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ject of many of their first experi- on the hatching of silk-worms in ments. Some of these were made rarefied air. to ascertain the differences in the Their experiments on the freezspecifick gravities of different sorts ing of water in different circumof water. The Torricellian ex- stances; on the production of cold periment on the ascent of water by saline solutions ; on ice, to ein vacuo was repeated in almost vince that it was susceptible of vaevery possible change of circum- rious degrees of cold more intens stances. Other experiments were than that of simple freezing ; and made on the production and phæ- the congelation of oils ; were varinomena of steam. By others they ous, interesting, and prosecuted endeavoured to find the differences with the most attentive accuracy. in the heat of the waters of the A curious train of experiments ocean at different depths under the was made at the Tower, under the surface.

immediate inspection of the lord On stones and metals they in- viscount Brounker, to ascertain stituted many experiments. Lead, what changes might be produced diamonds, the Bologne stone, the

on the weights of lead and copper Separation of silver from lead, and by subjection to fire in a cupel. especially the loadstone and the Both the copper and the lead were magnetized needle, were now first found to gain (by oxidation, no philosophically examined in re- doubt,) an addition.

The cupel gard to some of their most im- suffered always a diminution of its portant qualities.

weight when ignited, but not a They examined the growth of diminution equal to the augmenvegetables in different sorts of wa

tation in the weight of the metals. ter ; the utility of steeping seeds ;

Among the instruments inventthe inversion of the roots of plants

ed by the society within a few set for growth ; the decrease of years after its institution were, an

universal standard measure of the weight of plants growing in air ; the reunion of the

bark to the magnitudes by means of the penwood, from which it had been dulum ; a wheel barometer and stripped.

other instruments for finding the pressure of the air

; an auger for Their medical and anatomical boring the ground, and fetching up experiments

parts of the strata, through which They dissected a cameleon : they it should pass, in their natural ormade injections into the veins of der ; an instrument for measurdifferent animals : they made a ing the swiftness and strength of number of observations and expe- 'the wind ; a diving-bell, and a pair riments with a view to determine of spectacles, with which a diver how far there might be truth or might see any thing distinctly unfalsity in the doctrine of the equi- der water ; several engines for vocal generation of insects : they finding and determining the force made many trials on the meaner of gunpowder ; several acoustick animals of poisons and antidotes : instruments to assist and improve. they tried what effects might en- the sense of hearing ; a chariot sue from the transfusion of the way-wiser, which would exactly blood of one animal into the veins measure the length of the way of of another : and they made like- any coach or chariot, to which it wise, some curious experiments was applied ; an instrument for grinding optical glasses ; a variety such perfection, that these works of telescopes, &c. &c.

Vol. V, No. 2



supplied better glass for microsA manufacturer of glass had copes and telescopes, than that been more than thirty years before which was to be had from Venice, established in Broad-street, in The duke of Buckingham not only London, by a company of mercan- expended much money upon those tile adventurers, among whom the glass-works, rather as an experi vlost considerable person was ad- mentalist than a manufacturer, but iniral Sir Robert Mansel. Work- took a warm and active interest in men and superintendents were pro- various others of the society's purcured from Venice. It might have suits ; and it was under his immegone on successfully, if the great diate patronage that Dr. Spratt civil war had not broken out. wrote his excellent History of the Soon after the restoration, the Royal Society--the finest piece of duke of Buckingham, at a vast ex- English prose that was produced pense, established new glass-works in the seventeenth century. in London ; and the art was there,

To be continued.

carried to

within a very



Department 1. ORIENTAL LIT- in several of them curious memoERATURE.

randa and remarks. Some of these This department of literature in will be quoted in this, and the suc: the library at Cambridge owes its ceeding numbers, in which we principal supplies to the munifi- propose to direct the attention of cence of the late Thomas Hollis, the Alumni of our University to Esq. of Lincoln's Inn, London, the treasures of learning contained who presented at different times in the Alcovės, to which they are more than 3000 volumes, in vari- favoured with daily access. ous languages, which, with his I. Giggeus. Thesaurus linother benefactions, amounted to a- guæ Arabicæ. fol. 4 tom. Mediobout 5000l. sterling. Desirous of lani 1632.

[Hollis.] furnishing ample means for " the "This is a fine copy of a very cultivation of science and arts, and scarce work. T. H. has been parvarious erudition in that seminary, ticularly industrious in collecting he sought for the works of the Grammars and Lexicons of the most celebrated authors, and books Oriental Root languages, to send the most estimable and rare,' and to Harvard college, in hopes spared no expense in the purchase. of forining by that

means, Most of the volumes he procured to be new bound, all'in a very neat, by me for my own proper library ; but, by and favourite authors in a mag- lòng experience, I have found it necessary nificent manner.* He also wrote

to attend to them for other libraries, having thereby drawn notice, with

preservation, on many excellent books, * In a letter to President Holyoke, or curious, which, it is probable, would June 24, 1765, he observes, · Thé else have passed unheeded or neglectbindings of books are little regarded ed.

assisted by the energy of the lead- proficients in the language can deers, always beneficent, a few PRIME rive much benefit from it ; on this SCHOLARS, honours to their coun- account the work of 'Giggeus is try, and lights to mankind. peculiarly valuable. *

• Two other works he wished Giggeus was a doctor of the to have been able to send to that Ambrosian College at Milan. He college.

flourished at the commencement of "Gazophylacium Linguæ Persa- the seventeenth century. rum, Amst. 1684, fol.

II. Gazophylacium Lingua Meninski, Thesaurus Lingua- Persarum, ANGELIA Sancto Jurum Orientalium. (Containing the SEPH. fol. Amst. 1684. (Hollis.} Arabick, Persick, and Turkish • The note in the Giggeus, notlanguages.] Viennæ 1687. 4 tom. withstanding, I have since, most fol.

unexpectedly, obtained this book, • The first used to appear in the and, as times go, at a cheap rate catalogues at a guinea, 25s price : too, for 55 shillings. the last, even within these four It was sold in a publick auction years, at four guineas. Now, of no great account; was probawhen they appear, and that most bly unknown to the East India rarely, ten, twenty guineas are buyers ; and the booksellers, who given for the former, and fifty for know I wish well to them and the the latter. This change has pro- press, guard it,North Americans !) ceeded from the gentlemen of our would not bid against me.' East India Factory's buying up all

T. H. the copies they can meet with of Pall Mall, Jan. 21, 1767. these books ; the more ingenious,

The real name of ANGELO A for themselves ; the artful, to St. Joseph was LA BROSSE. He make presents to the great men and literati of the east, to ma

was Apostolick missionary for many of whom it seems books of this residence among the natives, ac

ny years in Persia, and by his long kind, [and the gentlemen of Har. quired an extensive knowledge of vard will still rejoice al it, as it the Persian language. In his Gamay lead further,) are peculiarly zophylacium the Persian words acceptable. Lord Clive paid, it is

are explained in Italian, Latin, and ineas for the Gazo. French. But it can only be used PHYLACIUM, just before he sailed by a person acquainted with the from England : and governour Italian language, as the Italian Van Sittart, lately, for his brother, word must be first known before fifty for the MENINSKI.

the Persian can be sought for. 1 There is no contending with

short it is an Italian dictionary, the Asiatick Nabobs!'

words of which are explained ii, This excellent work is a trans- Latin, l'rench, and Persian. lation of the Kamoos of Firoosbudee,

Some emendations and remark: who flourished in the fourteenth

on this work may be found in century. Temoor Leng, vulgarily Hyde's SYNTAGMA DISSERTAcalled Tamerlane, was his Mæcenas

TIONUM, 4to. Oxon. 1767. Vol. I. in this difficult undertaking, and III. GOLIUS. Lexicon Arabito reward his learning and indus- co-Latinum. fol. Lug. Bat .Elzca try gave him 5000 ducats on the vir 1653.

[HOLLIS completion of the work. As the This work, the most complet: Kamoos is written entirely in Ara- and scientifick of its kind ever oibick, with all the technical phraseology of the grammarians, few but * Clark's Bibliogr. Dict: v. 2. p. 270.

said twenty


fered to the publick, was chiefly in his Arabick, Persian, and Engcompiled from the Saha al loghat lish dictionary, Oxford 1780, Ismaeel ben Hamed, commonly 2 vols. fol., the Lexicon of Golius is surnamed Al Jooharee, who flour- still essentially necessary to every ished about the 390th year of the student of the Arabick and even of Hegira, A. D. 999.

He was the Persian language, which latter Turk by birth, and rose among has borrowed so much from the the Arabians to the highest pitch former, that, without a proper of literary reputation. Of his work Arabick Lexicon, it cannot be thoand the Kamoos of Firoozbadee, roughly understood. Till a new Golius gives the following charac- edition, equal in every respect to ter, while treating of the Arabick this of the Elzevirs be published, Lexicographers: •Duo præ cæteris (which, says the author of the Bibin boc argumento recepi passim liographical Dictionary, I am aet conspicui scriptores extant : fraid is never to be expected) Go• quos, velut duo sidera, Cynosuram lius will retain that decided and ct Helicen, omnis fere eruditorum well merited pre-eminence, which cohors in ipso Oriente sequi so- he now without a rival enjoys. lent. Eorum alter forentissimo This very learned man was born literis sæculo vixit, alter posteriore at the Hague in 1596, and sucac deflorescente ; Geiharis nirni- ceeded the celebrated Erpenius in rum et Firuzabadius, Camusi au- the Arabick professorship at Leytor. Quorum ille fæcundum flu- den. He travelled into the east to men, bic profundum pelagus, u- perfect bimself in the knowledge terque profusæ doctrinæ opus, e- of the Oriental languages, and dimisit.'*

ed at Leyden in 1667, aged 71 By the labours, therefore, of years.* these two eminent men, Giggeus IV. Assemax, J.S. Bibliotheca and Golius, we have a very valua- Orientalis. fol. Rome 1719. 4. ble part of two of the most emi- tom. nent of the Arabick Lexicograph- An excellent work, and of great ers, clothed in an European dress.t importance to collectors of Orien

As Arabick and Persian litera- tal manuscripts. It contains an ture continue to be cultivated with account of the Syriack, Arabick, increasing diligence, this work, Persick, Turkish, Hebrew, Samarbeing frequently in demand, has itan, and other MSS., collected in become both scarce and dear. the east by the directions of CleThe ordinary price of a good copyment XI. and placed in the Vatiis 41. 148. 6d. sterling ; but in fine can Library, with a description of preservation and elegant binding each, and the life of the writer. it sells much higher. The work V. ASSEMAN, S. Evod. Cata, is in every respect well edited. logus codicum Orientalium MSS. The arrangement of the words, Bibliothecæ, Medicea Laurentianæ the definitions given, the paper, et Palatinæ studio Ant. FRAN. Gotypes, and typographical execu- RII. Florent. 1742. fol. tion, are all in the first style of ac

[Hollis.) curacy and elegance. Notwith- This work contains 23 large standing the labours of Richardson folio plates, fac similes of paintings, * Lex. Gol. præfat. p. 2.

Bibliogr. Dict. v. 4. p. 6. + Bibliogr, Dict. v. 7. p. 271.

+ Cailleau, Dict. Bibliogr. tom. 1,


in a very ancient Syriack manu- styles the author “the learned and script of the New Testament. sensible Abu'l Feda.'

To the collectors of Arabick Besides an interesting biography and Persian MSS. this is an in- of Mahomet and his family, the valuable work, as it contains an ac- volume contains a view of the curate description of that very ex- Geography of Arabia, and is atensive and rich collection of ori- dorned with a delineation of the ental MSS. which adorn the Me

Temple of Mecca, and at Medina, dicean Library.

of the sepulchre of the prophet, This work is frequently refer- and a great variety of illustrative red to in the celebrated Lectures

engravings. of Professor MICHAELIS.

VIII. CAAB BEN ZOHIER, CarVI. ABUL PHARAJIUS. Histo- men panegyricum in laudem Moria Dynastiarum, &c. Arabice edi- hammedis. Item AMRALKEISI ta et Latine versa ab EDVARDIO Moallakhât cum scholiis et verPocockio. Oxon. 1663. 4to. sione LEVINI WARNERI. Acce

[HOLLIS.) dunt sententiæ Arabicæ ImperatoThis work contains a history of ris All ; et nonnulla ex Hamasa the world from the beginning till et Dewan HUDEILITARUM. Omthe time of the author, who nia vertit notisque illustravit GEflourished in 1280. To this a RARDUS I. LETTE.

4to. Lug. supplement is added, which brings Bat. 1748.

(HOLLIS.) the history down to the time of the This is an interesting collectranslator. It contains a great va- tion. riety of curious and interesting par- The Moallakát, or seven of the ticulars.

most excellent of the Arabick poThe Arabick text is without the ems, which were suspended in the

temple of Mecca, are greatly celeThe work has become scarce, brated. They are chiefly written and is highly prized.*

on the same general plan, being a VII. ABU'L FEDA. De vita et species of dramatick pastoral ; yet rebus gestis Mohammedis. A- we find in various parts of them rab. et Lat. à GAGNIER. fol. Ox- not only the plaintive tenderness on. 1723.

(Hollis.] of elegy, with the luxuriance of deA curious and important workř. scription so conspicuous in orienThe Arabick text is without points, tal compositions, but the sententhe Latin translation is in a paral. tious brevity of moral precept, and lel column, and the whole is ac- the fire and dignity of the true companied with very learned sublime. notes. It is published from ori- For an elegant prose translation ginal MSS. in the Bodleian libra- in English, we refer to the fourth ry. Dr. White, in the notes to volume of the works of Sir Wilhis celebrated Bampton lectures, liam Jones. frequently quotes it as an authori- IX. HERBELOT. Bibliotheque ty of the first importance, and Orientale. fol. Paris 1697.

[HOLLIS.) • Cailleau, Bibliogr. Dict. tom. 1. This work is a treasure of use

ful and ornamental knowledge ; † Bibliogr. Dict. v. 1. p. 4. There has been

an edition of this work by the and has done more to draw the atlearned Rieske, in 3 yols. fol. Hafniæ tention of Europeans to the wri1789-91.

tings of the Asiaticks, than all the

vowel points.

p. 4.

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