miss as quiet and orderly as possible. Gand I were going to step I was not ten days from the time into the coach with an intention to I bired my house before I inhabit. pass one night at Paris ; but I ed it. I made use of it at first as changed my scheme, and insisted an house to sleep in at night, and on Madame Ce staying the to visit from in the day, but I soon evening : she has travelled a great found out that it was an house in deal, and is very amusing. I have which one might dine and ask othcalled twice at her door, but did ers to dinner. I got an excellent not find her at home ; she wrote cook, who had lived with the Prince 'me a very obliging note to express of Wirtemberg, and have since her regret. I do not know wheth. had duchesses, and fine ladies, and er I mentioned to you, that I was learned academicians, to dine with disgusted with the noise and dirti- me ; and I live a la mode de Paris, ness of an hotel garni. I had the as much as if I was a native. I best apartments in the best hotel have usually only a pair of horses; at Paris. In my drawing-room I but when I go to visit, or any had a fine lustre, noble looking- where at a distance, the man of glasses, velvet chairs ; and in my whom I hire them furnishes me bed-chamber a rich bed with a su- with six and a postillion, so that I perb canopy. Poets and philoso- have all manner of accommodaphers have told us, that cares and tions. solicitudes lurk under rich cano- I placed the boys and Mr. Bpies, but they never told us, that at a French school, half a quarter at Paris les punaises lie concealed of a mile from hence, where they there ; small evils it may be said, have an opportunity of talking but I assure you as incompatible French all day, as well as learning with sound sleep, as the most for- it by rule. If they had been here, midable tcrrours or the wildest the boys must have been continudreams of ainbition. I did not ally with servants, for my nephew rest well at night, and in the day being too old for a plaything, and for the few hours I was chez moi not yet a man, it would have been I did not enjoy that kind of com- impossible to have introduced him fort one feels at home, so I was into company. A little child is determined to have an habitation the prettiest of animals, but of all quite to myself. I got a pretty companions, to be sure a human small house at Chaillot with the being before it is at years of ramost delightful prospect ; it was tional discourse is the worst, exunfurnished, so I hired furniture. cept for those who have a parental affection for them ; and though I ry dangerous to inspire young perthink it no shame to own I have a sons with this contempt of simpliwonderful delight in my nephew, city, before experience taught whom I have, in a manner, choice or discretion. The business brought up, I should be very ab- of the toilette is here brought to surd to expect other people should an art and a science. Whatever take more pleasure in my nephew, is supposed to add to the charm of than I do in their nephews : nor society and conversation is cultivado I think the conversation of mix- ted with the utmost attention. ed society very good for children. That mode of life is thought most Things are often thrown out in a eligible, that does not leave one careless imperfect manner, so as moment vacant from amusement : to be very dangerous to young That style of writing or conversaminds : as indigested food fills the tion the best, that is always the body, indigested opinions do the most brilliant. This kind of high mind, with crudities and flatulen- colouring gives a splendour to evcies; and perhaps there is not any erything which is pleasing to place where a young person could a stranger, who considers every be in more danger of being hurt object that presents itself as a by society than at Paris. Till I sight and as a spectacle ; but I had conversed so intimately with think would grow painful if perthe French, I did not imagine they petual. I do not mean to say, that were so different from us in their there are not some persons and opinions, sentiments, manners, and some authors, who, in their convermodes of life as I find them. In sation and writings, have a noble every thing they seem to think simplicity ; but in general there is perfection and excellence to be too little of it. This taste of dethat, which is at the greatest distance coration makes every thing pretty, from simplicity. I verily believe, but leaves nothing great. I like that if they had the ambrosia of my present way of life so well, I the gods served at their table, they should be glad to stay here two would perfume it, and they would months longer ; but to avoid the make a ragout sauce to nectar : danger of a winter sea and land we know very well they would put journey I shall return, as I intendrouge on the cheek of Hebe. If ed, the first week in October. an orator here delivers a very high- I had a very agreeable French ly adorned period he is clapt : at lady to dine with me to-day, and the academy where some verses am to dine with her at Versailles were read, which were a transla- on Sunday. As she is a woman tion of Homer, the more the trans- of the bed-chamber to the Queen, lator deviated from the simplicity she was obliged (being now in of Homer, the more loud the ap- waiting) to ask leave to come to plause : at their tragedies an ex. me; the queen, with her leave, travagant verse of the poets and said something very gracious an outrageous action of the actor concerning the character of your is clapped. The Corinthian archi- humble servant. The French tecture is too plain, and they add say so many civil things from the ornaments of fancy. The fine highest of them to the lowest, I Grecian forms of vases and tripods am glad I did not come to Paris they say are triste, and therefore when I was young enough to have they adorn them. It would be ve- my head turned.