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for, in passing through Moheagan, the ledge, contain no striking excellast of September, I obtained it of lencies, or gross faults. James Haughton, Esquire, one of the
11. Chronological and topoOverseers of this tribe, who lives within its limits. To this paper, which is graphical account of Dorchester,by exactly copied, I have nothing to add, Rev. T. M. Harris. p. 147. This respecting the present state of the is a production of an higher char. Moheagans, but what that gentleman acter than either of the former, related to me : That the land belong: No. 1 excepted ; and with that it ing to these Indians, consists of about 2700 acres ; that it was holden by them may be considered, as disputing in common, till the year 1790, when it the palm, for industrious research was divided to each family, by the le- and successful inquiry concerning gislature of Connecticut, that a convenient school house has been built for ed not only with the other pages
events and characters. Comparthe benefit of their children by the le. gislature ; that John Cooper, the rich of this volume, but with similar est man in the tribe, possessing a yoke tracts in those preceding, it must of oxen and two cows, was then their be pronounced one of the three religious teacher ; that there were not most complete, ingenious, and elemore than 80 persons of this tribe re- gant pieces of topography. Let maining; and that, with all their advantages for improvement in agricul. our readers decide for themselves ture and other useful knowledge, they between the descriptions of Dorwere still distinguished by the charac chester, Newtown, and Cambridge. teristick indolence, intemperance, and improvidence of Indians. A. Holmes.
* In giving an account of Dorches. Feb. 1, 1804.
p. 75. ter, I propose beginning with some
particulars respecting the first settle4. · Extract from an Indian his- ment and subsequent history of the tory. p. 99.
town, extracted from authentick re5. Journal of the siege of York, cords, and recited principally in the in Virginia, by a chaplain of the
words of those who relate the facts ; American army' p. 102. At this and present situation of the town, in
next describe the ancient boundaries distance of time to republish the terspersed with such topographical re. hasty memoranda made by zeale marks as seem worthy of notice ; and ous, though honest and well-mean- then furnish some brief biographical ing partizans, seems to have no anecdotes of the former ministers, and
others, whose talents and virtues claim excuse. The virulent hatred of
a grateful remembrance. p. 147. Britain, and devotedness to France, which appears in this paper, does These several topicks are treated not argue the good sense, if it con- in order ; all judiciously, the last sist with the christian character with peculiar felicity. It is diffiof the writer.
cult to exhibit, in such short ex6. • Memoir of Ebenezer Grant tracts as are allowable, the features Marsh, from Dr. Dana's funeral and colouring of a piece like this. discourse.' A judicious commen- A few scraps only can be given as dation of a man of much value and specimens. vast promise.
*This settlement was formed a month 7, 8, 9, 10. • Topographical de or two before Governour Winthrop, and scriptions of Catskill, N.Y.(p.111), the people that came in ships with him, Newton, N.Y.(p. 120), and of Brim- arrived at Charlestown ; so that Dorfield, (p. 127) by Rev.Clark Brown; chester is the oldest town in the Masand of Waterford, (p. 137) by Rev. Charlestown. p. 149.
sachusetts colony, except Salem and Lincoln Ripley' 'These articles,
• After the departure of the first sett. displaying considerable local know- lers, (they removed to Windsor, Connec
Vol. V. No. 1. F
ticut, in 1635] there was an essay to. at Dorchester, Rev. Richard Mather wards gathering a new church in Dor. was installed the pastor. He was chester, April 1, 1636 ; but as the born at Lowton in the parish of Winmessengers of the churches convened wick and county of Lancaster, in for the purpose were not satisfied con- Great-Britain, in the year 1596. p. 170. cerning some that were intended mem. * He sailed for New-England, May bers of that foundation, the work was 23, 1635. Two of his sons, who were deferred until August 23, when a ministers, came with him, also Jonachurch was constituted according to than Mitchil, then only a child of ele. the order of the Gospel, by confession ven years of age ; afterwards the fa. and profession of faith, and Rev. Mr. mous pastor of the church at Cambridge. Richard Mather was chosen teacher. The ship encountered a most violent
At this period the records of the and dangerous hurricane on the Amechurch begin ; and they not only con- rican coast, but providentially arrived tain many minute particulars respect- safe in Boston harbour, August 17, 1635. ing the discipline of its own members, Mr. Mather tarried some months and entries of admissions, deaths, bap- with his wife and family in Boston. tisms, &c. but, as Mather was a very Immediately several invitations were eminent man and employed at all the made to him from Plymouth, Roxbury, synods, councils, and ordinations in the and other towns to settle with them ; but province, the annals of the church of by the advice of Messrs. Cotton, Hooker, Dorchester, during the time of his and other friends, he accepted the re. ministry, more than thirty years, are a quest from Dorchester, and began the brief ecclesiastical history of this part gathering and forming a church there of the country' p. 154.
(the first church having moved with • 1695. October 22. A church was Rev. Mr. Wareham to Connecticut) in gathered in this town, and Mr. Joseph August, 1636 ; and on the 23d of that Lord (who had been sometime employ- month was constituted their teacher. ed as a school-master) was ordained to Notwithstanding many pressing in. its pastoral charge. The church was vitations to return to his people in Eng. formed with a design to remove to land, he continued in Dorchester till South Carolina, “ to encourage the set his death. p. 171. tlement of churches and the promotion • As he was attending the synod at of religion in the southern plantations.” Boston, of which he was chosen moThe assisting churches were from Bos. derator, he was taken with a violent fit ton, Charlestown, Roxbury, Milton, of the stone, which in five days put a and New.Cambridge. Mr. Lord period to his life, April 12, 1669, in the preached from Matth. v. 15. “Ye are seventy-third year of his age. p. 172. the salt of the earth.' Mr. Morton gave • He left four sons in the ministry, the charge, and Mr. Hobart the right one of whom, Eleazer, pastor of the hand of fellowship.' p. 156.
church at Northampton, died about * In honour of the place from which three months after his father. Samuel they emigrated, they named their new was teacher of a church in Dublin in settlement Dorchester. It is situated on Ireland ; Nathaniel minister of Barn. the north-east bank of Ashley river, stable in Devon, Great-Britain, and af. and about eighteen miles west north. terwards of Rotterdam in Holland west of Charleston.' p. 157.
and Increase, minister of Boston in The first mill built in Dorchester, New-England.' p. 172. and the first in the colony' was erect. * 1650. William Stoughton, A. M. ed by Mr. Stoughton, by leave of the son of Col. Israel Stoughton. plantation, on Nepousit river, in the son of eminent qualifications, honour year 1633.
able extract, liberal education, and sin. There are now belonging to the gular piety.” For a number of years town ten mills ; viz. three paper mills, he was a preacher of the gospel, with two chocolate mills, three grist mills, great acceptance. His sermon at the and two fulling mills, situated on Ne- annual election (April 29, 1668) has ponsit river, and a grist tide-mill on a been ranked “ among the very best decreek which runs up from the mouth of livered on that occasion." the river on the easterly part of the He was ambassador from the protown,' p. 164
vince of Massachusetts to the court of • When a new church was gathered Great-Britain ; chief justice of the sa
periour court ; lieutenant governour un- 14. History of Penobscott Inder Sir William Phipps, and after him dians, by Hon. J. Sullivan.' p. 207. of bis excellency Richard Earl of Bel. In this are contained many facts ; mont ; lieut. governour with him dur. and as the composition passed uning his stay in the country ; and after der the inspection of a committee him commander in chief again till his of literary character, it probably death. He deceased July 7, 1701, aged 70. He was interred at Dorchester,
underwent much correction ; it is July 15, " with great honour and solem
not so incorrect as the other pubnity, and with him much of New-Eng
lications of the writer. More land's glory."
ought, however, to have been done The incription on his monument is by the censors of the press. published in the Collections of the Historical Society, vol. ii, page 10.
• How the nations of American saHe was a generous benefactor to vages found their way from the other Harvard College. Stoughton hall was continent to this, remains in the com. erected at his expense. He also left a mon field of conjecture, where every tract of land in Dorchester for the sup- antiquarian has a right to rove as bis port of scholars at the college, and imagination shall prompt him, and will
, another for the benefit of publick schools no doubt, for ever remain there.' p. 229. in the town.' p. 180.
Graduated Noah Clap, A. M. Quere. What or who will remain This gentleman was a descendant there ? Imagination, or antiquarifrom one of the most ancient and pious ans ? families in New-England ; and inherited and exemplified their simplicity of wards the north, the climate whereof
• Men like a rolling tide issued tomanners, sincerity, purity, and piety.
For several years he was excercised finally produced a stout hardy race, in various places as a preacher of the
which like the wave returning, after gospel, but on account of the precarious the resistance made to it by the shore, state of his health never settled in the over run and conquered the effeminacy ministry.
of the more warm climates ; why For eighteen years he kept the gram- should we not suppose, that the pro. mar school in Dorchester; for more gress of settlement, was from the than thirty was treasurer and select south to the north on our continent.' man : and for forty-seven was town
p. 229. clerk.
He was a great antiquarian, and had What is meant here ? A rolling stored up a vast fund of information tide issuing towards, climate prorespecting the early settlement and his- duced, overrun and conquered eftory of this country. The late Dr. feminacy-surpass our measure of Belknap found great assistance in his wit or wisdom. However, as we most interesting researches from con.
are told next page, that sulting him.
He deceased April 10, 1799, aged “The world and its inhabitants, are 82 ; leaving behind him a widow and a mystery to all men ; and each man six children.
is a mystery to himselfA tribute of respect was paid to his memory, by the writer of this, on the
we need not be much surprised Lord's day after his decease, in a ser. that one man's style should be a mon from those words, 2 Corinthians i. mystery' to another ; lucky is the 12, in themselves strikingly descriptive writer of the above, if it be not' a of his manners, his conversation, his life, and his hope.' p. 187.
mystery to himself.'
15. Letter from Rev. T. Alden 12. • Notes on Compton.' p. to Rev. Dr. Eliot. p. 232. This 199. Passable,
is a clear and satisfactory account, 13. Biographical memoirs of as far as it goes. William Fisk, Esq.' p. 206.
At about half after three in the af.
ternoon, on the sabbath, the first of 21. Observations on iron ores, March, 1801, we had an earthquake of &c. p. 253. This paper contains considerable extent. The sound, which lasted about twenty, or possibly
much philosophical investigation, thirty seconds, appeared to come from
useful narrative, and an interesting the north-west. From its strength biography of Hon. Hugh Orr. and rumbling nature, it could not easily be distinguished from the noise of a
• The abundant production of mineral coach passing moderately over frozen
ores, and the important manufacture ground. Some, who were in their dependent upon their discovery, have houses, at first, thought that their
not frequently been the subject of inchimnies were on fire and directly their
vestigation in our country. The art of windows began to clatter, as, in that metallurgy and the discovery of iron case they sometimes do. Scarcely any,
may probably be classed among the however, by the time the noise ceased, antediluvian events, and from high andoubted its real cause. A tremulous
tiquity iron has been held in esti. motion was perceptible in all parts of mation, as the most useful of all the Portsmouth. It was more so, I believe, metals. We have in the writings of at the Episcopal church, which stands on
Moses, who was born more than 1500 a considerable eminence nigh the river, years before the christian era, ample than at any of our churches. In the proof, that even prior to his days furnasouth church, this tremulous motion was
ces were constructed, by the aid of noticed by people who were sitting, al. which iron was extracted from its ores, though it was not sufficient for me to and by the skill of the artists converted perceive it, as I stood in the pulpit. into swords, knives, axes, &c.* Since At one house, standing on our highest that period men have acquired the art, land within the town plat, it threw not only of converting iron into the ordown a waiter, which stood edgewise dinary instruments of agriculture and under a table. At another house,
utensils of domestick life, but into the where the situation was much lower,
more formidable weapons of war. It is the jar was great enough to strike a from the discovery of iron, that we are little bell, which was fixed in such a indebted for the rods, which shield our manner that the tongue rested on its dwellings from lightning, and for the side. In various instances, there was a compass, that invaluable guide to the gentle clattering on shelves of crockery mariner.' p. 253. ware. Cattle and fowls exhibited • The generating principle and pro. signs of fear, as is common in time of cess of nature in producing iron ore in an earthquake. The shock was notic- these ponds afford a phenomenon, ed on board of vessels in our harbour. which will probably elude the assiduity
At Durham the people immediately of philosophical research. The period retired from the house of worship.' of its growth is supposed to be about
P. 233. twenty five years; and it is found in
various depths of water from two to 16. · Historical Scraps. p. 234.
twenty feet. A man accustomed to 17. · Bill of Mortality for Mid- the employment being in a small boat, dleborough.' p. 335.
with an instrument similar to oyster 18. Do. for Portsmouth. p. 336.
tongs, can raise from its watry bed 19. • Extracts from a journal
about half a ton of this ore in a day.' hept on a voyage from Boston to • The first furnace for melting iron Sandwich islands.' p. 242. ore, known in the county of Plymouth,
20. Extract from C. Mather's was erected in the year 1702, by Lam. Memorables of his father,' &c. p.
bert Despard (a founder) and the fami
ly of Barkers, his associates, at the 245. The book from which this
mouth of Mattakesset pond in the is taken is not very common, and town of Pembroke, but the wood in the singularity of the conversation the vicinity being exhausted, the works between the king and the New- were long since abandoned.' p. 258. England agent, rendered it worthy
* Gen. iv. 27. Numb. XXV, 16. Deut. iv. 20. of republication,
xix. 5. viii. 9. xvii. s. Job xix. 29. xl. 18.
• The observation is familiar to the proved of the practice ; 3d, that consumers of charcoal, that by age it Gud has prospered it ; and 4th, acquires a property, which renders it essentially more valuable, affording a
that some magistrates and minisdegree of heat more intense and dur- ters approve of it. able.' p. 261.
25. Extracts from a letter, by 22. ·Conference between Mr.
a London merchant, to his friend Grenville and the colony agents,
in Virginia, 1775, in favour of the 1764,' &c. p. 268.
colonies. 23.' Mauduit's Miscellanies.' p. 272.
ART. 2. • If any man wish to know what a very honest enthusiast, from his own The Pharmacopæia of the Massavisionary ideas of the perfection of ci- chusetts Medical Society. Bosvil liberty, may fancy that the constitu
ton. E. & J. Larkin. Greention of the colonies ought to be, let him read Dr. Price.
ough & Stebbins, printers. If he think it of more importance to
12mo. 1808. 81 25 boards. know what the constitution of the colonies really is, this history will clearly
The principles of pharmacolo. prove to bin, from the evidence of facts. gy have, till of late, been too much
The constitution of the colonies did neglected. It is, perhaps, a singunot wait for Dr. Price's fancies, but ex- lar fact in our medical history, that isted a bundred years before he was born; having been already formed by the United States any regular
there has never been published in their charters ; by the conditions upon which they made their settlements ; pharmacopæia, arranged on scienunder which they have been consider- tifick principles, and made to exed as parts of the British empire, and tend to those medicines of domesunder which they have enjoyed the tic origin, whose activity has been protection and the privileges of British subjects : (to say nothing of the con- demonstrated by direct experi. stant usage of the crown, and then of ment, and whose virtues have been the parliament to tax them.)
determined by established modes The constitution of our government of practice. The Dispensatories of like that of the human body, is a sys- foreign countries, it is true, have tem that is already formed ; and not a new thing now to be fancied. And we in two instances, been adopted by may apply to it what Boerhaave used to the physicians of the south, and say to us in confutation of fancied the partially accommodated to their sries, Corpus humanum fit, non fingitur.' states of practice, but into one of
p. 272. these the publisher, with a de24. On small pox inoculation, gree of unauthorized liberty, by by Dr. Mather.' p. 275.
which a great proportion of Amer
ican editors is characterised, has When this was written, only one physician, two or three magistrates, contrived to interweave a system and the clergy of Boston durst step of chemical principles, unsupportforth in defence of Inoculation. The ed by the scientifick world at large, success established the reputation of and disavowed by every chemist those who favoured it.' p. 275. of talents and established reputaThe doctor's arguments, which are tion. The work before us, thereforcible and eloquent, are drawn fore, may be considered as the first from the success of inoculation in of the kind ever produced in this Smyrna, Constantinople, and else country, and, with regard to the where ; 2d, that physicians have medical profession, the most imrecommended, and the king ap- portant ever issued from our pres