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J. B. SUMNER, M. A.

PREBENDARY OF DURHAM; VICAR OF MAPLEDURHAM, OXON.

AND LATE FELLOW OF ETON COLLEGE.

LONDON:

PRINTED FOR J. HATCHARD AND SON,

187, PICCADILLY ;

SOLD ALSO BY C. AND J. RIVINGTON AND CO. ST. PAUL'S

CHURCH-YARD, AND WATERLOO PLACE.

1824.

Printed by S. Gosnell, Little Queen Street, London,

PRE FACE.

The idea, which the following pages are designed to illustrate, is briefly this : that a religion like the Christian could never have existed, unless it had been introduced by divine authority. It could not have been invented : it would not have been received.

This line of argument has at least one advantage; at the same time that it proves, if well founded, that the religion is true, it shows also what the religion is.

I am by no means confident, however, that the field into which I have been led in pursuit of the idea above mentioned, is sufficiently unoccupied to justify this addition of another volume to the numberless treatises already existing on the evidences of Christianity. But I am disposed to imagine, that an attack upon unbelief, or a confirmation of faith, can never be superfluous. Many books are in constant circulation, and almost universally read, in which the Scriptures are passed by as if they had no existence, or tacitly assumed to be an invention of priest-craft, supported by state policy. The most popular historian of our own country is not likely to produce a different impression ; and a very important portion of ancient history is still chiefly known through the medium of a writer who professedly treats the origin and progress of Christianity as an event which need excite no more wonder than the rise of Mohammedanism. Not to mention, that the rude and direct assaults upon Revelation, which, for some years past, have been constantly issuing from

the press, can hardly fail to have some effect in keeping the minds unsettled, even of a class above that for which they are avowedly written and designed.

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In fact, though there is just cause for believing that real religion never flourished more in any age or country than at the present time in Britain, yet it is certain that a vast number of persons reject it, either avowedly or virtually; and that' even more, convinced by the evidences, still hover on the confines or lie loosely on the surface, and enter very little into the vital principles of the Gospel. Neither of these facts can excite surprise, when we consider how many young persons are thrown

upon

the world, and plunged in the busy concerns of life, with no other knowledge of the claims of Christianity on their belief, than that it is by law established as the national religion ; and with no

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