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No. IV. Genealogical Table of the Turanian Family of

Languages, Southern Division.

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DEAD
LIVING LANGUAGES.

LANGUAGES.
Dialects of Siamese ..

Ahom ........
Laos ....... .***
Khamti.......
Shan (Tenasserim).
Malay and Polynesian Islands.

Humboldt, Kavi Sprache.)...
Tibetan ........
Horpa (N.W. Tibet, Bucharia) ..
Thochu-Sifan (N.E. Tibet, China).
Gyarung-Sifan (N.E. Tibet, China)...
Manyak-Sifan (N.E. Tibet, China).
Takpa (West of Kwombo)...
Kenaveri (Setlej basin).....
Sarpa (West of Gandakéan b
Sunwar (Gandakéan basin).
Gurung (Gandakéan basin)
Magar Gandakian basin)..
Newár (between Gandakéan and Koséan

basins)......... ..:
Murmi (between Gandakéan and Koséan

basins)............. .......
Limbú (Koséan basin)...
Kiranti (Koséan basin)....
Lepcha (Tish tean basin) ....
Bhutanese (Manaséan basin).....
Chepang (Nepal-Terai) .........
Burmese (Burmah and Arakan)..
Dhimal(between Konki and Dhorla).
Kachari-Bodo (Migrat. 8p to 9310, and 25°

to 47°) ..................
Garo (90°-91° E. long.; 250-20° N. lat.)..
Changlo (91°_920 E. long.)...
Mikir (Nowgong)...
Dophla (920 50-970 N. Int.).
Miri (94-970 E. long.?).....
Abor-Miri .......
Abor (970-99° E. long.)..
Sibsagor-Miri ....
Singpho (27-28° N. lat.)...
Naga tribes (930_970 E. long. 2: N. lat.

(Mithan) E. of Sibsagor..
Naga tribes Namsang).....
Naga tribes (Nowgong)....
Naga tribes (Tenssa) .....
Naga tribes (Tabluny N. of Sibsagor).
Naga tribes (Khau, Jorhat)....
Naga tribes (Angami, South).....
Kuki (V. E. of Chittagong).....
Khyeng (Shyu) (199-21° N. lat. Arakan)
Kami (Kuladan R. Arakan)......
Kumi (Kuladan R. Arakan) ...
Shendus (210--20 and 93-9°)..
Mru (Arakan, Chittagong) ..
Sak (Nauf River, East).....
Tunglhu (Tenasserim).....
Ho (Kolehan)..
Sinhbhum Kol (Chye bossa)
Sontal (Chyebossa).
Bhumii (Chyebossa) ...
Mundala (Chota Nagpur)
Canarese ........
Tamil .......
Telugu ....
Malayalam ...
Gond.....
Brahvi ....
Tuluva ...
Toduva ..
Uraon-kol ....

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(See Tura-

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ABDU-L-Kadir Maluk, Mulla, Akbar, his four:dation of the so-
Shah of Badáún, his general his-

called Ilahi religion, 151.
tory of India, and other works, 151

works translated into Persian
note.

for him, 151.

not able to obtain a translation
Abhîra, or Âbhfra, at the mouth of

of the Veda, 152.
the Indus, 204.

Albania, origin of the name, 242.
Abiria, the, of Ptolemy, 204.

Albanian language, origin of the,
Ablative, the, in Chinese, 119 note.

201.
Abraham, the language of, 278.

Albertus Magnus, on the humanizing
Abu Saleh, his translation from San-

influence of Christianity, quoted,
skrit into Arabic, 150.

129 note.
Abyssinian language, ancient and Alchemy, causes of the extinction of
modern, 281.

the science, 19.
Academy, New, doctrines of the, Alexander the Great, influence of
embraced in Rome, 107.

his expedition in giving the
Accusative, formation of the, in

Greeks a knowledge of other
Chinese, 118 note.

nations and languages, 93.
Achæmenian dynasty, inscriptions

his difficulty in conversing with
of the, 210.

the Brahmans, 93.
Adelung, his Mithridates, 142.

Alexandria, influence of, on the
Adjectives, formation of, in Tibetan,

study of foreign languages,
113 note.

96.
in Chinese, 119 note.

critical study of ancient Greek
Ælius Stilo, Lucius, his lectures in

Rome, on Latin grammar, 109.
Affinity, indications of true, in the

Algebra, translation of the famous

Indian work on, into Arabic, 149.
animal and vegetable world, 26, Algoquins, the one case of the, 221

27.
Afghanistan, the language of, 210.

America, Central, rapid changes
Atrica, South, dialects of, 64.
African language, an imaginary,

which take place in the lan-

guage of the savage tribes
223.

of, 62.
Âge, history of the French word, great number of languages
292.

spoken by the natives of, 62.
Agglutination in the Turanian fam Hervas's reduction of them to
ily of languages, 291.

eleven families, 63.
Aglossoi, the, of the Greeks, 92. Amharic, or modern Abyssinian,
Agriculture of the Chaldeans, work 281.
on the, 279.

Anatomy, comparative, science of,
· Punic work of Mago on, 94 note. 27.
Ahirs, the, of Cutch, 204.

Anglo-Saxon, the most ancient epic
Akbar, the Emperor, his search after in, 177.
the true religion, 151.

Angora, in Galatia, battle of, 308.

at, 97.

note.

ANQ

BER
Anquetil Duperron, his translation Aryan, origin and gradual spreading

of the Persian translation of of the word Arya, 236.
the Upanishads into French, original seat of the Aryans, 238.
154.

the Aryan and Semitic the only
his translation of the works of families of speech deserving
Zoroaster, 168, 206.

that title, 282
Apollo, temple of, at Rome, 102.

genealogical table, 394, 395.
AR, the root, various ramifications Asia Minor, origin of the Turks of,
of, 252.

306.
Arabic, influence of, over the Turk- Asiatic Society, foundation of the,
ish language, 83.

at Calcutta, 158.
ascendency of, in Palestine and Asoka, King, his rock inscriptions,
Syria, 281.

146.
original seat of Arabic, 281. Assyria, various forms of the name,
ancient IIimyaritic inscriptions, 247.
281.

Astrology, causes of the extinction
earliest literary documents in of the science, 19.
Arabic, 281.

Astronomy, origin of the word, 16.
relation of Arabic to Hebrew, the Ptolemæan system, al-
281.

though wrong, important to
Aramaic division of Semitic lan science, 26.
guages, 276.

Auramazda, of the cuneiform in-
two dialects of, 276.

scriptions, 207. See Ormuzd.
Ariana, the, of Greek geographers, Auxentius on Ulfilas, 181-186 note.

240.
Ariaramnēs, father of Darius, origin

of the name, 211.
Aristotle on grammatical categories, BABER, his Indian empire, 299.
97, 126.

Babylonia, literature of, 278.
Armenia, origin of the name, 242. probability of the recovery of,
Arpinum, provincial Latin of, 67.

from the cuneiform inscrip-
Article, the, original meaning of the tions, 278.
word, 98.

Barabas tribe, in the steppes be-
the Greek, restored by Zenodo tween the Irtish and the Ob, 304.

Barbarians, the, of the Greeks, 91.
Ârya. See Aryan.

seemed to have possessed great-
Árya-avarta, India so called, 237.

er facility for acquiring lan-

guages than either Greeks or
Aryan, an Indo-European family of Romans, 94.
languages, 43, 80, 177.

the term Barbarian as used by
mode of tracing back the gram-

the Greeks and Romans, 127.
matical fragments of the unfortunate influence of the
Aryan languages to original

term, 127.
independent words, 231-233. Bashkirs, race of the, in the Altaic
Aryan grammar, 234.

mountains, 303.
northern and southern divisions Basil, St., his denial that God had
of the, 211.

created the names of all things,
the original Aryan clan of 40 note.
Central Asia, 212.

Baziane tribe, in the Caucasus, 303.
period when this clan broke up, Beaver, the, sagacity of, 24.
212.

Behar, Pâli once the popular dialect
formation of the locative in all of, 146.

the Aryan languages, 219. Beowolf, the ancient English epic of,
Aryan civilization proved by 177.
the evidence of language, Berber, dialects of Northern Africa,
235.

origin of the, 282.

tus, 99.

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Berners, Juliana, on the expressions Bulgarian tribes and dialects, 319.

proper for certain things, 72. Buriates, dialects of the, new phase
Berosus, his study and cultivation of grammatical life of the, 64.

of the Greek language, 94. Burmese language and literature, 63.
his history of Babylon, 95.

dialects, 63.
his knowledge of the cuneiform Burnouf, Eugène, his studies of
inscriptions, 95.

Zend, 168, 206.
Bible, number of obsolete words and and of cuneiform inscriptions,
senses in the English translation

168.
of 1611, 45.
Bibliandro, his work on language,

131 note.
Birúni, Abu Rihan al, 150.

CÆSAR, Julius, publication of his
his “ Tarikhu-l-Hind," 150.

work “De analogia," 110.
Bishop and sceptic derived from the invented the term ablative, 110.
same root, 257.

Carneades forbidden by Cato to lec-
Boëthius, Song of, age of the, 196. ture at Rome, 109.
Bohemian, oldest specimens of, 201. Carthaginian language, closely allied
Bonaparte, Prince L., his collection to Hebrew, 280.
of English dialects, 70.

Case, history of the word, 111.
Booker's * Scripture and Prayer- Cases, formation of, in the Aryan

Book Glossary” referred to, 45. languages, 218.
Books, general destruction of, in Cassius, Dionysius, of Utica, his
China in 213, B. c. 227.

translation of the agricultural
Bopp, Francis, his great work, 166. work of Mago, 95 note.

results of his ** Comparative Castor and Pollux, worship of, in
Grammar,'' 234.

Italy, 102.
Botany, origin of the word, 15. Castren on the Mongolian dialects,

the Linnæan system, although 64.
imperfect, important to sci- Cat, origin of the word, 365.

Catherine the Great of Russia, her
Brahman, the highest being, known “Comparative Dictionary," 143.
through speech, 88.

Cato, his history of Rome in Latin,
Brahmans, their deification of lan-

104.
guage, 87.

his acquisition of the Greek
their early achievements in language in his old age, 106.
grammatical analysis, 88.

reasons for his opposition to
ditliculties of Alexander in con everything Greek, 106.
versing with them, 93.

Caucasus, tribes of the, 303.
Brâhmanas, the, on language, 87. Celtic language, substantive exist-
Brennus, 199.

ence of, 79.
Brown, Rev. Mr. on the dialects of Celtic, a branch of the Indo-Euro-
the Burmese, 63.

pean family of languages, 198.
Brutes, faculties of, 351.

Celts, their former political autono-
instinct and intellect, 353.

my, 198.
language the difference between Chaldee, in what it consisted, 276.
man and brute, 354.

fragments in Ezra, 276.
the old name given to brutes, language of the Targums, 277.
379.

literature of Babylon and Nin-
Buddhism, date of its introduction eveh, 278.
into China, 147.

the modern Mendaites or Naso-
Bulgarian Kingdom on the Danube,

reans, 279.
319.

Changes, historical, affecting every
language and literature, 200.

variety of language, 44.
Bulgaric branch of the Finnic class rapid changes in the languages
of languages, 319.

of savage tribes, 44.

ence, 26.

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ences, 24.

Changes, historical, words or senses Class dialects, 66.

obsolete in English since 1611, Classical, or literary languages, origin
45.

of, 65.
smaller changes, 45.

stagnation and inevitable decay
grammatical changes, 46.

of, 68.
laws of, in language, 73. Classification, in the physical sci-
Children, probable intluence of the

language of, on the gradual disap object of classification, 27.
pearance of irregular conjugations Colchis, dialects of, according to
and declensions, 75.

Pliny, 61.
Chili, language of, 293 note.

Conjugation, most of the termina-
China, date of the introduction of tions of, demonstrative roofs, 270.
Buddhism into, 147.

Constantinople, taking of, 308.
Chinese Buddhist pilgrims to Copernicus, causes which led to the
India, 149.

discovery of his system, 29.
- conquered by the Mongols, 299. Cornish, last person who spoke, 80.
Chinese language, ancient, no trace Cosmopolitan Club, 107.

of grammar in, 86, 117. Crates of Pergamus, his visit to
notes by M. Stanislas Julien, Rome, 109.
on Chinese substantives and his public lectures, there on
adjectives, 118 note.

grammar, 109.
formation of the locative in Cuckoo, the word, 361.
Chinese, 218.

Cuneiform inscriptions, the, deci-
and of the instrumental, 218.

phered by Burnouf, 168.
number of roots in Chinese, 265. importance of the discovery of
number of words in the Chinese the inscriptions of Darius and

dictionary, obsolete, rare, and Xerxes, 206.
in use, 265 note.

progress in deciphering. 278.
no analysis required to discover letter from Sir' H. Rawlinson
its component parts, 272.

quoted, 278.
mode of using a predicative

root in, 268.
roots in Chinese, 287.
the parts of speech determined D, origin of the letter, in forming
in Chinese by the position of English preterites, 231.
the word in a sentence, 288. Dacian language, the ancient, 126
rudimentary traces of agglu note, 195 note.

tination in Chinese, 329. Dame, origin of the word, 226.
imitative sounds in, 366 note. Danish language, growth of the, 71,
list ot Chinese interjections, 369 191.
note.

Darius, claimed for himself an Aryan
natural selection of roots in, descent, 241.
386.

Dative, case in Greek, 221.
Chingis-Khán, founds the Mongo in Chinese, 118 note.
lian empire, 296.

Daughter, origin of the word, 57.
Christianity, humanizing influence Decay, phonetic, one of the processes
of, 128.

which comprise the growth of
Chudic branch of the Finnic lan language, 51.
guages, 317.

instances of phonetic decay,
Chudic, the national epic of the 52-54.
Finns, 317.

Declension, most of the terminations
Cicero, his provincial Latin, 67. of, demonstrative roots, 270.

- quoted as an authority on gram- Dello, dell, origins of the Italian, 75.

matical questions, io9. Democritus, his travels, 94.
Cæsar's De analogia dedicated Dialect, what is meant by, 58.
to Cicero, 110.

Dialects, Italian, 58, 69.

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