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Twenty-fourth Annual Report of the Sanitary Board, and the Second Annual Report of the Sanitary Engineer, Bengal. Government of Bengal.

Report on the Season and Crops of the Punjab for the year 1914-15. Punjab Government.

Report on the Working of Hospitals and Dispensaries under the Government of Bengal for the year 1914. Government of Bengal.

Records of the Geological Survey of India. Vol. XLV., Part 3, 1915. Government of India.

Season and Crop Report of Bihar and Orissa for the 1914-15. Government of Bihar and Orissa.

Second Forecast of the Cotton Crops of Bengal, 1915-16. Government of Bengal.

Statistical Abstract for British India. Vol. I, Commercial Statistics. Government of India.

Statistical Returns regarding the Administration of the Incometax Department in Bengal for the year 1914-15. Government of Bengal.

Statistical Returns regarding the Administration of the Stamp Department in Bengal for the year 1914-15. Government of Bengal.

Survey of India General Report, 1913-14. Government of India.

Triennial Report on the Working of the Patna Lunatic Asylum at Bankipore in Bihar and Orissa for the years 1912, 1913 and 1914. Government of Bihar and Orissa.

BOOKS. Alsace Under German Rule. By Paul Albert Helmer. 6d. T. Fisher Unwin Ltd., London.

Compulsory Elementary Education. The Madras Parliament Transactions, No. 1. As. 3. The Theosophical Publishing House, Adyar, Madras.

How We Stand To-day ? A Speech delivered by the Rt. Hon. H. H. Asquith, Prime Minister, in the House of Commons on 2nd November 1915. ld. T. Fisher Unwin Ltd., London.

The American versus The German View of the War. By Morton Prince, M.D. ls. T. Fisher Unwin Ltd., London.

1s. The British Empire and the War. By E. A. Benians. 6d. T. Fisher Unwin Ltd., London.

The Ibex_of Sha-ping and Other Himalayan Studies. By Lieutenant L. B. Rundall, Ist Gurkha Rifles. 10s. 6d. Macmillan

. and Co., Ltd., London.

The Key of Knowledge. By Champat Rai Jain, Barrister. . at-Law. Kumar Devendra Prasad Jain, The Central Jain Publishing House, Arrah.

The Orient Pearls : Indian Folk-lore. By Shovona Devi. 2s. 6d. Macmillan and Co., Ltd., London.

The Progress Book. An Illustrated Register of Development from Birth till Coming of Age and After. By J. J. Pilley, Ph.D. Mellin's Food Limited.

The Research Magnificent. By H. G. Wells. Macmillan and Co., Ltd., London.

The Truth about The War: Origin and Aspects of the European Conflict. By Alvaro Alcala Galiano. Is. T. Fisher Unwin Ltd., London,

Sir Edward Grey's Reply to Dr. von Bethmann-Hollweg.

T. Fisher Unwin Ltd., London, Sixty American Opinions on the War. Is. T. Fisher Unwin Ltd., London.

Speech of His Excellency Signor Antonio Salandra in the Capitol of Rome, June 2, 1915, in Reply to the Emperor of Austria and the German Chancellor. By Thomas Okey. 6d. T. Fisher Unwin Ltd., London.

MAGAZINES. "Kosmos,” Special American Number, No. 11 ; Special Christ. mas Number, No. 12; Aviation and Wireless Number, No. 13 ; Oscar Wilde Number, No. 14. The Editor.

Indian Engineering. January, February, March 1916. The Editor.

The Century Review. January, February, March 1916. The Editor.

The Educational Review. October, November, December 1915, January, February, March 1916. The Editor.

, The Hindustan Review. October, November, December 1915, January, February, March 1916. The Editor.

The Indian Antiquary. July, August, September, October, November, December 1915, January, February, March 1916. The Editor. Also Index to Vol. XLIII, 1914.

The Industrial Mirror. September 1915. The Editor. .

The Indian and Eastern Engineer. November, December 1915, January, February, March 1916. The Editor.

The London Quarterly Review. October 1915, January 1916. The Editor.

The Monist. October 1915, January 1916. The Editor.

The Quarterly Review. October 1915, January 1916. The Editor.

The Saint Andrew's Colonial Homes Magazine. July, October 1915, January 1916. The Editor.

The Social Reform Advocate. October, November, December 1915. The Editor.

Saint Andrew. October 1915, January 1916. The Editor,

MISCELLANEOUS Messrs. Methuen's Illustrated List of Announcements of Forthcoming Books for the Second Half of the Year 1915.

The Graphic” Map of the Dardanelles Campaign. 6d. net. Macmillan and Co., Ltd., Calcutta.

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FIFTEENTH NUMBER OF NEW SERIES

THE

CALCUTTA REVIEW

(All Rights Reserved.)

Calcutta : The Calcutta General Publishing Co., 300, Bowbazar Street,

Messrs. Thacker, Spink & Co., Government Place, N.,
Messrs. W. Newman & Co., 4, Dalhousie Square,

and of all Booksellers in Calcutta.
Bombay: Messrs. Thacker & Co., Ltd.

Madras : Messrs. Higginbotham & Co.
London: Messrs. Kegan Paul, Trench, Trubner & Co., Ltd.,

Broadway House, 68-74, Carter Lane, E.C.
Annual Subscription, post free: India, Rs. 15; United Kingdom, £1 18.; U.S.A., $5
NUMBER 285. (Quarterly.) JULY 1916

THE

CALCUTTA REVIEW

No. 285, JULY 1916.

SOME LEADING PRINCIPLES

OF ADMINISTRATION.*

BY J. G. CUMMING, C.I.E., I.C.S. THE purpose of my address this evening is to indicate

some leading principles which govern the work of the practical administrator. I might have prepared for you a character sketch about some great man or spoken to you about industries in India or discussed various systems of philosophy. A lecture on any one of these subjects would have been agreeable to myself ; but I do not know whether it would have been equally entertaining to you. My excuse for selecting this particular subject-administration-is that, as the tendency of mankind is to give a hearing to those who speak of what they are supposed to know, I may be pardoned for speaking about my own profession, which is administration. It is not proposed to deal with the various theories of political science or with the schemes of governance conceived by Plato or Sir Thomas More, by DeTocqueville or John Stuart Mill. Nor do I contemplate a review of the systems of government represented by the terms oligarchy, monarchy and democracy. These are of great academic and historical interest ; but the study of civil administration is of considerable practical interest, and the subject is on a somewhat lower plane than the

* Lecture delivered in the Calcutta University Institute,

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