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Pharpar hhr el Awal
Nalon el Ausimayehus

darah
Beten
eramah
ham el Bottauf

Arbela,

Wanyel Yabis bJabesh Gilead
Banth

Castle of Rabad,
Baal Shalisha
Haamman At Riethoven

wody Su
Beless of

ailey
ser
anato
Engamin. Ebenezer D datos Ste. Kailey Bubbio
Shaser
Beoordvron
Wadu kerka i Nahale

ASSY
KhAjlan)
kesahbono

Rachats , Wildernesa df Ziph

Sela flam. Manlekott

Khmed
esh Sheriah
Seiyalgin Oheiben)

36
30'
35

DAMASCUS

Dimeshk esh Sham) Mount Lebanon

30' 30"

(Jebel Dibran) Sarepta or Zarephath

Katana
(Surafend)

Mimis
Kilat Jendet

Tumeh
Hasbedya
Adhun
°Nasar
Nebatiyeh

Nahr
Arny

ez Kesweh Tell Dibbin

Shiba
ILLUSTRATING THE

Zeraiyeh
Belforto

Beit Jenn
OLD AND NEW TESTAMENTS.

(Kulat esr Suka)
fel Khoiru

Jennany
ACCORDING TO PALESTINE EXPLORATION SURVEY
BY J. BARTHOLOMEW, F.R.G. S.

Luzoveziyety
TYRE
(es Sur)
Jamoah

Abel beth-maarhah
Yarum

Merjany
Abel maimo

Baal Gad
Scale of English Miles

yleshen Laish Cesarea Philippi

10
20

Banias)
Tely az kad

L.Phiala
Beth Rehob

outin
Bible and Ancient Names engraved in strong letters Cana of Galilee

Kauah

9 Zaora
Modern Names in hairline italics, thus
Ketr Kenna)
(Hanao

Ophani
Under 600 feet tinted

Hasah
Horem

Shel

Eaziyar el-Foka/
Under the level of the Sea tinted

olyan

Summaha
Railway shown thus

Helepler

Beth Anath
Hammon

9Alauda
Ain Han
Data

Tell

Aber ladder of Tyrus

el Kuneitrah Ramah

Kedesh Naphtaly

Dibu
Ummah

en Neda
demia

Hades
Ras en Nakurah)

Aere
Alinares - Shaub)

En Hazor

Kh Hazireh
.Dan Tam

Sunamein) λουλου)

Hazor

Waters of Kefi Nuphakh Tell Abu Yusef
COM.Hadirek

Merom
Aloth Mali

Barteret etmelu
Abdon, Hebuga

B
boy May

A А S H

N
Achzil
Tez Zib)

Wady kur
Amad
trh et Amad)

Ahlab
Dakbasheth
Zebulin
Misr Bengt Yakub

A R G 0 B
Neby Sebelah
Brof Jarpts Daughters)
Josueisch

33 133 Dalsheid

Dathema or Mishal, or Misheal (Mezis leh)

el Eshsheli

Dametha

(Dame)
Beth Emek
Amba)
Sated)

TRACHONITIS
Arhshaph

Helkath fras 17 Merlo)

(El Lejjah) ACCHO, PTOLEMAIS,

Banery

Hamnathon

Ferreira
Acre, Akka)
Chorazino

Zora
Bethsaida Julias
Kh Hazar
Ile YES

Noova Raphon
Hiilok

Capernaum
Yanin

Selamchi
Miar)

Kuharry
Yakibed

Bethsaid
Bay of Acre
bBeth Dagon

* tabutal
YAD.
•Cabul

SEA OF

Ain Dakkar
Naud

GALILEE,

Kuistin

Tosil

Saad
Tiphai Josapata

L.OF GENNESARET,
Semalt

B a t a n. æ a
Yahweat)
Kattah ?

Magdala
Gergesenes

Alema
(Telles Semak Haifa

Ziddimbattir Arbela

CHINNERETH
Kersa
Ketr el Maj

Ashtaroth

De Ashtard)
Toll er Mahl
Shofu Amr

"Madon (Bahr Tubariya)
Rimmon, Diinnah

ela Marine

Beit Ackr

W. el Ghair
Ruwal
Rumeh
DTIBERIAS, Rakkath

Abdin
Suman

bariye

Haimath
Kitron

apromamilroan
Adama

Basha
Seturing
Zer?

Ashtaroth-Kärnaim
(682f!
Cana of Galilee-Wonieho

Gafli lepley 9/etr Kern)
Bethlehem of Zebulon

Dabbises

Yarmuk

kell el 4shary)
Beitlah
VeA Mosited

olish)

Nahalil
Abez

Samrah
Idalah Allah

Nekeb
Min Mahu

Lasharon
Shihon
VSetyedek kerak

LoZeizun

W. Talid „Haroshery well diddy (wwarahy het

ET/Mezeirib
(Athlit)
Yebdarithiye

Salona
Shimron

NAZARETH. Daberath
Maralak

en Masirah Lebur du
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Zaphon
el Hajl

U R A N
Amatha ogel Hommeh)
M'abor
b./aphia

Amrayahır manchester H A
Chesallothy 26r)

Sammah
ata

Beth Shemesh lese)

Gadara

12. Shein Tokueant of Carmel

o/Unn Keis)

Abila
Jeba
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D
E

A Abil P
Endor

Betonim

(Ed Derdah)
Erdor)

Adami
VoliAdamuh Jisr Mujamia

fet Butein).
Κλωτίγιο

•Capitolias

Beit er Ras
Don Doras

flery Nich

Soul
Kishion

Ramatlı Mizpeh

Chemtheh)
Megiddo
Umfano

Ihlearn

Land of Tob
Kedesh Kishon Jezreel

Bozrah.
o/Taiyibeh)
Teht. Ah Kadesh

Beth Shittah
Xerin
3. Shatta
Dion

(Busra)
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Mums

w Hollirgil
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Hadad Rimmon

Beth bulans
Rumaneh
Taanach

Bethabara
okannuk)

Chaly Ally
CÆSAREA

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30 Kaisarie

Aphek (Fulfur)

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Beth-achath
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wittelagt Armageddon

Mahnah

97 obyvent Fahl)
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Engamnim 77ebon

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olan sedda
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Colah Kdam

Kafkalka
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BetlShemesh
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PRihab
Anon
Enumerion

Ain Janneh
lery

Pel Mushaty)

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Ajlun

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Temail)
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Thebeze
Reba)
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Rainoth Gilead

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Mejdel, thamal
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Ragaba
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Shalim Salim

tajib
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M Cheri vine
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Salim

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Mastabah
Ar8uf)
left Saba

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Tagnatha Shiloh
Sh.Selman el Baru)

Amateh

Aluko
Gibeah of Prince
Gilgal

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Tilillich

Tinsal
Aivertoly

Khel Basha
claufsah)
Rakkon

Arumah

Janohah
Thiru

Sihan

Saruj
fel Urmeh
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(huzah

Succoth
Timnath Serah
Arbattistkrebel Shamir Jolmeam!

Tell Beir Alia)
Moll Masar

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Arabeh
o/Sirisico)
Me Jarkon
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Mount
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Shilah

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odon Zbre
Tehnt
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Gilgal.
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Jogbehah
Timnathah

Kelubethan)
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line

32 32 Beio Detona

Baal Ilazar
Satirg
Wk

Meil sur
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oktibhidh Beititolo

M:Azotus in Sprint
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hephan

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17:23 Strah

Abak elemir)
Beth Ho Jagwer
Mount Baalah ?
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Rock

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Baniyat
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Lamah.
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Jericho, Gilgal
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Xofreino
2. Mughar)

Zell Honnant 4

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domavefh Parah
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207
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nata

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Station

Kuryeo da postopkuloniny

Elements
Kefir Hasan Eshtaol Chesalon
JERUSALEM

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Stone Bolo

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SAshdoth Pisgah
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Ashdod. Azotus

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Perigny Secacah

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Gibeah of Shul
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tör Lezbeh)

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Abdis)

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Ashkelon, Askelon
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Bath Zacharias
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Fount!
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Ielog Wilderness of tekna
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Hareth

20 Mare Beit l'ima)

Meir Natkhas

Gilah Mainath (KA.CAT

sawyer
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(Baths of the
Maresha

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ki Merasi
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Holor. Hien Brit Nub) (Best Anlat.

Zareth-Shahar Ataroth

Tombs of
Lachisho
Beit Alomo

Tira

Attarus)
Thuthu
UmmLakis)

the Judges

Nephtoate tums

Dannah

Beth anoth
(Taiyibend

Plain Mante 120 Budima
Idlina)

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Machzerus
Summet Bikar)

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Siue yell
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Sun Sarex)

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Enthol Brooke
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f
GAZA / Ghau
(Ehazeldan

OHEBRON,

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Kolish?

kulit
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Adolazim
Plantim
Cursul. David

JERUSAHRM 30

endoim

Russian Mission

Bezero
olan
Itant

Mount of Olives
sukin
Yth. Altuony

(Besheir)
Mohammedan Cemio

Ech of the
Hill of ladilat
ER

elscension
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on-Gedi. Hazezon Tamar
Dhokolny

Up Pool
Meu es 20")
Dair-ct-asy

(Ain Jidy)

Convent of the Cross

Tombs of the Prophets
duttholegreen
stabi)

(Deir el Mar-Sullabeh

Bethphage

Трое
Dtemah
Arab

SM of Offence
Bizjothjahe

XK2 Mejada)

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the babier
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proberto Socah Estemoa
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below Mediterranean)

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vermell eshe Sherion)
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mit
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Sherafat EVI Coukoil
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with me)
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Plains of
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Τι εν και η
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Beth Labagth
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l
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Sur Bahil
BEURSHEDA Sheba

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Collell es 66
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o City of Salt
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Gray
Moladah
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Khirbet muka
Zuerero
Nimeirah

British Miles
BETHLEHEM

(Beit-Lahm
E D

M
o R
I D

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A
Khalasah

Wady Siddiyeh
Tophel/Tufileh

36
30'
35

John Bartholomew & Co. The Edinburgh Geographical Institute

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THE LAND AND THE BOOK.

I.

JAFFA.

Arrival at Jaffa.—Difficulty of Landing.–First View of the Land of Promise.—Main

Thoroughfare.—Biârah.—Antiquity of Jaffa.-Andromeda and Perseus.—M. Scaurus. - Modern Jaffa.—Dangerous Roadstead. —Sæwulf.—The Prophet Jonah. -Whales in the Mediterranean.-Jonah's Gourd.—Tarshish.—Pious Language of the Orientals.—Jonah in Nineveh.—Preparations for the Journey.—Gardens of Jaffa. -Persian Water-wheel.—Shadüf.—Methods of Irrigation.—Water-wheel at Hamath.-Watering with the Foot.- Fruits of Jaffa.—How best to observe in Palestine.— Moses's View of the Promised Land.-Oriental Fair.-Dorcas.-City Gate, and Biblical Allusions to it.-Saracenic Fountain. -Wanderings through the City.– Jaffa and its Surroundings.-House of Simon the Tanner.—Tanneries.—Potter and Wheel.—Cus. tom of breaking Defiled Vessels. Sherd at the Hearth and the Pit.—Palestine the Home of the Bible.—Mission of Biblical Poets.-Analysis of the First Psalm.-Natural Basis of our Religious Language.

April 4th. I HAVE been here for several days awaiting your arrival, watching the weather with no little anxiety, and fearing lest the sea should be too rough to permit of a landing, in which case you would have been taken up to Haifa or even Beirût.

That would have been a serious inconvenience to us both; and, indeed, the captain, after we left Port Said, thought it would very likely occur. And even when anchored in this most unquiet of roadsteads, the prospect of getting on shore was far from encouraging. Only one boat came out to us, and that was so tossed and buffeted by the waves, that it was nearly impossible to get into it, and not a little dangerous afterwards.

A not uncommon experience. But the storm is now over, you

I can

are safe on land, and we may count upon fair weather for some time to come. Let us extricate ourselves from this noisy multitude around the landing. Give your keys to our energetic cook, Salîm, and, with the assistance of the porters, he will pass your baggage through the Custom-house, and bring it out to our pleasant quarters in one of Jaffa's far-famed orange gardens.

My first view of this Land of Promise has been gloomy and discouraging to the last degree. A long low reach of featureless coast, dimly visible through the spray from angry waves, was all that could be seen at early dawn, as we approached. Not a hill, nor a house, nor even a boat, relieved the dismal solitude, until we reached this tumultuous roadstead in front of the town. readily believe, however, that in a calm, clear day Jaffa and its immediate surroundings would present a very pretty and smiling prospect, and striking appearance to one approaching from the sea ; so I shall make haste to dismiss my first impressions, and with other eyes look upon these scenes as fancy drew and colored them in early boyhood; and even if every prospect does not please, I am resolved to be content with things as I find them, and make the best of them.

A sensible resolution, and one which will not demand any extraordinary amount of self-control to observe; for there are within the borders of the Holy Land lofty mountains covered with snow; hills and valleys and wide plains carpeted with gay flowers; lakes, rivers, and streams baptized with beauty; and sacred sites and scenes innumerable, and of the very deepest interest.

New and strange they certainly are, at any rate. This street along which we are threading our way, with some difficulty and a little danger, is a genuine novelty.

It is Jaffa's one thoroughfare, through which nearly all her commerce to and from the sea has to pass; and as it is narrow, and crooked, and crowded, one must keep a sharp lookout, to avoid unpleasant collisions.

Of that we have already been admonished more than once. We were nearly run down by a huge bale of goods, borne along on poles by eight stout porters, keeping step to a monotonous chant. Our next encounter was with Bedawîn Arabs carrying long spears,

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