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gogues.—The Jews in Jerusalem.-Pool of Hezekiah.—Shops and Streets.—Manufact-
ure of Relics and Trinkets.—Saracenic Fountains.—The Cotton Grotto.-Grotto of Jer-
emiah.—The Damascus Gate.-Captain Warren's Excavations at the Damascus Gate.
-St. Stephen's Gate.—Martyrdom of Stephen.— The Mount of Olives and Road to
Bethany.- Population of Modern Jerusalem.— Population of Ancient Jerusalem.—Jeru-
salem during the Great Feasts.-Early History of Jerusalem.-Melchizedek, Salem,
Shem.— Incidents in the History of Jerusalem.-El Kuds, the Holy ... Page 525

FULL-PAGE ILLUSTRATIONS.

FRONTISPIECE

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THE HOLY-EL KUDS
THE MOUNT OF OLIVES AND THE CITY OF JERUSALEM
JAFFA, FROM THE SOUTH-WEST
JAFFA AND ITS GARDENS
NÂ'URAH, PERSIAN WATER-WHEEL
SARACENIC FOUNTAIN AT JAFFA .
CASTELLUM PERIGRINORUM-'Athlit
DOR-TANTŪRA
CÆSAREA FROM THE SOUTH-KAISÂRÎYEH
LYDDA-LUDD.
TOWER AT RAMLEH
RAMLEH
SCENE OF THE RETURN OF THE ARK-WADY SÚRÂR
ASKELON-'ASKÓLÂN.
GAZA-GHŮZZEH
ARABS AT THE WELL
ELEUTHEROPOLIS—BEIT JIBRÎN
HEBRON-EL KHỞLIL
MASADA-SEBBEH
MOUNTAIN OF SODOM-JEBEL USDUM .
BEER-SHEBA—BÎR ES SEBA'.
EN-GEDI—'AIN JIDY .
POOLS OF SOLOMON-EL BURAK .
SANTA SABA-DEIR MAR SABA
The JORDAN—Esh SHERI'AH .
PILGRIMS' BATHING-PLACE
JERICHO—ERİHA
BETHANY-EL 'AZARİYEH

134 170 178 196

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ILLUSTRATIONS IN THE TEXT. .

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Arbor covered with a Gourd . The Shadüf Nâ'urah, or Water-wheel, at Hamath Orange-girls of Jaffa City Gate . House of Simon the Tanner . The Potter and Wheel German Colony Syrian Oaks Plan of Theatre . Mole and Harbor of Cæsarea Water-spout Flying-fish Stone-pine Cone of the Pine Pinus Orientalis Church of St. George Women Grinding at the Mill Sepulchre of Joshua Rock-cut Tomb at Tibneh Oak at Tibneh Emmaus-'Amwâs Ekron—'Akir. . Oriental Ox-cart . Makkedah-El Mughâr Mosk at Yebna Fortress at Yebna Summer Threshing-floor Egyptian Mowrej

14 Threshing-floor at Yebna . . • 152 21 Threshing with Blinders on the Oxen 153 23 | Threshing Instruments .

155 26 Ashdod-Esdûd

158 27 Foreign Captives employed in making 33 Bricks at Thebes .

166 35 Overturned Tower at Askelon · 173 47 Sycamore-tree at Askelon .

174 59 Mosk or Deir Hanna.

180 63 Western Entrance to Mosk or Deir. 182 71 Black Serpent.

189 83 Tell es Sâfieh-Blanchegarde

217 84 Fortifications at Beit Jibrîn

219 92 Excavation at Beit Jibrîn . 93 Ruined Church of Santa Hanneh 223 94 Valley of Elah-Wady es Sủnt . 229 105 Mandrake-Tŭffâh el Jan.

241 107 Lentile-Ervum lens—’Adas .

• 253 • 120 Machpelah — El Haram : North - west Angle .

270 122 Lower Pool of Hebron

276 124 Vineyards of Hebron

. 278 133 Abraham's Oak-Balûtat es Sebta 283 134 The Pomegranate—Er Rummân

285 144 Carmel-El Burj, the Castle at Kurmul 291 146 Abraham's House-Râmet el Khủlîl 305 148 Wild Goat-Beden

· 315 150 Fountain of the Kid-'Ain Jidy 151 | Apple of Sodom-El 'Osher .

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Ground-plan of Solomon's Pools 325 Wall at the South-east Angle of the Lower Pool of Solomon 328 Haram Area

467 Cave of Adullam-Mughâret Khửreitûn 333 Plan of the Church of the Holy SepulFrank Mountain-Jebel el Fureidîs . 336 chre

472 The Dead Sea—Bahr Lût-North End. 352 The Via Dolorosa Fountain of Doch-'Ain Dûk

356 Saracenic Pulpit in the Haram-MinKŭsr Hajla, near Beth-hoglah

369 bar Burhân ed Dîn Fountain of Elisha-'Ain es Sultân 377 The Eternal Gate-Bâb ed Daharîyeh. Blind Beggars by the Way-side. · 381 Exterior of the Golden Gate . . 504 House at Jericho and Group of Natives 386 The Eternal Gate-Bâb ed Daharîyeh. The Sugar-mills—Tawahỉn es Sukkar

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Interior of the Golden Gate. 505

393 The Quarantana-Jebel Kůrůntúl

Tower of Antonia-El Sarâya

510 Ruined Aqueduct at Wady Kelt · 397 Wailing-place of the Jews

512 'Akabet ed Deir, above Wady Kelt 399 Robinson's Arch.

514 En-shemesh-'Ain el Haud 407 Wilson's Arch

516 Church of the Ascension

Tombs in the Valley of Jehoshaphat 519 Mosk at Kefr et Tûr.

Absalom's Tomb-Tantûr Fâr'aun . 521 Church of the Virgin-El Jesmânîyeh 429 Tower of David-El Kůl'ah .

527 Tombs of the Kings-Kubûr es Sulâtîn 439 Village of the Lepers .

530 Tombs of the Judges

442 Tomb of David-Neby Dâûd · 539 Plan of the Tombs of the Judges . 443 Synagogue of the Ashkenazim

545 Russian Hospices

446 The Pool of Hezekiah-Birket el HamUpper Pool of Gihon-Birket el Ma mâm

547 milla.

448 Saracenic Fountain near Bâb es Silsileh 550 Lower Pool of Gihon-Birket es Sultân 449 Entrance to the Cotton Grotto .

552 The Potter's Field-El Fardous 452 Exterior of the North Wall Pool of Siloam-'Ain Selwân 455 Grotto of Jeremiah .

554 En-rogel-Bir Eyüb.

457 | The Damascus Gate-Bâb el 'Amûd 555 Interior of Jerusalem, from the North The Mount of Olives Wall.

465 The Road to Bethany .

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